NP-119 Science in Orbit: The Shuttle & Spacelab Experience, 1981-1986

 

[119] Photograph & Illustration Credits

 

Many of the photographs in this report were provided by NASA photographic libraries. special contributions were made by Chieko Inman of the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Mike Gentry of the NASA Johnson Space Center, and Jurrie van der Woude and Annie Richardson of the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory

 

Cover- Atmospheric airglow image.
M. Ackerman, Space Aeronomy Institute, Brussels, Belgium
 
 
Chapter 1- Science on the Shuttle and Spacelab
Spacelab 2 concept. R. Womack, artist, Decatur, AL - p. 5
 
 
Chapter 2- Living and Working in Space: Life Sciences
Mung beans. J.R. Cowles, University of Houston, TX - p. 8
Computer model of calmodulin molecule. C. E. Bugg, University of Alabama in Birmingham, AL - p. 8
Red blood cells. C. S. Leach, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX - p. 11
White blood cells. A. Cogoli, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich, Switzerland p. 11
Spacelab D1 sled. S. Modestino, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA p. 14
European Space Agency Biorack. D. Mesland, European Space Research and Technology Center, Noordwijk, The Netherlands - p. 16
Neurospora cultures. F. M. Sulzman, NASA Headquarters' Washington, D C - p. 18
Pine seedlings. J. R. Cowles, University of Houston, TX p. 18
Lentil roots. G. Perbal, University of Paris, France - p. 19
Computer model of purine nucleoside phosphorylase. C. E. Bugg, University of Alabama in Birmingham, AL - p. 22
 
 
Chapter 3- Studying Materials and Processes in Microgravity: Materials Science
Monodisperse latex spheres. D. Kornfeld, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL - p. 28
Fluid Experiment System images. W. Witherow, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL - p. 30-31
Geophysical Fluid Flow Cell (GFFC) convection patterns. F.W. Leslie, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center Huntsville, AL - p. 35
Computer plots of GFFC flows. J E Hart, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO - p. 35
Lysozyme crystals W Littke, University of Freiberg, Germany - p. 37
Computer model of ubiquitin. C.E. Bugg, University of Alabama in Birmingham, AL - p. 37
Space Station concept. The Boeing Company, Huntsville, AL - p. 39
 
 
Chapter 4- Observing the Sun: Solar Physics
High Resolution Telescope and Spectrograph (HRTS) hydrogen-alpha image. K Dere, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C. - p. 47
Solar Optical Universal Polarimeter (SOUP) sunspot image. T. Tarbell, Lockheed Solar Observatory, Palo Alto. CA - p. 47
SOUP image of exploding solar granules. T. Tarbell, Lockheed Solar Observatory, Palo Alto, CA - p. 48
HRTS superspicules image. K. Dere, Naval Research Laboratory Washington D C - p. 48
SOUP flow models. T. Tarbell, Lockheed Solar Observatory, Palo Alto, CA - p. 49
HRTS spectra. K. Dere, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington D.C - p. 49-50
Coronal Helium Abundance Spacelab Experiment (CHASE) spectra. J. Parkinson, University College, London, United Kingdom - p. 50
 

Chapter 5- Using Space as a Laboratory: Space Plasma Physics

Plasma beams in ground chamber test. W.J. Raitt, Utah State University, Logan, UT - p. 56
Fast Pulse Electron Gun generating plasma beam in space. W.J. Raitt, Utah State University, Logan, UT - p. 56
Space Experiments with Particle Accelerators data. T. Obayashi, Institute of Space and Astronomical Sciences Tokyo, Japan - p. 57
Testing Plasma Diagnostics Package (PDP) in plasma chamber. G. Murphy, University of lowa, lowa City, IA - p. 59
PDP Spectrogram. G. Murphy, University of lowa, lowa City, IA - p. 59
Shuttle as a comet diagram. G. Murphy, University of lowa, lowa City, IA - p. 60
PDP Spectrograms. N. Stone, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL - p. 61
Millstone Hill airglow data. M. Mendillo, Boston University Boston. MA - p. 62
Millstone Hill radar electron density. M. Mendillo, Boston University, Boston, MA - p. 62
Magnesium emissions. S. B. Mende, Lockheed Solar Observatory, Palo Alto, CA p. 64
Red aurora. T. Hallinan, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK - p. 65
Enhanced aurora. T. Hallinan, University of Alaska, Fairbanks, AK- p. 66
Tethered Satellite System concept. D. Johnston, artist, Huntsville, AL - p. 68
 
 
Chapter 6- Sampling the Atmosphere: Atmospheric Science
Concept of atmospheric layers. D. Parker, artist, London, England - p. 71
Solar Ultraviolet Spectral Irradiance Monitor (SUSIM) spectrum. M. VanHoosier, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C. - p. 72
SUSIM and Solspec data. M. VanHoosier, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, D. C. - p. 72
Imaging Spectrometric Observatory spectra. M. R. Torr, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL - p. 74
Atmospheric Trace Molecules Spectroscopy (ATMOS) constituents. C. B. Farmer, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA - p. 74
ATMOS Spectra. C. B. Farmer, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA - p. 75
Grille Spectrometer methane spectrum. M. Ackerman, Space Aeronomy Institute, Brussels, Belgium - p. 75
Grille Spectrometer water spectra. M. Ackerman, Space Aeronomy Institute Brussels Belgium - p. 76
Measurement of Air Pollution from Space. H. G. Reichle, NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA - p. 76
Geophysical Fluid Flow Cell images. F. Leslie, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL - p. 77
ATLAS concept. T. Buzbee, artist, Huntsville, AL - p. 78
 
 
Chapter 7- Surveying our Planet: Earth Observations
Large Format Camera (LFC) image of the Great Barrier Reef. B.H Mollberg, NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX - p. 82
Shuttle Imaging Radar-B (SIR-B) image of Mt. Shasta. C. Elachi, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Pasadena CA- p. 83
Metric Camera (MC) image of the Nile River Valley. G. Todd, DFVLR, Cologne, Germany - p. 84
MC image of Munich, Germany. G. Todd, DFVLR, Cologne, Germany - p. 85
MC image of the Strait of Hormuz. G. Todd, DFVLR, Cologne, Germany - p. 85
MC image of Africa. G. Todd, DFVLR, Cologne, Germany - p. 86
LFC image of Mobile, Alabama. B.H. Mollberg NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX - p. 87
LFC image of Middle East. B.H Mollberg, NASA Johnson Space Center Houston, TX - p. 88
LFC images of China. B H. Mollberg, NASA Johnson Space Center, Houston, TX - p. 89
SIR-A image of Egypt. C. Elachi, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA - p. 91
SIR-B image of Bangladesh. C Elachi, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA - p. 92
SIR-B image of Hawaii. C. Elachi, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory' Pasadena, CA- p. 92
SIR-B image of Florida. C. Elachi, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA - p. 93
SIR-B image of France and Germany. C Elachi, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA- p. 93
Ocean color experiment data. H. H. Kim, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD - p.94
Feature Identification and Location Experiment data. W.E Sivertson, NASA Langley Research Center Hampton, VA- p. 95
 

Chapter 8- Charting the Universe: Astronomy and Astrophysics

Ions data. S. Biswas, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Bombay. India - p. 100
Overview of X-ray telescope data. A. P. Willmore, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom - p. 102
Cluster of galaxies in Virgo. National Optical Astronomy Observatories, Tucson, AZ - p. 102
X-ray image of Perseus cluster. A. P. Willmore, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom - p. 102
X-ray images of the galactic center. G. Skinner, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom - p. 103
X-ray spectrum of Cygnus X-3. R.D Andresen, European Space Research and Technology Center, Noordwijk, The Netherlands - p.103
Ultraviolet image of the Cygnus loop. C. S. Bowyer, University of California, Berkeley, CA- p. 103
Ultraviolet image of the Large Magellanic Cloud. R. Decker, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL - p. 104
Infrared images of the galactic center. G. G. Fazio. Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Cambridge, MA - p. 106
Astro concept. R. van Nostrand, artist, Huntsville, AL - p. 107
 
 
Chapter 9- Testing New Technology
EASE Assembly. G. Bonish, Imax Systems Corporation, Ontario, Canada - p. 108
 
 
Chapter 10- Future Research aboard the Shuttle/Spacelab
Space Station concept. W. Farr, artist, Huntsville, AL - p. 112
Space Station concept. D. Cagle, artist, Huntsville, AL - p. 114

 
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