SP-4012 NASA HISTORICAL DATA BOOK: VOLUME III
PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1969-1978

 

Table 2-41. Apollo 13 Characteristics

 

Date of launch (ETR launch complex #):

April 11, 1970 (39A)

Official mission designation:

AS-508

Spacecraft designation (name):

SM-109

CM-109 (Odyssey)

LM-7 (Aquarius)

Launch vehicle designation (class):

SA-508 (Saturn V)

Spacecraft weight (kg):

45 931

Spacecraft shape, dimensions (m):

see table 2-37

Crew:

James A. Lovell, Jr., Commander; John L. Swigert, Jr., CM Pilot; Fred W. Haise, LM Pilot

Backup crew:

John W. Young, Commander; John L. Swigert, Jr., CM Pilot; Charles M. Duke, Jr., LM Pilot

Apogee/perigee at insertion (km):

185.6 x 181.5

No. of earth orbits:

1.5

Period:

approx. 90 min.

Lunar orbit parameters (km):

N/A

No. of lunar orbits:

N/A

Lunar landing coordinates:

N/A (Fra Mauro intended region)

Time on surface:

N/A

Lunar EVA time (# of excursions):

N/A

Length of mission:

142:54:41 (5 + days)

Mission events (date, time, ground elapsed time):

.

launch

Apr. 11

2:13:00 p.m. EST

00:00:00

S-IC engine cutoff

.

2:15:44

00:02:44

Sell engine cutoff

2:22:53

00:09:53

earth orbit insertion

2:25:40

00:12:40

translunar injection

4:54:47

02:41:47

CSM-S-IVB separation

5:19:39

03:06:39

CSM-LM docking

5:32:09

03:19:09

LO2 tank anomaly

Apr. 13

10:07:53 p.m.

55:54:53

pericynthion maneuver

Apr. 14

9:40:39 p.m.

79:27:39

SM jettison

Apr. 17

8:15:06 a.m.

138:02:06

LM jettison

.

11:43:02

141:30:02

splashdown

1:07:41 p.m.

142:54:41

Earth landing coordinates:

21°38'S, 165°22'W (Pacific 0.)

Recovery ship:

USS Iwo Jima (crew onboard in 46 min.)

Mission objectives:

Lunar landing mission to conduct selenological inspection, survey, and sampling of the Imbrium basin; deploy an ALSEP; further develop man's capability to work in the lunar environment; photograph candidate exploration sites.

Results:

None of the mission objectives was accomplished. The mission was aborted after nearly 56 hours of flight due to loss of service module cryogenic oxygen and consequent loss of capability to generate electrical power to provide oxygen and to produce water in the CSM. The command module was powered down at 58:40:00 into the flight and the lunar module configured to supply the necessary power and other consumables for the trip back to earth

Reference: MSC, "Apollo 13 Mission Report," MSC-02680, Sept. 1970; and NASA Hq., Apollo 13 Mission Pre-launch Mission Operation Report, M-932-70-13, March 13, 1970.


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