SP-4012 NASA HISTORICAL DATA BOOK: VOLUME III
PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1969-1978

 

Table 2-44. Apollo 16 Characteristics

 

Date of launch (ETR launch complex #):

April 16, 1972 (39A)

Official mission designation:

AS-511

Spacecraft designation (name):

SM-113

CM-113 (Casper)

LM-11 (Orion)

Launch vehicle designation (class):

SA-511 (Saturn V)

Spacecraft weight (kg):

48 606

Spacecraft shape, dimensions (m):

see table 2-37

Crew:

John W. Young, Commander; Thomas K. Mattingly 11, CM Pilot; Charles M. Duke, Jr., LM Pilot

Backup crew:

Fred W. Haise, Jr., Commander; Stuart A. Roosa, CM Pilot; Edgar D. Mitchell, LM Pilot

Apogee/perigee at insertion (km):

176 x 166.7

No. of earth orbits:

1.5

Period:

approx. 90 min.

Lunar orbit parameters (km):

315.4 x 107.6 at insertion; 125.9 x 98.3 circularized

No. of lunar orbits:

64

Lunar landing coordinates:

9°S, 15°31'E (Descartes)

Time on lunar surface:

71:02:13

Lunar EVA time (# of excursions):

20:14:14 (3)

Length of mission:

265:51:05 (11 + days)

 

Mission events (date, time, ground elapsed time):

.

launch

Apr. 16

12:54:00 p.m. EST

00:00:00

S-IC engine cutoff

.

 

12:56:41

00:02:41

Sell engine cutoff

1:03:19

00:09:19

earth orbit insertion

1 :05:56

00:11:56

translunar injection

3:27:37

02:33:37

CSM-S-IVB separation

3:58:59

03:04:59

CSM-LM docking

4: 15:53

03:21:53

lunar orbit insertion

Apr. 19

3:22:28 p.m.

74:28:28

CSM-LM separation

Apr. 20

1:08:00 p.m.

96:14:00

lunar landing

.

9:23:35

104:29:35

begin 1st EVA

Apr. 21

11:47:38 a.m.

118:53:38

end 1st EVA

.

6:58:40 p.m.

126:04:40

begin 2d EVA

Apr. 22

11:33:35 a.m.

142:39:35

end 2d EVA

.

6:56:44 p.m.

150:02:44

begin 3d EVA

Apr. 23

10:25:28 a.m.

165:31:28

end 3d EVA

.

4:05:31 p.m.

171:11:31

lunar liftoff

Apr. 23

8:25:48 p.m.

175:31:48

LM-CSM docking

.

10:35:18

177:41:18

LM jettison

Apr. 24

3:54:12 p.m.

195:00:12

subsatellite launch

.

4:56:09

196:02:09

transearth injection

9:15:33

200:21:33

CM-SM separation

Apr. 27

2:16:33 p.m.

265:22:33

splashdown

.

2:45:05

265:51:05

Earth landing coordinates:

0°43'S, 156°13'W (Pacific O.)

Recovery ship:

USS Ticonderoga (crew onboard in 37 min.)

Mission objectives:

Lunar landing mission to perform selenological inspection, survey, and sampling of the Descartes region; deploy an ALSEP; photograph selected areas.

Results:

All objectives were achieved. The crew traveled 27 km in LRV-2, collecting 95 kg of soil and rock samples. Because of a problem with the CSM's secondary yaw actuator servo loop, the mission was shortened by one day. The subsatellite, launched on the 24th, was not inserted into the planned orbit (subsatellite impacted on May 29 during revolution 425).

Reference: MSC, "Apollo 16 Mission Report," MSC-07230, Aug. 1972.


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