SP-4103 Model Research - Volume 2

 

Appendix C

Budget

 

 

[467] The NACA received it's funding from two sources: direct congressional appropriations, and transfers from other government agencies. By far the most important was the congressional appropriation. Table C-1 lists all major NACA appropriations by the fiscal year for which the funds were appropriated. Note that the appropriating legislation may have passed well before or after the year for which the funds were intended. For the sake of simplicity, four classes of appropriations have been excluded from this table:

 

(1) Deficiency-act appropriations for certified claims of less than $1,000. These were generally for accident damage or unpaid balances on contracts. When money was appropriated to the NACA for such purposes, the legislation is listed under the appropriate fiscal year and the sum entered in brackets. Bracketed figures are not included in the total appropriation.
 
(2) Special appropriations for NACA participation in fairs and expositions like the Chicago World's Fair of 1933.
 
(3) Foreign-service adjustment pay for John J. Ide and his staff in the Paris office.
 
(4) Several general-appropriation acts were applicable to all government agencies. For example, the Legislative Acts of 1919, 1920, and 1921 are not listed. Each provided a pay raise for government employees, but the total amount going to the NACA has not been determined. The pay raises of 1923 and 1924 are included because the amount received by the NACA is known.

 

The figures in Table C-1 may vary from those reported by the NACA. There are several reasons for this: When funds were appropriated for two years, the table will list them under the first year, while the NACA would report them under the second. Some appropriations were modified retroactively and the NACA did not always adjust its records. Finally, the NACA reported only its major direct appropriations, not the smaller deficiency acts.

The first graph traces total NACA appropriations throughout the Committee's history. Plotting the entire record on a single scale reduces the first half of the story to virtually a straight line of indeterminate slope; more money was appropriated to the NACA in 1943 than in its entire first 25 years combined. The changes wrought by World War II are nowhere more dramatically revealed than in this chart.

Table C-2 divides NACA annual appropriations into general-purpose and construction categories. The figures are somewhat misleading, for (as George Lewis observed in 1940) "under 'General Purposes' are listed items of permanent equipment, such as a new wind-tunnel balance or an engine dynamometer set-up." He concluded that "it would be difficult to "break down what is actually spent on research equipment and construction," * and no attempt has been made here to second-guess the NACA estimates of which was which. For all their imprecision, these figures are a fair approximation of what the NACA and the Congress intended to be the Committee's major acquisition, construction, and renovation expenses.

The second graph presents the Committee's appropriations, general-purpose and construction, in two parts: one for 1915-1935, one for 1936-1959. Note the drastic change in scale: the appropriation for 1936, which begins part II of the chart, was at the time the largest in the Committee's history.

[468] During most of its history the NACA considered its organic act of 1915 to be authorizing legislation. Generally, NACA requests for funds went directly to the appropriations committees of each house of Congress without the formality of an authorization act. There were two exceptions to this rule. In World War I the NACA was considered part of the Navy for budget purposes; it received its funds through the Naval Acts for fiscal years 1916 through 1918. These were authorized funds, approved by the military affairs committees of each house before going to appropriations committees. In 1917 the Comptroller General determined that the NACA was an independent agency. Its fiscal-year 1919 budget, and all those thereafter, were included in the Sundry Civil Act (1919-1922) or the Executive and Independent Offices Act (1923-1959). In the early 1950s, some congressmen came to believe that NACA budgets were too large to be appropriated without specific authorization. The resulting authorizing acts-listed in Table C-3 was mostly for construction.

Some legislation over the years set limits on how the NACA might spend its appropriations. For example, the Deficiency Act for War Expenses of 28 March 1918 raised the limit on rent paid for office spaces from $1500 to $2332. Most of these restrictions were included in the NACA's appropriations acts. Some legislation allowed transfer of funds from one NACA account to another: e.g., the Second Deficiency Act of 4 March 1931 allowed the transfer of $700 from general expenses to printing and binding.

In every year after establishment of the Bureau of the Budget in 1922, the NACA engaged in the same budget cycle as the other branches of the federal government. Generally it submitted to the Bureau of the Budget in the late summer its request for funds for the fiscal year beginning the following July. Early in the fall, generally after a formal meeting between the chairman of the NACA and the director of BoB, a budget figure was recommended to the president. The figure he approved was submitted to Congress by BoB. The following spring or summer, Congress would enact the appropriation, raising or lowering the requested figure as it saw fit. The same procedure was followed when the NACA needed supplemental appropriations.

From time to time the NACA received funds from other government agencies. In the early 1920s, the army and navy transferred funds to the NACA to pay for research services; thereafter, the NACA included such funds in its own budget requests. The moneys later transferred to the NACA by the military were for construction. The Committee in turn transferred funds to other federal agencies that performed research at the NACA's request. Most of this money went to the National Bureau of Standards. Table C-4 lists interagency transfers for whom Treasury Department warrants appear in the NACA files. Over the years, other occasional transfers took place but there is no systematic record of them.

Table C-5 lists NACA expenditures by fiscal year. If the Committee appears to have spent more in a fiscal year than was appropriated to it, the reason is that it was spending the remainder of a two-year or multiyear appropriation. Note that the NACA often returned considerable sums to the Treasury at the end of the fiscal year. Table C-6 shows distribution of expenditures among the different NACA branches after 1940. Before that time, when the NACA consisted only of the headquarters and the Langley laboratory, the ratio of their expenditures was about one to eight respectively.

An important question in the history of the NACA is the proportion of U.S. aeronautical research conducted by the Committee after World War II. Reliable figures are hard to come by, but Table C-7 provides one estimate that seems fairly accurate. The "Federal Non-Defense" category represents almost entirely the NACA. Table C-8 divides the federal portion of these figures into categories of "Research and Technology" and "Development." Note that approximately two thirds of the nondefense funding was for development.

 

[469-474] Table C-1. NACA Appropriations, by Year.

 

1915

Naval Act, 1916 (P.L. 271, 63/3, 3 March 1915)

$5,000.00

.

1916

Naval Act, 1916 (P.L. 271, 63/3, 3 March 1915)

5,000.00

.

1917

Naval Act, 1916 (P.L. 271, 63/3, 3 March 1915)

5,000.00

Naval Act, 1917 (P.L. 241, 64/1, 29 Aug. 1916)

82,515.70

.

87,515.70

.

1918

Naval Act, 1916 (P.L. 271, 63/3, 3 March 1915)

5,000.00

Naval Act, 1918 (P.L. 391, 64/2, 4 March 1917)

107,000.00

.

112,000.00

.

1919

Naval Act, 1916 (P.L. 271, 63/3, 3 March 1915)

5,000.00

Sundry Civil Act, 1919 (P.L. 181, 65/2, 1 July 1918)

200,000.00

.

205,000.00

.

1920

Sundry Civil Act, 1920 (P.L. 21, 66/1, 19 July 1919)

175,000.00

.

1921

Sundry Civil Act, 1921 (P.L. 246, 66/2, 5 June 1920)

200,000.00

.

1922

Sundry Civil Act, 1922 (P.L. 389, 66/3, 4 March 1921)

200,000.00

.

1923

Executive and Independent Establishments Appropriations, 1923 (P.L. 240, 67/2, 12 June 1922)

210,000.00

Additional Compensation Act (P.L. 257, 67/2, 29 June 1922)

15, 600.00

Deficiency Act (P.L. 385, 67/4, 22 January 1923)

[105.03]

Second Deficiency Act (P.L. 1035, 70/2, 4 March 1929)

[258.17]

.

225,600.00

.

1924

Executive and Independent Establishments Appropriations, 1924 (P.L. 409, 67/4, 13 February 1923)

283,000.00

Additional Compensation Act (P.L. 544, 67/4, 4 March 1923)

24,000.00

Deficiency Act (P.L. 66, 68/1, 2 April 1924)

[63.48]

.

307,000.00

.

1925

Executive and Independent Establishments Appropriations, 1925 (P.L. 214, 68/1, 7 June 1924)

440,000.00

Field Service Compensation Act (P.L. 293, 68/2, 6 December 1924) .

30,000.00

.

470,000.00

.

1926

Executive and Independent Establishments Appropriations, 1926 (P.L. 586, 68/2, 3 March 1925)

534,000.00

First Deficiency Act, 1926 (P.L. 36, 64/1, 3 March 1926)

[2.67]

.

534,000.00

.

1927

Executive and Independent Establishments Appropriations, 1927 (P.L. 141, 69/1, 22 April 1926)

513,000.00

First Deficiency Act, 1927 (P.L. 660, 69/2, 28 February 1927)

[1,018.59]

.

513,000.00

.

1928

Independent Offices Act, 1928 (P.L. 600, 69/2, 11 February 1927)

525,000.00

Deficiency Act, 1928 (P.L. 2, 70/1, 22 December 1927)

25,000.00

.

[.83]

.

550,000.00

.

1929

Independent Offices Act, 1929 (P.L. 400, 70/1, 16 May 1928)

600,000.00

First Deficiency Act, 1929 (P.L. 1034, 70/2, 4 March 1929)

[1.18]

Second Deficiency Act, 1929 (P.L. 1035, 70/2, 4 March 1929)

236,770.00

Second Deficiency Act, 1933 (P.L. 442, 72/2, 4 March 1933)

[605.12]

.

836,770.00

.

1930

Independent Offices Act, 1930 (P.L. 778, 70/2, 20 Feb. 1929)

1,292,200.00

(Unexpended funds, 1928)

7,800.00

.

1,300,000.00

.

1931

Independent Offices Act, 1931 (P.L. 158, 71/2, 19 April 1930)

1,321,000.00

.

1932

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1932 (P.L. 720, 71/3, 23 February 1931)

1,051,070.00

.

1933

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1933 (P.L. 228, 72/1, 30 June 1932)

920,000.00

.

1934

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1934 (P.L. 78,73/1, l6 June 1933)

695,000.00

Emergency Appropriation Act, 1935 (P.L. 412, 73/2, 19 June 1934)

7,796.86

National Industrial Recovery Act (P.L. 67, 73/1, 16 June 1933)

247,944.00

5 percent compensation restoration (provided in EIO Act, 1935)

2,904.20

.

953,645.06

.

1935

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1935 (P.L. 141, 73/2, 28 March 1934)

726,492.00

National Industrial Recovery Act (P.L. 67, 73/1, l6June 1933)

478,300.00

5 percent compensation restoration (provided in EIO Act, 1934)

50,986.93

1,255,778.93

1936

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1936 (P.L. 2, 74/1, 2 February 1935)

839,500.00

Second Deficiency Act, 1935 (P.L. 260, 74/1, 12 August 1935)

338,050.00

Emergency Relief Appropriation Act (P.L. 11, 74/1, 8 April 1935)

-660.65

First Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1936 (P.L. 739, 74/2, 22 June 1936)

1,367,000.00

.

2,543,889.35

.

1937

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1937 (P.L. 479, 74/2, 19 March 1936)

1,177,550.00

Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1937 (P.L. 121, 75/1, 28 May 1937)

453,000.00

.

1,630,550.00

.

1938

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1938 (P.L. 171, 75/1, 28 June 1937)

1,280,850.00

First Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1938 (P.L. 440, 75/3, 5 March 1938)

[235.38]

.

1,280,850.00

.

1939

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1939 (P.L. 534, 75/3, 23 May 1938)

1,700,000.00

Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1939 (P.L. 61, 76/1, 2 May 1939)

2,363,980.00

.

4,063,980.00

.

1940

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1940 (P.L. 8, 76/1, 16 March 1939)

2,180,000.00

Third Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1939 (P.L. 361, 76/1, 9 August 1939)

2,000,000.00

First Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1940 (P.L. 447, 76/3,6 April 1940)

[117.601

.

1941

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1941 (P.L. 459, 76/3, 18 April 1940)

8,000,000.00

Civil Activities National Defense Appropriation Act, 1941 (P.L. 667, 76/3, 26 June 1940)

3,200,000.00

.

11,200,000.00

.

1942

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1942 (P.L. 28, 77/1, 5 April 1941)

13,601,910.00

Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1941 (P.L. 150, 77/1, 3 July 1941)

1,340,000.00

Second Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act, 1942 (P.L. 282, 77/1, 28 October 1941)

1,424,000.00

Sixth Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act, 1942 (P.L. 528, 77/2, 28 April 1942)

3,500,000.00

.

19,865,910.0

.

1943

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1943 (P.L. 630, 77/2, 27 June 1942)

19,082,736.00

First Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1943 (P.L. 11, 78/1, 18 March 1943)

5,494,000.00

Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1943 (P.L. 140, 78/1, 12 July 1943)

[245.78]

Urgent Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1943 (P.L. 132, 78/1, 12 July 1943)

852,000.00

.

25,428,736.0

.

1944

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1944 (P.L. 90, 78/1, 26 June 1943)

19,454,500.00

First Supplemental National Defense Appropriation Act, 1944 (P.L. 216, 78/1, 23 December 1943)

17,287,715.00

First Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1944 (P.L. 279, 78/2, 1 April 1944)

1,650,000.00

.

[66.01]

Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1944 (P.L. 375, 78/2, 28 June 1944)

[69.75]

.

38,392,215.00

.

1945

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1945 (P.L. 358, 78/2, 27 June 1944)

23,233,830.00

First Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1945 (P.L. 529, 78/2, 22 December 1944)

7,401,000.00

.

[136.00]

First Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1945 (P.L. 40, 79/1, 25 April 1945)

10,307,500.00

.

[47.50]

Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1945 (P.L. 132, 79/1, 5 July 1945)

[21.75]

.

40,942,330.00

.

1946

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1946 (P.L. 49, 79/1, 3 May 1945)

26,014,393.00

First Supplemental Surplus Appropriation Rescission Act, 1946 (P.L. 301, 79/2, 18 February 1946)

-2,000,000.00

First Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1946 (P.L. 269, 79/1, 28 December 1945)

[97.84]

Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1946 (P.L. 384, 79/2, 18 May 1946)

[28.06]

Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Appropriation Act, 1875 (18 Stat. 110, 20 June 1874)

37,267.63

.

24,051,660.63

.

1947

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1947 (P.L. 334, 79/2, 28 March 1946)

29,673,000.00

Deficiency Appropriations, 1947 (P.L. 25, 80/1, 29 March 1947)

1,040,000.00

.

30,713,000.00

.

1948

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1948 (P.L. 264, 80/1, 30 July 1947)

43,449,000.00

.

1949

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1949 (P.L. 491, 80/2, 20 April 1948)

47,905,000.00

Second Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1949 (P.L. 119, 81/1, 23June 1949)

747,000.00

.

48,652,000.00

.

1950

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1950 (P.L. 266, 81/1, 24 August 1949)

53,000,000.00

Deficiency Appropriation Act, 1950 (P.L. 583, 81/2, 29 June 1950)

75,000,000.00

.

128,000,000.00

.

1951

General Appropriation Act, 1951 (P.L. 759, 81/2, 6 September 1950)

58,000,000.00

Second Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1951 (P.L. 911, 81/2, 6 January 1951)

5,068,000.00

63,068,000.00

1952

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1952 (P.L. 137, 82/1, 31 August 1951)

67,600,000.00

Third Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1952 (P.L. 375, 82/2, 5 June 1952)

1,400,000.00

.

69,000,000.00

.

1953

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1953 (P.L. 455, 82/2, 5 July 1952)

66,286,100.00

.

1954

First Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1954 (P.L. 176, 83/1, 31 July 1953)

62,439,000.00

.

1955

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1955 (P.L. 428, 83/2, 24 June 1954)

55,620,000.00

Second Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1955 (P.L. 24, 84/1, 22 April 1955)

240,000.00

.

55,860,000.00

.

1956

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1956 (P.L. 112, 84/1, 30 June 1955)

72,700,000.00

.

1957

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1957 (P.L. 623, 84/2, 25 June 1956)

75,887,500.00

Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1957 (P.L. 814, 84/2, 27 July 1956)

789,000.00

.

76,676,500.00

.

1958

Second Supplemental Appropriation Act, 1959 (P.L. 85-352, 85/1, 28 March 1958)

9,920,000.00

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1958 (P.L. 85-69, 85/1, 29 June 1957)

106,000,000.00

Temporary Appropriations, 1959 (P.L. 85-472, 85/2, 30 June 1958)

1,356,209.00

.

117,276,209.00

.

1959

Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1959 (P.L. 85-844, 85/2, 28 Aug. 1958)

101,100,000.00

 

[475] Table C-2. NACA Appropriations, Yearly by Category.

 

.

General Purposes

Construction

Total (dollars)

.

1915

5,000.00

-

5,000.00

1916

5,000.00

-

5,000.00

1917

18,515.70

69,000.00

87,515.70

1918

82,000.00

40,000.00

112,000.00

1919

167,000.00

38,000.00

205,000.00

1920

169,600.00

5,400.00

175,000.00

1921

192,000.00

8,000.00

200,000.00

1922

197,000.00

3,000.00

200,000.00

1923

215,600.00

10,000.00

225,600.00

1924

307,000.00

-

307,000.00

1925

470,000.00

-

470,000.00

1926

494,000.00

40,000.00

534,000.00

1927

513,000.00

-

513,000.00

1928

525,000.00

25,000.00

550,000.00

1929

623,770.00

213,000.00

836,770.00

1930

745,000.00

555,000.00

1,300,000.00

1931

886,000.00

435,000.00

1,321,000.00

1932

1,051,070.00

-

1,051,070.00

1933

920,000.00

-

920,000.00

1934

705,701.06

247,944.00

953,645.06

1935

777,478.93

478,300.00

1,255,778.93

1936

1,176,889.35

1,367,000.00

2,543,889.35

1937

1,277,550.00

453,000.00

1,630,550.00

1938

1,280,850.00

-

1,280,850.00

1939

1,723,980.00

2,340,000.00

4,063,980.00

1940

1,849,020.00

2,330,980.00

4,180,000.00

1941

2,800,000.00

8,400,000.00

11,200,000.00

1942

6,220,465.00

13,645,445.00

19,865,910.00

1943

13,113,736.00

12,315,000.00

25,428,736.00

1944

19,635,415.00

18,756,800.00

38,392,215.00

1945

26,557,330.00

a 14,385,000.00

40,942,330.00

1946

24,014,393.00

37,267.63

24,051,660.63

1947

27,615,000.00

b 3,098,000.00

30,713,000.00

1948

33,570,000.00

9,879,000.00

43,449,000.00

1949

38,652,000.00

10,000,000.00

48,652,000.00

1950

43,000,000.00

85,000,000.00

128,000,000.00

1951

45,750,000.00

17,318,000.00

63,068,000.00

1952

50,650,000.00

18,350,000.00

69,000,000.00

1953

48,586,100.00

17,700,000.00

66,286,100.00

1954

51,000,000.00

11,439,000.00

62,439,000.00

1955

51,240,000.00

4,620,000.00

55,860,000.00

1956

60,135,000.00

12,565,000.00

72,700,000.00

1957

62,676,500.00

14,000,000.00

76,676,500.00

1958

76,076,209.00

41,200,000.00

117,276,209.00

1959

78,100,000.00

23,000,000.00

101,100,000.00

a $4,611,330 transferred from the navy and the Federal Works Admin.
b $110,872 transferred from the navy.
 

 

 

[476] NACA Appropriations by Fiscal Year. 1915-1935, 1936-1959.

[477] Total NACA Appropriations by Fiscal Year (in millions of dollars).

 

 

 

Table C-3. NACA Authorizations

 

Naval Act, 1916 (P.L. 271, 63/3, 3 March 1915)
This act was interpreted as the general authorizing legislation for all NACA activities. Not until the 1950s was the adequacy of this legislation questioned, specifically for authorizing construction.
 
(P.L. 672, 81/2, 8 August 1950)
This act authorized $16,500,000 for general purposes for advancing aeronautical research.
 
(P.L. 403, 82/2, 23 June 1952)
This act authorized construction at Lewis and Langley laboratories totaling $19,700,000.
 
(P.L. 83/2, 27 May 1954)
This act authorized $5,000,000 for construction and equipment.
 
(P.L. 44, 84/1, 23 May 1955)
This act authorized $13,300,000 for construction and equipment.
 
(P.L. 253, 85/1, 2 September 1957)
This act authorized $45,450,000 for construction and equipment.
 
(P.L. 617, 85/2, 8 August 1958)
This act authorized $29,933,000 for construction and equipment.

 

 

[478] Table C-4. Interagency Transfers of Funds.

 

.

To the NACA

From the NACA

.

1921

$73,500 Aviation, Navy

$40,000 Bureau of Standards

1922

$12,000 Air Service, Army

$35,000 Bureau of Standards

-

$79,500 Aviation, Navy

-

1923

$43,800 Aviation, Navy

$27,000 Bureau of Standards.

-

$15,600 Air Service, Army

-

1924

$27,000 Aviation, Navy

$28,000 Bureau of Standards

1925

$11,600 Air Service, Army

$32,000 Bureau of Standards

1926

-

$32,600 Bureau of Standards

1927

-

$34,000 Bureau of Standards

-

-

$2,500 Forest Products Lab

1928

-

$34,900 Bureau of Standards

-

-

$2,500 Forest Products Lab

1929

-

$43,372.15 Bureau of Standards

-

-

$2,500 Forest Products Lab

1930

-

$46,000 Bureau of Standards

1931

-

$51,000Bureau of Standards

1932

-

$49,500 Bureau of Standards

-

-

$360 War Department

1933

-

$42,400 Bureau of Standards

1935

-

$5,600 Dept. of Commerce

1936

-

$36,400 Bureau of Standards

1937

-

$62,600 Bureau of Standards

1938

-

$66,871 Bureau of Standards

1939

-

$68,634 Bureau of Standards

1940

-

$70,000 Bureau of Standards

1941

-

$100,000 Bureau of Standards

1942

-

$100,000 Bureau of Standards

1943

$330,000 Emergency Funds for the President

$142,300 Bureau of Standards

1944

-

$131,634 Bureau of Standards

1945

$111,330 Federal Works Agency

$145,300 Bureau of Standards

1946

$4,500,000 Navy*

$127,000 Bureau of Standards

1947

$110,872 Navy*

$107,584 Bureau of Standards

*I find no Treasury Warrants for these funds.

 

 

[479] Table C-5. NACA Expenditures, by Fiscal Year.

 

1915

$3,938.94

.

1937

$1,461,018.65

1916

4,904.28

1938

2,114,460.69

1917

87,515.70

1939

2,228,773.59

1918

112,000.00

1940

3,158,713.06

1919

204,381.27

1941

8,135,846.98

1920

174,296.75

1942

11,785,906.95

1921

199,959.21

1943

23,947,549.88

1922

193,859.26

1944

29,799,387.14

1923

214,151.53

1945

33,191,515.21

1924

286,698.27

1946

32,050,966.52

1925

382,805.96

1947*

35,190,095.00

1926

561,125.88

1948

37,543,270.00

1927

531,142.58

1949

48,682,884.00

1928

535,548.78

1950

54,484,474.00

1929

624,558.88

1951

61,586,792.00

1930

979,691.73

1952

67,396,908.00

1931

1,556,891.00

1953

78,585,105.00

1932

1,105,692.72

1954

89,515,996.00

1933

920,113.94

1955

73,796,890.00

1934

898,428.23

1956

71,099,314.00

1935

1,168,980.50

1957

76,065,305.00

1936

1,261,337.94

1958

83,378,118.00

Source: 1915-1922, 1929, NACA Annual Report; 1923-1958, The Budget.
* Figures were rounded off to the nearest dollar after 1946.

 

 

[480] Table C-6. NACA Expenditures (after 1940), by Subdivision.

 

.

HQ

Langley

Ames

Lewis

Wallops

HSFS

.

1940

$157,946

$1,641,150

$104,020

-

-

-

1941

196,935

2,091,889

229,307

-

-

-

1942

328,979

4,215,736

828,921

$421,798

-

-

1943

371,353

6,002,447

1,604,651

4,559,693

-

-

1944

416,586

7,667,537

2,535,386

7,972,423

-

-

1945

407,806

10,832,226

3,050,071

10,455,750

-

-

1946

764,200

13,616,625

4,921,660

13,930,715

-

-

1947

623,612

11,826,315

3,962,356

12,354,438

-

-

1948

1,392,862

13,694,187

5,134,140

12,708,420

-

-

1949

788,356

15,327,202

6,126,230

14,315,302

$643,376

$326,922

1950

895,124

16,705,748

6,990,932

16,043,756

466,407

685,072

1951

1,081,842

17,631,974

7,535,318

16,416,186

803,904

919,281

1952

1,200,617

19,692,928

8,277,495

18,381,205

777,545

1,208,163

1953

1,137,088

19,261,787

7,794,571

17,292,736

594,371

1,368,065

1954

1,340,524

19,503,862

7,980,951

17,598,976

756,093

1,437,368

1955

1,338,752

20,117,456

8,498,011

18,207,519

687,925

1,705,182

1956

1,541,237

22,083,125

11,269,561

21,996,415

910,217

1,913,134

1957

1,623,981

27,796,270

13,267,350

25,662,580

1,001,005

2,117,607

1958

1,958,201

32,774,912

20,312,089

30,461,848

2,323,465

2,565,353

Source: 1940-1955, The Budget; 1956-1958, NACA Annual Report.

 

 

[481] Table C-7. U. S. Postwar Expenditures for Aeronautical Research (in millions of dollars).

 

.

Federal Defense

Federal Non-Defense

Industry

Total

.

1945

311

31

23

365

1946

418

38

28

484

1947

349

31

37

417

1948

362

44

48

454

1949

414

55

70

539

1950

441

60

91

592

1951

684

66

164

914

1952

1,102

116

277

1,495

1953

1,535

79

339

1,953

1954

1,686

56

343

2,085

1955

1,600

48

320

1,968

1956

1,658

52

353

2,063

1957

1,802

51

392

2,245

1958

1,909

60

356

2,325

Source: R&D Contributions to Aviation Progress, Vol II, Appendix 9, and p. 6. The authors of this study note that "the accuracy of the annual funding data ... is ... questionable, but the magnitude of the expenditures and the resulting trends are, probably, about as representative of actual conditions as can be expected to be portrayed." (p.4)

 

 

Table C-8. Government Aeronautical R&D Funding, by Type of R&D (in millions of dollars).

 

.

Research & Technology

Development

.

.

.

Fed Def

Non-Def

Total

Def

Non-Def

Total

Total

.

1945

65

11

76

246

20

266

342

1946

86

13

99

332

25

357

456

1947

75

11

86

274

20

294

380

1948

82

15

97

280

29

309

406

1949

98

19

117

316

36

352

469

1950

113

19

132

328

41

369

501

1951

194

23

217

490

43

533

750

1952

316

40

356

786

76

862

1,218

1953

425

27

452

1,110

52

1,162

1,614

1954

453

19

472

1,233

37

1,270

1,742

1955

431

17

448

1,169

31

1,200

1,648

1956

449

19

468

1,209

33

1,242

1,710

1957

488

19

507

1,314

32

1,346

1,853

1958

499

17

516

1,410

43

1,453

1,969

Source: Same as Table C-7, p. 14.

 


* Lewis to J. C. Hunsaker, 3 March 1940.
 


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