Personal Data: Born May 23, 1958, in Frankfurt/Main, Germany.
He is married and has two sons. Enjoys fencing, badminton, cooking,
and playing guitar.
Education: Thomas Reiter has a Masters Degree in Aerospace Technology.
He graduated from Goethe-High School in Neu-Isenburg in June 1977, from
the Armed Forces University in Neubiberg in December 1982 and from the
Empire Test Pilots School (ETPS) in Boscombe Down, England, in December
Experience: After completion of military jet training at Sheppard
Air Force Base, Texas, Thomas Reiter flew the Alpha-Jet in a fighter-bomber
squadron based in Oldenburg, Germany. He was involved in the development
of computerized mission planning systems and became a flight-operations
officer and deputy squadron commander. After completing the test-pilot
training Class 2 at the German flight test center in Manching during
1990, Reiter was involved in several flight test projects and conversion
training on the Tornado the following year. Reiter attended the Class
1 test pilot training at ETPS, Boscombe Down, in 1992. His flight experience
includes more than 2000 hours in military combat jet aircraft of more
than 15 types.
Thomas Reiter was also involved in European Space Agency (ESA) studies
of a manned space vehicle (Hermes) and development of equipment for
the Columbus module, one of Europe’s main contributions to the International
In 1992, he was selected to join ESA’s Astronaut Corps, based at the
European Astronaut Center (EAC) in Cologne, Germany. After completing
basic training, Reiter was selected for the Euromir 95 mission and started
training at TsPK (Cosmonauts Training Center) in Star City near Moscow
in August 1993, preparing for onboard-engineer tasks, extra-vehicular
activities and operations of the Soyuz transportation system. The Euromir
95 experiment training was organized and mainly carried out at the EAC.
In March 1995, he was assigned on-board engineer for the Euromir 95
mission, a record-breaking 179 days on ESA's Euromir 95 mission ( September
3, 1995 until February 29, 1996) with 2 spacewalks (EVAs).
Between October 1996 and July 1997, Reiter underwent training on Soyuz-TM
spacecraft operations for de-docking, atmospheric re-entry and landing.
He was awarded the Russian ‘Soyuz Return Commander’ certificate, which
qualifies him to command a three-person Soyuz capsule during its return
Furthermore, he performed collateral duties in the ERA-team of ESA,
which is developing the European Robotic Arm and its ground based test-
and mission control equipment.
From September 1997 to March 1999, Reiter was detached to the German
Air Force as Operational Group Commander of a Tornado fighterbomber
Spaceflight Experience: ESA-Russian Euromir 95 mission to the
MIR Space Station, along with Russian colleagues Yuri Gidzenko and Sergei
Avdeyev. Reiter was assigned on-board engineer for the record-breaking
179 days mission (September 3, 1995 until February 29, 1996). He performed
some 40 European scientific experiments and participated in the maintenance
of the Mir Space Station. He performed two spacewalks (EVAs) to install
and later retrieve cassettes of the European Space Exposure Facility
On April 1, 1999 he resumed his activities at the European Astronaut
Center, Cologne, Germany.