SP-4208 LIVING AND WORKING IN SPACE: A HISTORY OF SKYLAB

 

[443-449] INDEX

 

A. B. Chance Co., 269
Abelson, Philip H., 66-68
Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatory (AOSO), 69-71, 74, 167
Agnew, Spiro T., 105, 115
Agriculture, Dept. of, 183
Air Force, U.S., 15-19, 28, 46-48
Airlock, 30, 31 ill., 32-34, 38-39 ill, 51, 123, 200-03 ill., 207 ill., 225 ill., 245, 254 ill.
Allis-Chalmers Manufacturing Co., 110
American Science and Engineering, Inc., 343
Anderson, Clinton P., 18, 41, 43, 47, 100
Apollo Applications program (AAP; (see also Apollo telescope mount; Contract, (NASA); Extended Apollo program; Lake Logan Agreement; Orbital workshop; Remote sensing), 20-21, 26, 38, 40-41, 44, 48-54 ill., 55-56, 114-15, 232
AAP 1A (canceled), 87-88, 96, 182, 184, 198
budget, 36, 40, 42-48, 53, 76-77, 83, 86, 91, 99-104, 105, 126
scientific experiments, 41, 43-45, 54-55, 57, 63, 77-82, 89-91
Apollo missions
Apollo 7, 104, 232
Apollo 3, 83, 105, 109, 142
Apollo 9, 109, 142, 186, 279
Apollo 10, 109
Apollo 11, 84, 109-10, 114, 215
Apollo 12, 68
Apollo 13, 113, 120, 192n
Apollo 14, 158
Apollo 15, 280
Apollo 16, 240
Apollo 17, 116, 216, 231, 238, 243
Apollo program (see also Command and service module; Spacecraft, manned), 1, 4-5, 8-9, 18-19, 40, 64-65, 68, 109, 114-16, 129, 231
Apollo fire, 82-86, 150
costs, 10, 20, 26, 58-59, 66-67
management, 6-7, 48, 118-22
Apollo-Soyuz Test Program, 148
Apollo telescope mount (ATM; see also Contract (NASA); Control moment gyroscope; H-alpha telescope; Solar research), 72 ill., 171 ill., 175 ill., 226 ill., 301 ill., 337 ill.
and AAP, 37-38, 52, 71-74, 108-09, 111
budget, 77, 83, 102-04
experiments, 79, 174-179, 302-03, 308-13, 343-45
hardware, 74-75 ill., 76, 85 ill., 89, 167 ill., 168-74, 179 ill., 180 ill., 181, 290-91
and Skylab, 117, 166, 238-39, 253, 294, 300, 306-07, 312, 317-18, 334
testing, 169-70, 180 ill., 181, 242-43, 338
Arabian, Donald D., 140-41, 267
Army, U.S., 23
Artificial gravity. See Weightlessness.
Astronauts, (see also Appendix E; Ergometer; Habitability; Medical experiments; Media coverage; Skylab missions, and names of individual astronauts), 3, 65, 78, 121n, 123-24, 218-21, 226-30, 275 ill., 279-83, 295-98, 312
Australia, 371-72
 
Badlands, S.D., 358 ill.
Ball Brothers Research Corp., 70, 72
Bastedo, William G., 365, 367
Bean, Alan L., 220, 292 ill., 296-97 ill., 298, 300, 302-05 ill., 308-11
Belew, Leland F.
and AAP, 49-50, 76, 85, 106-08, 111, 169, 174, 214
and Skylab program, 122, 124-27, 194, 206, 209-10
spacecraft habitability, 133, 136, 137, 154, 157
Bellcomm, Inc., 89
Ben Franklin (submarine), 139-40, 146
Berkner, Lloyd V., 67
Berry, Charles A., 151, 156, 160, 283, 296
Bionetics, Inc., 155
Black Hills, S.D., 358 ill.
"BIue Gemini" proposal, 16-17
Bobko, Karol L., 163
Boeing Aircraft Co., 26, 233
Boone, Walter F., 16
Borman, Frank, 131
Brazil Current, 359 ill.
Brookline Psychoenergetics Institute, 368
Buchanan, Donald D., 236
Budget, Bureau of the, 18, 20, 42-43, 47, 52-53
Budget (NASA; see also Apollo Applications program; Apollo program; Apollo telescope mount; Skylab program), 6, 69, 118, 188, 362
and Congress, 8, 9, 15-16, 115, 364, 370
and Vietnam war, 20, 40, 70, 83, 100
Burke, Walter F., 210, 211
 
Cagle, Eugene H., 242
Canada, 363
Canary Island Observatory, 302-03
CapCom. SeeJohnson Space Center.
Carr, Gerald P., 220, 226, 308, 332-33, 334-36, 348, 351 ill., 361
crew work load, 317-19, 321-22, 327-30
motion sickness, 314-16, 323
Centaur (launch vehicle stage), 24n
Cheyenne River, 358 ill.
Chicken Little Associates, 368
Chrysler Corp., 231, 235-36
Clark, Raymond L., 234
Cluster concept. See Orbital workshop.
Coen, Gary E., 298 ill.
Collins, Michael, 131, 136n, 283
Comet research. See Kohoutek (comet) and Appendix F.
Command and service module (CSM), 3, 12, 51, 89, 110, 131, 246 ill., 338 ill.
Conrad, Charles, Jr. ("Pete"), 220, 226 ill., 227 ill., 229-30 ill., 287 ill.-88, 290 ill., 293 ill., 295, 330
medical experiments, 164-65, 281-2, 284-85, ill. -87
workshop repair, 263, 269, 271, 273, 276, 294
Contract (NASA)
AAP, 50, 104, 110, 133-34, 157
ATM, 70, 72, 75
Skylab program, 188, 195, 197-99, 236-37, 362
space station research, 10, 12, 14, 23-24, 26, 33-34
Contractor (NASA; see also Appendix B and names of individual contractors), 3, 9, 12, 44, 110, 124-25, 199, 231-32
Control moment gyroscope (CMG), 170-73, 181, 190, 206, 319-22, 330, 333, 338, 365
Convair Aerospace Div., General Dynamics Corp., 24n
Corona. See Solar research.
Coronagraph. See Solar research.
Cosmos 954 (Soviet satellite), 363
Crippen, Robert L., 163
Crystal growth experiment, 349 ill. 164-65, 281-82, 284-85
 
Daddario, Emilio Q., 100
Data transmission. See Telemetry.
David, Edward E., Jr., 116
Debus, Kurt H., 6, 95, 234, 237, 243
Defense, Dept. of, 15-18, 46-47, 61-62, 109, 365, 367
Delta (launch vehicle), 23n
Disher, John H., 20, 93, 96, 105, 288
Donnelly, John P., 280-81, 282
Donnelly, Paul C., 237
Dorchester County, Md., 360 ill.
Douglas Aircraft Co., 14, 23-26, 33-35, 88
Dry workshop. See Orbital workshop
Dryden, Hugh L., 8, 67, 111
DuBridge, Lee A., 67n
 
Earth resources research. See Remote sensing.
Ellsworth Air Force Base, 358 ill.
Enterprise (Space Shuttle orbiter), 362
Ergometer, 149-50, 151 ill., 152, 159, 163-64, 209 ill., 227 ill., 279, 284, 285 ill.-86, 297 ill., 320
Explorer program, 16n, 58
Extended Apollo program, 12, 14-15, 18, 19, 20-21, 27, 29, 73
Extravehicular activity (EVA), 40, 168, 273, 276, 300-01 ill., 302, 307, 317-18, 350-51
 
Faget, Maxime A., 85, 106, 260, 267
Fairchild Hiller Corp., 152-55, 158
Falkland Current, 359 ill.
Fletcher, James C., 188, 211-12, 280-82, 338, 349 ill.
Flight operations, 50, 86, 88, 177, 179, 193, 215-17, 286-90, 310-13, 316-24, 327-30
Food system, Skylab, 140-43 ill., 144, 259, 292-93 ill., 308-09
Ford, Gerald R., 349 ill.
Frosch, Robert A., 364, 366-67, 369
Fulton, James G., 99-100, 102
Fuqua, Don, 86
Future studies. See Space station.
 
Garriott, Owen K., 143 ill., 220-21, 296-97, 300-01 ill., 302-04, 308-11, 344, 350
Gemini missions
Gemini 4, 4, 40, 350
Gemini 5, 63
Gemini 6, 333
Gemini 7, 63, 131, 283
Gemini 8, 333n
Gemini 9, 253
Gemini 10, 73, 131
Gemini program (see also "Blue Gemini" proposal; Orbital workshop; Skylab spacecraft), 2-3, 11, 24-25, 31, 128, 168, 170
experiment program, 60-63, 78, 141, 183
and military programs, 6, 17-20, 48, 61
General Electric Co., 48, 152, 156, 346
Geological Survey, U.S. (USGS), 183, 346
Gibson, Edward G., 175 ill., 220, 273, 317-18, 326, 335-338, 348
and ATM, 104, 221, 330, 332-34, 344
crew work load, 318-20, 323-24, 327, 329
and motion sickness, 314-16, 340
Gilruth, Robert R., 3, 8, 59, 62, 119
and AAP, 45-46, 50, 72, 85, 91-92, 95-97
and MSFC, 32, 51, 160
and Skylab program, 126, 135, 145-46, 148, 151, 174n, 218, 220
Glennan, T. Keith, 8
Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC), 48, 58, 71, 73-75, 216
Godfrey, Roy E., 234
Goldberg, Leo, 102-03, 177, 343
Gough Island, 321 ill.
Grand Canyon, Ariz., 358 ill.
Gray, Edward Z., 77
Graybiel, Ashton, 296
Greenberg, Daniel S., 68
Gruene, Hans F., 239, 241
Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corp., 4, 33, 72-73, 110, 139, 267
Gulf of Mexico, 359 ill.
Gulf Stream Drift Mission. See Ben Franklin.
Gyroscope. See Apollo telescope mount; Control moment gyroscope; Rate ,gyroscope; Skylab spacecraft.
 
H-alpha (hydrogen-alpha) telescope, 168, 174-75 ill., 180, 302
Habitability, spacecraft, (see also Food system, Skylab; Waste management system, Skylab), 130-31
Orbital workshop, 131-40
Skylab, 139 ill., 292-93, 307-11, 322, 333-34, 347-48, 350
Hamilton Standard Div., United Aircraft Corp., 157
Hanes, Thomas E., 119
Hardy, George B., 306
Harlan, Charles S., 366, 369-72
Harvard College Observatory, 76, 84, 90, 176-77, 343
Hawkins, Willard Royce, 286n
HEAO I (satellite), 368
Henize, Karl G., 289, 304
Hess, Harry H., 67
High Altitude Observatory (Colo.), 76, 84, 302, 343-44
Hindler, Ernest, 302, 303
Holloway Corp., 237
Holmes, D. Brainerd, 60-61
Horizon project, 23
House of Representatives, U.S.:
Select Committee on Space, 7
Subcommittee on Military Operations, 18, 47
Subcommittee on NASA Oversight, 184
Subcommittee on Space Science and Applications, 184
Huffman, Gaylord M., 146
Huntsville Operations Support Center (MSFC), 217-18
Hutchinson, Neil B., 272, 316, 318, 329-30, 335
 
IBM Corp., 231
Irwin, James B., 280
Ise, Rein, 169
 
Jaffe, Leonard, 185
Johnson, Caldwell C., 135, 137-40, 142-46, 261, 268, 284n, 347
Johnson, Howard, 349 ill.
Johnson, Lyndon B., 19, 40, 52-53, 68, 83
Johnson Space Center (JSC; see also Manned Spacecraft Center), 249
CapCom, 82, 322, 332
media coverage, 279, 323, 370
Mission Control, 257, 271, 298 ill., 299, 319, 328-30, 332
Skylab program, 256-57, 267-68, 362, 364-65, 368, 372
Johnston, Richard S., 160-62, 165
Jones, David M., 20
Justice, Dept. of, 365, 367
 
Kansas, Univ. of, 345
Kapryan, Walter J., 234, 239
Karth, Joseph E., 82
Kennedy, John F., 2, 8, 64
Kennedy Space Center (KSC), 5-6, 48, 83, 84, 113, 116, 237-39, 299, 355 ill.
Iaunch pedestal, 233-38, 240, 247
and MSFC, 119, 214-15, 241-43
Skylab checkout, 240-41, 243-48
Kerwin, Joseph P., 78, 143 ill., 219 ill.-20, 287 ill., 288, 290-92, 293 ill., 340
medical experiments, 227 ill., 229, 283 , ill.-84, 286, 289 ill.
workshop repair, 261, 269, 271, 273, 276
Kindley Naval Air Station, Bermuda, 364
Kinzler, Jack A., 263, 266-67
Kleinknecht, Kenneth S., 33, 126-27, 157, 160, 165, 188, 313, 323
Koelle, Heinz H., 8, 15, 23-24, 26-27
Kohler, Robert C., 226
Kohoutek (comet), 312, 324-25 ill., 236, 334, 351-52, Appendix F
Kohoutek, Lubos, 312, 325 ill., 326
Kratt, Christopher C., Jr., 145, 214, 267-68, 298 ill., 300, 329, 365-66
Kranz, Eugene F., 191-92, 215-17, 256
 
Lake Logan Agreement, 50-52, 132
Landsat (satellite), 346
Langley Research Center (LaRC), 2, 9-10, 13, 26, 28, 74, 157, 268
Launch accident. See Skylab missions, Skylab 1.
Launch complexes
LC-34, 232
LC-37, 232
LC-39, 232-39, 355 ill.
Launch pedestal. See Kennedy Space Center.
Launch vehicles. See Centaur, Delta, Saturn, and Titan.
Lockheed Co., 14, 50, 128-29
Loewy, Raymond F. 133-34, 136-37
Loewy/Snaith, Inc., 133-35, 136
London Daily Mail Home Show (1960), 25-26
Lord, Douglas R., 77, 89, 98
Lousma, Jack R., 139 ill., 220, 266 ill., 295-97, 300, 303-04, 308-10
Lovell, James A., Jr., 131
Low, George M., 50-51, 85, 116, 129, 212, 281-82, 298
Lunar exploration, 67, 80
Lunar module (LM), 4, 12, 37, 49, 71-73, 89, 110, 168
Lundin, Bruce T., 277
Lunney, Glynn S., 299
Luskin, Harold T., 102-03
 
McCandless, Bruce, II, 334
MacDonald Gordon J. F., 70
McDonnell Aircraft Co., 3, 24, 30-33
McDonnell Douglas Corp. orbital workshop development, 110, 139, 152, 154, 156, 161, 164
Skylab program, 123, 127, 197, 200, 206, 209-11, 214, 227, 241, 243-45, 277-78
Mclntyre, Stanley D., 155-56
McNamara, Robert S., 16-18
MacQueen, Robert M., 332
Maloney, Jim, 51-52
Manned Orbiting Laboratory (MOL), 17-20
and AAP, 43, 46-48, 53, 80-81, 84, 99, 109, 143
launch vehicle, 26, 46
Manned Space Sciences Division. See Office of Space Sciences.
Manned Spacecraft Center (MSC; see also Flight operations, Johnson Space Center, Lake Logan Agreement), 2-3, 10, 14, 24, 28, 249n
AAP, 44-46, 85-86, 92, 105, 112, 126
ATM, 37, 72-73, 173-74, 181
and MSFC, 4-5, 32-33, 41, 91, 97-98, 119-20, 123, 130, 146-48, 150-52, 159-60, 170, 213-15, 217
science experiments, 62, 77, 78, 89, 149, 152-58, 161-65, 183, 185, 188-89, 192
Skylab program, 113, 117, 202-03, 206, 212, 218, 220-21, 226, 228, 234
workshop development, 35-36, 93-97, 106, 110, 132-46
Manned spaceflight, 1, 2, 7-9, 63-69, 97, 333-34, 343-44, 346-47, 353-54
Manned Space Flight Experiments Board, 61-62, 75, 77, 88, 150, 177, 185, 188
Mariner 2 (interplanetary probe), 16n
Mars (planet), 19, 115
Mars, Charles B., 237
Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC; see also Huntsville Operations Support Center; Johnson Space Center, Manned Spacecraft Center; Reentry, Skylab), 4-5, 19-20, 22-29, 149, 262 ill., 266 ill., 275 ill.
AAP, 77-79, 85-86, 91, 105
ATM, 37, 72-74, 169, 176, 180
and KSC, 119, 241-43
Skylab hardware, 125-27, 188-89, 164-65, 199-200
Skylab launch, 233-35, 236, 237, 244-45
Skylab program, 117, 120, 192, 195-96, 209-12
Skylab repair, 256-57, 259-63, 266-69, 272-74, 300
workshop development, 30-36, 39, 95-98, 106-11, 132-37, 142-47, 151-62, 197-98
Martin Marietta Corp., 200, 362
AAP, 87-88, 133-34, 142-43, 159-60, 176, 214
Skylab program, 119, 177-79, 193-94, 197-99, 206, 227, 245, 247, 249, 256
Mathews, Charles W., 31, 84-85, 88, 92-93, 95, 101, 116, 119, 132-34, 147-48, 185
Media coverage, Skylab (see also Kohoutek, comet)
AAP, 44-45, 53-56, 79, 105
MSC, 2, 4, 49, 51-52
NASA public information policy, 279, 281-82
Skylab missions, 260, 269, 286, 288, 316, 320, 323, 328, 333-34, 338
Skylab reentry, 362, 368, 370-72
Medical experiments (see also Ergometer, Motion sickness, Weightlessness), 141, 150 ill., 283 ill., 289 ill., 292 ill., 293 ill.
AAP 54-55, 78-79, 90-92, 147-48
instruments, 25, 149-65, 292, 320
scientific data analysis, 286-87, 309, 339-42
Skylab missions, 279-82, 283-84, 289, 313, 317, 319, 323, 334
Mercury program, 2, 8, 15, 16n, 24, 48, 59-60, 63-64, 130-31, 140
Meteoroid shield, 25, 28, 35, 88-89, 212, 243-44 ill., 245, 251, 253, 255, 260, 270 ill., 277-78
accident, 251-78
Michel, Edward L., 286
Miller, George P., 41
Moss, Frank E., 276-77
Motion sickness, 295-98, 314-16, 340
Mueller, George E., 6-7, 15, 117, 232
and AAP, 21, 22, 26, 34, 44, 53-56, 84, 92, 95-96, 111-12, 115
and ATM, 37-38, 71-72, 74, 98, 102, 177
Congressional testimony, 41, 46-47, 69, 80, 99-100, 131, 106
and MSC, 46, 49, 50, 93, 112
and MSFC, 20, 26-27, 29, 30-31, 48, 73, 91
and NASA budget, 39, 40, 42-43, 86
and space science, 59, 61, 79, 88-89, 184
workshop development, 33-34, 57, 106-08, 110, 130-31, 133-34, 136-37, 139, 142
Multiple docking adapter (MDA), 38-39, 187 ill., 197, 199, 200-05 ill., 207 ill., 225 ill.
Myers, Dale D., 117-18, 126-29, 147, 188-89, 220, 281-82
 
NASA Headquarters, 1, 105-08, 162, 165, 236-37
and NASA centers, 6-7, 10, 12, 32-33, 48-49, 120-21, 147
and Skylab, 182, 192, 195, 209, 362, 365, 370, 372
National Academy of Sciences, 64, 185
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA; see also Budget, NASA; Contract, NASA; NASA Headquarters), 82, 121, 183, 191-92, 219, 283
and DoD, 15-19, 46-47
and Skylab, 220-21, 235, 276-78, 343, 361-62, 371-72
space policy, 7-9, 11, 19-20, 41-42, 57, 64, 68-69, 80, 83, 233
National Air and Space Museum, 353
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 303, 362-63
National Science Teachers Assn. (NSTA), 195, 196
Naugle, John E., 103, 184
Naval Oceanographic Office, 183
Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), 84, 90, 169
Neutral Buoyancy Facility (MSFC), 170-71 ill, 206, 228 ill., 275 ill.
Newell, Homer R., 47, 58, 60-61, 69-72, 82, 219-20
Newkirk, Cordon A., Jr., 177
Nixon, Richard M., 105, 115, 118
North American Air Defense Command (NORAD), 364, 366-71
North American Aviation, Inc., 3, 10, 12, 13, 26-27, 84-85, 110, 234
North American Rockwell Corp., 234, 267
 
Oberth, Hermann, 7
Office of Advanced Research and Technology (DART, NASA Hq.), 6
Office of Manned Space Flight (OMSF, NASA Hq.), 6, 57, 60-62, 116, 129, 182, 279-281, 367
AAP, 37, 47-48, 51, 92-93, 99
space science, 70-72, 74, 77-78, 81, 90, 95-96, 98, 184-85, 189, 192
Office of Public Affairs (NASA Hq.), 129, 279, 281, 363
Office of Space Science (OSS, NASA Hq.), 57-60
Office of Space Science and Applications (OSSA, NASA Hq.), 6, 36-37, 44, 58, 60-62, 70-72, 74, 77, 90, 103, 177, 184-85, 188-89, 192, 194
Office of Space Transportation Systems (NASA Hq.), 367
Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO, satellite), 69
Orbital workshop (see also Horizon project; Lunar module; S-IVB, Skylab missions, program spacecraft; Space station), 28, 32 ill., 138 ill
cluster concept, 36 ill., 36-39, 54, 92-96, 101 ill.
dry workshop, 28, 84, 93, 96, 98, 105-11, 130, 135-40, 173
spent stage laboratory, 22-27, 28, 30, 47, 130-31
wet workshop, 28, 34, 35-36, 48, 91, 93, 95-98, 106-112, 130, 132-35, 173, 255n
Orion (barge), 243
Orrall, Frank Q., 221, 226
 
Packer, Donald M, 304
Paine, Thomas O., 83, 104, 108-09, 115-16, 128, 235, 279
Parker, Robert A. 288-90, 324, 327-28
Payload. See names of individual programs or spacecraft.
Pegasus I (satellite), 35, 366
Petrone, Rocco A., 256, 300
Phillips, Samuel C., 119
Piccard, Jacques, 139-40
Plankton bloom, 359 ill.
Pogue, William R., 220, 308, 314-18, 320, 323-25, 327, 329-30, 331 ill., 333-38
Point Barrow (Navy landing ship, dock), 211, 243
President's Science Advisory Committee, 47, 63-64, 79-82, 99
Press coverage. See Media coverage.
Proxmire, William, 102
Puddy, Donald R., 253, 319, 321
Purdue University, 346
 
Radiation research, 168, 174, 186, 196
Rambaut, Paul C., 142, 154-55
Rapid City, S.D., 358 ill.
Rate gyroscope. See Skylab spacecraft, attitude control system.
Reentry, Skylab, 127-29, 212, 361-72. .See also Space junk.
Rees, Eberhard F. M., 51, 126, 145-48, 211
Reves, Edmond M., 176, 343
Remote sensing, 182, 184-86 ill., 189 ill., 190, 192, 321 ill., 358-60 ill.
instruments, 182-83, 185-87 ill., 188-89, 191, 193-94, 206, 245, 247
scientific value, 339, 345-47
Skylab missions, 289, 291-92, 303-04, 313, 319, 320, 334
Rescue mission, 298-99
Ross, Charles, 286
Rumsfeld, Donald H., 99, 102
Ryan, William F., 99
 
S-IVB (Saturn launch vehicle stage; see also Orbital workshop), 23-31, 34-35, 38 ill., 40, 84, 207, 212, 259
Sanders, Fred J., 210
Salyut 6 (Soviet spacecraft), 372
Sargent, Howard, 362-63
Sasseen, George T. (Ted), 241
Satellite Control Facility, 46
Saturn (launch vehicle), 4-5, 80, 102
Saturn I, 4, 5, 16n, 40
Saturn IB, 5, 10, 26, 40, 80, 84, 105
budget cuts, 47, 99-100
Skylab CSM launch, 231-34, 236, 239-40, 243, 246 ill., 247-49 ill., 313 ill.
Saturn V, 5, 7, 26, 80
payload capacity, 76, 105, 107-08, 110
Skylab launch, 232-33, 236, 239-40, 243, 247-48 ill., 249 ill., 253, 255
workshop launch proposals, 10, 28, 84, 99, 101, 108, 114
Schirra, Walter M., 16n
Schmitt, Harrison H., 219-20
Schneider, William C., 118-21, 123-26, 194-95, 212, 230, 235, 247
budget, 126-27, 176-77, 188-89
Skylab missions, 263, 268, 281, 300, 323, 330, 333, 338-39
workshop development, 106-110, 136-37, 139, 142, 144, 147, 154-55, 157, 162
Schriever, Bernard, 46
Schweickart, Russell L., 261, 263, 266, 272-73, 275 ill.
Schwinghamer, Robert J., 151-52, 160-61, 267
Seamans, Robert C., Jr., 6, 16, 20, 29, 37, 43, 46-47, 53, 60, 71-74, 76-77, 87, 92, 95
Shea, Joseph F., 11-12
Shepard, Alan B., Jr., 316
Shows,James G., 210
Siepert, Albert F., 51
Simmons, Henry, 44
Simmons, William K., Jr., 209, 211
Sjoberg, Sigurd A, 298 ill.
Skylab Contingency Working Group, 365-66, 368
Skylab Coordination Center, 370
Skylab Medical Experiments Altitude Test (SMEAT), 162-65
Skylab missions (see also Appendix A)
Skylab 1 (Workshop Launch), 253, 255-69
accident, 251-56
repair, 256-71
investigation, 276-78
Skylab 2 (first manned mission), 269, 271-73, 276, 279-94
Skylab 3 (second manned mission), 295-96 ill.-05 ill., 306-11
Skylab 4 (third manned mission), 312-31 ill., 332-38
Skylab program (see also Apollo Applications program; Contract, NASA; Flight operations, Skylab; Reentry, Skylab; Skylab missions and spacecraft), 1, 9, 114-16, 129, 198 ill., 215, 231, 238, 251
budget, 116, 126-27, 188-89
documentation, 118-19, 121, 199
experiments. See Habitability, Medical experiments, Remote sensing, Solar research, Space science, Appendix D.
reviews, 121-25, 181, 197, 206
schedules, 125-27, 161-62, 180-81, 210-11, 238, 247, 256
Skylab II (proposal), 116-18
Skylab Program Office, 1, 121, 231, 234, 237
Skylab Results Symposium, 345-46
Skylab spacecraft (see also Airlock; ATM; Food system; Habitability; Meteoroid shield; Multiple docking adapter; Neutral Buoyancy Facility; Orbital workshop; Reentry; Waste management), 130, 208-09 ill., 248 ill.-49 ill.-50 ill., 251-52, 295, 298-99, 317, 331 ill., 335-37 ill., 338, 353
attitude control system, 256, 257-58, 306-07, 319-20, 320-22, 330, 333, 365
launch checkout 238-43, 245-48
orbital inclination, 123, 189 ill., 190-91, 361
simulators, 169, 206-07, 219 ill., 222-25 ill., 227-29 ill., -30, 292, 300, 312
solar arrays, 245, 253, 255, 257-58, 268-70 ill., 272-75 ill., -76 ill., -77 ill., 288
sunshade, 259-62 ill., 263-66 ill., 267-68, 271-72, 277 ill., 300-01 ill., 302, 337 ill.
Skylab student experiment program, 194-96, 351
Slayton, Donald K. (Deke), 218-21, 230, 263, 329
Small Business Administration, 236-37
Smart, Jacob E., 184
Smith, Margaret Chase, 100
Snaith, William T., 133
Solar research (see also Advanced Orbiting Solar Observatory, Apollo telescope mount, H-alpha telescope), 166, 289, 356-57 ill.
instruments, 166-68, 302-03, 320
scientific value, 339, 342-45
solar flare, 175 ill., 290-91, 302-03, 331-33, 345 ill., 355 ill
South Atlantic magnetic anomaly, 291, 335
Space Act of 1958 (National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958), 15
Space junk, 127-29, 361, 369-70
Space law, 128
Space program, U.S., 1, 5, 7-8, 15-16, 183-84, 362
Kennedy administration, 2, 8-9, 63-65
Johnson administration, 41, 79-82
Nixon administration, 105, 115
Space race, 7, 16, 40, 42, 64, 362, 372
Space science (see also Gemini, experiments; Lunar exploration; Medical experiments; Remote sensing; Solar research), 7, 57-69, 79-82, 354, Appendix D.
Space Science and Applications Steering Committee, 60-61, 90, 177, 185
Space Science Board (National Academy of Sciences), 64, 65-66, 68-69
Space scientists
NASA relations, 90, 102, 118, 121, 174-79, 191-92, 194-96, 218-21, 227, 241, 251, 288-91, 303, 332
research priorities, 64-69, 79-82, 150-51, 153-54, 160, 185
Skylab results, 339-40, 342-43, 353
Space Shuttle program, 106, 114, 118, 182, 212, 353, 361, 362, 366
Space station, 1, 7, 9-15, 17-19, 21, 80, 105, 106, 114, 130-31
Space Task Group (Langley Research Center), 2-3, 8, 12
Space Task Group (President Nixon's), 115
Spacecraft, manned (see also Astronauts; Orbital workshop; Skylab spacecraft), 2-4, 12-14, 130-31, 253
Spacewalk See Extravehicular activity.
Spent stage laboratory. See Orbital workshop.
Sputnik (Soviet satellite), 7
State, Department of, 128, 363, 365, 367
Steelman, Donald L., 115
Super Guppy (cargo aircraft), 207
 
Teague, Olin E., 18, 49, 102
Telemetry, 216-17, 318
Teleprinter, 292, 294 ill., 309, 324, 332-34
Telescope See Apollo telescope mount; H-alpha telescope.
Television See Media coverage.
Thompson, Floyd L., 97-98, 103-04, 184-85
Thompson, Robert F., 85, 91-92, 94-95, 154, 174
Thor missile system, 23
Thornton, Stanley W., Jr., 371
Thornton, William E., 163, 320
Timmons, Kenneth P., 194
Tindall, Howard W., Jr., 298 ill.
Titan (launch vehicle), 17, 26, 46-47, 80
Toerge, Fred, 133, 138
Tousey, Richard L., 90, 178, 221, 226, 344-45
Tracking station, 190, 216, 253, 255, 365
Truly, Richard H, 210-11, 327-29
Tsiolkowskiy, Konstantin E., 7
 
Vandenberg Air Force Base, 46
Vehicle Assembly Building, 5-6, 231-32, 239, 247-48, 355 ill.
Von Bockel, John J., 221, 227, 230
von Braun, Wernher, 7, 9n, 10, 15, 23-24, 26-27, 51, 145n
launch vehicles, 4, 76
and MSFC, 5, 20, 22, 91, 119
workshop development, 29, 32-36, 77, 85, 88, 95-96, 106, 108, 120, 151, 174n
Voskhod (Soviet spacecraft), 40, 295
Vostok (Soviet spacecraft), 16, 295
 
Waste management system, spacecraft, 152-53 ill., 154-58, 163, 164-65
Webb,James E., 16, 90-91, 95-96, 99
Apollo program, 49, 83-85, 109n, 111
NASA budget, 15, 43, 52-53, 66, 86-87, 100, 102-04
post-Apollo planning, 19-20, 68, 97, 105
Weightlessness, 7, 29, 136n, 307-08, 322, 348
artificial gravity, 10, 97, 116-17
medical effects of, 11, 25, 63, 149-50, 162, 317, 339-40
underwater simulation, 170-71 ill., 206, 228 ill., 275 ill.
Weitz, Paul J., 139, 220, 227 ill., 229, 269, 271, 283 ill.-84, 290 ill., 291-93 ill., 308
Western Test Range, 46
Wet workshop. See Orbital workshop.
White, Edward H., II, 40, 350
Wiesner, Jerome B., 64
Williams, Frank L., 23, 27, 29-32, 34
Williams, Grady F., 233-35
Wilmarth, Verl Richard, 304
Wyoming, University of, 345
 
Yardley, John F., 367
Yarymovych, Michael I., 15
 
Zero gravity. See Weightlessness.


previousindexnext