EP-107 Skylab: A Guidebook

 

[233-235] CHAPTER IX: Record of Manned Space Flights (Unofficial)

 

 

Spacecraft

Country

Astronauts

Launch date

Landing date

Flight time

Remarks

.

Vostok 1

USSR

Yuri A. Gagarin

April 12,1961

April 12,1961

1 hr. 48 min

First manned flight, 1 orbit around Earth.

Mercury-Redstone 3

USA

Alan B.Shepard,Jr

May 5,1961

May 5,1961

0hr.15 min

First American in space, suborbital flight.

Mercury-Redstone 4

USA

Virgil I. Grissom

July 21,1961

July 21,1961

0 hr. 16 min

Suborbital flight.

Vostok 2

USSR

Gherman S. Titov

Aug. 6,1961

Aug. 7,1961

25 hrs. 14 min

More than a day in space.

Mercury-Atlas 6

USA

John II. Glenn, Jr

Feb. 20,1962

Feb. 20,1962

4 hrs.. 55 min

First American in orbit, 3 orbits.

Mercury-Atlas 7

USA

M. Scott Carpenter

May 24,1962

May 24,1962

4 hrs.. 56 min

Three orbits.

Vostok 3

USSR

Andrian G. Nikolayev

Aug. 11,1962

Aug. 15,1962

94 hrs.. 22 min

Vostok 3 and 4, first group flight- Vostok 4 came within 5 km (3.1 miles) of Vostok 3.

Vostok 4

USSR

Pavel R. Popovich

Aug. 12,1962

Aug. 15,1962

70 hrs.. 57 min

.

Mercury-Atlas 8

USA

Walter M. Schirra, Jr

Oct. 3,1962

Oct 3,1962

9 hrs.. 13 min

Landed 8 km (5 miles) from target.

Mercury-Atlas 9

USA

L. Gordon Cooper, Jr

May 15,1963

May 16,1963

34 hrs. 20 min

First long flight by American.

Vostok 5

USSR

Valery F. Bykovsky

June 14,1963

June 19,1963

119 hrs. 6 min

Vostok 5 and 6, second group flight- Vostok 6 came within 4.8 km (3 miles) of Vostok 5.

Vostok 6

USSR

Valentina V. Tereshkova

June 16,1963

June 19,1963

70 hrs. 50 min

First woman in space.

Voskhod 1

USSR

Vladimir M. Komarov,

Konstantin P. Feoktestov,

Dr. Boris G. Yegorov.

Oct. 12,1964

Oct. 13,1964

24 hrs. 17 min

First three-man crew.

Voskhod 2

USSR

Aleksei A. Leonov

Pavel I. Belyayev

Mar. 18, 1965

Mar. 19, 1965

26 hrs. 2 min

First man to "spacewalk" outside spacecraft (Leonov).

Gemini 3

USA

Virgil I. Grissom,

John W. Young

Mar. 23, 1965

Mar. 23, 1965

4 hrs.. 53 min

First manned orbital maneuvers.

Gemini 4

USA

James A. McDivitt,

Edward H. White, 2nd.

June 3, 1965

June 7, 1965

97 hrs.. 48 min

First U.S. "spacewalk," 21 minutes (White).

Gemini 5

USA

L. Gordon Cooper, Jr.,

Charles Conrad, Jr.

Aug. 21, 1965

Aug. 29,1965

190 hrs.. 56 min

First extended manned flight.

Gemini 7

USA

Frank Borman,

James A. Lovell Jr.,

Dec. 4, 1965

Dec. 18,1965

330 hrs.. 35 min

Longest space flight prior to Soyuz 9.

Gemini 6

USA

Walter M. Schirra, Jr.,

Thomas P. Stafford.

Dec. 15,1965

Dec. 16,1965

25 hrs. 52 min

Rendezvous within 0.3 meters (1 foot) of Gemini 7.

Gemini 8

USA

Neil A. Armstrong

David R. Scott

Mar. 16,1966

Mar. 16,1966

10 hrs.. 42 min

First docking to "Agena" target, mission cut short.

Gemini 9

USA

Thomas P. Stafford,

Eugene A. Cernan

June 3,1966

June 6,1966

72 hrs. 21 min

Rendezvous, extravehicular activity tests; precision Ianding

Gemini 10

USA

John W. Young,

Michael Collins

July 18,1966

July 21,1966

70 hrs. 47 min

Rendezvous with two targets.

Gemini 11

USA

Charles Conrad, Jr

Richard F. Gordon, Jr.

Sept. 12,1966

Sept. 15,1966

71 hrs. 14 min

Rendezvous and docking with Atlas-Agena target vehicle.

Gemini 12

USA

James A. Lovell, Jr.,

Edwin A. Aldrin, Jr.

Nov. 11,1966

Nov. 15,1966

94 hrs. 33 min

Three successful extravehicular trips.

Soyuz 1

USSR

Vladimir M. Komarov.

Apr. 23,1967

Apr. 24,1967

26 hrs. 40 min

Crashed on reentry, killing Komarov.

Apollo 7

USA

Walter M. Schirra, Jr.,

Donn F. Eisele,

R. Walter Cunningham.

Oct. 11,1968

Oct. 22,1968

260 hrs. 9 min

First manned flight of Apollo.

Soyuz 3

USSR

Georgi T. Beregovoy

Oct. 26,1968

Oct. 28,1968

94 hrs. 51 min

Rendezvous with unmanned Soyuz 2.

Apollo 8

USA

Frank Borman,

James A. Lovell Jr.,

William A. Anders.,

Dec. 21,1968

Dec. 27,1968

147 hrs

First manned flight around the Moon.

Soyuz 4

USSR

Vladimir A. Shatalov

Jan 14, 1969

Jan. 17,1969

71 hrs. 14 min

Rendezvous with Soyuz 5

Soyuz 5

USSR

Boris V. Volynov,

Alecksey S. Yeliseyev,

Yevgeni V. Khrunov.

Jan.15,1969

Jan.18,1969

72 hrs.45 min

Rendezvous with Soyuz 4, Yeliseyev and Khrunov tranfer to Soyuz4.

Apollo 9

USA

James A McDivitt,

David R. Scott,

Russell I. Schweikart

Mar. 3,1969

Mar. 13, 1969

241 hrs.1 min

Docking with lunar module.

Apollo 10

USA

Thomas R. Stafford,

Eugene A. Cernan,

John W. Young.

May 18,1969

May 26,1969

192 hrs. 3 min.

Descent to within 14.5 (9 miles) of lunar surface.

Apollo 11

USA .

Neil A. Armstrong,

Edwin E. Aldrin,

Michael Collins

July 16,1969

July 24,1969

195 hrs.18 min

First lunar landing; Armstrong, Aldrin land on the moon.

Soyuz 6

USSR

Georgiy Shonin,

Valeriy Kubasov

Oct.11, 1969

Oct.16, 1969

118 hrs. 44 min.

Began first triple launch of manned spacecraft, followed by Soyuz 7 and Soyuz 8

Soyuz 7

USSR

Anatoly Filipchenko,

Viktor Gorbatko,

Vladisov Volko

Oct.12, 1969

Oct.17, 1969

118 hrs 41 min.

.

Soyuz 8

USSR

Vladimir Shatalov,

Aleksey Yeliseyev

Oct.13, 1969

Oct.18, 1969

118 hrs 50 min.

.

Apollo 12

USA

Charles Conrad, Jr.,

Alan L. Bean,

Richard F. Gordon, Jr.

Nov.14, 1969

Nov.24, 1969

224 hrs 36 min.

Two EVA's on Moon by Conrad, Bean.

Apollo 13

USA

James A. Lovell, Jr.,

Fred W. Haise, Jr.,

John L. Swigert

Apr. 11, 1970

Apr. 17, 1970

142 hrs 54 min

Failure of spacecraft oxygen tank about 56 hours into mission caused mission cancellation and return to Earth.

Soyuz 9

USSR

Andrian G. Nikolayev,

Vitali Sevastyanov

June 2, 1970

June 19, 1970

424 hrs 59 min

Longest space flight to date.

Apollo 14

USA

Edgar A. Mitchell,

Stuart A. Roosa,

Alan B. Shepard

Jan.31, 1971

Feb.9, 1971

216 hrs 2 min.

Lunar landing, first wheeled lunar vehicle- Modularized Equipment Transporter (hand-pulled cart).

Soyuz 10

USSR

Vladimir A. Shatalov,

Alexei S. Yeliseyev,

Nikolai N.Rukavishnikov

Apr.22, 1971

Apr. 24, 1971

47 hrs 46 min

Docked with Salyut 1, a prototype manned space station launch unmanned.

Soyuz 11

USSR

Georgiy T. Dobrovolskiy,

Valadislov N. Volkov,

Viktor I. Patsayev

June 6, 1971

June 30, 1971

569 hrs 47 min

Cosmonauts died during reentry.

Apollo 15

USA

James Irwin,

Alfred Worden,

David R. Scott

July 26, 1971

Aug.7, 1971

294 hrs. 44 min.

Lunar landing, first use of Lunar Rover Vehicle, a motor-driven astronaut conveyance.

Apollo 16

USA

John W. Young,

Thomas K. Mattingly II,

Charles M. Duke

Apr.16, 1972

Apr. 27, 1972

265 hrs 51 min.

Lunar landing, second mission with LRV.

Apollo 17

USA

Eugene Cernan,

Harrison H. Schmitt,

Ronarld E. Evans

Dec. 7, 1972

Dec. 19, 1972

301 hrs 52 min.

Lunar landing, third mission with LRV, final Apollo mission, first scientist-astronaut (Schmitt).