SP-4011 Skylab: A Chronology
 
 
[435-458] Index
 
 
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z
 
 
 
A
 
AAP missions (see also Apollo Applications Program)
AAP-1, 98, 128, 150, 156
CSM, 109, 112
electrical power system, 112
fuel cells, 112
experiments, 106, 120, 125
objectives, 120, 125
AAP-1 A
experiments, 120
objectives, 119, 120
AAP-1/AAP-2, 109, 114, 115, 150
experiments, 106, 114, 139
objectives, 109, 114, 119
AAP-2, 150
configuration, 105
CSM, 109
experiments, 128, 147
objectives, 114, 119
schedule, 108
space suit study, 142
stowage 162
AAP-3, 114, 150
configuration, 105
CSM, 109
launch date, 189
objectives, 107, 128
AAP-3A, 150, 153
experiments, 109
objectives, 136-37
AAP-3/AAP-4
experiments, 109, 128
objectives, 107, 109, 128
AAP-4, 114, 150, 153, 162
configuration, 105
CSM, 109
LM as ATM, 109-10
objectives, 107, 128
space suit study, 142
AAP-A
definition studies, 116, 152
meteorology experiment, 102
AAP-B, definition studies, 116, 152
AAP Inter-Center Interface Panels, 143
created, 105, 121
Electrical, 105
Instrumentation and Communications, 105
Mechanical, 105
Mission Evaluation, 105
Mission Requirements, 105
Systems Integration, 105
Systems Safety, 105
AAP Software Board, 159
Aberg, John O., 142
Actron Industries Inc., 383
Adams, Mac C., 86
Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatory, 69, 79
Aero Services ices, 64
Aeronautics and Astronautics Coordinating Board, 25
Manned Space Flight Panel, 25, 26
Aerospace Corp., 382
Aerospace Safety Advisory Council 221, 290-91, 315
duties, 290-91
purpose, 221
Skylab Program Review, 290-91, 315
Africa, 334, 339
Agena, 73
Agnew Harold M., 291
Agnew, Spiro T., 342
Aiea, HA, 376
Aircraft
C-5A, 279
Guppy, 155, 234, 240, 280
KC-135, 200, 208
Super Guppy, 240, 252, 274, 286
AiResearch Div. See Garrett Corp.
Airlock, 58, 67, 91
advanced concept, 91, 101
flexible scientific, 157
Airlock module (AM), 126-27, 153, 222, 236, 252, 275, 283, 284, 286
AM/MDA engineering inspection, 270
AM/MDA manned altitude chamber test 116, 274
AM/MDA simulation flight test, 155, 158, 271, 274, 283
astronaut maneuvering unit, 98
backup, 235
caution and warning system, 158, 179, 193, 288
Change Review Board, 206
command and instrumentation center, 158
contract, 90, 144, 205
coolanol system, 179, 230, 239
crew station review 202, 205
crew system review, 185, 277
critical design review, 207, 209
data management, 158, 207
design certification review, 283
design concept, 58, 90, 101, 177, 185, 186
electrical power, 118, 207, 271
environmental control system, 90, 158, 207
experiments, 88
responsibility for 207, 271
flight article, 256, 258
flight article test, 137-38, 256
Gemini technology, 90
intercommunications, 158, 207, 285
life support system, 90, 158, 179, 237
modifications, 180
preliminary design review, 92
radar transponders, 118
scientific 175
Scientific Airlock Working Group, 263
stowage, 153, 245, 271
teleprinter, 145, 166, 199
testing, 137-38, 155, 157, 159, 186, 187, 200, 241, 256
trainers, 232
Akens, David S., 142
Alabama Space and Rocket Center, 269
Albany, NY, 386, 394
Aldrich, Arnold D., 342
Aldrin, Edwin E., Jr., 27
Alibrando, Alfred P., 210
Allebach, Newton W., 370
Allen, H. Julian, 75
Allen, Kenneth J., 18
Allen, Robert E., 377
Allenby, Richard J., 39
Aller, Robert O., 244, 250, 269, 316
Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Co., 68
fuel cell, 68
contract, 23, 105, 146
electrical power system, 146
American Astronautical Society, 124, 354
American Embassy Science Attache, 313, 320
American Geophysical Union, 355
American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 114, 130, 242, 355
Fourth Manned Space Flight Meeting, 52
American Optical Co., 106
American Science and Engineering, Inc., 142, 376, 381-82
Ames, Milton B., Jr., 118
Ames Research Center, xvi, 8, 11, 75, 214, 234, 269, 283
Biosatellite Manager, 75
Amsbury, David L., 375
Analytical Research Laboratories, 258
Anders William A., 27
Anderson, Senator Clinton P., 37-38, 62, 210
Anderson, Frank W., Jr., xvi
Anderson, G. M., 69
Anderson, K. A., 387
Andrews AFB, MD, 135
Ann Arbor, MI, 394
Apollo A, 16
Apollo 6, 124
Apollo 7 (AS-205), 143, 199
Apollo 10, 156
Apollo 11, 167
Apollo 12, lightning strike, 297
Apollo 13 Accident Review Board, 211, 238
Apollo 14, 208
Apollo 15, 208, 223, 232, 239, 240, 297
contamination control, 232, 246, 260
Apollo 16, 224, 232, 239, 240
experiments, 232, 260
cameras 240
mass spectrometer, 240
Apollo 17, 223, 239, 240, 289
experiments, 232
infrared scanning radiometer, 240
ultraviolet spectrometer, 240
Apollo 18, 197
Apollo 19, 197
Apollo 20, deleted, 188
Apollo 204, fire, 104
funding, 112
impact, 112, 119
Apollo Applications Program (see also AAP-I, etc.), xv, xvi, 47, 62, 67, 70, 94, 130
abort guidance system, 155
airlock (see also Airlock; Airlock Module), 67, 139
astronaut maneuvering unit, 97, 98
budget, 68, 71, 98, 130
caution and warning system, 155, 288
Center responsibilities, 54, 66-67, 89, 119, 132, 137, 142
cluster, 88, 101, 116, 128, 144, 153, 157, 225-26
LM/ATM, 100, 167
manned CSM, 100
Workshop, 100
component nomenclature changes, 85, 127
concepts, 168
configuration guidelines, 54, 79, 111, 134, 147, 157, 162, 163
crew safety, 75, 86, 122
crew training, 93
CSM, 53, 69, 75, 147
definition studies, 77
design decisions, 76, 122
designated, 49
engineering support, 134
experiment activities, 52, 53, 68, 75, 80, 88, 104, 132
experiment payload, 54, 61, 68, 116, 137, 147
established, 52, 54
funding, 73, 74, 77, 119
funding constraints, 92, 98, 126, 133, 136, 143
innovations, 114
land-landing systems, 67, 77, 94-95, 107, 112, 118, 173-74
lunar activity, 122, 138
lunar orbit, 76
lunar exploration, 126, 138, 239
missions (see also AAP-1, etc.), 57, 68, 73-76, 79, 89, 94, 95, 96, 103, 112-13, 119, 153, 178, 185
modified CSMs, 105, 109, 110, 148, 152
objectives, 52, 54, 62-63, 66, 67, 79, 88, 94, 98, 113, 123, 136, 161, 167, 169, 186
payload configuration, 86, 103
payload integration, 54, 58, 61, 75, 89, 116, 126, 139, 142, 150
phase C technical proposal, 53, 76, 88-89
planning, 50, 53, 68, 71, 74, 75, 82, 95, 96, 105, 106, 119, 178
primary navigation guidance system, 155
problem, multiple launch, 79
proposed goal, 55, 73
redesignated Skylab Program, xvi, 193
reliability, 135
reprogramming, 119
schedule, 51, 71, 96, 100, 108, 112, 116, 122, 138, 169, 171, 172
Source Evaluation Board, 74, 76, 77
space suits, 142, 147
system engineering, 114
system requirements, 58, 77, 98, 125, 127
technical planning session, 75
testing, 77-79, 138, 142-43, 147
weight, 147, 157
Apollo command module, 283
Apollo Extension System (AES), xvi, 41, 47-50
Center roles, 30, 41, 47, 49, 50
concept, 38
experiments, 38-40, 42, 47, 59, 85
goals, 47, 119
planning guidelines, 30, 39, 41, 47
plans, 41, 42, 47, 59
program definition, 38, 39, 41, 42, 47
redesignated Apollo Applications Program, 49
spacecraft atmosphere, 48-49
system development, 39, 47
Apollo Logistic Support System Office, 34
Apollo Lunar Exploration Mission, 164
common CSM, 164, 168, 171
hardware configuration, 164, 188
Apollo Orbital Research Laboratory, 31
Apollo program (see also Apollo 6, etc.), iii, xvi, 9, 23, 31-32, 34, 62, 194, 300
experiments, 16, 68, 88
hardware, 22-23, 78, 130
landing rocket system, 67
lunar landing, 68, 71, 88
manned lunar landing program, 38, 51, 55, 77
schedule, 112
subsystem testing, 55, 77-78, 314
Apollo-Saturn 209, 86
Orbital Workshop as experiment, 86
Apollo-Saturn 209/210, 87
S-IVB airlock module experiment, 87
Apollo/SLA Workshop, 70
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, 227, 282, 292, 333, 345
CSM-111, 282
CSM-119 282
Skylab visit, 333
Apollo spacecraft (see also Apollo 6, etc.), 22-23, 34, 71, 252
Block II, 78
design, 20
modifications, 23, 27, 68, 71, 147
objectives, 52
procurement for AAP, 56
scientific equipment, 85
telescope, 85
Apollo Spacecraft Program Office (ASPO, MSC), 36-37, 54, 67, 124, 182
Apollo telescope mount (ATM), 71, 111, 160, 176, 197, 275, 381-83, 397, 399
acceptance checkout equipment, 140, 157
approval asked, 69, 79
ascent stage, 95
as part of OWS, 236
ATM-A, 152
ATM-B, 152, 183
ATM LEM integration, 95-96
baseline configuration, 95, 133
Center project offices, 62, 65
Center responsibility 83, 89, 137, 142
checkout, 119, 162, 193, 206, 260, 280
clean room, 244
computer, 152, 163, 169
Contamination Working Group, 151, 257
contract, 126
control moment gyros, 99, 107, 128, 178, 236
controls and displays, 150, 175
crew station review, 170, 196, 270, 283
critical design review, 163, 169, 176, 200, 283
definition and development, 69, 78-79, 82, 98, 157
delivery, 272, 280, 282, 302
environment, 119, 201
extravehicular activity, 137, 162, 170, 396
experiments (see also Principal Investigators), 59, 83-84, 88, 90, 114, 137, 141, 151, 162, 169, 187, 190, 219, 237, 247, 259, 271, 381-83, 396
feasibility, 79
film and camera stowage, 144, 156, 157, 162, 172, 269-70, 275, 302
flight crew, 124, 269
flight unit, 256, 260, 262, 272
funds, 74, 79, 90, 189
ground support equipment, 190, 193
guidelines, 72
H Alpha telescope, 129, 169, 172, 397
pointing system, 69, 129
instrumentation, 59, 397
integration with LEM, 72, 95
launch schedule, 109, 126, 138, 189
LM half rack, 84-86, 87, 95-96
location on payload cluster, 83, 84-87, 96, 129
management responsibility, 83, 85
mission support, 211
missions, 71, 104, 112, 122, 205, 305-07, 310, 312, 324-25, 333, 334-36, 339-41, 344, 350
monthly project reviews, 116, 205
neutral buoyancy exercise, 170
objectives, 79, 109, 127, 381-83
optical equipment, 50, 109, 172, 236, 237, 397
payload integration, 116
pointing control, 69, 96, 106, 128, 129, 184
power system, 107
solar array panels, 107, 141, 150, 165
preliminary design review, 143
project management proposal, 65, 83
Principal Investigators, 114, 132, 185, 205, 219, 259, 271, 381-83
solar astronomy, 128, 381-83
solar telescope, 69, 155, 183, 217
solar tracker, 106
tests, 141, 150, 162, 172, 178, 184, 189, 193, 244, 246, 256, 262, 270, 285, 291, 300, 305
thermal system, 130, 132, 151, 157, 172, 186, 201, 245, 272
weight growth, 95, 157
Apollo X, 16, 31, 34-37
biomedical missions, 35
configurations, 36
definition studies, 36
scientific missions, 35
Argentina, 246
Arkon Scientific Laboratories, 234
Armstrong, Edward A., xvi
Army-Navy-Air Force Journal and Register, 30
Arnold Engineering Development Center, 131
Arthur D. Little, Inc., 390
Asia, 334, 339
Associated Press, 342
Astronomy Missions Board, 124
Astronaut maneuvering unit, 334
Air Force, 98
on SAA-210, 98
on SAA-211, 98
on SAA-212, 98
Astronaut training
aircraft flying, 180
altitude training, 180
Apollo, 286
ATM, 153, 247, 256-57, 267
basic, 256
centrifuge, 180
CSM, 256-57
electrical systems, 253, 257, 268
environment, 180, 243
experiments, 61, 247-48, 256
extravehicular activity, 153, 213, 265, 288
extravehicular activity mobility unit, 288
intravehicular activity, 288
medical, 257
neutral buoyancy, 153, 213, 250
OWS systems, 257
solar physics, 189, 217
zero-g, 180
Astronauts (see also Scientist-astronauts)
Aldrin, Edwin E., Jr., 27, 167, 419
Anders, William A., 27, 418
Armstrong, Neil A., 167, 419
Bassett, Charles A., II, 27
Bean, Alan L., 27, 257, 322, 323, 324, 335, 419, 421
Bobko, Karol J., 169, 265, 275
Borman, Frank, 418
Carr, Gerald P., 257, 329, 338, 346, 422
Cernan, Eugene A., 27, 419-20
Chaffee, Roger B., 27, 104
Collins, Michael, 27, 167, 418, 419
Conrad, Charles, Jr. See Conrad, Charles, Jr., main entry.
Cooper, L. Gordon, Jr., 418, 420
Crippen, Robert L., 169, 265, 275
Cunningham, R. Walter, 27, 418
Duke, Charles M., Jr., 420
Eisele, Donn F., 27, 418
Evans, Ronald E., 420
Freeman, Theodore C., 27
Fullerton, Charles G., 169
Garriott, Owen K., 221, 257, 315, 421
Gibson, Edward G., 267, 296, 329, 338, 422
Gordon, Richard F., Jr., 27, 418, 419
Grissom, Virgil I., 104
Haise, Fred W., Jr., 419
Hartsfield, Henry W., Jr., 169, 419
Irwin, James B., 420
Lind, Don L., 257, 387
Lousma, Jack R. See Lousma, Jack R.
Lovell, James A., Jr., 418, 420
McCandless Bruce, II, 257, 380
McDivitt, James A., 232, 264, 419
Mattingly, Thomas K., II, 420
Mitchell, Edgar D., 420
Overmyer, Robert F., 169, 178
Parker, Robert A. R., 295
Peterson, Donald H., 169
Pogue, William R., 251, 267, 296, 338, 346, 422
Roosa, Stuart R., 420
Schirra, Walter M., Jr., 418
Schweickart, Russell L., 27, 257, 316, 419
Scott, David R., 27, 419, 420
Shepard, Alan B., Jr., 418, 420
Slayton, Donald K. See Slayton, Donald K., main entry
Stafford, Thomas P., 419
Swigert, John L., Jr., 420
Truly, Richard H., 169, 241
Weitz, Paul J., 257, 281, 304, 308, 421
White, Edward H., 104
Williams, Clifton C., Jr., 27
Worden, Alfred M., 420
Young, John W., 418, 419, 420
Astronomical observatory, 38
Atlanta, GA, 378
ATM. See Apollo telescope mount.
Atmosphere, spacecraft
mixed-gas, 48-49, 100, 101-02, 110, 127, 133, 298
single-gas, 48-49, 101-02, 110
Atomic Energy Commission, 301
Oak Ridge National Laboratory, 301
developed miniature chemical laboratory, 301
Australia, 339
AVCO Corp.
AVCO Electronics Div., 387
space station proposal, 18
 
 
B
 
 
Ball Brothers Research Corp.
ATM experiments, 106, 132, 236, 237, 381, 382
Harvard College Observatory, 106, 237
High Altitude Observatory, 106
Naval Research Laboratory, 106, 236, 237
ATM study, 69, 74
Baltimore, MD, 105, 293, 389, 391, 392, 394
Banana River, 287
Barge, 240
Barnett, Thomas L., 383
Barron, E. T., 108
Barry, R. J., 395
Barton, Richard, xvii
Bassett, Charles A., 27
Bates J., 170
Baton Rouge, LA, 376
Battelle Memorial Institute, 178
Battey, Robert V., 164
Bauer, Ethel H., 232
Bausch & Lomb, Inc., 236
Baylor University College of Medicine, 371, 372
Bean, Alan L., 27, 257, 322, 323, 324, 335, 419, 421
Belew, Leland, xvi, 71, 75, 92, 96, 98-99, 103, 107, 111, 119, 122, 123, 125, 133, 134, 136, 138, 140, 144-47, 151-53, 158-60, 164, 168, 175, 180, 181, 195, 204-07, 210, 214, 216-18, 222, 224, 226, 233, 235, 239, 241, 243-45, 248, 250, 252, 254, 256, 258, 259, 261, 264-71, 276, 280, 285, 301, 315, 338, 342, 345
Belgium, 246, 393
Bell, Alphonzo, Congressman, 280
Bell Aerosystems Co., 174
Bellcomm, Inc., 125, 127, 160
Bendix Corp., xvi, 394, 395
ATM pointing control system contract, 106
cluster critical design review, 285
control computer, 152
control moment gyro contract, 101, 141, 178, 206
cryogenic gas storage tanks, 122, 132, 156, 182
Eclipse-Pioneer Div., 25, 64
Benton Harbor, MI, 249
Bergen, W. B., 170
Berglund, Rene A., 15, 76, 160, 242
Berkeley, CA, 376
Bern, Switzerland, 387
Berry, Charles A., 110, 204, 221, 235, 243, 247, 250, 291, 336
Bethesda, MD, 146, 368
Big G study, 172-74
Biggs, John R., 110
Bilodeau, James W., 337
Bishop, James B., xvi
Bisplinghoff, Raymond L., 22, 28
Bissett-Berman Corp., The, 64
Bleymaier, J. S., 133
Block Engineering, Inc., 383
Bobko, Karol J., 169, 265, 275
Bochsler, Daniel C., 375
Boeing Co., The, xvi, 25, 56-57, 117, 131, 180
Aerospace Group-Space Div., 51
electrical system tests, 228, 239
government furnished equipment design certification review, 277
Launch Complex 39 study, 183, 219
Manned Orbital Research Laboratory study, 25, 38
multipurpose mission module, 56-57
space chamber test, 26
study contract, 25, 38, 56-57
Bollerud Jack, 76-77, 109, 110
Bond, Aieck C., 227, 238
Bond, Robert L., 380
Bonner, George P., 394
Booher, Cletis R., 372
Booster. See Launch vehicle.
Borman, Frank, 418
Boston, MA, 202, 384
Boulder, CO, 132, 219, 375, 381
Braley, E. C., 9
Brand, Vance D., 257
Brazill, Edward J., 82
British Interplanetary Society, 5
Britner, Ronald O., 276
Broadwell, Jimmy D., xvi
Bromberg, Jack, 67
Bronx, NY, 372
Brown, B. Porter, 266
Brown, Clinton E., 22
Brown & Root-Northrop, 370
Brown Engineering Co., 180, 243
Buckley, Edmond C., 86
Burbank, CA, 31, 395
Bureau of the Budget, 40
Burke, Walter F., 279, 280
Burkett, Warren, 34
Burt, Lyle, 121, 295
 
 
C
 
 
Cagle, Eugene H., 119, 245
Calio, Anthony J., 220
Cambridge, MA, 124, 376, 381-83, 390, 392, 394
Canada, 246
Saint Lawrence River, 340
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL, 199
Cape Kennedy, FL, 42, 286
Cariski, Sidney A., 68
Carr, Gerald P., 257, 329, 338, 346, 422
Carroll, R. E., 170
Carter, J. W., 52
Catterson, A. D., 109
Central America, 334
Centrifuge, 34
Century Electronics and Instruments, Inc., 387
Cernan, Eugene A., 27, 419-20
Chaffee, Roger B., 27, 104
Chambers, John A., 283
Change Review Board, 206
Chapman, P. M., 91
Charlesworth, Clifford E., 190, 256
Chile, 246, 342
Chilton, Robert G., 106
Christensen, Everett E., 79-80
Christianson, Edward L., xvi
Chrysler Corp., 283
Launch Complex 39 study, 183
Optical Technology experiments study, 50
Saturn IB contract, 225, 248
Space Div., 248
Cincinnati, OH, 387
Clair, J. E., 25
Clark, John F., 286
Clarke, Arthur C., 5
Claybourne, John P., 59-60
Clear Lake, TX, 212
Clear Lake Creek Basin, TX, 216
Cleveland, OH, Plain Dealer, 26
Cleveland, Walter, xvii
Clustered space configuration, 184, 186
attitude control, 184
communications, 285
contamination control, 260
electrical power system, 172, 186
fire extinguishers, 180, 218, 298
instrumentation and communications, 184, 186
OWS/ATM/AM/MDA, 280
Skylab launch, 216
Code, A. D., 35
Colliers (magazine), 5
Collins, Michael, 27, 167, 418, 419
Collins Radio Co., 174
Columbia, MO, 371
Columbus, OH, 178
Comer, Eugene E., 375
Comet Kohoutek, 339-40, 350, 366, 395
Command and service modules (CSM), 30, 126-27
AAP configuration, 56, 74, 147, 165
AAP definition, 52, 56, 179
Apollo X, 16
astronaut maneuvering unit, 98, 184
ATM/CSM mount, 74, 95
batteries, 112, 157, 182
Block II, 147
commonality, 164-65, 168, 171, 175, 209
controls and displays, 147, 195
critical design review, 213
CSM-111, 345
CSM- 115A, 188
CSM-119, 345
design certification review, 198, 272
docking with OWS, 87, 138, 185
electrical power system, 112, 172, 186
environmental control, 147, 172, 222
fuel cells, 68, 76, 78, 107, 112, 182, 225
guidance and control system, 203, 211, 236
interface tests, 157
MDA test, 165
micrometeoroid protection, 222, 225
modifications, 27, 75, 145, 147, 165
payload integration, 117
preliminary design review, 147, 151, 184
procurement, 53, 113, 125
reaction control system, 128, 157
refurbishment, 75
rendezvous maneuver, 188, 211-12
rescue vehicle, 216, 224, 279
schedule, 225
service propulsion system, 212
Skylab mission hardware, 201, 209
stowage, 295-96
telecommunications, 172, 264
thermal control system, 264
Command module (see also Atmosphere, spacecraft, and Command and service modules)
batteries, 182
CM-012, 104
fire, 104
docking, 185
extravehicular activity, 62
refurbished, 124
Congress, U.S. See U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate.
Conrad, Charles, Jr., iii, 241, 256-57, 281, 299, 308, 317, 322-23, 418, 419, 421
news conference, 256-57, 297
Conway, Bruce A., 380
Contamination Control Working Group, 204, 257
summary, 211
Converse, Vincent W., 379
Cooper, L. Gordon, Jr., 420
Correale, James V., 275
Cortright, Edgar M., 149, 183, 286
Cosmonauts
Dobrovolsky, Georgy T., 235, 237
Nikolayev, Adrian G., 212
Patsayev, Viktor, I., 235, 237
Sevastyanov, Vitaly I., 212
Volkov, Vladislav N., 235, 237
Cothran, Charles A., 378
Courtes, George, 386
Craig, James W., Jr., xvi
Crippen, Robert L., 169, 265, 275
Crites, Troy A., 375
Crowley, John W., 8
Culbertson, Philip E., 168, 170, 195, 196, 242
Cunningham, R. Walter, 27, 418
Curtin, Robert H., 200
Cutler-Hammer, Inc.
Airborne Instruments Laboratory Div., 384
L-band microwave radiometer contract, 203
 
 
D
 
 
Dallas, TX, 374, 391
Dallas County, TX, Hospital District, 374
Daniel and Florence Guggenheim International Astronautics Award, 212
Davenport, IA, 156
David Clark Co., 166
Davidson, Mirt C., 390
Davidson, William L., 24
Davis, Edward E., Jr., 212
Davis, Harold J., xvi
Davis, William G., 19
Debus, Kurt H., 113, 137, 142, 143, 145, 187, 194, 200, 201, 227, 233, 274, 286
Deer Park, NY, 384
DeFrance, Smith J., 16
Demel, Kenneth J., 383
DeNoyer, John M., 235
Denver, CO, 239
Deruytherre, A., 393
Diemer, E. Ray, 19
DiLuzio, Frank C. 291
Disher, John H., xvi, 47, 49-50, 53, 54, 59, 67, 69, 72, 77, 82-83, 86, 91, 92, 94, 96, 98-100, 102-03, 110, 123, 139, 154, 164, 166, 168, 170, 175, 196, 206, 224, 232, 236, 246, 273, 342
Dobrovolsky, Georgy T., 235, 237
Dodson, Joe W., xvi
Donlan, Charles J., 30-31, 84, 130, 135
Dooling, Dave, 7
Dorrenbacher, C. James, 51
Dotts, Homer W., 107, 170
Douglas Aircraft Co., Inc., 4-5, 10, 27, 51
Advanced Design Section, 10
airlock proposal, 68, 91
merged with McDonnell Aircraft Corp., 108
Missiles and Space Systems Div., 25
MORL report, 63-65
MORL study, 51
S-IVB builder, 47
six-man research station, 34
SSESM definition study, 63, 72, 80
study contract, 25, 34, 64
Douglas United Nuclear, 221
Douglas, William H., 102, 283
Downey, CA, 120, 147, 184, 378
Dryden, Hugh L., 7, 8, 24, 46
DuBridge, Lee A., 184
Dudley Observatory, 314, 386, 394
Duke, Charles M., Jr., 420
Dunlap, W. Brian, 379
Dunn, Carroll H., 291
"Dutch Shoes," 129
Dyna Soar, 6-7, 19, 28
Dykes, Clarence L., 119
 
 
E
 
 
Earth Applications Technology Satellite, 223
Earth-orbiting laboratory (see also Manned Orbital Rescarch Laboratory; Manned Orbiting Laboratory; Skylab entries; Space station), 24, 27, 135, 237
Earth resources, 58, 203, 223, 227, 228, 240, 245, 282
Ad Hoc Earth Resources Experiment Package Office 226-28, 232, 235, 247, 253, 257, 266, 283, 286, 289, 339
aircraft program, 266, 272, 282
remote sensing, 217, 266, 289
survey, 245
applications, 217, 259, 262
agriculture, 217, 272, 289
cartography, 217, 289
forestry, 217, 272, 289
geography, 217
geology, 217
hydrology, 217
oceanography, 217, 245, 289
experiment package (EREP), 188, 196, 202, 217, 227, 262, 281, 383-84, 398, 399
infrared scanner, 202
microwave rariometer-scatterometer/altimeter instrument, 202
multispectral scanner, 202, 272
objectives, 217, 262, 339
proposals, 217, 235, 245, 246, 262, 270, 289
foreign, 246
responsibility, 188, 247, 257, 265, 273
Earth Resources Technology Satellite, 223, 228, 235, 247, 282
guidelines, 247
proposals, 235, 246, 259
Eggleston, John M., 98
Ehricke, Krafft A., 6, 7
Eisele, Donn F., 27, 418
Eisenhower Memorial Hospital, 371
Electronics Research Center, 163, 172
Elms, James C., 56, 67, 150
El Segundo, CA, 382
Emme, Eugene M., 4
Engines
F-1, 140
H-1, 140
J-2, 140
reaction control, 152, 230
England, 246
Environmental control system (shirt-sleeve and two-gas), 101
Environmental Science Services Administration, 131
Ertel, Ivan D., 11, 355
Europe 334
European Space Research Organization (ESRO), 290
Evans, Albert J., 170
Evans, Dallas E., 384
Evans, V. Eileen, 291
Evans, Wyendell B., 102
Evanston, IL, 385
Experiments, 61, 80, 88, 100, 195, 256, 262, 289, 301, 312, 366-400
Apollo, 68, 88
applications, 217, 245, 262
artificial gravity, 52, 185
astronomy, 101, 109, 137, 219, 262, 289, 366, 375, 376
biomedical, 30, 111, 116, 134, 136, 166, 234, 240, 262, 289, 342, 368-74
change review board, 206
Comet Kohoutek, 339-40, 350, 367, 395, 396
communications, 245
contamination control, 211, 260, 394-95, 397, 400
crew operations, 230, 380-81
D008, Radiation in Spacecraft, 387
D024, Thermal Control Coatings (Instrument Unit) 340, 388, 396
definition, 61, 217, 240
design certification review, 283
development, 60-61
Earth-oriented application, 134, 262
Earth resources, 82, 188, 196, 217, 227, 245, 262, 281, 289, 312, 366, 383-84, 398, 399
ED 11, Atmospherics Absorption of Heat, 375
ED 12, Volcanic Study, 375
ED 21, Libration Clouds, 375
ED 22, Objects within Mercury's Orbit, 375
ED 23, Ultraviolet from Quasars, 376
ED 24, X-Ray Stellar Classcs, 376
ED 25, X-Rays from Jupiter, 376
ED 26, Ultraviolet from Pulsars, 376
ED 31, Bacteria and Spores, 377
ED 32, In-vitro Immunology, 377
ED 41, Motor- Sensory Performance, 377
ED 52, Web Formation, 377
ED 61, Plant Growth 378
ED 62, Plant Phototropism, 378
ED 63, Cytoplasmic Streaming, 378
ED 72, Capillary Study, 379
ED 74, Mass Measurement, 379
ED 76, Neutron Analysis, 379, 399
ED 78, Liquid Motion in Zero Gravity, 379
engineering, 30, 91, 110, 137, 339
experiment repair and maintenance. See Appendix 5, pp. 397-400.
extravehicular experiment operations. See Appendix 4 p. 396.
flight hardware, 177, 195, 257
funding, 80, 92, 253, 271
Gemini, 68-69
hardware integration, 60-61, 111, 226, 247, 248, 276
lunar scientific, 82, 92, 139
M071, Mineral Balance, 277, 287, 368
M073, Bio-Assay of Body Fluids, 368
M074, Specimen Mass Measurement, 343, 369, 398
M078, Bone Mineral Measurement Results, 369
M092, Lower Body Negative Pressure, 344, 369, 400
M093, Vectorcardiogram, 370
M111, Cytogenetic Studies of Blood, 370
M112, Man's Immunity In-vitro Aspects, 370
M113, Blood Volume and Red Cell Life Span, 371
M114, Red Blood Cell Metabolism, 371
M115, Special Hematologic Effects, 371
M131, Human Vestibular Function, 281, 372
M133, Sleep Monitoring, 372, 398, 400
M151, Time and Motion Study, 372
M 171, Metabolic Activity, 373
M172, Body Mass Measurement, 373
M415, Thermal Control Coating, 388
M479, Zero-g Flammability, 388
M487, Habitability/Crew Quarters, 80, 380
M509, Astronaut Maneuvering Equipment, 325, 380
M512, Materials Processing Facility, 389
M516, Crew Activities/Maintenance Study, 380
M518, Multipurpose Furnace System, 390
M551, Metals Melting 389
M552, Exothermic Brazing 389
M553, Sphere Forming, 390
M555, Gallium Arsenide Crystal Growth, 390
M556, Vapor Growth of II-VI Compounds, 390
M557, Immiscible Alloy Composition, 391
M558, Radioactive Tracer Diffusion, 391
M559, Micro-segregation in Germanium, 391
M560, Growth of Spherical Crystals, 392
M561, Whisker-Reinforced Composites, 392
M562, Indium Antimonide Crystal, 392
M563, Mixed III V Crystal Growth, 393
M564, Metal and Halide Eutectics, 393
M565, Silver Grids Melted in Space, 393
M566, Copper-Aluminum Eutectic, 394
management, 217
medical, 76, 90, 137, 138, 152, 210, 214, 221, 240, 244, 257, 259, 265, 278, 279, 284, 285, 287, 289, 312, 325, 328, 339, 368-74, 398
meteorology, 138, 245, 289
natural resources surveys (see also Earth resources), 245, 262, 289
objectives, 219, 262
oceanography, 245, 262
optical technology, 50, 237
large telescope, 50, 85
lasers, 50
location in OWS, 194
optical communications, 50
Orbital Workshop, 86
Principal Investigators, 60-61, 162, 176, 183, 186, 194, 219, 232, 244, 245, 253, 263, 271, 283, 285, 314, 368-95
resources, 139, 217, 289
results, 366-95
review, 139, 152, 210, 220, 227
S009, Nuclear Emulsion, 344, 384, 398
S015, Zero-g Single Human Cells, 374
S019, Ultraviolet Stellar Astronomy, 325, 343-44, 366, 385
S020, Ultraviolet X-Ray Solar Photography, 341, 385, 396
S052, White Light Coronograph, 138, 344, 356 [no text on page 356 of the book!], 381,
S054, X-Ray Spectrographic Telescope, 341, 344, 350, 381, 397
S055, Ultraviolet Spectrometer, 151, 324, 382, 397
S056, Dual X-Ray Telescope, 350, 382
S063, Ultraviolet Airglow Horizon Photography, 385
S071, (Passive) Circadian Rhythm-Pocket Mice, 294,
S072, (Passive) Circadian Rhythm-Vinegar Gnats, 294, 374
S073, Gegenschein/Zodiacal Light, 325, 386, 399
S082, Ultraviolet Spectrograph/Heliograph, 344, 382
S082A, Extreme Ultraviolet Spectroheliograph, 138, 341, 397
S149, Particle Collection, 324-325, 341, 386, 396
S150, Galactic X-Ray Mapping, 386
S183, Ultraviolet Panorama, 143, 386, 399
S19OA, Multispectral Photographic Facility, 196, 202, 382, 383, 399
S19OB, Earth Terrain Camera 383
S191, Infrared Spectrometer, 202, 383
S192, Multispectral Scanner, 202, 384, 398
S193, Microwave, Radiometer/Scatterometer and Altimeter, 202, 325, 341, 383, 398
S194, L-Band Radiometer, 203, 384
S201, Extreme Ultraviolet Camera, 341, 396
S201K, Extreme Ultraviolet Electronographic Camera, 350, 396
S228, Trans-uramic Cosmic Rays, 341, 387, 396
S230, Magnetospheric Particle Competition, 324, 325, 341, 387, 396
S233K, Kohoutek Photometric Photography, 350
scientific, 16, 30, 85, 221, 262, 286, 289, 355, 366, 384-85
solar physics, 366, 381-83, 397
space sciences, 110, 125, 262, 289, 384-85
program scientist, 295
student, 253, 266, 269, 273, 276, 304, 366, 375-79, 399
T003, Inflight Aerosol Analysis, 394
T013, Crew/Vehicle Disturbance, 380
T020, Foot-Controlled Maneuvering Unit, 107, 381
T025, Coronograph Contamination Measurement, 263, 341, 394, 396
T027, ATM Contamination Measurement, 218, 231, 344, 394-95, 399
technology, 90, 110, 137, 286, 289, 339, 387-95, 398
training, 61, 247-48, 256
weightlessness, 259
Extravehicular activities (EVA), 62, 91, 102, 265, 339, 341, 396, 397-98
astronaut life systems assembly, 195, 237
requirements, 265
 
 
F
 
 
Faget, Maxime A., 22, 27, 36, 39, 82, 162, 243, 250
Fairchild-Hiller Corp., 131
OWS solar array mockup, 131
urine collection concept, 200, 282
Feddersen, William E., 377
Ferguson, William A., 57, 80, 93, 95
Field, Elmer L., 213, 271
Field, J. Pemple, Jr., xvi, 50, 59, 130, 201, 248
First Symposium on Space Flight, 5
Fischer, Craig L., 371
Fischer, John C., Jr., 17-18
Fischetti, Thomas L., 334
Fixed airlock shroud, 256
Fletcher, James C., 210, 236, 244, 279, 280, 291, 298, 304, 307, 327, 329
Fordham University, 372
Fort Belvoir, VA, 236
Fort Hood, TX, 107
Foster, John C., Jr., 83
Foster, Willis B., 35
France, 246
Freeman, Theodore C., 27
French government, 387
Frost, J. D., Jr., 372
Frutkin, Arnold W., 290
Fuel
alcohol-oxygen, 5
hydrogen-oxygen, 5
liquid hydrogen, 128, 132
liquid oxygen, 128, 132
Fuel cell
AAP-1, 112
Apollo Block II, 78
Apollo spacecraft, 68-69, 182, 225
development, 69, 76, 146
flight qualification, 146
Gemini, 58
multimission, 68
primary power source, 106-07
Fullerton, Charles G., 169
Funding. See Appendix 9, 414-16, and also program names.
 
 
G
 
 
Garrett Corp., AiResearch Div., 166, 198
astronaut life systems assembly contract, 198, 237, 288, 321, 322, 324, 335
water chiller tests, 254
Garriott, Owen K., 40, 221, 257, 315, 421
Gartrell, Harold E., 57, 102, 164, 170, 176-77
Gates, Sally D., xvii
Gatos, Harry C., 392
Gause, Raymond L., 378, 379
Gay, Clarence C., Jr., 170
Geiss, Johannes, 387
Gemini VII, 304
Gemini IX-A, 97
EVA difficulty, 97
Gemini X, 91
EVA difficulty, 91
Gemini XI, 91
EVA difficulty, 91
Gemini XII, 98
astronaut maneuvering unit, 98
Gemini program, iii, xvi, 22, 31-33, 70
computer, 236
experiments, 68-69
medical results, 244
"Pecan" mission, 34
spacecraft, 18, 34, 188
subsystems, 58
environmental control, 58
fuel cells, 58
support to MOL, 59
Gemini Program Planning Board, 83
General Dynamics Corp., 189
Convair Div., 7
General Electric Co., 131, 133, 142, 172, 203, 210, 272, 384
AAP contract, 180, 193
Air Force space station studies, 34
Apollo Systems Div., 134
EREP contract, 202
fuel cell, 68
Launch Complex 39 ground support equipment, 180, 249
medical laboratory contract, 108
Skylab crew training simulator negotiation, 201
space suit study, 142
urine collection concept, 200
General Motors Corp., AC Electronics Div., 174, 203
Germantown, PA, 131
Germany, 246
Giacconi, Riccardo, 381
Gibson, Edward G., 40, 257, 267, 296, 329, 338, 422
Gilruth, Robert R., 16, 29, 48-49, 55, 62, 67, 68, 71-75, 78, 88, 90-92, 101-03, 109, 110, 123, 126, 131, 133-35, 137, 139, 142, 143, 145, 148, 149, 152, 160, 161, 163-65, 168-70, 175, 178, 180, 204, 222, 227, 233-35, 238, 240, 241, 247, 248, 252, 266
Glaser, Harold, 85
Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), 62, 131, 139, 236, 239, 241, 269, 276, 280, 288, 298, 300
ATM concept evaluation, 69
ATM organization, 62
ATM transferred to MSFC, 83, 106
contamination problem, 239
development, 69
EREP, 241, 247
ERTS investigation, 241, 247
Skylab emergency mission control center, 276
Godfrey, Roy E., 199-200
Goett, Harry J., 8, 9
Goett Committee, 9
Goldcamp, Thomas F., 199
Goldwater, Barry, Jr., Congressman, 34, 280
Gooch, P. Carolyn, 370
Goodyear Aerospace Corp., 388
Gordon, Richard F., Jr., 27, 418, 419
Gordon, Robert V., 311, 313, 325, 341
Gorman, Harry H., 123
Graveline, Duane E., 40
Gravity, artificial, 196
Gravity, zero, 208
shower, 183
urine collection test, 184, 200
Gray, Edward Z., 29, 30-31, 40-41, 69, 80, 84, 85, 91, 105, 110
Graybiel, Ashton, 372
Greece, 246
Green, Daniel M., xvii, 207
Green, William D., Jr., 82
Greenberg, J. Mayo, 394
Grimm, Andrew D., 387
Grimwood, Hilda J., xvii
Grimwood, James M., xvi-xvii
Grissom, Virgil I., 104
Gross, E. R., 170
Gross, Loren A., 378
Ground support equipment, 180, 185, 240, 249, 287
experiment, 224, 287
Launch Complex, 180
OWS, 180, 220
philosophies, 185
Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp., xv, 37, 43, 56, 79, 114-15, 118, 120, 123, 124, 141, 158, 160
AAP LM modification study, 99, 126
AES study contract, 41, 42, 50
contract canceled, 174
Launch Complex 37 modification proposal, 108
LM/ATM mission, 110
rendezvous study, 141
SSESM definition study, 72, 80
vibration testing, 124
 
 
H
 
 
Haber, Heinz, 5
Hacker, Paul T., 163
Haenisch, Hilmar W., 80
Hage, George H., 170
Haggerty, James J., Jr., 301
Hagner, D. R., 110
Haise, Fred W., Jr., 419
Hall, J., 166
Hall, John, 228
Hall, Stephen B., 377
Hamilton, John C., 376
Hamilton Standard. See United Aircraft Corp. Hanes, Thomas E., xvi, 127, 342
Harbison, W., 290
Harrington, Charles D., 221
Harris, Elliot S., 234
Hartsfield, Henry W., 169
Harvard College Observatory, 151, 237, 382
experiment, 151, 327
Harvard University, 85, 169
Hasemeyer, Earl A., 390, 394
Hawkins, W. Royce, 275
Hawthorne, CA, 374
Hayden Planetarium, 5
Hayflick, L., 374
Head, Robert R., 379
Hecht, Kenneth F., 102
Heimburg, Karl R., 261
Helicopters, 279
Hemenvvay, Curtis L., 386
Henderson, Melba, xvii
Henize, Karl G., 376, 385
Henry, Bcverly Z., Jr., 9
Hess, Wilmot N., 103
Heverlee, Belgium, 393
Hewes, Donald E., 381
High Altitude Observatory, 176, 375, 381
Hildner, E., 381
Hill, Paul R., 16
Hinger, Alfred F., 201
Historical Services & Consultants Co., xvii, 11, 121, 355
Hjornevik, Wesley L., 123
Hock, Robert C., 85, 96, 107, 111, 119, 121, 201, 233, 235, 244, 248, 254, 264, 267, 272, 280, 283, 288, 298, 303, 321
Hocker, Alexander, 290
Hodge, John D., 24
Holland, Senator Spessard, 117
Holloway Corp., 221
ATM clean room contract, 244
pedestal contract, 221
Holmes, D. Brainerd, 25, 26
Homick, J. L., 372
Honeywell, Inc., 202
Honeywell Radiation Center, 384
Hood, Robert C., 170
Hopfield, Alison, 375
Hopson, Florian B., 416
Hopson, George D., 235
Hornbeck, John A., 291
Hough, W. W., 237
Houston Chronicle, 34
Houston, TX, 34, 370, 371, 372, 377
Howard University, 391
Hughes, Jacob W., 170
Humphreys, James W., Jr., 216
Humphreys, John T., 375, 376
Hunt, Gaylord C., 329
Huntington Beach, CA, 120, 148, 162, 172, 200, 215, 219, 228, 241, 271, 274, 279
Huntsville, AL, 123, 392
Hyatt, Abraham, 24
 
 
I
 
 
Idaho, 346
India, 246
Ingram, S., 51
Innsbruck, Austria, 6
Institute of Aeronautical Sciences, 11
Institute of Aerospace Sciences, 23
Instrument unit, 223, 236
Integrated Lunar Exploration System, 29
Integrated medical and behavioral laboratory measurement system, 108, 143
Inter-American Geodetic Survey, 334
Interim Orbital Workshop, 140
International Academy of Sciences, 212
International Astronautical Federation, 6
International Business Machines (IBM), 272, 285
Federal Systems Div., 64, 174
instrument unit contract, 223
International Latex Corp., 166, 278
Intravehicular activity, 198
Iran, 246
Irwin, James B., 420
Irwin, K. W., 220
Ise, Rein, 122, 282, 333
ITEK Corp., 383
contract, 196, 272
Optical Systems Div., 272
 
 
J
 
 
Jackson, Kathy L., 377
Jackson Heights, NY, 377
Jacksonville, FL, 206
Jacobs, R. M., 195, 332
Jacobs, Stephen, 332
Jaflfe, Leonard, 131
James, Lee B., 208
Janni, Joseph F., 387
Japan, 246, 334
Jeflfs, G. W., 170, 176, 184
Jenkins, Thomas E., 101
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), 131
Johnson, Caldwell C., Jr., 7, 166, 181, 380
Johnson, President Lyndon B., 37, 48, 122, 342
Johnson, Phillip C., Jr., 371
Johnson, Robert L., 369
Johnson, William G., 81
Johnson Space Center. See Manned Spacecraft Center.
Johnston, Richard S., 142, 264, 266, 278-79, 287
Johnston, Roger G., 379
Joint Manned Space Flight Policy Committee, 83
Jones, David M., 47, 55, 83, 98, 99
 
 
K
 
 
Kaplan, Joseph, 5
Kapryan, Walter J., 199, 280
Katholieke University, 393
Kawada, Tomoyoshi, 392
Kennedy Space Center (KSC), passim
AAP Configuration Control Board, 145
AAP Program Manager, 121
Apollo Applications Launch Operations Panel, 14
Apollo Program Office, 85, 145, 201, 212
Advanced Program Office, 85, 121, 194
Apollo-Skylab Program Office, 201, 233
Center Planning and Future Programs Directorate, 194
Deputy Director for Plans, Programs, and Resource, 59
Design Engineering Directorate, 145, 194
Engineering and Development Directorate, 59, 194
Future Studies Office, 194
Apollo Applications Program, 59, 145
Apollo-Saturn program, 59
Launcher-Umbilical Tower, 206, 297
Manned Spacecraft Operations Building, 294
Mission Evaluation Panel, 145
Operations and Checkout Building, 274, 280, 296, 302, 315
Science and Applications Project Office, 321
Skylab Program Office, 201, 212, 267
Systems Integration Panel, 145
Vehicle Assembly Building, 190, 206, 277, 280, 282, 293-97, 302, 315, 329, 345
Kebalka, Konstanty, xvi
Kent, Marion L., 355
Kent, WA, 375
Kerwin, Joseph P., 35, 40, 74, 257, 281, 299, 308, 317, 421
Kimzey, J. Howard, 388
Kimzey, Stephen L., 371, 377
Kinzler, Jack A., 311, 313
Kisselberg, Ervin T., 280
Klein, P. I., 252
Kleinknecht, Kenneth S., xvi, 72, 74, 76, 80, 88, 90, 92, 93, 165, 168, 170, 171, 175, 190, 195, 204-06, 208, 214-17, 219, 222, 224, 226, 230-32, 235-37, 240, 242-44, 248, 250, 252-54, 258, 259, 263-67, 271, 272, 275-80, 283, 288, 295, 328, 332, 336, 345
Koelle, Heinz H., 6
Kohoutek. See Comet Kohoutek
Kollsman Instrument Corp, 174
Korb, Charles L., 384
Kraft, Christopher C., Jr., 17, 24, 88-89, 107, 115, 204, 215, 219, 235, 253, 261-63, 265, 268, 274, 278, 282, 284, 286, 287, 304
Kraushaar, W. L., 386
Kruse, P., Jr., 374
Kubicki, Ronald W., 232
Kubis, Joseph F., 373
Kuers, Werner R., 142
 
 
L
 
 
LaBlanc, R. L., 25
Laboratoire d'Astronomie Spatiale du CRNS, 386
Lake Logan, NC, 89-90, 92
"Lake Logan Agreements," 89-90, 92
Land- landing system, 67, 77, 94-95, 107
cloverleaf-retrorocket, 94-95
parawing, 77, 94, 112, 118, 173-74
sailwing, 94, 118
Lang, Dave W., 182
Langley Field, VA, 7
Langley Research Center (LaRC), 9-12, 18-19, 38, 99, 130, 166, 283
Applied Materials and Physics Div., 16
ATM concept evaluation, 69
control moment gyro system, 85, 101
Manned Orbital Research Laboratory (MORL) studies, 24, 30-31
manned test symposium, 213
parawing development, 112, 118
contract, 112
rendezvous docking simulator, 103
solar radiation tests, 332
space rendezvous conference, 14
Space Station Office, 15
Space Station Steering Group, 22
space station symposium, 18, 19
wind tunnel, 118
Large Orbital Research Laboratory, 31, 37
Laue, Jay H., 48
Launch Complex 34, 162, 187
deactivation, 143, 175
modification, 108, 189
phaseout plan, 225
S-IB launch, 187, 199
Launch Complex 37, 162, 175
deactivation, 143, 187, 225
program responsibility, 225
Launch Complex 39, 183
ground support equipment, 219, 249
Pad A, 208-09, 280, 301, 305
Pad B, 209, 291, 296, 297, 308, 315, 324, 329, 338
Saturn IB launch study, 172, 183, 206, 221
Skylab launch, 199, 206, 248
use, 208, 209
Launch Operations Center, 23, 225
Chief of Future Studies, 23
Launch vehicle (see also Saturn entries), 6, 7, 95
Atlas, 7
Atlas-Agena, 14
Titan, 18, 19, 34
Leach, Carolyn S., 368
Leavitt, William Z., 394
Lee, Chester M., 345
Lee, William A., 54
Lehn, William L., 388
Lenoir, William E., 257, 304
Leventhal, Jeanne L., 376
Levin, William C., 371
Lewis Research Center, 17, 280, 285, 307
Plum Brook Facility, 216
payload shroud test, 216
Lexington, MA, 377, 383
Ley, Willy, 5
Life support systems, 288
environmental control, 288
equipment, 237, 242, 288
food techniques, 295, 296
waste disposal, 242
Lind, Don L., 257, 387
Lindberg, Robert G., 374
Ling-Temco-Vought, Inc., 98
Lippitt, Maxwell W., Jr., 234
Littlefield, Robert C., 246
Littleton, CO, 378
Litton Industries, Inc., 166
Litton Systems, Inc., 174
Amecon Division, 174
Lockhart, Lillian H., 370
Lockheed Aircraft Corp., 25
Lockheed-California Co., xvi, 42
AAP carrier definition studies, 130
AAP payload integration study, 73, 77
medical laboratory contract, 108
space station study, 25, 30, 31, 41
Spacecraft Organization, 41
Loewy and Snaith, Inc., 133, 159, 179
Loftin, Lawrence K., Jr., 9
Lohman, Robert L., 181
London Daily Mail, 10-14
London, England, 6, 10-14
Lopresti, L. P., 108
Lord, Douglas R., 19, 140
Los Angeles, CA, xv, 233, 380, 389, 393
Los Angeles Times, 313
Lousma, Jack R., 257, 304, 315, 321, 322, 324, 334, 335, 421
Lovell, James A., Jr., 418, 420
Low, George M., 9, 49, 53, 56, 74, 75, 77, 78, 80, 82, 85, 86, 96, 103, 124, 158, 164, 174, 175, 185, 193, 197, 199, 200, 210, 212, 223, 237, 239, 241, 254, 291, 327
Lucas, William R., 221-22, 235
Lunar exploration program, 29, 92, 125, 134
exploration studies, 92
flying devices, 92
orbital survey, 188
surface base, 177
Lunar exploration vehicles, 23, 83, 164
common-use CSM, 165, 175
roving vehicles, 82, 92
supply trucks, 82
surface modules, 82
Lunar excursion module, 34, 38, 56
adapter, 56
experiment definition, 43
experiments, 16, 75, 82
laboratory, 43, 75
modifications, 99
procurement, 53, 92
shelter, 43
traverse, 92
truck, 34, 43, 82
unmanned logistics vehicle, 99
Lunar landing mission, iii, 4, 9, 29, 125, 167
Lunar mapping and survey system, 103, 110
terminated, 118
Lunar module (LM), 82, 126-27
abort guidance system, 153
ascent stage, 86, 95
ATM operation mounted in LM, 74, 84, 86, 87, 95
crew provision stowage, 144
descent stage, 56, 87
design, 98, 144
drill, 92
guidance and navigation system, 203, 236
LM-2, 170
LM-5, 170
LM/ATM Evaluation Board, 137
LM/ATM review team, 98, 127
LM/ATM thermal vacuum test, 123, 137
modification study, 99
modified, 126, 144
payload integration, 61, 100
preliminary design review, 144
rack/ATM, 86, 87, 95-96
stowage, 157
surveying system, 92
teleprinter, 145
testing requirements, 123
Lunar Receiving Laboratory, 225
Lunar roving vehicle, 221
Lunar shelter spacecraft, 29, 42
augmented LM, 90
LEM laboratory, 42
LEM shelter, 42, 99
mission, 42
Lunar surface observatory, 35
Lunar taxi spacecraft, 29, 99
Lundholm, Joseph G., 52
Lundin, Bruce T., 286, 291, 307, 326
Lunney, Glynn S., 313, 320, 333, 342
Luskin, Harold T., 130, 138, 143, 144, 145-46
Lutwak, Leo, 368
 
 
M
 
 
McCall, Jerry C., 72
McCandless, Bruce, II, 257, 380
McDivitt, James A., 232, 264, 419
MacDonald, Gordon J. F., 62
McDonnell Aircraft Corp., 58, 67, 101
airlock module, 92
contract, 100
experiment, 58, 193
merged with Douglas Aircraft Corp., Inc., 108
SSESM definition study, 70, 72, 80
McDonnell Douglas Corp., xvi, xvii, 14, 98, 118, 120, 124, 127, 147, 149, 153, 158, 160, 162, 179, 193, 194, 205, 215, 230, 245, 246, 272, 285
12-man space station study, 169
airlock module (AM), 90, 139, 144, 180, 197, 240
test program review, 138, 177, 256, 261, 267
AM critical design review, 202, 207
AM system review, 113, 202, 240
AM/MDA crew compartment fit and function test, 263, 271
AM/MDA engineering inspection, 283
AM/MDA/EREP systems check, 267
AM/MDA flight backup unit, 285
AM/MDA hard-mated, 263
AM/MDA stowage, 202
AM/MDA transport, 240, 252
Big G study, 172-74
clean room, 258
cluster design certification review, 280
crew station review, AM and OWS, 184, 197, 202, 221, 233, 238
formed, 108
habitability support system, 149
one-man space station, 14
OWS
completed, 279
critical design review, 209
food management, 158, 242
subsystems reviews, 177, 261, 271
test article, 221, 222, 254, 261
OWS-I flight article, 261
payload shroud, 160, 175, 244
rendezvous study, 141
S-IVB OWS mockup, 120, 188, 200, 295
Saturn Workshop, 241
Skylab facilities, 195
Solar array system, 158
space station simulator, 228, 267
space systems center, 120
suit-drying crew systems review, 268-69
tank test, 138, 139, 147
urine collection test, 179, 184, 200, 209, 242, 271
vehicle checkout laboratory, 267, 274
McElmurry, Thomas U., 186, 195, 243, 271
McFarland, R. K., 127
Machell, Reginald M., xvi
Mclntyre, Stanley D., 269
McKannan, Eugene C., 388
McLane, James D., Jr., 245
McLaughlin, Edward J., 372
MacLeod, John B., 378, 379
McMillan, Brockway, 25
McNamara, Robert S., Secretary of Defense, 19, 28, 29, 38
MacQueen, Robert M., 375, 381
Madison, WI, 386
Maggin, Bernard, 14, 16
Magin, Roy L., Jr., xvi
Magliato, Frank J., 120
Malkin, Myron S., 332
Mann, William H., 229
Manned Earth Orbiting Laboratory task team, 24
Manned Orbital Research Laboratory (MORL), 30, 31, 40, 51
LaRC proposal, 25, 30-31
missions, 64
report, 63-65
requirements, 63-65
study contracts, 25, 30-31, 40, 52, 47, 49
systems, 64-65
Manned Orbital Research Station, 27
Manned Orbital Space Laboratory, Salyut 1, 234-35, 237
Manned orbital telescope, 38
Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL; USAF)
Air Force project, 28-29, 30, 34, 36, 37, 70, 73, 163
approved by President, 48
canceled, 163, 190
astronauts to NASA, 169
NASA support, 59, 76
Manned orbiting laboratory (see also Manned Orbital Research Laboratory)
scientific, 4-5, 28
technological research, 28
24-man, 30, 31
two-man, 8, 35
Manned planetary exploration, 5, 61
Manned Space Flight Experiments Board, 61, 273
created, 71
responsibilities, 71, 84
experiment, 86, 87, 265
organization, 61
Skylab student project, 273
Manned Space Flight Management Council, 48, 57, 58, 89, 133, 160, 166, 175, 196, 216, 235, 248, 253, 266, 291-92, 294-95, 298, 314
backup Workshop launch, 235
Lake Logan, NC, meeting, 89, 93
Skylab II program, 196
Manned Space Flight Network (MSFN), 152, 166, 285
AAP missions, 68
Apollo, 80
C-band radar, 80
Gemini VI, 80
Gemini VII, 80
S-band stations, 80
television transmission, 144, 256
UHF command, 80
VHF telemetry, 80
VHF voice, 80
Manned space station, 3, 9, 29, 177, 283
design, 3
earth orbit, 23
instrumentation and scientific equipment, 19
life support systems, 26
preliminary statement of work, 23
purposes, 5, 6
studies, 101
Manned Space Station Symposium, xv, 11
Manned space travel
lunar, 4-8, 61
orbital flight, 3
to Mars, 14-15
Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC; Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center after 17 Feb. 1973)
Advanced Spacecraft Technology Div. 34
AAP Mission Design Information Group, 115
AAP Mission Planning Task Force, 57
AAP Resident Office, Saint Louis, MO, 57
Altitude Chamber, 275
Apollo Applications Program (AA) Office, 88, 124, 182, 190
established, 81, 89, 91
reorganized, 102, 148, 156
Apollo Spacecraft Program Office (ASPO), 36-37, 54, 67, 124, 182
Crew Systems Div., 252
Engineering and Development Directorate, 27, 30, 77, 79, 243
Skylab Experiments Project Office, 273
Flight Crew Operations Directorate, 75, 106, 261, 282
Flight Operations Directorate, 271, 282
Flight Operations Div., 17, 18, 24
Guidance and Control Div., 106
Instrumentation and Electronic Systems Div., 25
Lake Logan, NC, agreement, 89-90, 92
Landing and Recovery Div., 107
Medical Research and Operations Directorate, 234, 243
Mission Planning and Analysis Div., 115
redesignated Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, 295
Reliability and Quality Assurance Div., 54
Science and Applications Directorate 103, 273
Simulation and Training Facility, 281, 296
Skylab News Center, 345
Skylab Program Director 262
Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, 245, 252, 275, 288
Space Shuttle Program Office, 190
Space Station Task Group, 160
Space Vehicle Design Branch, 26, 27
Spacecraft Acoustic Test Laboratory, 125, 199, 237, 241
Spacecraft Integration Branch, 23, 35, 36
Spacecraft Research Div., 17
Spacecraft Technology Div., 23, 25, 27, 39
Systems Engineering Div., 54
Systems Safety Office, 220
thermal vacuum chamber, 131, 201, 214, 235, 260, 273, 288
Vibration and Acoustic Test Facility, 210, 216, 221, 222, 226, 234, 237-38, 248, 260, 274
Water Immersion Facility, 267
Mar del Plata, Argentina, 298
Marine Advisers, Inc., 64
Mariner program spacecraft, 223
Mark, Hans M., 234, 286
Marquardt Corp., The, 64, 174
Mars (planet), 62
exploration, 62
flyby, 22, 73
payload, 73
Marseilles, France 386
Marshall Space Fiight Center (MSFC), passim
Advanced Systems Office, 58
Astrionics and Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory, 213, 292
Astronautics Laboratory, 252, 260, 262
ATM responsibility, 62, 131
Deputy Director, Technical, 194, 221
Associate Deputy Director, Technical, 222
Director for Research and Development Operations, 72
Director for Program Development, 222
Director of Program Management, 222
Experiments Office, 81
Lake Logan, NC, agreement, 89-90, 92
Neutral Buoyancy Simulator, 170, 250
mockups
AM, 148
ATM, 148, 252, 255
MDA, 148
OWS, 148, 195, 321
solar observatory, 148
Neutral Buoyancy Tank, 142, 148, 255, 275, 316, 321
Orbital Workshop Project Manager, 86, 241
Propulsion and Vehicle Engineering Div., 93
Quality and Reliability Assurance Laboratory, 252
Researeh Projects Laboratory, 65
Research and Development Systems Engineering Office, 117
Saturn IV B Workshop Project Office, 57
Saturn/Apollo Applications Program Office, 75, 80
established, 71
project offices, 80
reorganized, 80, 156, 276
Systems Engineering Office, 117
vacuum chamber, 147, 154, 252, 276
Martin Co., The, 105
Air Force space station study, 34
Martin, James R., 199
Martin Marietta Corp., xvi, 116, 120, 123, 124, 133, 159, 160, 175, 180, 197, 228, 230, 234, 280, 285
AAP carrier definition studies, 116
AAP payload integration contract, 126, 150, 154
AAP payload integration study, 77, 123, 159
AAP-IA (60-day study on), 120
AM/MDA backup flight unit, 285, 293
AM/MDA engineering inspection, 293
ATM controls and displays, 154, 214
ATM systems engineering contract, 150, 154
atmospheric leak locations, 231
bioinstrumentation system, 217
biomedical storage cabinet, 220
cluster design certification review, 285
cluster systems compatibility, 222
crew station review for MDA, 186, 243, 250
Denver, CO, Div., 120, 123, 159, 174, 234
Earth Resources Experiment Package, 139, 214, 248
experiment integration, 147, 205, 219, 248
flight MDA accepted, 252
government-furnished equipment design certification review, 277
hardware, 194, 214, 250
MDA, 201, 248, 252
critical design review, 207
dynamic test article, 234
NASA Resident Management Office, 123
payload integration, 154, 160
rate gyro processor contract, 170
Skylab contract modification, 204
Titan III contract, 19
vibration testing, 236
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 153, 392
Instrumentation Laboratory, 106
rendezvous study, 141
final report, 153
Mathews, Charles W., 18, 58, 69, 80, 99, 104-11, 116, 118-20, 122-25, 128, 133-36, 140, 142, 204, 211, 213, 227, 262, 282
Massey, John W., 6
Mattingley, R. H., 314
Mattingly, Thomas K., II, 420
Meister, Todd A., 377
Mengel, Charles E., 371
Menlo Park, CA, 51
Mercury program, iii, 8, 15, 22, 31
Merrick, G. B., 272
Meteoroid environment, 31
Meyer, R. X., 382
Mexico, 338
Michel, Edward L., 373
Michel, F. Curtis, 40
Michoud, LA, Assembly Facility, 213, 215, 225, 248, 252
Middleton, Rex O., 145
Miles, Judith S., 377
Miller, Earl F., 372
Milligan, James E., 382
Missiles and Rockets (magazine), 36
Mission Control Center, 209, 236, 258, 261, 300
Skylab Flight Management Team, 266
Mission Planning Task Force, 102
Mitchell, Jesse L., 62
Mockups
AM, 148, 245, 295
ATM, 245, 295
CSM 151, 157
high-fidelity OWS, 195, 200, 295, 301
MDA, 148, 245, 251, 295
one-g engineering, 187
S-IVB OWS, 120, 188, 203, 299
solar observatory, 148
space station, 12
Workshop, 148, 245
MOL. See Manned Orbiting Laboratory.
Monaco, 246
Mondale, Senator Walter F., 240
Monrovia, CA, 383
Montana, 340
Montgomery, Phillip O'B., 374
Morgan, Frank, xvii, 109
Morgan, Thomas W., 134, 136, 138, 140, 145, 147, 153,155, 159, 164, 168, 175, 181, 187, 199-200, 201, 204-06, 208, 214, 216, 219, 224, 226, 233, 266
MORL. See Manned Orbital Research Laboratory
Morris, Owen G., 283
Morse, Alfred R., 243
Moscow, U.S.S.R., 313, 320
Motorola Corp., Government Electronics Div., 174
Mrazek, William A., 291
Mueller, Gcorge E., 38, 43, 47, 48, 50, 54, 55, 57-62, 67, 68, 72-80, 82-90, 94 98, 101-04, 110, 113-14, 117, 119, 123, 126, 127, 133, 134, 139, 141-43, 145, 148, 152, 159, 160, 163-65, 169-71, 175, 176, 178, 180,181, 183, 189, 193
Multiple docking adapter (MDA), 126-27, 208, 258, 281, 283, 284, 286, 304
attitude control system, 128
backup, 235
configuration changes, 103, 138
crew compartment, 136, 243, 248, 250, 271, 292
crew station review, 198, 205, 243, 283
critical design review, 207, 209
docking ports, 172, 198
experiments, 128, 134, 152, 175
flight article accepted, 304
integration and checkout, 175, 271
management review, 211
preliminary design review, 128
short MDA, 145-46
stowage, 243, 250, 271
systems integration, 201
task force, 134, 138
technical review board, 132
television requirements, 211
tests, 211, 241, 250, 256, 271
thermal barrier, 172
Murphy, James T., 222
Murphy, Ralph W., xvi
Muscari, Joseph A., 394
Musgrave, F. Story, 257
Myers, Dale D., 168, 170, 189, 193, 199, 200, 204, 224, 227, 235, 238, 239, 241, 243, 246, 247, 248, 252, 254, 256, 261, 263, 265, 266, 277, 279, 282, 284, 287, 288, 289, 292, 298, 300, 304, 314, 316, 320, 321, 329, 342, 343
 
 
N
 
 
Nashville, TE, 370
National Academy of Sciences, 40, 61-62, 247
nominated scientist- astronauts, 40
Space Science Board, 61-62
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, 67, 185
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), passim
Acting Administrator, 210, 223
Acting Director of Space Medicine, 76
Administrator, 49, 71, 130, 166, 210, 266, 277, 280, 290, 304, 327, 328-29, 337
Agreement with DOD, 27, 28, 37, 71, 83
Associate Administrator, 36, 40, 60, 122
Budget, 8, 9, 19, 38, 53, 59, 95, 190, 223-24, 298, 342
Deputy Administrator, 68, 69, 74, 122
Deputy Associate Administrator for Planning, 113, 194
Deputy Associate Administrator for Programming, 40, 99
Education Program Office, 214
Inventions and Contribution Panel, 26
Long-range objectives, 8, 223
NASA Project Designation Committee, 193
Office of Advanced Research and Technology, 19-22, 26, 28, 60, 102, 118, 211, 277
AAP responsibility, 86
Office of Aeronautical and Space Research, 8, 24
Office of Manned Space Flight, 19-22, 38-39, 41, 59, 62, 71, 105, 118, 160, 169, 189, 256, 273, 282, 287
AAP responsibilities, 60, 86, 134, 180
Advanced Manned Missions Director, 30, 40, 69, 80, 91, 105
Advanced Mission Planning Group, 85
Apollo Applications Program Director, 52, 87, 113, 131, 146
Apollo Applications Program Office, 54, 144
Apollo Extension System, 47-49
Apollo Program Director, 36, 146, 293
Apollo Program Office, 47, 180
Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight (see also George E. Mueller and, after 1969, Dale D. Myers), 29, 47, 60, 67, 77, 85
Deputy Associate Administrator for Manned Space Flight
Programs, 47, 56, 67
Technical, 130
Deputy Director for Systems, 22
Director of Advanced Studies, 29
Director of Life Sciences, 277
Director of Manned Earth Orbital Mission Studies, 66-67, 97, 277
Director of Space Flight Development, 8
Director of Special Manned Space Flight Studies, 34
Manager, Apollo Applications Experiments, 52
Mission Operations Director, 79, 146
Saturn IB/Centaur Office, 47, 54
Saturn Apollo Applications Office, 47, 50, 54-55, 59, 69, 73, 75, 86, 90-93, 98, 99
established, 47
Skylab Program Director, 193, 227, 245, 256, 261, 266, 278, 280, 295, 328, 333
Skylab Program Office, 193, 211, 261, 263, 269, 342
Engineering Directorate, 261
Operations Directorate, 261
Program Budget and Control Directorate 261
Project Integration Directorate, 261
Reliability, Quality and Safety Directorate, 261, 276, 277, 342
Working Group on Extension of Manned Space Flight, 142
Office of Space Flight Development, 7
Office of Space Science and Applications, 22, 35, 38, 59, 60, 65, 68, 69, 72, 74, 85, 188, 211, 282
AAP responsibilities, 60, 86, 196
Advanced Mission Div., 53, 59, 85, 277
Director of Manned Space Science, 35, 59
Ad Hoc Astronomy Panel, 35, 277
Physics and Astronomy Programs, 62, 278
responsibility for scientific experiments, 34, 87
Office of Tracking and Data Acquisition, 87, 298, 350
request for Manned Orbiting Laboratory contracts, 170
Skylab Advisory Group, 277, 287, 314
Skylab Student Project, 253, 264, 273, 276
National Aeronautics and Space Council, 40
National Institutes of Health, 368
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 219, 258, 266
National Research Institute for Metals, 392
National Science Teachers Association, 253, 273
National Space Club, 134
National space program, 23-24, 194
Naugle, John E., 247
Naval Aerospace Medical Institute, 370
Naval Aerospace Medical Research Laboratory, 372
Naval Research Laboratory, 106, 151, 157, 169, 170, 190, 236, 300, 314, 382, 384-85
Aerobee 150 pocket payload, 138, 152, 184
ATM experiments, 106, 237, 300
Harvard College Observatory, 106, 237
High Altitude Observatory, 106
Neubert, Erich W., 222
Newcomb, Simon, 154
Newell, Homer E., 38, 59, 69, 74, 79, 80, 82, 86
Newkirk, G., Jr., 176
Newkirk, Roland W., 109, 121, 295
New Orleans, LA, 225, 248
New York, NY, 5, 23, 123
Nikolayev, Adrian G., 212
Nimbus program, 239
Nissim, William, 10
Nixon, President Richard M., 184, 185, 194, 289
Noble Foundation, 374
Noordung, Hermann, 3-4
Norris, Dean R., 375
North American Aviation, Inc., xvi, 37, 156
AAP funds, 118, 125
AAP test program, 157
Apollo Extension System study contract, 41, 50, 88
CSM modifications, 70, 113, 168
merger, 121
Phase C, 50, 56, 79
Study Contracts, 28, 56
North American Rockwell Corp., xvi, 11, 98, 114, 120, 121, 124, 162, 163, 165
12-man space station study, 169
Block II CSM modifications, 147, 152, 272
common-use CSM, 188
CSM critical design review, 198
CSM delivery, 274
CSM review, 157
MDA/CSM test, 185
merged with Rockwell Manufacturing Corp., 295
rescue, 247
Rocketdyne Div., 174, 272
Skylab CSM, 272
Space Shuttle program, 189
Spacecraft-lunar module adapter modification study, 145-46
technical status review, 210
Northrop Corp., 374
Electronics Div., 374
Northrop Ventura Co., 112
parawing contract, 112, 174
Northwestern University, 385
Norwood, MA, 374
 
 
O
 
 
Oakley, Ralph B., xvii
Oberth, Hermann, xv, 3, 4
O'Connor, E. F., 54
Oda, M., 246
Office of the Comptroller General, 236
Office of Management and Budget, 280
Office of Science and Technology, 40
Official U.S. International Aeronautical Federation world records. See Appendix 10, pp. 418-22.
Olling, Edward H., 17
Orbital operations program, 14
Orbital Workshop (OWS; see also Skylab entries), 57, 126-27, 210, 258
AS-209, 86
all systems test, 177, 274
AM. See Airlock module.
analog computer, 169
as an experiment, 86
astronaut maneuvering unit, 98, 334
ATM. See Apollo telescope mount.
atmosphere, 48-49, 100, 101-02, 110, 126-27, 133, 172, 220
attitude control system, 159, 170, 186, 206
backup, 235, 329
Center responsibilities, 89-90, 272
Change Review Board, 206
changes, 167-68, 182
completed, 279-80
conceptual design, 47-48
conceptual sketch, 43
configuration, 127, 177, 343
contracts, 239
controlled deorbit, 300
crew equipment, 154, 179, 186, 209
crew quarters, 100, 118, 177, 179, 181, 184, 204, 263
crew safety, 134, 202, 214
crew station reviews, 210, 220, 290, 299
cluster, 110, 170, 318
CSM. See Command and service module.
design and development status review, 96, 125, 155, 232
docking requirements, 185
electrical power system, 106, 107, 158, 184
engineering inspection, 270
engineering tests, 103
environmental control, 48-49, 175, 276
experiment integration, 80, 152, 177, 254
experiment locations, 121, 194
food management, 158, 179, 203-04, 249, 277, 295, 299, 314
funding, 92
ground test version, 188, 215
dynamic test article, 188, 215, 216, 221, 222, 234
guidelines, 184
habitability, 107, 136, 175, 177, 179, 180, 181
instrumentation and communication, 186, 239, 300
launch schedule, 126, 138, 172
mapping survey system, 93
medical experiments. See Experiments, medical.
meteoroid bumper, 134
meteoroid shield, 155, 222, 231, 261, 266, 284
missions, 48, 94, 103, 188
mission planning, 48
modifications, 148
objectives, 94, 109
preliminary design review, 109, 122, 133, 175
research and development plan, 93
S-IVB. See S-IVB stage and S-IVB Workshop
Saturn I, 128, 137
crew station review, 129
Saturn IB, "wet," 71, 112, 126-27, 133, 138, 161, 167, 169, 171, 178
Saturn V, "dry," 100, 112, 126, 127, 134, 138, 161, 164, 165, 166, 167-68, 170, 171, 178, 181, 239
approval, 167-68, 169
second OWS, 165, 176, 188, 189, 343
ad hoc committee, 179
contamination, 209, 257
fire safety, 218
microbiological requirements, 209
mission objectives, 176
water supply, 209, 219, 232
solar array system, 107, 134, 151, 155, 157, 175, 218, 289
structures, 155, 186, 200, 239
testing, 177, 188, 215, 216, 219, 221, 222, 234, 237, 254, 271, 343
thermal shielding, 134, 151, 155, 186
training model, 220, 258
wardroom, 299
wardroom window, 184, 204, 209, 238
waste management system, 154
weight, 155, 158
Orbiting Astronomical Observatories, 111, 239
Orbiting Research Laboratory, 35
Ad Hoc Astronomy Panel, 35
Orbiting Solar Observatory, 79, 239
Ord, John W., 369, 373
Organization charts. See Appendix 11, pp. 423-33.
Orion (barge), 216, 234, 245, 277
Orlando, FL, 318
Oshkosh, WI, 375
Overmyer, Robert F., 169, 178
 
 
P
 
 
Pacific Ocean, 167, 279, 288, 316, 345
Packer, Donald M., 385
Padovani, Francois A., 391
Paine, Thomas O., 167, 184, 201, 210
approval of "dry" OWS, 167
Pande, M. C., 246
Palm Springs, CA, 371
Palo Alto, CA, 374
Paraguay, 334
Parawing, 77, 94, 112, 118, 173-74
Parker, Robert A. R., 295
Parks, Paul G., 389
Patsayev, Viktor I., 235, 237
Paul, J., 374
Payload shroud, 189, 238, 274, 283, 288, 305, 325
accepted, 244
backup, 235
tests, 216, 241
jettison, 242
preliminary design review, 160
structural integrity, 248
test article, 216, 248
Peacock, Charles L., 379
Peltz, Cheryl A., 378
Pensacola, FL, 370, 372
Pentagon, 28
Pepping, Raymond A., 280
Perkin-Elmer Corp., 50, 126, 129, 169
Perrine, Barton S., Jr., 232, 242
Perris, James, xvi
Peterson, Donald H., 169
Petrone, Rocco A., 180, 189, 212, 293, 297, 301, 342
Philadelphia, PA, 384
Philco Corp., Aeronutronic Div., 40
Philippine Islands, 369, 373
Phillips, J. D., 200
Phillips, Samuel C., 36, 37, 61, 124, 148, 168, 170, 174-75
Piland,RobertO., 103, 119
Pillsbury Co., 338
Pitcher, H. E., 67
Pittendrigh, Colin S., 374
Pittsburgh, PA, 314
Planning Coordination and Steering Group, 84-85
Pogue, William R., 251, 267, 296, 338, 346, 422
Pomeroy, William W., 342
Poorman, Richard M., 389
Port Canaveral, FL, 280, 298, 300, 329
Post-Apollo Advisory Committee, 130, 140
Post-Apollo space projects, 29, 38, 59, 73, 140, 149-50
Earth-orbit missions, 82
goals, 62
objectives, 38, 124
orbiting astronomical observations, 82
planetary missions, 62, 150
plans, 40, 82, 96
solar exploration, 82
Post-Skylab missions, 24
Pounds, K., 246
Praktish, Carl R., 116, 291
Pratt & Whitney Div. See United Aircraft Corp.
President's Science Advisory Committee, 40
Preston, G. Merritt, 194
Princeton, NJ, 375
Project Horizon, 9
Project Rand, 4
Puerto Rico, 352
"Purple Plague," 236
Purser, Paul E., 49
 
 
Q
 
 
Quist, Terry C., 379
 
 
R
 
 
Raffensperger, Maurice J., 66-67, 97, 105
Raines, Martin L., 184, 220
Rambaut, Paul C., 368
Rand Corp., 11
Rauth, J. D., 123
Ray, Hilary A., 390
RCA, 60-61
Records. See Appendix 10, pp. 418-22.
Redondo Beach, CA, 146, 391
Rees, Eberhard F M., 96, 146, 194, 200, 213, 219, 222, 227, 269, 274, 279-80, 286, 292, 293
Reeves, Edward M., 382
Regan, Edward, xvii
Roger, Jo L., 391
Reiffel, Leonard, 61
Reihs, Joe W., 376
Reinartz, Stanley M., 71, 80, 256
Reining, Henry, Jr., 291
Rennselaer Polytechnic Institute, 391
Research Steering Committee on Manned Space Flight, 8, 9
NASA long-range objectives, 8
Reynolds, Smith and Hills, 206
Rice University, 40
Richard, Ludie G., 127
Richland, WA, 221
Ritzmann, Stephan E., 370
Robbins, Donald E., 379
Roberts, Frederick S., 236
Robertson, Lois, xvi
Robins, C. Howard, Jr., 34
Rochester, NY, 377
Rock, William H., 321, 338
Rocket motors, 19
Rockets, 246
Aerobee, 138, 152, 184
Agena, 73
Apollo landing, 67
sounding, 35, 237, 300
V-2, 5
Rockford, IL, 379
Rockwell International Corp., xvi, xvii, 121, 295
Rockwell Manufacturing Corp., 295
merged with North American Rockwell, xvi, 295
Rockwell-Standard Corp., merger, 121
Roman, Nancy, 36
Roosa, Stuart R., 420
Ross, Harry E., 5
Roth, Gilbert L., 291
Royal Air Force Staff, British Embassy, 290
Rubenstein, M., 390
Rurnmel, John A., 373
Rusk, Amil, 170
 
 
S
 
 
S-IC stage, 239
S-II stage, 190
S-IVB stage, iii, 190
airlock experiment, 87, 91, 100, 104
crew quarters, 100
crew safety, 80
habitability, 75, 80, 87-88, 100, 108
hydrogen tank, 75, 80, 91, 100
multiple docking adapter, 100
redesignated OWS, 88
residual propellant dump test, 128, 288
spent- stage experiment (see also Spent-Stage Experiment ment Support Module), 9, 67, 69-70, 71, 74, 87, 91, 104, 167
support module, 75, 88
Skylab, 288
S-IVB Workshop (see also Orbital Workshop), 52, 57, 58, 67, 80, 104
Apollo CSM, 52, 67
atmosphere, 100, 110
Center responsibilities, 66
conceptual design study, 39, 57, 90
experiment support module, 76, 80
experiments, 57, 66, 80
funding, 57
Headquarters management responsibility, 83
S IVB/CSM/Workshop concept, 122
shirt-sleeve environment, 87, 100, 101-02
support module interconnect, 67, 76
SA-206 (Saturn-Apollo 206), 148
SA-207, 148
SA-208, 148
SA-209, 90, 93, 96, 148, 248, 345
SA-210, 96, 148
SA-211, 90, 96, 148
SA-212, 90, 96, 148
SAA-209 (Saturn Apollo Applications 209), 53, 93, 189
Center responsibilities, 90, 96
experiments, 53, 80, 90
mission planning, 90, 95, 96, 97
mission requirements, 90, 96
objectives, 93, 96
redesignated AAP-1, 98
SAA-209-210, 96
SAA-210, 96
SAA-211, 90
AAP-ATM highs, 90
SAA 211-212, 90
orbital assembly, 96-97
SAA-212, 96
Sacramento, CA, Test Operations Facility, 151
Saegesser, Lee D., xvi
Sailwing, 94, 118
Saint Joseph, MI, 295
Saint Louis, MO, 43, 52, 92, 127, 185, 252, 263
Saint Paul, MN, 379
Salamy, J. G., 372
Salyut 1, 234-35, 237
San Antonio, TX, 369, 373, 379
San Diego, CA, 10, 316, 319, 325, 328, 335, 345
San Francisco, CA, 369
Santa Monica, CA, 4, 51
Sargasso Sea, 334
Satterthwaite, Joseph C., 82
Saturn C-5, 23
Saturn I, uprated, 128
changed to Saturn IB 128
Saturn IB, 27, 56, 128, 248, 301, 316
AAP launch, 71, 96, 100, 122, 172, 225
Apollo X, 35
design certification review, 272
instrument unit contract, 223
launch from Launch Complex 34, 199
launch from Launch Complex 39, 183, 199, 206
management responsibility, 148
Minuteman strap-on, 122
payload capabilities, 69
payload integration, 61
pedestal, 187, 221
refurbishment, 248
rescue capability, 224
S-IB stage 206, 248, 277, 293
static firing, 213
vehicle inventory, 143, 225
Saturn IB-Centaur, 54, 73
Saturn V, 49, 56, 117, 206, 221, 280, 282, 290, 292
backup launch capability, 289, 329
contract, 117, 207
design certification review, 272
instrument unit contract, 223
launch, 71, 100, 122, 167, 172, 178, 199, 207
manned orbital research laboratory, 31-33
payload integration, 61, 239, 280
space station, 30, 49
vehicle 513, 189, 214
vehicle 515, 140, 189, 214
Saturn V/Voyager, 54
Saturn-Apollo. See SA-206, etc.
Saturn/Apollo Applications Mission Planning Task Force, 82
Saturn applications, 54
Saturn Workshop. See Orbital Workshop.
Saunders, James F., Jr., 170
Savage, Melvin, 170
Sawyer, James T., 231
Schacter, Oscar, 5
Scheer, Julian W., 163, 193
Schirra, Walter M., Jr., 418
Schlack, Donald W., 378
Schmidt, Harrison H., 40, 420
Schneider, William C., 146-48, 150-55, 158-60, 162-68, 170, 175-78, 180, 181, 184, 188, 189, 193-96, 199, 203-13, 215-17, 219, 224, 225, 231, 232, 235-37, 239, 240, 242-44, 246, 248, 250, 252-54, 256, 257, 260-64, 266, 267, 269-74, 276-78, 280, 283, 285, 288, 289, 291, 292, 294, 295, 298, 300, 301, 303, 308, 320-23, 328-33, 337, 338, 345, 349
Schnitzer, Emanuel, 16
Schultz, David C., 380
Schweickart, Russell L., 27, 257, 316, 419
Science and Technology Advisory Committee for Manned Space Flight, 118
Scientist-astronauts, 40, 124, 189-90, 228
Garriott, Owen K., 40, 221, 257, 315, 421
Gibson, Edward G., 40, 257, 267, 296, 329, 338, 422
Graveline, Duane E., 40
Henize, Karl G., 376, 385
Kerwin, Joseph P., 35, 40, 74, 257, 281, 299, 308, 317, 421
Lenoir, William E., 257, 304
Michel, F. Curtis, 40
Musgrave, F. Story, 257
Schmitt, Harrison H., 40, 420
Thornton, William E., 265, 275, 369, 373
Scott, David R., 27, 419, 420
Seamans, Robert C., Jr., 24, 36, 40, 51, 54, 60, 61, 65, 67, 68, 72, 73, 74, 77, 82-84, 86-88, 90, 92, 97, 101, 113, 116, 119, 120, 122
Sea of Tranquility, 167
Seattle, WA, 26
Seaver Science Center, 393
Sedlazek, Martin F., 216
Sepulveda, CA, 368
Service module (SM), 157
reaction control system, 162, 212
Sevastyanov, Vitaly I., 212
Sevier, John R., 295
Shannon, Neal W., 376
Shapiro, Maurice M., 384
Shapley, Willis H., 101, 279
Shea, Joseph F., 22, 29, 36, 37, 67, 104
Shepard, Alan B., Jr., 418, 420
Shepherd, James T., 57
Sheppard, Robert G., xvi
Shinkle, John G., 59, 60
Shows, James C., 170, 241
Shurnate, William H., 372
Shuttle Safety Advisory Panel, 184
Silverstein, Abe, 149
Silverton, OR, 375
Simmons, William K., Jr., 180, 200, 213, 241, 261, 267, 280, 329
Simulators
CSM, 211
neutral buoyancy simulator, 213, 250, 301
neutral buoyancy tank, 147, 321
one-g, 213, 323
Skylab, 201, 209, 213, 281
zero-g, 177
Singer-General Precision Co., Link Div., 201, 209-10
Sjoberg, Sigurd A., 253, 275, 278
Skaggs, James B., 170
Skurla, G. M., 108
Skylab I (SL-1), 239, 301
AM, 284
AM/MDA, 216, 263, 281, 285, 287, 291, 293, 302, 305
anomalies, 305, 307-08, 313
ATM, 259, 260, 262, 274, 281, 291, 293, 300, 302, 305, 339
automatic checkout equipment for payload, 244
CSM, 253, 264, 267, 274, 287, 293
hardware, 230, 256, 293, 298
launch, iii, xiv, 305-07
Launch Complex 39, 209, 287, 293
launch facilities, 212, 253, 305
launch schedule, 204, 208, 213, 229, 239, 254, 266, 267, 280, 281, 292, 293, 295, 298, 301, 303, 305
launch vehicle, 214, 272, 281, 287, 293, 301
lightning strike, 302, 305
meteoroid (micrometeoroid) shield, 305-10, 314, 317, 321, 326-29
mission, 203, 239, 288
news conference, 256, 257
OWS 203, 207, 264, 266, 267, 280, 281, 291, 293, 301, 305, 306, 326
second OWS, 199
solar array wing, 305-09, 312-14, 316-17, 319, 326-28
sonic boom, 332
system failure, 246, 300, 305, 306
test milestone, 298
tests, 214, 216, 256, 293, 300
water supply, 209, 254
Skylab 1 Board of Investigation, 307, 326
Skylab 1/2, 239
ATM solar data, 333
conclusions, 319, 320, 333
experiments conducted, 316, 333
mission, 239
objectives, 316, 319-20, 328, 333, 349
Skylab 2 (SL-2)
atmosphere, 310, 311
crew activities, 281, 293, 296, 297, 298, 307-12, 317, 348-49
CSM, 267, 274, 287, 293, 296, 308-10, 318
designation, 239
extravehicular activities, 309, 312, 314
fixes by crew, 310-14, 317
hardware, 230, 263, 293, 298, 308
launch, iii, xiv, 239, 263, 294, 295-98, 308-11
Launch Complex 39, 208-09, 287, 291, 293, 296, 297
launch facilities, 287
launch schedule, 204, 213, 246, 254, 267, 292, 293, 295, 301, 303
launch vehicles, 272, 276, 293, 295, 308
OWS, 287, 293, 309, 312, 317
OWS meteoroid (micrometeoroid) shield, 297
OWS solar array wing, 297, 307, 309, 312-14, 316-17, 319, 326-28
postflight medical debriefing, 328
recovery, 295, 316, 319
revised mission, 297, 308, 314
sail 308, 310
"Skylab parasol," 308-12, 328
solar flare, 318
sonic boom test, 332
space flight record, 312
space vehicle, 296
summary to White House, 327, 328
test milestone, 298
tests, 214, 293, 296-98
twin boom sunshade, 308, 310-11
water supply, 254
Skylab 3 (SL-3)
conclusions, 335, 336
crew, 304, 315, 324, 328
crew activities, 324-35, 344, 348-49
crew training, 288
designation, 239
Earth resources experiments package activity, 234, 334
embryo, 333
experiments, 287, 323, 324-25, 329, 334
extravehicular activity, 324, 328
fish, 333
flight readiness review, 288, 315, 321
hardware, 230
launch, xiv, 324-25
Launch Complex 39, 287, 315
launch date, 213, 239, 292, 294, 295, 314, 315, 316, 320
launch facilities, 208, 209, 221, 315
launch schedule, 254, 301, 303, 320
medical data, 325, 328, 337
micrometeoroid shield testing anomalies, 325, 328-29
mission, 239, 324-25
objectives accomplished, 324-25, 334-36, 349
parasol, 325, 328
recovery, 295, 320, 325, 330, 333-35
twin boom sunshade, 321, 325, 328, 346
vehicle, 324
vestibular problem, 324, 336
water supply, 254
Skylab 4 (SL-4), 304, 329, 330
Comet Kohoutek, 329, 332, 339, 340, 350
conclusions, 343, 347
crew, 303, 329, 332, 342, 346
crew activities, 337-39, 341, 344-49
crew training, 288
designation, 239
extravehicular activity, 341
Gypsy moth eggs, 294, 337
high-energy food, 337-38
launch, xiv, 338-41
Launch Complex 39, 208, 209, 287
launch date, 213, 239, 292, 294, 295, 303, 330, 338-39
launch facilities, 287, 329, 330
launch schedule, 254, 330, 337, 338
launch vehicle, 287, 330, 338
medication, 336
mission objectives, 239, 339, 341, 346-47, 349
planning, 294, 330, 337, 343
recovery, 294, 295, 336
S-IB stage fins, 330, 337
sonic boom test, 332
vestibular problem, 336, 339
water supply, 254
Skylab Educational Conference, 253, 290
Skylab medical experiments altitude test (SMEAT), 214, 234, 252, 265, 278, 285
56-day simulation test, 214, 265, 275, 278, 282
contamination test, 257, 258
facility, 214, 252
news conference, 265, 282
"Skylab parasol," 308-13, 328
Skylab program, iii, xvi, 223, 248, 277, 331, 342
AAP redesignated Skylab, 193
AM. See Airlock module.
astronauts. See Astronauts and Scientist-astronauts.
astronaut life support assembly, 198, 237, 288
ATM. See Apollo telescope mount.
backup Skylab, 230, 264, 289, 329
automatic checkout equipment software, 264
designated Skylab B, 298
OWS /AM/ MDA, 264
cluster, 198, 204, 205, 221, 224, 225, 285, 298
CSM (see also Command and service modules),196, 201, 204, 253, 272, 274, 287, 338
OWS (see also Orbital Workshop), 204, 215, 271, 287, 294, 322, 338
concluded, 345
conclusions, 350-54
configuration management, 218, 224, 236, 290, 343
contamination, 204, 211, 222, 227, 232, 239, 260, 285
contract modifications, 204, 205, 207, 211, 225, 249
contractors, responsibilities and costs, 412-13
costs, 236, 248, 271, 288, 412-16
crew exercise, 262, 265, 286
crew rescue capability, 216
crew station review, 205, 220, 270
crew suits, 243, 247, 278
crews, 215, 217, 228, 231, 257, 258, 304, 328
data retention, 269
definition, 273
design certification reviews, 270, 272, 273, 276, 283, 285, 294, 295
Earth resources experiments package, 253, 265, 267
experiments. See Experiments.
extravehicular activity, 198, 236, 265, 275, 309, 312, 314, 324, 328, 341
fire hazards, 194, 214, 218, 298
flight crew equipment, 233, 263, 264, 270
flight crew training, 265, 280, 288, 298
flight management team, 261
flight readiness review requirements, 287, 288, 338
food program, 203, 204, 205, 215, 222, 228, 242, 243, 247, 249, 276, 277, 282, 295, 296, 338
funding, 414-16
hardware, 208, 227, 256, 260, 263, 273, 285, 329
inflight medical support system, 223, 277, 282, 285
large solar observatory, 219
launch vehicle, 225, 248, 253, 272, 332
logistics support status 201
Manned Space Flight Team, 248
medical support requirements, 225, 234, 264, 282, 285
midterm task team, 252, 253
mission constraints, 196, 213, 214, 286, 287, 294
mission evaluation report, 320
mission operations design certification review, 280, 294
mission requirements, 227, 263, 265, 280, 287, 288, 291, 295, 298
mobile laboratories 234, 277, 278, 284
objectives, iii, xv, 196, 203, 204, 227, 248, 262, 285, 351-53
problems (see also Skylab 1, 1/2, etc.), 198, 272, 285, 292, 297
radiation monitoring, 258, 259, 277, 285
repair and maintenance accomplishments, 343-44
rescue kit 224, 230, 243, 247
rescue mission, 224, 229, 247, 263, 329, 342, 345
role, 289
schedule, 248, 253, 273
shower, 245, 267, 268
Skylab II, 195, 196, 197, 209, 298, 342
space bath, 195
stowage, 229, 243, 256, 263, 264, 273, 298
subsystem review, 211, 213, 222, 227, 230, 238, 268, 298
summary, 295, 347, 362-65
symposium, 354
system checkout, 248, 256, 267, 268, 271, 291, 338
test article, 208, 212, 215, 226, 243, 247, 264, 267
trainer review, 220, 270
TV system, 218, 231, 256, 265, 276, 293, 311
vehicle contamination, 257
wardroom, 205, 241, 277
water system, 250, 254
weight, 235
"wet stage," 9, 10, 167-68
windows, 204, 229
Skylab Program Scientist, 295
Skylab Subsystem Review Team, 211, 213, 238
Slayton, Donald K., 75, 93, 106, 107-08, 112, 115, 133, 181, 186, 195
Slemp, Wayne S., 332
Slight, John B. (Jack), 167
Smith, O. Glenn, 257
Smith, Rafael F., 370
Smith, Richard G., 206, 208, 214, 216, 224, 248, 288, 300
Smith, Stefanie, 251
Smith, Trevor, 11
Smithsonian Institution, 170
Snoddy, William C., 395
Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 136
Solar flare, 339-40
Solar physics (see also Experiments), 79, 189, 217, 366, 381-83, 397
Sounding rockets. See Rockets.
South America, 334, 339
Southwest Research Institute, 230, 369, 373
Soviet Union, 19, 234, 237
Salyut 1, 234-35, 237
Soyuz 9, 212
Soyuz 11, 234-35, 237, 312
Space Act of 1958, 304
Space Base Program, 140, 197
Space Business Daily, 29
Space Craft, Inc., 174
Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, MSC/JSC, 275
Space Flight Tracking and Data Network, 298, 300
Space laboratory, 15, 16, 22, 27, 58, 59
Space program objectives, 8
Space rendezvous, 8, 14, 26, 44 [no text on p.44 of the book!]
Space rescue, 184
Space Shuttle program, 209, 221, 238, 298, 332
contamination, 285
definition, 224
hardware, 227, 332
Launch Compiex 37, 224
Manager, 332
Shuttle Safety Advisory Panel, 184
Space station
booster spent stage, 9
concepts, 3-20, 21, 28, 30, 31, 50-51
configurations, 22, 41
cost, 6
design, 3-4, 6
18-man, 23
"embryonic," 103
engineering uses, 22
experimental, 194
experiments, 22, 41
feasibility, 4-5, 149, 150
ferry vehicles, 4, 6, 14, 18
50- to 60-man, 6
"'dying carpet" escape system, 27
foldable, Y-shaped 18
four-man, 3, 6, 7 , 10-14
funding, 8, 14, 19, 22, 37
interim, 37, 98
large rotating, 31
long-duration, 26, 27
modular-multipurpose, 41, 42, 56
objectives, 3-6, 9, 22, 41, 101
one-man, 14
orbital, 3-6, 50-51
permanent, 3-6, 66, 84
phase B definition, 160
radial, integral launch, 18
roles, 3-6, 9, 22, 89, 101
scientific uses, 3-6, 22
semipermanent, 58, 177
spherical, 4
study contract, 25, 30, 31
study program, 17
symposium, xv, 5, 6, 9, 11, 14, 18-19, 23
system designs, 22, 26
technology, 30
12-man, 174
24-man, 5, 30, 31
two-phase, 17, 18
"wet" stage, 9
Space Station Safety Advisor, 184
Space Station Task Group, 160
Space suits, 147, 243, 247, 278
A5L, 166
A6L, 166
A7L, 166
A8L, 166
A9L, 166
drying, 268-69
extravehicular activity, 142, 166
Goodrich Navy Mark IV, 166
intravehicular activity, 166
pressure, 142
thermal- meteoroid garment, 166
Space Task Group, vii, 7, 8, 16, 17
Spacecraft- LEM adapter (SLA), 70, 124, 125
ATM location, 84
modifications, 145, 146
Spain, 290
Spent-Stage Expcriment Support Module (SSESM), 63, 67, 70, 76, 88
as airlock, 81, 88, 100
ATM location, 84
changed to airlock module, 88
configuration, 76, 77, 81
definition study, 70, 72, 76, 81
experiments, 80
habitability, 80, 87-88
schedule, 71, 76
Source Evaluation Board, 74, 77, 80
Business Management Committee, 80
Technical Management Committee, 80
work statement, 75
SSESM. See Spent-Stage Experiment Support Module.
Staats, Elmer B., 236
Staehle, Robert L. 377
Stafford, Thomas P., 419
Stanford Research Institute, 51, 64
Stanford University, 40, 374
Steelman, Donald L., 193
Stettler, W., 387
Steward, James T., 163
Stewart, Lester A., 75
Stoney, William E., 22, 34, 39, 105, 168, 175
Strass, H. Kurt, 7, 8, 17, 18
Strickland, W., 199
Stroud, William G., 211
Student. See Experiments, student.
Stuhlinger, Ernst, 65
Swan, F. F., 123
Swearingen, Jack C., 80
Sweden, 246, 290
Swigert, John L., Jr., 420
Swim, R. K., 164
Switzerland, 246
System repair and maintenance. See Appendix 6, 401-03.
 
 
T
 
 
Task for space laboratory. See Appendix 7, 404-11.
Tass, 235
Taub, Willard M., xvii, 18, 39
Taylor, Gerald R., 377
Taylor, William B., 34, 50, 52, 76
Teague, Congressman Olin E., 184, 216
Technology, Inc., 372
Teir, William, 175, 208
Telescopes (see also Apollo telescope mount) 25, 126, 183
high-resolution solar-oriented, 69, 104, 155, 183, 203, 217
Test (magazine), 313-14
Test Definition and Planning Group, 132
Texas Instruments, Inc., 391
Thibodaux, Joseph G., Jr., 78
Thailand, 246
Thompson, Floyd L., 103, 128, 130, 140
Thompson, Robert F., 81, 92, 96, 98, 102-07, 110-12, 115-16, 119-20, 122, 124, 125, 127, 128, 133-34, 136, 138, 140, 143-45, 147, 152-53, 155, 156, 158, 159, 163-65, 168, 170, 175, 181, 184, 190, 204
Thornton, William E., 265, 275, 369, 373
Tinnan, L. M., 164, 170
Titan II, 18
Titan III, 19, 34
Titusville, FL, 221
Tokyo, Japan, 392
Tousey, Richard, 190, 382, 385
Trainers
experiment, 226
Skylab training modules, 210, 220, 226, 245
AM/one-g, 93, 177, 226
AM/neutral buoyancy, 93
AM/zero-g, 111, 177, 226
ATM/one-g, 227, 243, 245
ATM/neutral buoyancy, 226, 227
ATM/zero-g, 227, 243
MDA, 227
MDA/one-g, 243
neutral buoyancy deployment assembly, 177, 227
OWS/one-g, 225, 226, 258, 323
S-IVB, 95
Trimble, George S., Jr., 105, 123, 127, 140
Trotter, Virginia A., xvii
Troy, NY, 391
Truly, Richard H., 169, 241
Truszynski, Gerald M., 79, 80, 284
TRW Inc., 64, 174, 246, 285, 391
cluster critical design review, 218
solar array system, 218
Science & Technology Div., 174
support contract, 146
Tschirgi, Joe, 10
Tulsa, OK, 387
Turnbull, S. J., 287
Turner, Robert L., 19
 
 
U
 
 
Ukanwa, Anthony O., 391
United Aircraft Corp., 174
fuel cell contract, 68
Hamilton Standard Div., 64, 163, 166, 174
Apollo suit, 166
portable life support system, 166
Pratt & Whitney Div., 68
United Kingdom, 246
United States, 334, 339
space capability, 62, 63
University of Alabama, 392
University of Bern, 387
University of California
Berkeley, 387
Davis, School of Medicine, 369
Los Angeles, 62, 387, 393
University of Dayton Research Institute, 388
University of Maryland, 138
University of Missouri School of Medicine, 371
University of Southern California, 354, 393
Institute of Safety and Systems Management, 354
Skylab Program Symposium, 354
University of Texas, 270
Medical Branch, Galveston, 370, 371
University of Wisconsin, 35, 386
U.S. Air Force (see also Manned Orbiting Laboratory), 20, 121, 166
Air Force Materials Laboratory, 388
Brooks AFB, San Antonio, TX, 76
Clark AFB, Philippine Islands, 369, 373
Dyna Soar (X-20), 6-7, 19, 28
Eastern Test Range, 189, 199
Eglin AFB, FL, 243
Climactic Laboratory, 243
food, 338
Hypersonic Boost Glide Vehicle (Dyna Soar 1), 6-7, 19, 28
medical experiments, 76
Memorandum of Understanding with NACA, 6-7
School of Aviation Medicine, 49
Space and Missile System Office, 233, 380
Space Systems Div., 29
Weapons Laboratory, Kirtland AFB, NM, 387
Wright-Patterson AFB, OH, 388
U.S. Army, 287
Army Air Force, 279
Arrny Ballistic Missile Agency, 8
U.S Congress. See U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate.
U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, 337
Gypsy moth eggs, 337
Secretary of Agriculture, 337
U.S. Dept. of Defense (DOD), 10, 16, 24-26, 30, 47, 61, 71, 163, 283
agreement with NASA, 27, 28, 37, 83
astronaut maneuvering unit, 97, 100
experiment, 181
Manager of Manned Space Flight Operations, 135
MOL astronauts to NASA, 169
MOL canceled, 163
MOL design studies, 38
U.S. Dept. of Transportation, 293, 394
U.S. Geological Survey, 40, 240
U.S. House of Representatives
Committee on Government Operations, 70, 73
Subcommittee on Military Operations, 70
Committee on Science and Astronautics, 23, 24, 38, 65, 184, 223, 262
Subcommittee on Space Science and Applications, 65-66, 224
Subcommittee on Manned Space Flight, 184, 262, 327
U.S. Joint Congressional Committee, 322-23
U.S. Navy, 279
U.S. Office of Education, 214
U.S. Senate
Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences, 37, 62, 227, 302, 308
Committee on Appropriations, 117, 130
Subcommittee on Independent Offices, 117
USS Poznt Point Barrow, 279, 280
USNS Vanguard, 298, 300
USS New Orleans, 325, 335, 345
USS Ticonderoga, 316, 319
Utah State Medical Association, 244
 
 
V
 
 
Valley Forge, PA, 142, 202
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 370
Vecchetti, George J., 182
Venus (planet), 62
Vietnam, 342
Viking, Project, 159, 223
Vinograd, S. P., 336
Vogel, John M., 369
Vogel, Lawrence W., 117
Volkov, Vladislav, 235, 237
von Braun, Wernher, 4, 5, 9, 29, 30, 37, 55, 57, 71, 90, 101-02, 104, 109, 110, 117, 123, 134, 142, 145, 149, 161, 194
von Pirquet, Guido, 3
von Tiesenhausen, George, 23
Voyager program, 117
 
 
W
 
 
Waite, Jack H., 80
Walkinshaw, Charles H., 378
Walter, Hans U., 392
Walter Kidde and Co., 172
Washington Daily News, 197
Washington, DC, 34, 36, 114, 190, 257, 297, 382, 384, 385, 391
Health, Education, and Welfare auditorium, 190
Watergate, 342
Weather forecasting, 3, 6
Webb, James E., 29, 49, 51, 54, 62, 67, 68, 73, 77, 88, 95, 117, 125, 140-42
Weicker, Senator Lowell P., Jr., 298
Weinberg, J. L., 386
Weinberger, Casper, 279, 280
Weitz, Paul J., 257, 281, 304, 308, 421
West Germany, 290
West, Julian M., 109, 140, 162, 345
West Point, NE, 378
Westinghouse Electric Corp., 293, 314, 389, 390-94
Pittsburgh, PA, 314, 390
Whedon, G. Donald, 368
Whipple, Fred L., 5
Whirlpool Corp., 163, 223, 249, 295
food heating tray, 223, 228, 241, 249
menu, 223, 247
White, Edward H., II, 104
White House, 48, 194, 327, 328
White Sands Missile Range, NM, 138, 152, 184
White Sands Test Facility, NM
ATM rocket calibration test, 293, 300
reaction control system test, 231
White, Stanley, 76
White, Gen. Thomas D., 7
Whittle, Michael W., 369, 390
Whitsett, C. E., Jr., 380
Whittaker Corp., 389
Wible, M. Keith, 284
Wiedemeier, Harry A., 391
Wilcox, William R., 393
Williams, Charles K., 267
Williams, Clifton C., Jr., 27
Williams, F. L., 48, 58
Williams, Grady F., 194, 199
Williams, James R., 389
Wilson, Charles A., 75
Winters, T. C., Jr., 157, 170
Witt, August F., 392
Wolhart, Walter D., xvi, 342
Wong, Henry P., 298
Wood, Charles L., xvi
Wordekemper, Joel G., 378
Worden, Alfred M., 420
World War II, 4
Wright, Monte D., xvi
Wyatt, DeMarquis D., 8
Wyoming, 340
 
 
X
 
 
X-ray. See Experiments.
X-20 (Dyna Soar), 6-7, 19, 28
 
 
Y
 
 
Yellowstone National Park, 340
Young, John W., 418, 419, 420
Youngstown, OH, 379
Yschek, Henry P., 170
Yue, Alfred S., 393
 
 
Z
 
 
Zmolek, Joe B., 375
Zombeck, Martin, 376
Zuckert, Eugene M., Secretary of the Air Force, 34
Zwicky, Fritz, 4
 

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