SP-4012 NASA HISTORICAL DATA BOOK: VOLUME III

PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1969-1978

 

 

[469-484] INDEX

 

Chapter 1 - Launch vehicles: pages 3-50.
Chapter 2 - Manned spaceflight: pages 53-124.
Chapter 3 - Space science: pages: 127-231.
Chapter 4 - Space Applications: pages: 235-345.
Chapter 5 - Aeronautics and Space Research: pages: 349-381.
Chapter 6 - Tracking and Data Acquisition: pages: 385-428.

 

A

Able, 21, 31
Adams, Kenneth A., 293, 298
Advanced Research Projects Agency, 266, 267, 389
Aerojet-General Corporation, 43 n, 48, 49
Aerojet Liquid Rocket Company, 121
aeronautics and space research, 347-81;
budget, 353-60;
management, 350-53;
programs, 359-81
Aeronutronic Ford Corporation, 268, 299, 301-2
Aeros 1, 2, 30, 179, 181, 182
Aerospace Corporation, 173, 200
Agena, 6, 14, 15, 21, 31, 41, 133, 149
Aggson, T. L., 327, 330
Agriculture, U. S. Department of, 335-38
Agnew, Spiro T., 127 n, 236 n
Aiken, William S., Jr., 352-53, 361
Air Force, U. S. Department of the, 4, 21, 22, 23, 25, 28, 31-33, 37-42, 80 n, 81, 97, 98, 100, 200, 267, 287, 290, 298, 312-14, 316, 338, 362, 364-69, 373, 381, 385, 404, 407, 424;
Cambridge Research Laboratories, 161 173, 196;
Space and Missile Systems Organization, 38, 42,
Aldrin, Edwin E., Jr., 53, 74, 81, 85
Alleghany Ballistics Laboratory, 29
Allen, Richard J., 58, 59
Allenby, R. J., 58, 59
Aller, Robert 0., 7, 58-60
Alouette, 152
American Airlines, 121
American Science and Engineering, Inc., 154, 167
American Telephone and Telegraph Company, 26, 293
Ames, Milton B., Jr., 351, 361
Ames Research Center, 130, 202, 219, 221-25, 230-31, 239, 331, 335, 339, 351, 361, 364, 369-74, 379
Ancremanne, Marcel J., 131
Anik 1, 35, 290;
Anik 2, 35, 290, 291;
Anik 3, 36, 37, 162, 290, 291;
Anik 4, 37, 290, 292
Anders, William A., 85
Anderson, George M., 59
Andrews, Edward P., 59, 60
Andrus, A. M. Greg, 240-242, 289-90
ANS, 179;
ANS 1, 30, 181, 183
Antares, 21
Apollo:
budget, 14, 17, 18, 61, 67, 71-72;
crew, 3, 53, 54, 73, 74, 77, 78-91, 94, 98, 99, 104, 108, 371, 373;
experiments, 93, 377;
missions, 13, 74, 93, 94, 99, 127, 230, 370, 388, 401, 402, 413, 415, 417, 420, 422, 423;
program, 3, 59, 79 8, 20, 279 53-57, 59, 73, 80, 81-94, 337, 404;
spacecraft, 26, 54, 73, 75-78, 78, 97, 98, 100, 101, 108, 109, 111-112, 114;
Apollo 8, 26, 73, 388;
Apollo 9, 26, 28, 54, 74, 77, 81, 83, 334;
Apollo 10, 26, 289 54, 749 81, 84;
Apollo 11, 26, 28, 53, 74, 80, 81, 85, 93, 108, 401;
Apollo 12, 28, 54, 74, 82, 86, 377, 401;
Apollo 13, 26, 28, 549 78, 82, 87, 401;
Apollo 14, 28, 54, 78, 82, 88, 401;
Apollo 15, 28, 54, 78, 79, 79, 82, 89-90, 229, 230, 401;
Apollo 16, 28, 54, 78, 80, 82, 90-91, 229, 230, 405;
Apollo 17, 28, 54, 78, 80, 82, 91-92, 403, 405;
Apollo 20, 81, 82;
"Apollo X," 97
Apollo Applications, 26, 55, 57, 63, 64, 94, 98, 99, 100, 334
Apollo Range Instrumentation
Aircraft, 404-6, 404, 423
Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, 3, 14, 17, 27, 28, 81, 108-13, 110-11, 327, 329, 405, 406, 414;
budget, 61, 65-67;
crew, 109, 111-12;
experiments, 113;
program, 55-56, 59, 73;
spacecraft, 109;
working groups, 109
Apollo Telescope Mount, 94, 95, 96, 98-101, 103, 165 n. See also Skylab
Applications Technology Satellites
(ATS), 23, 39, 429 237-39, 245, 255, 256, 275, 289, 325-30, 328-29, 331, 333, 421;
ATS 1-4, 256, 287, 325;
ATS 5, 24, 25, 256, 325-26, 326, 328-30;
ATS 6, 38, 39, 419 42, 238, 255, 256, 325-279, 327, 328-309 342;
ATS A-D, 325;
ATS E, 325, 330;
ATS F, 42, 255-57, 325, 326 n, 328-30;
ATS G, 39, 42, 325, 326 n, 328-29;
ATS H-I, 329
Ariane, 299, 302
Ariel 4, 5, 30, 179, 181, 184, 185
Arizona, University of, 222, 223, 225, 228
Armstrong, Neil A., 53, 74, 81, 85 351,379
Armstrong, William 0., 57, 58, 60
Army Ballistic Missile Agency, 97, 152, 267
Army, U. S. Department of the, 128, 152, 240, 283, 342, 344, 373, 381, 385
Arnold Engineering Development Center, 369
Ashworth, C. Dixon, 131, 171, 175
Atlas, 5, 16, 20-22, 25, 26, 149, 207;
Atlas F, 3n, 6, 7, 14, 15, 20-22, 60, 267, 273, 344
Atlas-Agena, 327
Atlas-Centaur, 3, 4, 4, 6, 7, 21-23, 25, 26, 38, 60, 165, 166, 168-72, 210-12, 219, 222-25, 289, 293, 294, 298, 299, 301, 302, 305-11, 327, 330, 425
Atomic Energy Commission, 155, 283, 374, 376, 377
Azur (GRS-1), 30, 179, 181, 186

 

B

 

Ball Brothers Research Corporation, 98, 168, 172, 174-77
Bandeen, William R., 280, 286, 289
Barrett, Paul F., 242
Bass, Abram S., 57, 58
Bauer, Siegfried J., 182
Bavely, James C., 389, 390
Bean, Alan L., 82, 83, 86, 94 n, 101, 105, 111
Beattie, Donald A., 353
Beckman Instruments, 282
Beggs, James M., 351
Behring, W. E., 177
Bekey, Ivan, 60
Bell Aerospace, 32
Bell Telephone Laboratories, Inc., 154
Bendix Corporation, 167, 336, 338, 343, 404, 405 n, 406
Bergen, University of (Norway), 187
Biosatellite, 33, 128, 133, 146, 230-31, 416;
Biosatellite 1, 230;
Biosatellite 2, 230;
Biosatelfite 3, 35, 129, 230, 231
Bernier, Robert E., 242
Berry, Charles A., 58
Birmingham, University of (U.K.), 184
Bishop, William P., 243
Bluford, Guion S., 80 n
Bobko, Karol J., 80 n
Bobkov, Valentin N., 109
Boeing Aerospace Company, 345
Boeing Company, 26, 27, 43 n, 48, 82, 97-99, 114 n, 121-23, 206, 209, 216
Bogart, Frank A., 57
Boggess, Albert, 197
Bologna, University of, 177
Bonn, University of, 225
Boreas. See European Space Research Organization
Branchflower, Gilbert A., 267, 273
Brand, Vance D., 85, 105, 109, 111, 112
Brandenstein, Daniel C., 80 n
Bredt, James H., 242
British Aircraft Corporation, 184, 185, 189, 301
Broadcast Satellite - Experimental (BSE), 37, 290, 292
Brockett, H. R., 389, 390
Broome, Douglas R., 243, 280
Browning, Ronald K., 187, 280, 286, 337, 341
Brunk, W., 130
Bryant, Frederick B., 389, 390
Buchh, James F., 80 n
Budget, U. S. Bureau of the, 9-11, 336-38
Bundesministerium fur Bildung und Wissenschaft (BMBW), 182, 186, 190
Burke, Joseph R., 240-42, 327
Bushuyev, Konstantin D., 109
Butler, Paul, 154, 155, 158
Byerly, T. C., 336 n

 

C

 

Calgary University of, 197
California Institute of Technology, 128, 158, 160, 166, 169, 170, 173, 195, 210-212, 222
California, University of, 195;
at Berkeley, 154, 155, 210, 229;
at Los Angeles, 173, 193, 194, 224, 229;
at San Diego, 166, 169, 179, 222, 223
Calio, Anthony J., 131, 239, 241, 243
Cameo, 37, 181, 187
Canada, 123, 181, 196, 238, 290, 294, 315, 372;
Communications Research Centre of, 197, 294, 297;
Defense Research Board of, 196;
Department of Communications of, 196, 289, 294, 297;
Department of Industry, Trade, and Commerce of, 381
Canady, J. E., Jr., 164
Canberra, Australia, 388, 388 n, 402, 405, 407, 410, 414, 415, 425
Caporale, Anthony J., 199
Carnegie Institute, 410
Carr, Gerald P., 94 n, 101, 105
Carruthers, John R., 239, 242
Carter, Jimmy, 127, 236
Casani, John R., 226, 228
CA Victor Co. (Canada), 196
Centaur, 6, 14, 16, 20-22, 25, 38, 40-42, 133, 149, 206, 207, 209, 211,
Cepe (Cylindrical Electrostatic Probe Experiment), 35, 270
Cernen, Eugene A., 80-82, 84, 88, 91
Cervenka, Adolph J., 242, 243, 295
Cherry, George W., 352
Chicago, University of, 154, 155, 158, 160, 195, 212, 222, 223
Christensen, Albert T., 241
Chrysler Corporation, 27, 48, 114 n, 121, 123
Clemente, Joseph M., 58
Coats, Michael L., 80 n
Coffee, C. W., 162
Cohen, Haggai, 57, 60
Colin, L., 221, 224, 225
Collins, Michael, 53, 74, 81, 85
Colorado, University of, 161, 173, 175, 177, 179, 210, 211, 228
Columbia University, 166, 178
Commerce, U. S. Department of, 275, 287, 336 n, 337, 342
comets: Giacobini-Zinner, 195;
Halley's, 195;
Kohoutek, 96, 102
Communications Satellite Corporation, 25, 26, 290, 293, 294, 298, 302-12
Communications Technology Satellite (CTS),
U. S. - Canadian, 238-40, 245, 255-58, 289, 294-97, 295-96, 372;
CTS 1, 36, 289, 290, 297
COMSAT, 236
Comstar, 23; Comstar 1, 2, 3, 24, 26, 290, 293, 294
Congress, U.S., 8, 8 n, 9, 11, 25, 26, 38, 53, 94, 121, 127, 137, 138, 165, 168, 175, 176, 202, 209, 213, 216, 235-37, 239, 244, 281, 298, 329, 336, 339, 340, 349, 350, 370, 376, 401, 406, 419, 424, 425. See also House of Representatives, U.S., and Senate, U.S.
Conrad, Charles, Jr., 82, 83, 86, 94 n, 101, 104
Consolidated Vultee Aircraft
Corporation, 21
Control Data Corporation, 168
Cooper, L. Gordon, 84
Cooter, Kathleen J., 243
Copernicus. See Orbiting Astronomical Observatories
CS (Sakura), 36, 290, 294
Costantino, James, 57
Cotton, Paul E., 351, 352
Covey, Richard 0., 80 n
Creighton, John 0., 80 n
Crippen, Robert L., 80 n
Culbertson, Philip E., 55, 57-59
Cunningham, N. William, 130, 206, 217

 

D

 

Dallow, Thomas P., 130, 231
Dana, William H., 363, 365-68
Daniels, Richard L., 130, 131, 241
Dankhoff, Walter, 352
Darcey, Robert J., 327, 330
Dartmouth College, 173
Day, LeRoy E., 57-60
Deep Space Network, 207, 214, 221, 226, 388-92, 395, 397, 401, 402, 406, 407, 410, 411-12, 414-23
Defense, U.S. Department of, 26, 37, 41, 42, 48, 80, 97-100, 102, 121, 127, 287, 290, 312-14, 342, 373, 381, 387, 387 n, 388, 401, 406 n, 413, 415, 417, 419, 421, 422
Delta, 3 n, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 16, 31, 33, 37, 60, 133, 149, 153, 175, 267, 271-73, 286, 289, 294, 312-16, 318-21, 344;
Delta C, 177;
Delta E, 154, 155, 158, 197, 269;
Delta N, 177, 178, 201, 269, 270;
Delta Standard Vehicle 3E, 196;
Delta 1604, 160;
Delta 1900, 161;
Delta 1910, 178;
Delta 1913, 159;
Delta 2910, 163, 187, 280, 284-86, 288, 341;
Delta 2914, 189, 275, 277-79, 288, 290-292, 294, 297, 311-14, 317, 321, 322, 324, 325, 425
Dement, Donald K., 239, 242
DeMeritte, Frederick J., 352, 353, 361
Denmark, 189, 191;
Space Research Institute of, 170
DeNoyer, John M., 130, 239, 2419 242, 331, 336
Denver, University of, 155
Deutsch, George D., 352, 353, 360
Dietz, R. H., 109
Diller, Dick S., 242, 243
Disher, John H., 55-58, 60, 98
Donlan, Charles J., 57-59, 114
Donoughe, Patrick L., 295
Dornier Systems, 180, 182, 194
Douglas Aircraft Company, 26, 27, 31, 97, 98, 404
Dryden Flight Research Center, 49, 123, 407
Dryden, Hugh L., 97
Dual Air Density Satellite, 30
Dubin, M., 131
Dubridge, Lee A., 127 n, 236 n
Dudley Observatory, 222
Duke, Charles M., Jr., 82, 87, 90, 91
Durocher, Norman L., 241, 242, 266
Dwornik, E., 130
Dyna Soar, 97

 

E

 

Eaker, Herbert L., 184, 185, 187
Earth Resources Experiments Package (EREP), 331, 334-35, 338-39
Earth Resources Observation Satellite (EROS), 335-37
Earth Resources Survey Program (ERSP), 337-38
Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS), 245-47, 282, 331, 335-39, 341, 405, 406 (see also Landsat);
ERTS 1, 35, 336, 339, 340
Eastern Test Range, 22, 41, 83-91, 103-5, 109, 111, 155, 158-60, 163, 168-71, 173, 177, 178, 190, 191, 193, 195, 197, 200, 201, 210-12, 218, 222-25, 228, 229, 231, 239, 269, 275, 277-79, 288, 290-94, 297, 298, 302-14, 316-22, 324, 325, 330, 401, 406, 416
Eaton, Elbert L., 389, 390
Eaton, Peter T., 6, 7, 33, 60
Edwards Air Force Base,116, 117, 123, 362, 389, 407
Edwards, John E., 57
Edwards, L. K., 60
Ehrlich, Eugene, 240-42
Eisele, Donn F., 84
Electronics Research Center, 370, 371
Enevoldson, Einar, 364, 368
Engines Matra (France), 201
Engle, Joe H., 88, 116, 118
English, Ronald D., 29
Environmental Sciences Services Administration (ESSA), 237, 266, 267, 274, 275, 279, 337, 338, 414;
ESSA 1-9, 333;
ESSA 1, 266;
ESSA 7, 269;
ESSA 9, 35, 237, 266-69
Eole, 30, 280, 286, 289
Ernst, Herb, 241
European Space Agency, 4, 116, 179-81, 189, 193, 197, 286, 288, 290, 316
European Space Research Organization (ESRO), 116, 179, 181, 187-89, 191, 201;
ESRO (spacecraft), 152, 181, 187;
ESRO IB (Boreas), 30, 187;
ESRO 4, 30, 179, 18 1, 188
Evans, Albert J., 351-53, 379
Evans, Ronald E.,82, 88, 91, 111
Evans, Wyendell B., 57, 59
Expendable Launch Vehicles Program, 56, 60, 73. See also launch vehicles.
Explorer: program, 128, 133, 134, 152, 168, 179;
satellites, 28, 33, 108, 128, 129, 151, 152-64, 165 n, 180;
Explorer 1, 152;
Explorer 11, 164;
Explorer 29, 36, 342;
Explorer 41, 35, 153, 154;
Explorer 42 (Uhuru), 30, 153, 154, 164;
Explorer 44, 153, 156, 200, 201;
Explorer 45, 30, 152, 153, 157;
Explorer 46, 30, 31, 153, 157;
Explorer 47, 35, 37, 153, 158;
Explorer 48, 30, 153, 158, 164;
Explorer 49, 35, 153, 159;
Explorer 50, 35, 153, 160;
Explorer 51, 35, 152, 153, 161, 163;
Explorer 52, 29, 30, 31, 152, 153, 162;
Explorer 53, 30, 153, 162, 164;
Explorer 54, 55, 36, 152, 153, 163;
Explorer 56 and 57, 164

 

F

 

Fabian, John M., 80 n
Fairchild Industries, Inc., 123, 301, 326, 328-30
Faraday Laboratories, 173
Federal Aviation Administration, 102
Federal Communications Commission, 301
Federal Home Loan Bank Board, 11 n
Federal Preparedness Agency, 102
Federal Trade Commission, 11 n
Fellows, R., 130
Fero, Lester K., 58
Fichtel, Carl E., 154, 158, 162
Fiebelkorn, John A., 242
Field, J. Pemble, Jr., 57, 58
Finley, Charles J., 242
Fischer, John C., Jr., 97
Fischetti, Thomas L., 131, 2419 243
Fisher, Anna L., 80 n
Fletcher, James C., 129, 239, 339, 424
Flinn, Edward A., 131
FItsatcom, 23, 24, 26, 289, 290, 298
Flight Research Center, 350, 351 361-64, 369, 372, 379
Fong, Louis B. C., 240-41
Ford Aerospace and Communications, 294, 405
Ford, Gerald R., 8, 339
Fordyce, Don V., 274, 277
Fordyce, Samuel W., 241-42, 290
Fox, Leo, 352, 373
France, 4, 189, 191, 268, 280, 286, 321, 322;
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 175, 178;
Centre d'Etudes; Nucleaires, 170, 201;
Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales, 268, 286, 289
Frank, M. Pete, 109
Franta, Allen L., 186
Freden, Stanley C., 337, 341
Freitag, Robert F., 57, 58, 60
Friebaum, Jerome, 240-42
Frosch, Robert A., 31, 336 n
Frustace, Philip, 292
Fullerton, Charles G., 80 n, 116, 118

 

G

 

Gabriel, David S., 352, 374
Gagarin, Yuri, 108
Galileo (program), 133, 143
Garbacz, Michael L., 240, 241, 243, 266, 267, 275
Gardner, Dale A., 80 n
Gardner, William H., 352
Gardner, W. N., 352
Garriot, Owen K., 94 n, 101, 105
Gay, Clarence C., Jr., 58, 59
Gemini (program), 20, 53, 61, 74, 239, 331, 334, 388, 405
General Accounting Office, U.S., 49, 122, 329, 340
General Dynamics, 21, 22, 23, 25, 26, 43 n, 48, 114, 121, 409;
Convair Aerospace Division, 21, 22, 23, 40, 42, 48, 123, 168;
Rocketdyne Division, 114, 121, 122, 123
General Electric Company, 41, 122, 216, 222, 223, 231, 280-86, 292, 328-30, 336, 338-41, 424;
Space Systems Organization, 167
General Services Administration, U.S., 11 n
Gentry, Jerauld, R., 363-66
Geodynamics Experimental Ocean Satellite (GEOS), 36, 238, 239, 245, 259, 260, 261, 342, 343;
GEOS 1, 181, 189, 260;
GEOS 2, 37, 181, 189, 260;
GEOS 3, 36, 259, 406
Geological Survey, U.S., 211, 335, 337, 338
George, Theodore, E., 240, 241
Geostationary Meteorology Satellite (GMS), 36, 286, 287 n, 288
Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES), 250, 274, 275;
GOES 1, 2, 3, 36, 237, 274, 275, 278, 287 n, 333
Germany, Federal Republic of, 4, 181, 182, 186, 188-91, 290, 321, 322
Giberson, Walker E., 212, 344
Gibson, Edward G., 94 n, 101, 105
Gibson, Robert L., 80 n
Gillam, Isaac T., IV, 6, 33
Gilruth, Robert R., 100
Ginter, R. D., 351, 352
Glahn, Carl W., 130, 206
Glaser, Harold, 131
Glaser, N., 131
Glenn, John J., Jr., 53, 108
Global Air Sampling Program (GASP), 380
Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP), 238, 245, 252, 266, 273, 275, 285, 287, 288
Goddard, Robert, 170
Goddard Space Flight Center, 32, 33, 128, 130, 152-55, 157-63, 165 n, 166, 167, 169, 171, 172, 173, 175, 176-80, 180, 182-87, 189-201, 211, 212, 219, 222-25, 228, 239, 267-70, 273-75, 277-82, 288, 289-92, 294, 295, 297, 312-14, 317-30, 336-41, 343, 345, 371, 386, 387 n, 390, 405-7, 410, 416, 419, 424, 425;
Image Processing Facility, 405, 407;
Network Test and Training Facility, 386 n, 387, 405, 414, 420
Goedeke, Donald, 242
Goff, Loyal G., 130
Goldberg, W. G., Jr., 243
Goldsby, William D., 7, 60
Goldstone, California, 388, 388 n, 389, 402, 405-7, 410, 413, 414, 417, 425
Goodyear Aerospace Corporation, 328, 340
Goozh, Paul E., 6, 7, 29, 60
Gordon, Richard F., Jr., 82, 83, 86, 89
Gorman, Harry H., 57, 58
Goss, Robert J., 191, 201, 288, 290-92, 294, 312-14, 317-25
Green, William D., Jr., 99
Greenwood, Lawrence R., 131, 239, 243
Gregory, Frederick D., 80 n
Griffin, Gerald D., 60
Griggs, Stanley D., 80 n
Grimes, David W., 163
Grumman Aerospace Corporation, 43 n, 48, 114, 114 n, 121-23, 165, 167, 170-72
Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation, 77, 98
GTE Satellite Corporation, 293

 

H

 

Habib, Edmund, 242
Hage, George H., 57
Hagner, Donald R., 57, 59
Haise, Fred W., Jr., 82, 85, 87, 90, 116, 118
Haley, Richard I., 240, 280
Hall, Benny B., 130
Hall, Charles F., 221, 222, 224, 225
Hall, Eldon W., 57, 58
Hall, L., 130
Halpern, R. E., 166
Hamon, William J., 59
Hanes, Thomas E., 55, 58, 59
Harkleroad, Edgar L., 60
Harper, Charles W., 351, 379
Harrington, James C., 60
Harris Inc.: Electronic Systems Division, 425;
Radiation Systems Division, 167
Harris, Thomas E., 57
Hart, Terry J., 80 n
Hartzfield, Henry W., 80 n
Harvard College Observatory, 161, 177
Hauck, Frederick H., 80 n
Haughey, Joseph W., 6
Hawersaat, William H., 295
Hawker-Siddeley Dynamics, Ltd., 188, 198, 316
Hawley, Steven A., 80 n
Hayes, William, 352, 353
Hearth, Donald P., 129, 202, 206
Heat Capacity Mapping Mission (HCMM), 30, 181, 245, 262, 333, 342-43, 345
Helios, 141; Helios 1, 38, 40-42P 179, 181, 190, 191;
Helios 2, 38, 40-42, 179, 181, 191
Heppner, James P., 187
Hercules Powder Co., 29
Hess, Norman F., 160
Hibbard, Richard T., 241-42
Hickam Air Force Base, 231
High Energy Astronomy Observatories (HEAO), 23, 128, 129, 133, 135, 136, 152, 164-69, 166,
HEAO-A, B, C, 165, 166, 167, 168;
HEAO 1, 24, 26, 166, 168-70;
HEA0 2, 24, 26, 379 166, 168, 1690;
HEAO 3, 166, 168, 170
Highly Eccentric Orbiting Satellite (HEOS), 35, 181, 191
Himawari. See Geostationary Meteorology Satellite
Himmel, Seymour C., 352
Hinners, Noel W., 6, 129, 131
Hoag, Peter C., 363, 365, 366
Hodge, Kenneth E., 352, 353
Hoffman, Jeffrey A., 80 n
Hoffman, Robert, 157
Holcomb, John K., 57, 59
Holloway, Bruce K., 351
Holloway, Paul F., 352
Holt, Steven S., 169, 185
Holtz, J., 131
House of Representatives, U.S.,
Committee on Science and Astronautics, 41, 331;
Committee on Science and Technology, 340, 379. See also Congress, U.S.
Houston, Texas, 56, 78, 109, 114, 387
Hovell, Ronald C., 59
Howard, Brian T., 57
Hubbard, Samuel H., 241, 242, 290
Hughes Aircraft Company, 167, 175, 176, 178, 275, 288, 290, 291, 293, 294, 298, 301, 302, 306-12, 317, 324, 325, 330, 338, 424, 425
Humphreys, James W., 57, 58
Hunter, Charles M., 269
Huntsville, Alabama, 26, 44, 56, 165, 167
Hyatt, Abraham, 97
Hymowitz, Emil, 183

 

I

 

IBM Corporation, 123 Imperial College, London, 185, 195
Improved Tiros Operational System (ITOS), 250, 267, 268;
Itos 1, 35, 269, 314, 333 (see also Tiros M);
Itos A, 270 (see also NOAA 1);
Itos B, 35, 268, 270 (see also NOAA 2);
Itos D, 271 (see also NOAA 2);
Itos E, 35, 268, 271. (see also NOAA 3);
Itos F, 272 (see also NOAA 3);
Itos G, 272 (see also NOAA 4);
Itos H, 273 (see also NOAA 5)
Indonesia, 4, 290, 317
Inscho Mechanical Contractors, 168
Instituto Nacional de Technical Aerospacial Satellite (INTASAT), 181, 192
International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium (Intelsat), 4, 23, 236, 238, 289, 290, 298-311, 300;
Intelsat I-III, 298;
Intelsat IV, 298, 299, 301;
Intelsat IV, IVA, V, 299, 301-2;
Intelsat IV 174-17-8, 23-25, 290, 301, 305-9;
Intelsat IVA F-1 F-6, 24, 25, 290, 299, 301, 309-11
Interior, U.S. Department of, 238, 335-37, 339, 373
International Council of Scientific Unions, 287
International Satellite for Ionospheric Studies (ISIS): ISIS 1 and 2, 35, 179, 181, 196-97
International Sun-Earth Explorer (ISEE), 180; ISEE 1, 2, 3, 36, 180, 181, 193-95
International Telecommunications Union, 386
International Telephone and Telegraph Co., 268
International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE), 179, 180; IUE 1, 179, 181, 197-98
Iowa, University of, 153-55, 157, 158, 160, 162, 184, 190, 193, 194, 222, 223
Irwin, James B., 79, 82, 86, 89
Italy, 4, 181, 189, 191, 199, 290, 319

 

J

 
Jackson, John E., 196, 197
Jackson, Roy P., 351
Jacobs, G., 130
Jaffe, Leonard, 130, 238-43, 334, 336, 336 n
Jakobowski, Walter, 214
Japan, 4, 286, 287, 290, 294;
National Space Development Agency of, 288, 292, 294
Jenkel, Albert A., 241, 242
Jenkins, D., 130
Jenkins, Thomas E., 57
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 41, 128, 130, 170, 173, 191, 195, 202, 203, 206, 207, 209-14, 216-189 221-26, 228, 229, 239, 301, 342, 344, 371, 385, 388-90, 413
Johannesburg, South Africa, 386 n, 405-7, 410, 414, 419
Johns Hopkins University, The, 200;
Applied Physics Laboratory, 153-55, 158, 160-62, 228, 322-24, 343
Johnson, Charles W., 343
Johnson, Harry W., 352, 353
Johnson, Lyndon B., 8, 98, 213, 216
Johnson, Rodney W., 58-60
Johnson, Roy P., 378
Johnson Space Center, 56, 101, 115, 123, 229, 230, 239, 329, 331, 335, 337, 339
Johnson, U. Alexis, 127 n, 236 n
Johnson, Vincent L., 130, 131, 240, 241
Johnston, Bradford, 239, 241
Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 176
Jones, David M., 98, 99
Jones, J. Lloyd, 351, 352, 379
Jones, Sidney C., Jr., 60
Jones, Walton J., 351, 352, 373
Jones, William W., 267, 269, 270

 

K

 

Kayten, Gerald G., 352, 353
Keldysh, Mstislav V., 108
Kelleher, John J., 240, 241
Keller, Samuel W., 239, 243
Kelly, John J., 59
Kennedy, John F., 8, 53, 235, 286
Kennedy Space Center, 37, 42, 49, 56, 74, 81, 94, 98, 101, 117, 121-24, 207, 214, 217, 221, 226, 239, 327;
Launch Complex 39A, 74, 83, 85, 86-90, 103;
Launch Complex 39B, 84, 101,102, 104, 105, 111
Kerwin, Joseph P., 94 n, 101, 104
Kilgore, Edwin C., 351, 352
Kimball, Harold G., 389, 390
Kinard, William H., 157
King, Charles H., Jr., 57, 60
King, James, Jr., 59, 131
King, Jan, 189
Kiruna Geophysical Observatory, 187
Kitt Peak National Observatory, 212, 228
Klein, Milton, 351, 352 374
Kleinberg, John M., 353
Kleinknecht, Kenneth S., 100
Kochendorfer, Fred D., 221
Kosygin, Aleksey N., 108
Kraemer, Robert S., 129-31, 202, 206
Kramer, James J., 351-53, 361, 378, 379
Kramer, Melton S., 242
Kubasov, Valeriy N., 1099 112
Kubart, Jerald R., 57
Kunec, Edward J., 6, 7, 60
Kupperian, J. R., Jr., 171, 172
Kurzhals, Peter R., 352, 353, 372
Kurzweg, Hermann H., 351, 352, 360

 

L

 

Lageos (Laser Geodynamics Satellite), 36, 238, 239, 245, 259-61, 342, 343, 406
Lam, B. C., 6, 7, 60
Land, E. W., 60
Landsat, 33, 238, 239, 245-47, 331, 335-40, 406;
Landsat 1, 37, 333, 336, 337, 339, 340;
Landsat 2, 36, 333, 336, 337, 339-41;
Landsat 3, 37, 315, 333, 336, 337, 340, 341;
Landsat C, 340;
Landsat D, 246,
Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, 389;
Pilotless Aircraft Research Division, 29, 387,
Langley Research Center, 28, 29, 31, 97, 98, 121, 128, 130, 157, 162, 164, 188, 198, 202, 213, 214, 216, 218, 222, 223, 239, 293, 294, 298, 351, 361, 363, 371-73, 379, 380, 387, 387 n
LaRock, Ralph E., 353
launch vehicles, 1-50, 56;
budget, 4, 8-19;
characteristics, 4, 20-50;
expendable, 3, 5, 7, 20, 54, 61, 62;
program management, 5-7, 128, 129;
reusable, 3, 5, 7, 8, 20, 22, 38, 42, 43, 54, 61, 114
Lavrov, Ilya V., 109
Lawrence, Frank, 189
Lazar, James, 353, 374
Lea, Wasyl M., Jr., 242
Lederer, Jerome F., 57
Lee, Chester M., 55-57, 59, 60
Lee, W. H., 156
Legostayev, Viktor P., 109
Lehmann, Jules, 240-42
Leicester, University of, 185
Lenoir, William E., 105
Leonov, Alexei A., 109, 112
Lewis Research Center, 22, 23, 25, 31, 38-40, 42, 97, 168, 239, 295, 297, 329, 351, 374-76, 380, 381
Liccardi, Anthony L., 59
Liege, University of, 201
Limberis, William R., 160
Lind, Don L., 105
Lindley, Robert N., 58
Ling Temco Vought Aerospace Corporation, 28, 29, 31
Lockheed:
- California Company, 97, 98;
Electronics Company, 340;
- Georgia, 380;
Missiles and Space Company, 25, 31, 32, 43 n, 48, 114, 114 n, 121, 122, 167, 178, 193, 301-2, 328, 342, 344, 424;
Propulsion Company, 43 n, 48, 49
Lohman, Robert L., 57-60
London, University College of, 171, 172, 177, 185, 187
Long, James E., 226, 228
Longanecker, Gerald W., 157, 197
Lord, Douglas R., 55-58, 60
Loria, John C., 352
Los Alamos Scientific Laboratories, 158, 160, 177, 193, 195,200
Lousma, Jack R., 94 n, 101, 105, 111
Love, Michael V., 364, 367, 368
Lovejoy, William L., 6
Lovelace, Alan M., 351, 352, 378
Lovell, James A., Jr., 82, 85, 87
Low, George M., 99, 274, 335, 339
Lucas, Thomas V., 389, 390
Lucid, Shannon W., 80 n
Lundholm, Joseph G., 98
Lundin, Bruce T., 351
Lunney, Glynn S., 59, 109
Lyman, Gene E., 352, 353, 373

 

M

 

McBride, Jon A., 80 n
McCandless, Bruce, 104
McCandless, S. Walter, Jr., 242, 243
McCeney, Paul J., 327
McConnell, Dudley, 241, 243
McDivitt, James A., 81, 83
McDonald, Frank B., 154, 155, 169
McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Corporation, 23, 31-33, 37, 43 n, 47-49, 94, 98-101, 114, 121-23, 173, 216
McGolrick, Joseph E., 6, 7, 60
McMurtry, Thomas, 364, 368
McNair, Ronald E., 80 n
McTigue, John, 363, 364
Madden, Jeremiah J., 193-95
Madrid, Spain, 180, 180, 388, 388 n, 389, 402, 405-7, 410, 414, 419, 420, 425
Maggin, Bernard, 352
Mahon, Joseph B., 5-7, 56, 60, 129-31
Malagasay Republic, 405, 406, 406 n, 421
Malkin, Myron S., 55, 56, 59, 60, 114
Mancini, Armondo, 241
Mandeville, Robert L., 240, 241
Manke, John A., 363-68
Manned Orbiting Laboratory, 80, 80 n, 93, 97, 98, 100
Manned Spacecraft Center, 56, 94, 97-101, 114, 115, 121, 122, 239, 337, 338, 371, 373, 387
manned spaceflight, 3, 8, 13, 20-22, 26, 51-124;
budget, 61-73;
characteristics of, 73-124;
program management, 55-60
Manned Spaceflight Network (MSFN), 387, 388, 391-94, 396, 397, 401-6, 414, 415-23
Mannheimer, Harry, 242, 243, 280, 327, 336, 337
Manville, Robert W., 6, 32
Maran, Stephen P., 177, 178
Marconi Space and Defense Systems, Ltd., 320, 321
Marine Corps, U.S., 80 n
Mariner, 23, 41, 128, 129, 133, 141, 202-13, 226;
Mariner 2, 4, 5, 202;
Mariner 6, 7, 24, 25, 203, 206, 207, 210, 407;
Mariner 8, 24, 25, 211;
Mariner 9, 24, 25, 203, 206, 209, 211, 404;
Mariner 10, 23-5, 203, 206, 209, 212, 371, 404;
Mariner F-I, 206, 207, 209, 211
Mariner Jupiter/Saturn 1977, 142
Mariner Mars 1969, 141, 202, 203, 204, 206, 207, 210
Mariner Mars 1971, 141, 202, 205, 206, 207, 209, 211
Mariner Mercury-Venus 1973, 202, 203, 206, 208, 209, 212, 212
Marisat 1-3, 36, 290, 311, 312
Marshall Space Flight Center, 25-27, 44, 48, 49, 56, 81, 82, 94, 97-103, 116, 118 n, 121, 122, 124, 152, 165, 165 n, 166-70, 239, 342, 343, 371
Marsten, Richard B., 130, 239, 241-42, 289
Martin Company, 38, 362
Martin, James S., Jr., 214, 216, 218
Martin Marietta Corporation, 38-42, 43 n, 47-49, 98-100, 114, 114 n, 121, 123, 213, 216, 217, 364, 369
Maryland, University of, 154, 155, 158, 160
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 158, 160, 162, 166, 169, 178, 200, 212, 224, 225, 228
Mathews, Charles W., 57, 58, 98, 239, 241, 242
Mattingly, Thomas K., 11, 82, 90
Mattson, Roger A., 6, 40
Max-Planck-Institut, 186, 190, 193-95, 201
May, Ellery B., 27
Mayo, Robert P., 127 n, 236 n
Melbourne, University of, 314
Mercury (program), 21, 53, 61, 74, 80, 81, 97, 108, 334, 387, 388, 422, 423
Meredith, Leslie H., 187
Merritt Island, Florida, 388 n, 414, 420
Messerschmitt Bolkow Blohm, 190, 191
Meteosat, 36, 287 n; Meteosat 1, 286, 288
Michigan, University of, 155, 161, 173, 199, 335-37
Milan, University of, 201
Milder, Nelson L., 242
Miller, William E., Jr., 59
Mills, Rodney A., 226
Milwitky, Benjamin, 58
Minnesota, University of,155, 157, 161,164, 166, 170, 177
Miranda, 30, 181, 198
Misener, Garland C., Jr., 241, 242
Mississippi Test Facility, 121
Mitchell, Edgar D., 82, 84, 88, 90
Mitchell, Jesse, 129, 131, 152
Mitsubishi Electric Co., 294
Mitz, Milton A., 130
Moffett Field, California, 219
Mogavero, Louis W., 243
Mojave Desert, California, 386 n, 389, 407, 413, 414, 417
Morey, Sandra L., 243
Morris, Donald R., 241
Morrison, James R., 243
Moss, Frank E., 339
Mueller, George E., 57
Mullane, Richard M., 80 n
Murphy, James P., 242
Musgrave, Story, 104
Myers, Dale D., 55-58

 

N

 

Nagel, Steven R., 80 n
Nash, Ralph R., 352
National Academy of Sciences, 165, 280, 372;
Physics Survey Committee, 168;
Space Science Board, 167-68, 209
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, 28, 29, 128, 239, 349, 361, 378, 381, 385, 387, 389
National Aeronautics and Space Act, 127
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Headquarters, 5, 6-7, 9, 11, 23, 25, 29, 31-33, 37, 39, 40, 43, 49, 55-60, 81, 82, 94, 97-102, 114, 114 n, 121, 122, 128-31, 152, 165, 165 n, 166, 167, 171, 172, 175, 176, 203, 207, 209, 214, 216, 221, 226, 231, 238-43, 266-68, 275, 280-82, 289, 295, 327, 337, 338, 342, 351-53, 378, 389, 390, 424;
Administration, Office of, 11;
Advanced Research and Technology, Office of, 7, 55, 97, 99, 349-56, 359-61, 370, 372-74, 377-81;
Aeronautics and Space Technology, Office of, 351-53, 356-59, 361, 369, 372-75, 377-80;
Applications, Office of, 237-39, 241, 336;
budget, 8-19, 26, 38;
Manned Space Flight, Office of, 5, 13, 55-59, 61, 62, 68, 94, 97-99, 121, 129-31, 146, 230, 249, 335, 372;
Planetary Programs, Office of, 202;
Space and Terrestrial Applications, Office of, 239, 243, 336, 337;
Space Flight, Office of, 6, 7, 55, 61, 62, 130, 372;
Space Science, Office of, 13, 68, 82, 129, 131, 132, 203, 214, 372;
Space Science and Applications, Office of, 5, 6, 7, 13, 55, 56, 61, 62, 73, 99, 130, 165 n, 216, 230, 235, 237 n, 238-41, 244, 331, 334, 335;
Space Science and Exploration, Office of, 206;
Space Transportation Systems, Office of, 7, 56, 62, 372;
Tracking and Data Acquisition, Office of, 55, 99, 389-91, 406, 424
National Environmental Satellite Center, 266
National Geodetic Satellite Program, 342
National Meteorological Satellite System, 237
National Oceanic and Space Administration (NOAA), 4, 1579 158, 160, 161, 193, 238, 266-70, 273, 274, 277, 2879 329, 337, 338, 340, 342;
NOAA 1, 35, 237, 267, 270-73, 333;
NOAA 2, 35, 237, 2679 268, 270-71, 287, 314, 333;
NOAA 3, 35, 237, 267, 268, 271, 272, 287, 333;
NOAA 4, 36, 37, 192, 237, 2679 268, 272, 315, 333;
NOAA 5, 36, 237, 267, 268, 273;
NOAA 6, 287 n, 333
National Operational Environmental Satellite System, 274 n
National Operational Meteorology Satellite System, 274
National Parachute Test Range, 50
National Research Council (Canada), 196, 197
National Research Council Space Science Board, 167-68
National Science Foundation, 8, 11 n, 287
National Science Teachers Association, 101
Naugle, John E., 6, 129, 130, 167, 235, 237, 238, 290, 329, 336 n
Naval Research Laboratory, 128, 153, 156, 166, 169, 173, 177-79, 181, 200, 201, 385, 386, 406
Navy, U.S. Department of the, 4, 26, 29, 49, 80 n, 287, 289, 290, 298, 311 322-24, 336 n, 337, 338, 373
Nelson, Evart D., 196, 197
Nelson, George D., 80 n
Ness, N. F., 158
Netherlands, the, 4, 181, 183, 188, 189, 191
Newcomb, W. D., Jr., 242
Newell, Homer E., Jr., 127, 129, 238
New Hampshire, University of, 173, 178
New Mexico, University of, 173, 177
Newton, George P., 199
Nicks, Oran W., 130, 240, 351
Nikitin, Boris V., 109
Nimbus, 33, 237, 238, 245, 250, 253-54, 266, 268, 278-86, 281, 336, 337;
Nimbus 1-7, 333;
Nimbus 2, 281;
Nimbus 3, 32, 277-81, 283, 377;
Nimbus 4, 32, 279-80, 282, 284, 344;
Nimbus 5, 35, 253, 279, 280, 282, 284, 287;
Nimbus 6, 36, 279, 280, 282, 285;
Nimbus 7, 37, 187, 279, 280, 282, 286, 287 n;
Nimbus B, 281, 283, 377;
Nimbus D, 284;
Nimbus E, 281, 282, 284;
Nimbus F, 253, 281, 282, 285;
Nimbus G, 253, 268, 281, 282, 286;
Nimbus H, 281
Nippon Electric Company, Ltd., 288
Nixon, Richard M., 8, 43, 94, 100, 108, 113, 114, 121, 127, 167, 235, 236 n
Nolan, Bernard T., 242, 243
Nordberg, William, 280,283,284,337,340
Norris, Henry W., 214, 216
Norris, Theodrick B., 6, 39, 129, 131, 152
North American Air Defense Command, 102, 103
North American Aviation, Inc., 98, 121
North American Rockwell Corporation, 26, 27, 43 n, 48, 100, 114-16, 121-23, 424
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 312-14;
NATO 1, 3 5, 290, 312;
NATO 2 (NATOSAT 2), 35, 290, 313;
NATO III A-C, 36, 37, 290, 313, 314
Northrop Corporation, 351, 361-63
Norway, 184, 187
Norwegian Institute of Cosmic Physics, 187
Norwegian Space Committee, 187
Nuclear Engine for Rocket Applications (NERVA), 354-56, 376-77
Nysmith, C. Robert, 353

 

O

 

O'Bryant, William T., 58, 59, 131
Office of Management and Budget, U.S., 8-11, 239, 268, 282, 339
Olgilvie, Keith W., 193, 194
O'Neill, T. H. R., 242, 266
Onizuka, Ellison S., 80 n
Opp, Albert G., 221, 327
Orbiting Astronomical Observatories, 23, 128, 133, 135, 136, 152, 170-72;
OAO 1,2 170;
OA03 (Copernicus), 24,25, 152, 170-72;
OAO B, 24, 25, 170, 171
Orbiting Frog Otolith Experiment, 30, 354, 355, 373, 374
Orbiting Geophysical Observatories, 128, 133, 135, 151, 172;
OGO 6, 32, 151, 172, 173
Orbiting Solar Observatories, 33, 128, 129, 133, 135, 136, 152, 172-79, 174,
OSO 1, 174; OSO 5, 35, 173, 175-78; OSO 6, 33, 35, 173, 175-77;
OSO 7, 35, 173-76, 174, 178, 402;
OSO 8, 152, 175, 176, 178, 179;
OSO I-K, 175, 176
Operations Technology Satellite, Orbital Test Satellite:
OTS 1, 290, 316;
OTS 2, 37, 290, 316
Orezechowski, Richard E., 294
Oscar 5, 35, 269, 314;
Oscar 6, 35, 290, 314;
Oscar 7, 36, 37, 192, 290, 315;
Oscar 8, 37, 290, 315
Ousley, Gilbert W., 190, 191
Overmyer, Robert F., 80 n, 109

 

P

 

P76-5 Wideband, 30, 290, 316
Packard Bell, 173
Paine, Thomas 0., 94, 100, 108, 127 n, 176, 213, 216, 235 n, 329, 370
Palapa 1, 2, 36, 290, 317
Palmdale, California, 115, 118
Parell, T., 170
Paris Observatory, 193-95
Paris, University of, 173, 225
Park, Archibald B., 241
Parker-Elmer Corporation, 99
Parker, Robert A. R., 101
Particle Measuring Systems, Inc., 225
Pasadena, California, 203, 226, 388
Peacock, W., 273
Pecors, William T., 336 n
Penaranda, Frank E., 352, 353
Perkin-Elmer Corporation, 343
Peterson, Bruce A., 363
Peterson, Donald H., 80 n
Peterson, William P., 353
Petrone, Rocco A., 57, 59
Philco-Ford Corporation, 274, 275, 277-79, 319, 320;
Space and Reentry Systems Division, 312-14
Phillips, Samuel C., 57, 81
Pickard, , H., 175, 178, 274, 278, 279
Pieper, George F., 184, 186
Pinkler, Donald G., 242
Pioneer, 23, 128, 129, 137, 202, 219-25, 377, 385, 389, 407;
Pioneer 5, 219;
Pioneer 6 and 7, 141;
Pioneer 8 and 9, 141, 202;
Pioneer 10 and 11, 23-25, 141, 219, 220-21, 221-23;
Pioneer E, 35, 402
Pioneer/Helios, 133, 141
Pioneer-Jupiter, 202, 219, 222. See also Pioneer 10
Pioneer-Saturn, 202, 219, 223. See also Pioneer I I
Pioneer Venus, 23, 141, 202, 221;
Pioneer Venus 1, 2, 24, 26, 220, 221, 224, 225
Pioneer Parachute Company, 49
Pittsburgh, University of, 173
Planetary Atmosphere Experiments Test, 30, 369-70
Pogue, William R., 94 n, 101, 105
Pomeroy, John, 58, 59
Pomeroy, William, 351, 379
Porter, J. Robert, 240, 241, 336
Posner, Jack, 242
Potate, John S., 57, 59
Powell, Cecil, 363, 364, 366, 367
Pozinsky, Norman, 389, 390
Pratt & Whitney, 23, 25, 121-23
Press, Harry, 280, 283, 284
Price, Paul A., 389, 390
Princeton University, 172
Prior, E. J., 164
Purcell, J., 171, 172

 

R

 

Radio Amateur Satellite Corporation, 289, 290, 314, 315
Radio and Space Research Station (U.K.), 184, 187
RAND Corporation, 97
Raney, William P., 239, 243
Ranger, 128
Ransome, Robin, 352
Rasool, S. Ichtiaque, 131, 239, 243
Rau, D. C., 242
RCA (Radio Corporation of America), 4, 269, 270, 273, 275, 290, 318, 336, 339, 340, 387;
Alaska Communications, Inc., 318;
Astro Electronics Division, 152, 161, 163, 267, 268, 292, 318, 338, 424;
Global Communications, Inc., 318, 425
Rea, Donald G., 130
Reeves Instrument Corporation, 387
Reiff, Glenn, 130
Relay, 236
Republic Aviation Corporation, 275
Resnick, Judith A., 80 n
reusable spacecraft, 113, 121, 362, 372, 385
Reynolds, Orr E., 129, 130
Richards, James T., Jr., 242
Ride, Sally K., 80 n
Risso, William P., 241
Robbins, William H., 295, 297
Roberson, Floyd 1., 243
Roberts, Leonard, 351
Rockwell Corporation, 22;
Rocketdyne Division, 22, 23, 32, 33
Rockwell International, 54, 75, 114, 123, 124
Rogers, Donald P., 240, 241
Roman, Nancy, 131
Roosa, Stuart A., 82, 88, 90, 91
Rose, James T., 59, 60
Rosen, Milton W., 131
Rosenberg, Jerome D., 240-42, 289
Rosman, North Carolina, 386, 386 n, 405, 414, 421, 425
Ross, Lawrence J., 23
Rossi, Lawrence C., 343
Rondebush, William H., 352
Rutgers University, 177
Ryan, Alfred A., 60

 

S

 

Sabehhaus, Anthony H., 327, 330
Sakura. See CS
Salmanson, Jay A., 6, 7, 60
Salyut, 108
Sanford, J. Duke, 241, 243
Sanford, Robert G., 295, 297
Sargent, Jack, 267, 271, 272, 280, 285, 337, 341
San Marco (spacecraft), 152;
San Marco 3, 30, 179, 181, 199;
San Marco 4, 30, 181, 199;
San Marco 5, 179
San Marco, Kenya, 28, 154, 157, 158, 162, 185, 199
Santa Barbara Research Center, 212, 268
satellites:
communication, 4, 32, 33, 289-94;
earth observation, 331-45;
scientific, 20, 127, 128, 129, 179-201;
weather, 4
Satcom 1, 2, 36, 290, 318
Satellite Automatic Tracking Antennas, 386, 415, 417, 419, 422
Saturn (launch vehicles), 3, 5, 15, 16, 18, 20, 25, 26, 43, 54, 56, 94;
Saturn 1, 26;
Saturn IB, 3, 4, 13, 14, 17, 20, 21, 26, 27, 61, 80, 94, 97-102, 104, 105, 109, 111;
Saturn IC, 48, 122;
Saturn IVB, 54, 74, 94, 98, 99;
Saturn V, 3, 4, 13, 14, 18, 20, 21, 26, 27, 61, 63, 72, 74, 80, 83-91, 94, 97, 98-101, 103, 122, 229, 230, 371
Saunders, J., 130
Savage, Melvyn, 57-60
Schardt, Alois W., 129, 131, 152
Schardt, Bruton B., 241, 243, 280, 336
Scherer, Lee R., 58, 59, 130
Schiffer, Robert A., 242, 266
Schindler, William R., 32, 33
Schmerling, E., 131
Schmidt, F. Robert, 6, 7, 23, 60
Schmitt, Harrison H., 80, 82, 89, 91
Schneider, E. H., 352
Schneider, William C., 55, 57-59, 100, 389, 390
Schneiderman, D., 211
Schnitzer, Emanuel, 97
Schnyer, Daniel, 57
Schrama, Daniel J., 23
Schurmeier, H. M., 210
Schweikart, Russell L., 81, 83, 104, 241
Schwenk, Carl, 352, 353, 360
Science Research Council (U.K.), 179, 184, 197, 201
Scout, 3, 4, 6, 7, 14, 18, 20, 21, 28, 29, 31, 60, 133, 150, 154, 156-58, 162, 164, 182-88, 198, 199, 286, 289, 316, 322-24, 342, 345, 369, 370, 374
Scobee, Francis R., 80 n, 364, 368
Scott, David R., 79, 81-83, 86, 89
Scull, Wilfred E., 173, 337, 341
Seaborg, Glenn T., 127 n, 236 n
Seamans, Robert C., 127 n, 236 n
Seasat, 238, 239, 245, 259-62, 333, 342;
Seasat 1, 342, 344
Seddon, Margaret R., 80 n
Sedlazek, Martin F., 241
Senate, U.S., 339;
Committee on Aeronautical and Space Sciences, 97;
Committee on Aeronautics, 378. See also Congress, U.S.
Shatalov, Vladimir A., 109
Shaw, Brewster H., Jr., 80 n
Shea, John T., 159
Sheffield University (U.K.), 184
Shepard, Alan B., Jr., 82, 88
Shriver, Loren J., 80 n
Silverman, Donald, 241, 242
Sirio, 36, 290, 319
Skaggs, James B., 57
Skylab, 53, 95,
airlock module, 94, 95, 98-101, 103;
budget, 18, 61, 63-65;
crew, 94, 94 n, 96, 101, 102, 129, 331;
experiments, 106-8;
missions, 13, 26, 27, 54, 230, 339, 402, 405, 414;
orbital workshop, 20, 26, 54, 94, 95, 96, 98-101, 103, 129. 372;
program, 7, 55-58, 73, 94, 97, 99-108, 140, 165 n, 239, 335;
Skylab 1, 28, 96, 100, 101, 103-4;
Skylab 2, 28, 94 n. 96, 101, 102, 104;
Skylab 3, 289 94 n. 101, 102, 105;
Skylab 4, 28, 94 n, 101, 102, 105;
student project, 101;
vehicles, 14, 17
Skynet 1-4, 35, 290, 319-20;
Skynet II A, B, 36, 320-21
Slayton, Donald K., 81, 109, 111, 112
Slone, Henry 0., 23
Small Astronomy Satellites, 164
Smith, David, 343
Smith, H. E., 109
Smith, Henry J., 130, 131, 240
Smith, Jon M., 60
Smith, Richard G., 27, 59
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, 161, 169, 342, 386, 406 n, 419
Smylie, Robert E., 1099 351
Soffen, Gerald A., 131, 216
Solar Maximum Mission, 133, 136, 139
Solrad 10, 156, 200;
Solrad 11A, B, 179, 181, 200, 201
Sortie Lab Task Force, 55, 59
Southern California, University of, 222, 223
Southwest Center for Advanced Studies, 154, 173
Soviet Academy of Scientists, 108
Soyuz, 108, 109
space applications programs, 235-345;
budget, 244-65;
management of, 238-43
Space Electric Rocket Test (SERT), 375;
SERT 2, 32, 375-76
space science, 125-231;
budget, 132-151
life sciences, 230-31;
physics and astronomy, 151-201;
planetary programs, 202-30;
program management, 129-32
Space Shuttle, 3, 5, 13, 14, 20, 22, 31, 38, 43, 44-46,-48, 49, 54-56, 63, 102, 114, 115-17, 119-20, 127, 167, 168, 299, 302, 350, 362, 372, 407, 424, 425;
approach and landing tests, 54, 115-16, 117, 118, 123, 124, 303, 407;
budget, 61, 69-71, 114, 122;
carrier aircraft, 116, 117,
Columbia, 118, 124;
crew, 80-81, 114, 116, 117, 118;
Enterprise, 54, 115, 116, 117, 123;
experiments, 146, 263;
external tank, 14, 19, 20, 43, 44, 44-46, 47, 49, 70, 115, 117, 118 n, 119-20, 122, 123, 124;
interim upper stage, 7, 22, 25, 37, 60, 68;
main engine, 14, 19, 43, 44, 47-49, 61, 70, 114, 116, 118 n, 119-20, 121, 122, 375;
orbital flight test program, 54, 116, 118;
orbiter, 7, 20, 43, 44-46, 47, 49, 56, 61, 69, 113-24, 115, 116, 119-20, 121-24;
Orbiter 101, 113, 114, 116, 118, 123, 124;
Orbiter 102, 114, 118, 124;
program, 7, 55, 56, 59, 60, 121-24;
solid rocket boosters, 14, 19, 20, 43-50, 44-46, 47, 48-50, 61, 70, 115, 117, 118 n, 119-20
Space Shuttle Task Force, 55, 58, 114
Space Shuttle Task Group, 48, 121
Space Station, 63, 68, 69, 94, 96, 97, 100, 114, 121
Space Station Task Force, 55, 58, 59
Space Task Group, 43, 113, 121, 127, 127 n, 167, 235, 236 n, 387, 387 n
Space Telescope, 133, 136, 139
Space Tracking and Data Acquisition Network, 386, 387, 390-94, 396, 397, 401, 402, 404, 405, 413, 414-23
Space Transportation System, 5, 13, 19, 20, 22, 37, 43-50, 54, 56, 60, 61, 68, 69, 73, 113-14, 121
Spaceflight Tracking and Data Network, 402, 405-7, 408, 409, 414
Spacelab, 55, 56, 59, 60, 68, 116, 133, 136, 139, 146, 263
Spain, 4, 179, 181
Speer, F. A., 166, 167, 169, 170
Spencer, Nelson W., 161, 163, 173
Spencer, Robert L., 242
Spreen, William C., 240, 241, 266
Sprince, Richard H., 241, 242
Sputnik, 108
Stafford, Thomas P., 81, 84, 109, 111, 112
Stallkamp, J. A., 210
Stanford Research Institute, 224, 225
Stanford University, 167, 173, 193, 195, 212, 228
Stanley, H. Ray, 343
State, U.S. Department of, 102, 287
Stecher, Joseph, 183
Steinbacher, R. H., 211
Stephanides, Chris C., 343
Stephens, R., 161
Stevens, Samuel R., 289
Stevenson, John D., 57
Stewart, Robert L., 80 n
Stewart, Rodney D., 167
Stock, Richard L., 389, 390
Stofan, Andrew J., 39, 40, 131
Stone, Robert G., 159
Stoney, William E., 57, 59, 239, 242, 336
Strass, H. Kurt, 351, 352
Sullivan, Frank J., 351, 352, 372
Sullivan, Kathryn D., 80 n
Summerfelt, William A., 58, 59
Summers, Robert A., 240, 241
Surveyor, 41, 128, 377;
Surveyor 3, 54, 74, 86
Sweden, 187-89
Swetnick, Martin J., 241
Swigert, John L., Jr., 82, 87
Switzerland, 189
Symphonie, 321-22;
Symphonie 1 and 2, 36, 290, 321-22
Synchronous Meteorology Satellite (SMS), 237, 245, 251-52, 266, 274;
SMS 1, 2, 36, 237, 245, 274, 275, 277, 287, 333;
SMS-GOES, 274-76, 276. See also Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite
Syncom, 236, 275, 325
Syromyatnikoy, Vladimir S., 109
Systems for Nuclear Auxiliary Power (SNAP), 354-55, 377

 

T

 

Talbot, Joseph, 188
Taut, Larry R., 345
Taylor, Charles A., 389, 390
Taylor, Eldon D., 130, 240, 241
Taylor, William B., 98
Technical University of Denmark, 187
Telesat of Canada, 290-92, 317
Telstar, 236
Tepper, Morris, 239, 240-42, 266
Terwillinger, Richard G., 242
Test and Training (TETR) satellites, 402;
TETR 1, 2, 402;
TETR 3, 35, 402;
TETR C, 35
Texas, University of, 161, 197, 225
Thagard, Norman E., 80 n
Theon, John S., 280, 284-85
Thiokol Corporation, 22, 23, 29, 31-33, 43, 43 n, 47-49
Thole, John M., 131, 175, 177-78, 327, 330
Thorne, Pitt G., 130, 239, 240-41, 243, 337
Thor, 15, 16, 31;
Thor-Agena D, 31, 32, 173;
Thor-Delta, 3, 3n, 4, 20, 21, 31-33, 34, 35-36, 191-92, 231, 299, 301-5, 340;
T-D 2914, 180, 193, 195, 197. (see also Delta 2914);
TD-IA, 35, 37, 181, 201
Thorad-Agena, 376;
Thorad-Agena D, 3 n, 21, 32, 280, 283, 284, 344
Thorley, Gene A., 243
Tilford, Shelby G., 243, 266
Timco, J. W., 57, 58
Tiros (Television Infrared Observation Satellite), 237, 245, 250-51, 253, 266-70, 274, 2759 331;
Tiros Operational System (TOS), 237, 245, 250-51, 266, 268, 269;
Tiros J, 268;
Tiros M, 237, 250, 267, 268, 270;
Tiros N, 22, 237, 250-51, 267, 268, 273, 287 n, 333;
Tiros I-X, 333
Tischler, Adelbert 0., 351, 352, 374
Titan, 5, 22, 38, 40, 43, 48, 165, 301;
Titan III, 6, 7, 20, 38, 41-42, 60;
Titan III A, 38, 41;
Titan III B, 41;
Titan III C, 3 n. 4, 19, 21, 38, 39, 41, 42, 133, 150, 164, 200, 201, 327, 330;
Titan III D, 14, 40-42, 164, 167;
Titan III E, 429 164, 167;
Titan Centaur, 42, 190, 191, 213, 226, 228;
Titan III D-Centaur, 38, 216;
Titan III E-Centaur, 3, 4, 4, 21, 38, 40-42, 218, 360;
Titan Mars 1973, 141, 213, 216
Tokyo Shibaura Electric Co., 292
TOPO I (Topographic Satellite), 342, 344
Toronto, University of, 161
Townsend, Margorie R., 154, 158, 162
tracking and data acquisition, 383-428;
budget, 391-401;
program management, 389-90;
networks, 401-428, 403
Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS), 168, 390, 391, 399, 407, 414, 417, 419, 420-22, 424-25, 426-28
Tracking and Ground Instrumentation Unit (TAGIU), 387
Trainor, James H., 190, 191
Transit, 30, 322-24; Transit 1-4, 290
Transportation, U.S. Department of, 287, 370, 380
Triad OI-1X, 30, 322; Triad 2, 3, 30
Truly, Richard H., 80 n, 116, 118
Truszynski, Gerald M., 389, 390
TRW, Inc., 33, 48, 100, 121, 158, 165, 167-70, 172, 173, 175, 176, 219, 224, 229, 230, 298, 336, 338;
Space and Defense Systems, 228, 298
TRW Systems Group, Inc., 195, 222, 301-5, 425
TU Braunschweig, 186, 190
Turtil, Joseph, 242

 

U

 

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, 3, 8, 53, 54, 108, 109, 287, 287 n
United Aircraft Corporation, 100
United Kingdom, 4, 181, 187-89, 191, 198, 290, 319-21
United Nations, 286, 287
United Space Boosters, Inc. 47, 49
United States, 3, 53, 54, 108, 109, 127, 128, 168, 179, 235, 238, 240, 267, 286, 287, 290, 294, 315, 372, 378, 388, 389, 405
United Technology Center, 29, 31, 43n, 48,49
United Technologies Corporation, 47, 49;
Chemical Systems Division, 39, 40,49
Universitat Hamburg, 190

 

V

 

Vance, James L., 58, 59
Vandenberg Air Force Base, 28, 42, 122, 239
Vanguard (satellite), 128, 386, 406
van Hoften, James D. A., 80 n
Vietnam war, 8, 236
Viking, 38, 40, 42, 129, 133, 142, 202, 203, 206, 213-19, 214, 215, 216-17, 360, 369, 377, 406, 407;
Viking 1, 2, 38, 41, 42, 213, 217-19
Vitale, Joseph A., 243
von Braun, Wernher, 26, 94, 97, 100
von Rosenving, Tycho, 195
Vought Corporation, 28, 29, 31
Voyager, 38, 40, 41, 129, 133, 142, 202, 209, 213, 216, 226-28, 227,
Voyager 1, 2, 38, 41, 412, 226, 228

 

W

 

Wagner, Carl L., Jr., 182
Wagner, Robert L., 58, 59
Walker, David M., 80 n
Wallops Flight Center, 239, 342, 343, 406
Wallops Island, Virginia, 28, 153, 156, 157, 274, 286, 289, 387
Wallops Station, Virginia, 369, 370, 374
Walter, Forrest, 241
Wash, Charles E., 131
Washington, D. C., 180, 239, 424
Washington University, 166, 170
Waugh, Merle G., 57
Weather Bureau, U.S., 237, 274, 277
Webb, James E., 216
Webster, Kenneth, 389, 390
Weiland, Stanley, 267, 280, 284
Weitz, Paul J., 94 n, 101, 104
Westar 1, 2, 36, 290, 317, 324, 325
Western Ontario, University of, 196, 197
Western Test Range, 31, 154, 161-64, 182-84, 186-89, 191-92, 196-98, 201, 239, 269-73, 280, 283-86, 314-16, 322-24, 336-37, 340-45, 376
Western Union: Space Communications, Inc., 425;
Telegraph Co., 2, 290, 324, 325, 425
West Germany. See Germany, Federal Republic of
Wetherington, R. L., 59
Whirlpool Corporation, 100
White, George C., Jr., 57
White, Maynard E., 57
White, Robert D., 109
White, Robert M., 336 n
White Sands Missile Range, 387 n, 401, 414, 422
White Sands, New Mexico, 422, 425, 428
Wible, M. Keith, 58
Wild, Jack W., 6, 7, 57, 58, 60
Williams, Donald E., 80 n
Williams, Francis L., 239, 242
Willoughby, Willis J., 241
Wilmarth, Verl R., 58
Wilson, Charles A., 231
Wilson, Robert G., 130, 131, 241
Winter, David, 58, 60, 129, 131
Wisconsin, University of, 179, 225
Wise, Donald U., 58
Wisniewski, Richard J., 352
Witt, William, 192
Woerner, Charles V., 157
Wolfe, John H., 221, 222
Wolff, Edward A., 327, 330
Woodward, William H., 351, 352, 374
Worden, Alfred M., Jr., 82, 86, 89
Wrublik, D.P., 154

 

Y

 

Yale University, 161
Yardley, John F., 6, 7, 55, 56, 58, 59
York University, 197
Young, A. Thomas, 129, 131, 202, 206
Young, John W., 81, 82, 84, 87, 90, 91
Young, S., 130

 


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