NAME: : C. Michael Foale (Ph.D.) NASA Astronaut
PERSONAL DATA: Born January 6, 1957, in Louth, England, but
considers Cambridge, England, to be his hometown. Married to the former
Rhonda R. Butler of Louisville, Kentucky. They have two children. He
enjoys many outdoor activities, particularly wind surfing. Private flying,
soaring, and project scuba diving have been his other major sporting
interests. He also enjoys exploring theoretical physics and writing
children's software on a personal computer. His parents, Colin and Mary
Foale, reside in Cambridge, England. Her parents, Reed & Dorothy Butler,
reside in Louisville, Kentucky.
EDUCATION: Graduated from Kings School, Canterbury, in 1975.
He attended the University of Cambridge, Queens’ College, receiving
a bachelor of arts degree in Physics, Natural Sciences Tripos, with
1st class honors, in 1978. While at Queens’ College, he completed his
doctorate in Laboratory Astrophysics at Cambridge University in 1982.
EXPERIENCE: While a postgraduate at Cambridge University, Foale
participated in the organization and execution of scientific scuba diving
projects. Pursuing a career in the U.S. Space Program, Foale moved to
Houston, Texas, to work on Space Shuttle navigation problems at McDonnell
Douglas Aircraft Corporation. In June 1983, Foale joined NASA Johnson
Space Center in the payload operations area of the Mission Operations
Directorate. In his capacity as payload officer in the Mission Control
Center, he was responsible for payload operations on Space Shuttle missions
STS-51G, 51-I, 61-B and 61-C.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Selected as an astronaut candidate by NASA
in June 1987. Before his first flight he flew the Shuttle Avionics Integration
Laboratory (SAIL) simulator to provide verification and testing of the
Shuttle flight software, and later developed crew rescue and integrated
operations for International Space Station Alpha. Foale has served as
Deputy Chief of the Mission Development Branch in the Astronaut Office,
and Head of the Astronaut Office Science Support Group. In preparation
for a long-duration flight on the Russian Space Station Mir, Foale trained
at the Cosmonaut Training Center, Star City, Russia. A veteran of five
space flights, Foale has logged over 168 days in space including three
space walks totaling 18 hours and 49 minutes. He was a mission specialist
on STS-45, STS-56, STS-63 and STS-103, and served as Board Engineer
2 on Mir-24 (ascent on STS-84 and return on STS-86). He currently serves
as Chief of the Astronaut Office Expedition Corps, while continuing
his duties as Assistant Director (Technical), Johnson Space Center.
STS-45 (March 24 to April 2, 1992) was the first of the ATLAS series
of missions to address the atmosphere and its interaction with the Sun.
STS-56 (April 9-17, 1993) carried ATLAS-2 and the SPARTAN retrievable
satellite which made observations of the solar corona.
STS-63 (February 2-11, 1995) was the first rendezvous with the Russian
Space Station Mir. During the flight he made a space walk (extravehicular
activity) for 4 hours, 39 minutes, evaluating the effects of extremely
cold conditions on his spacesuit, as well as moving the 2800-pound Spartan
satellite as part of a mass handling experiment.
Foale next spent 4-˝ months aboard the Russian Space Station Mir. He
launched with the crew of STS-84 aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis on May
15, 1997. Following docking, he joined the crew aboard Mir on May 17,
1997. Foale spent the following 134 days conducting various science
experiments and helping the crew resolve and repair numerous malfunctioning
systems. On September 6, 1997 he and Commander Anatoly Solovyev conducted
a 6-hour EVA to inspect damage to the station's Spektr module caused
by the June 25 collision with a Progress resupply ship. Foale returned
on October 6, 1997 with the crew of STS-86 aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis.
Most recently he served aboard STS-103 (December 19-27, 1999), an 8-day
mission during which the crew successfully installed new instruments
and upgraded systems on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). During an
8 hours and 10 minute EVA, Foale and Nicollier replaced the telescope’s
main computer and Fine Guidance Sensor. The STS-103 mission was accomplished
in 120 Earth orbits, traveling 3.2 million miles in 191 hours and 11