List of Illustrations

Mercury Spacecraft
Frontispiece: Mercury spacecraft with escape tower

Figure 1: Closeup view of Recruit Escape Rocket and full-scale spacecraft

Figure 2: Mercury spacecraft in orbit: Artist's conception

Figure 3: Little Joe on launcher at Wallops during checkout

Figure 4: Pilot egress trainer

Figure 5: Manufacture of Mercury spacecraft at McDonnell plant, St. Louis, Mo.

Figure 6: Shadowgraph of spacecraft model in Ames Supersonic Free-Flight Pressurized Range

Figure 7: Equipment installation in the parachute canister

Figure 8: McDonnell mockup of Mercury spacecraft including Atlas adapter and escape system

Figure 9: Escape rocket motor

Figure 10: The seven Mercury astronauts

Figure 11: Scale model of escape tower configuration

Figure 12: Honeycomb structure partially to absorb impact force

Figure 13: Spacecraft and escape system configuration

Figure 14: Human centrifuge used in Mercury astronaut training program

Figure 15: Spacecraft interior arrangement

Figure 16: Astronaut survival equipment stowed in Mercury spacecraft

Figure 17: Recovery test spacecraft showing recovery aids

Figure 18: Main 63-foot ringsail parachute

Figure 19: White room in Hanger S at Cape Canaveral

Figure 20: Spacecraft with McDonnell designed escape system ready for firing at Wallops Island

Figure 21: Spacecraft reaction control system

Figure 22: Vehicle for drogue parachute test at NASA Flight Research Center

Figure 23: Flight plan for drogue parachute tests at NASA Flight Research Center

Figure 24: Big Joe on launch pad at Cape Canaveral for ballistic reentry flight test

Figure 25: Spacecraft instrument control panel

Figure 26: Three-axis hand controller

Figure 27: Mercury spacecraft heat shield after reentry

Figure 28: Mercury Control Center at Cape Canaveral

Figure 29: Plaster forms of contour couches

Figure 30: Reaction control thrust chamber

Figure 31: Rhesus monkey, "Miss Sam," being placed in container for LJ-1B flight

Figure 32: Manufacture of Mercury spacecraft at McDonnell plant, St. Louis, Mo.

Figure 33: Landing shock attenuation system

Figure 34: Astronauts in weightless flight in C-131 aircraft

Figure 35: Mercury altitude test chamber in Hanger S, Cape Canaveral

Figure 36: Posigrade rocket motor

Figure 37: Pressure suit worn by Alan Shepard on first manned suborbital space flight

Figure 38: Mercury environmental control system

Figure 39: Mercury-Atlas 1

Figure 40: Mobile pad egress tower (cherry picker)

Figure 41: Mercury spacecraft and astronaut Shepard being recovered by Marine Corps helicopter

Figure 42: Tower jettison rocket motor

Figure 43: Computers used in Mercury orbital track at Goddard Space Flight Center

Figure 44: Spacecraft antennas

Figure 45: Chimpanzee, "Ham," flown in Mercury-Redstone 2 suborbital flight

Figure 46: Impact attenuation

Figure 47: Atlas launch vehicle 100-D delivered to Cape Canaveral for Mercury-Atlas 3 flight

Figure 48: MA-8 orbital track: Mercury worldwide tracking network

Figure 49: Tracking site at Kano, Nigeria, Africa

Figure 50: Scout launch vehicle proposed to test Mercury worldwide tracking network

Figure 51: Mercury-Redstone 3: First manned suborbital space flight

Figure 52: Mercury-Redstone 3 flight profile

Figure 53: Freedom 7 returned by helicopter to USS Lake Champlain

Figure 54: Key personnel in Mercury Control Center at Cape Canaveral

Figure 55: Normal Mercury-Atlas orbital mission sequence

Figure 56: Auxiliary flotation collar

Figure 57: Production of Atlas launch vehicles at Convair Astronautics plant

Figure 58: Chimpanzee, "Enos," flown in Mercury-Atlas 5 two-orbit mission

Figure 59: Scuba divers prepare for recovery of Mercury spacecraft

Figure 60: Mercury-Atlas 6: First manned (Glenn) orbital flight

Figure 61: Balloon experiment

Figure 62: Zero-gravity experiment

Figure 63: Astronaut couch modifications

Figure 64: MA-8 ditty bag contents

Figure 65: Astronaut departs transfer van for Mercury-Atlas gantry

Figure 66: Atlas launch vehicle 130-D (MA-9) undergoing inspection at Cape Canaveral

Figure 67: Flight pressure suit of astronaut L. Gordon Cooper used in MA-9, 22-obit mission

Figure 68: Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper prepares for insertion in Faith 7 (MA-9)

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