SP-4012 NASA HISTORICAL DATA BOOK: VOLUME III
PROGRAMS AND PROJECTS 1969-1978

 

Table 2-54. Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (Apollo) Characteristics

 

Date of launch (ETR launch complex #1):

July 15, 1975 (39B)

Official mission designation:

Apollo Soyuz Test Project (ASTP)

Spacecraft designation:

SM-111

CM-111

Launch vehicle designation (class):

SA-210 (Saturn 1B)

Spacecraft weight (kg):

CSM, 12 904

DM, 2006

Apollo-Soyuz docked, 20 977

Spacecraft shape, dimensions(m):

see table 2-37 for CSM

DM: cylindrical

length, 3.15

max. diameter, 1.4

Crew:

Thomas P.Stafford, Commander; Donald K. Slayton, DM Pilot; Vance D. Brand, CM Pilot.

Backup crew:

Alan L. Bean, Commander; Ronald E. Evans, CM Pilot; Jack R. Lousma, CM Pilot.

Apogee/perigee insertion (km):

186.3 x 221.9

No. of orbits:

138

Period:

89 min.

Length of Apollo flight:

217:28:23 (9 + days)

Length of Soyuz flight:

142:30:54 (5 + days)

Length of joint mission:

224:58:24 (9+ days)

Time docked:

44:24:30; time spent by Soyuz crew inside Apollo: Leonov, 5:43, Kubasov, 4:59; time spent by Apollo crew inside Soyuz: Stafford, 7:10, Brand, 6:30, Slayton, 1:35

Mission events (date, time, Apollo ground elapsed time):

..

Soyuz launch

July 15

8:20:00 a.m.EDT

- 07:30:01

Apollo launch

.

3:50:01 p.m.

00:00:00

earth orbit insertion

3:59:56

00:09:55

begin joint flight exercises

July 17

11:34:23 a.m.

43:44:22

1st docking

July 17

12:09:09 p.m.

44:19:08

1st undocking

July 19

8:03:20 a.m.

88:13:19

2d docking

.

8:33:39

88:43:38

final undocking

11:26:12

91:36:11

Apollo separation from Soyuz

2:42:27 p.m.

94:52:26

Soyuz landing

July 21

6:50:54 a.m.

135:00:53

DM jettison

July 23

3:47:00 p.m.

191 :56:59

deorbit maneuver

July 24

4:37:47 p.m.

216:47:46

reentry

.

4:57:47

217:30:46

splashdown

5:18:24

217:28:23

Earth landing coordinates (Apollo):

163°W, 22°N (Pacific O.)

Recovery ship:

USS New Orleans (crew onboard in 41 min.)

Mission objectives:

To accomplish spacecraft rendezvous, docking, and undocking of spacecraft from two countries; demonstrate a jointly designed (American-Soviet) androgynous docking system; demonstrate crew transfer and interaction of crews and control centers.

Results:

All joint activities and unilateral scientific experiments were accomplished as planned. During descent and landing, the Apollo crew inhaled nitrogen tetroxide fumes, which caused coughing and eye irritation. The crew failed to acuate two earth landing system switches at the proper time (9000 m); when the manual switches were hit (7000 m) the cabin was flooded with noxious gas from the CM s reaction control system thrusters, which were working vigorously to counteract the swaying motion caused by the manual deployment of the drogue chutes. CM Pilot Brand was unconscious for a brief time. The crew recovered once they began breathing pure oxygen; however, they were hospitalized in Honolulu for treatment and observation for two weeks.

Reference: NASA Hq., Apollo/Soyuz Test Project Post Mission Operation Report, M-966,75-01, Aug. 15, 1975; and JSC, Request for Homologation of World Records for Group Flight, submitted to National Aeronautics Association Federation Aeronautique Internationale, n.d.


-
Back -