SP-404 Skylab's Astronomy and Space Sciences


[116-117] Appendix: Skylab's Astronomy and Space Science Experiments




Principal Investigator




Stellar and galactic astronomy

S019-Ultraviolet stellar astronomy

K. S. Henize
Northwestern University,
Johnson Space Flight Center

Obtain stellar spectra down to 1400 Å

Also used in studies of Comet Kohoutek

S020-Grazing- incidence camera

R. Tousey
Naval Research

Solar imaging in EUV-soft X-ray

Also yielded data used in contamination studies

S150-Galactic X-ray mapping

William Kraushaar
University of Wisconsin

Investigate origin of diffuse X-ray background


S183-Ultraviolet panorama

Georges Courtes
Laboratoire d'Astronomie Spatiale

Measure ultraviolet brightness of star fields

Also used in studies of Comet Kohoutek


Interplanetary dust

S073-Gegenschein- zodiacal light

J. L. Weinberg
Dudley Observatory

Measure the brightness and polarization of the visible background of the sky


S149-Micrometeoroid collection

L. C. Hemenway
Dudley Observatory

Determine the mass distribution of micrometeoroids in near-Earth space



Comet Kohoutek

S201-Far-ultraviolet electrographic camera

Thornton Page
Naval Research Laboratory and Johnson Space Flight Center

Study halo of Comet Kohoutek in far ultraviolet

Also used for stellar and galactic astronomy

S233-Photometric studies

C. A. Lundquist
Marshall Space Flight Center

Deduce changes in comet's coma from a brightness history


S052-White-light coronagraph

Robert MacQueen
High Altitude Observatory
Boulder, Colorado

Observe comet during perihelion passage

Solar instrument also used in studies of Comet Kohoutek

S055-Ultraviolet scanning polychromator spectroheliometer

Edmond Reeves
Harvard College Observatory

Detect hydrogen emissions in comet's coma in the 296- to 1350-Å spectral range

Solar instrument also used in studies of Comet Kohoutek and the Earth's atmosphere

S082A-Extreme- ultraviolet spectrograph

Richard Tousey
Naval Research Laboratory

Measure comet's spectral emission in the 970- to 3040-Å range

Solar instrument also used in studies of Comet Kohoutek and the Earth's atmosphere

S082B-Extreme- ultraviolet spectroheliograph

Richard Tousey
Naval Research Laboratory

Search for comet helium halo in 304- and 584-Å wavelengths

Solar instrument also used in studies of Comet Kohoutek


Energetic Particles

S009-Nuclear emulsion

M. M. Shapiro
Naval Research Laboratory

Study charge spectrum of primary cosmic rays with emphasis on heavy nuclei



P. B. Price
University of California Berkeley

Determine relative abundance cosmic rays, of cosmic ray nuclei with atomic mass greater than 65


S230-Magnetospheric particle composition

Don Lind
Johnson Space Center
Johannes Geiss
Physics Institute,
University of Bern,

Measure isotopic abundance of atomic species in magnetosphere



Terry Quist
San Antonio, Texas

Measure ambient neutron flux analysis in orbital workshop



Gerald Fishman
Marshall Space Flight Center

Measure neutron flux aboard environment Skylab


Visual light-flash observations

R. A. Hoffman
Johnson Space Center

Investigate frequency and character of visual light flashes in near-Earth orbit



Earth's atmosphere

S063-Ultraviolet airglow horizon photography

Donald Packer
Naval Research Laboratory

Photograph the twilight airglow and Earth's ozone layer simultaneously in the visible and ultraviolet wave-lengths

Also used in Comet Kohoutek investigations


Orbital environment

D008-Radiation in space

A. D. Grimm
J. F. Janni
G. Ainsworth
Johnson Space Center- Kirtland Air Force Base

Provide experimental correlation of radiation levels with theoretical data and identify radiation-induced biological effects on man


D024-Thermal control

W. L. Lehn
Wright Patterson Air Force Base

Determine effects of near-coatings Earth space environment on selected thermal control coatings


T003-In-flight aerosol analysis

W. Z. Leavitt
Department of Transportation

Measure and analyze aerosol particle concentration and size distribution inside Skylab



M. Greenberg
Dudley Observatory

Determine presence of contamination particulate matter surrounding measurements orbital workshop

Also used for study of particulate matter in the Earth's atmosphere

T027-Contamination measurements

J. A. Muscari
Martin Marietta Corp.

Determine change in properties of optical samples due to deposition of contaminants and measure sky brightness background due to solar illumination of contaminants