LUNAR IMPACT: A History of Project Ranger

Appendix I

A BIBLIOGRAPHY OF SCIENTIFIC FINDINGS


RANGER EXPERIMENTERS

Heacock, R. L., "Ranger-Its Missions and Its Results." TRW Space Log, Vol. 5, Summer 1965, pp. 2-23.

Heacock, R. L., Kuiper, G. P., Shoemaker, E. M., Urey, H. C., and Whitaker, E. A., Ranger VII, Part II, Experimenters' Analyses and Interpretations. Technical Report No. 32-700, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, February 10, 1965.

Heacock, R. L., Kuiper, G. P., Shoemaker, E. M., Urey, H. C., and Whitaker, E. A., Ranger VIII and IX, Part II, Experimenters' Analyses and Interpretations. Technical Report No. 32-800, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, March 15, 1966.

Kuiper, G. P., Interpretation of the Ranger Records. Technical Memorandum No. 33-266, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, June 15, 1966. Proceedings of the Caltech-JPL Lunar and Planetary Conference, September 13-18, 1965.

Kuiper, G. P., Interpretation of Ranger VII Records. Technical Report No. 32-700, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, February 10, 1965, pp. 9-73. Communications of the Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, Vol. 4, pp. 58-59.

Kuiper, G. P., "Presentation of Ranger Moon Images." Transactions of the International Astronomical Union; Vol. X11B, Proceedings of the Twetfth General Assembly, Hamburg, 1964,, London and New York: Academic Press, 1966, p. 658.

Kuiper, G. P., and Whitaker, E. A., "The Surface of the Moon." Transactions of the International Astronomical Union; Vol. X11B, Proceedings of the Twelfth General Assembly, Hamburg, 1964, London and New York: Academic Press, 1966, pp. 658-662.

Kuiper, G. P., "Lunar Results from Rangers 7 to 9." Sky and Telescope, Vol. 29, May 1965, pp. 293-308.

Kuiper, G. P., "Advances in Earth Science." Moon and the Planet Mars, Hurley, P. M. Ed., Cambridge, Massachusetts: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1966, pp. 21-70.

Kuiper, G. P., "The Lunar Surface and the U.S. Ranger Program." Moon and Planets: A Session of the Seventh International Space Science Symposium Vienna, 10-18 May, 1966, Amsterdam: North- Holland Publishing Company, 1967, pp. 23-44,

Kuiper, G. P., "A Lunar Evening with Dr. Kuiper." Manned Spacecraft Center Technical Symposium, Houston, Texas, April 26, 1965.

Kuiper, G. P., "The Surface Structure of the Moon." The Nature of the Lunar Surface: Proceedings of the 1965 IAU-NASA Symposium, Hess, W. N., Menzel, D. H., and O'Keefe, J. A., Eds,, Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1966, pp. 99-105.

Kuiper, G. P., "Volcanic Sublimates on Earth and Moon." COMM. LPL, No. 49, 1965,pp.33-60.

Kuiper, G. P., "The Surface of the Moon." New Scientist, Vol. 30, No. 499, London, June 1966, pp. 633-634.

Kuiper, G. P., "The Lunar Surface and the U.S. Ranger Programme." Proceedings of the Royal Society, A, Vol. 296, 1967, pp. 399-417.

Kuiper, G. P., "Analysis of Ranger Photographs." American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting, Washington, D.C., April 21, 1966.

Kuiper, G. P., "Results from Ranger Series." Symposium on the Lunar Surface, Tucson, Arizona, January 27-28, 1967.

Kuiper, G. P., "Ranger Results and Panel Discussion on Moon." NASA - University Program Review Conference, Kansas City, Missouri, March 2, 1965.

Kuiper, G. P., "Ranger VII Results." Ranger Symposium at University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, December 29, 1964

Kuiper, G. P., "Results of Ranger VII, VIII, and IX, Surveyor I, and Orbiter Data; Comparison of Moon and Mars." American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Denver, Colorado, November 18, 1966.

Shoemaker, E. M., "The Moon Close-Up." National Geographic, Vol. 126, No. 5, 1964,pp.690-707.

Shoemaker, E. M., "The Geology of the Moon." Scientific American, Vol. 211, No. 6, 1964, pp. 38-47.

Shoemaker, E. M., "Interpretation of the Small Craters of the Moon's Surface Revealed by Ranger 7." Transactions of the International Astronomical Union,- Vol. XIIB, Proceedings of the Twelf1h General Assembly, Hamburg, 1964, London and New York: Academic Press, 1966, pp. 662-672.

Shoemaker, E. M., "Preliminary Analysis of the Fine Structure of the Lunar Surface in Mare Cognitum." The Nature of the Lunar Surface: Proceedings of the 1965 IAU-NASA Symposium, Hess, W. N., Menzel, D. H., and O'Keefe, J. A., Eds., Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1966, pp. 23-77.

Shoemaker, E. M., Progress in the Analysis of the Fine Structure and Geology of the Lunar Surface from the Ranger VIII and IX Photographs. Technical Memorandum No. 33-266, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, June 15, 1966. Proceedings of the Caltech-JPL Lunar and Planetary Conference, September 13-18, 1965.

Urey, H. C., "Observations on the Ranger Photographs." The Nature of the Lunar Surface: Proceedings of the 1965 IAU-NASA Symposium, Hess, W. N., Menzel, D. H., and OKeefe, J. A., Eds., Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1966, pp. 3-21.

Urey, H. C., Observations on the Ranger VIII and IX Pictures. Technical Memorandum No. 32-266, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, June 15, 1966. Proceedings of the Caltech-JPL Lunar and Planetary Conference, September 13-18, 1965.

Urey, H. C., "Study of the Ranger Pictures of the Moon." Proceedings of the Royal Society, A, Vol. 296, 1967, pp. 418-431.

Urey, H. C., "Meteorites and the Moon." Science, Vol. 147, No. 3663, March 12, 1965,pp.1262-1265.

Urey, H. C., "Dust on the Moon." Science, Vol. 153, No. 3742, September 16, 1966, pp. 1419-1420.

Whitaker, E. A., "Ranger Exploration of the Moon." Bioastronautics and the Exploration of Space, December 1965, pp. 39-58.

Whitaker, E. A., "The Surface of the Moon." The Nature of the Lunar Surface: Proceedings of the 1965 IAU-NASA Symposium, Hess, W. N., Menzel, D. H., and O'Keefe, J. A., Eds., Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1966, pp. 79-98.

Whitaker, E. A., "Ranger Program and the Lunar Surface." Gordon Conference, Tilton, New Hampshire, June 28-July 2, 1965.

Whitaker, E. A., "Color Contrast on the Moon." American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Symposium (Dr. Tiffany read paper), New York, January 1966.

Whitaker, E. A., "Mare Structure." Symposium on the Lunar Surface, Tucson, Arizona,. January 27-28, 1967.

MISSION REPORTS AND PHOTOGRAPHIC ATLASES

Ranger VII Photographs of the Moon, Part I, Camera "A" Series. Lithograph Edition, NASA SP-61, Washington: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Division, September 1964.

Ranger VII Photographs of the Moon, Part II, Camera "B" Series. Lithograph Edition, NASA SP-62, Washington: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Division, February 1965.

Ranger VII Photographs of the Moon, Part III, Camera "P" Series. Lithograph Edition, NASA SP-63, Washington: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Division, August 1965.

Ranger VIII Photographs of the Moon, Cameras "A," "B," and "P." Lithograph Edition, NASA SP-111, Washington: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Division, 1966.

Ranger IX Photographs of the Moon, Cameras "A," "B," and "P." Lithograph Edition, NASA SP-112, Washington: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Scientific and Technical Information Division, 1966.

Ranger VI Mission Description and Performance. Technical Report No. 32-699, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, December 15, 1966.

Ranger VII, Part 1, Mission Description and Performance. Technical Report No. 32-700, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, December 15, 1964.

Ranger VIII and IX, Part 1, Mission Description and Performance. Technical Report No. 32-800, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, January 31, 1966.

OTHERS

Alter, Dinsmore, Lunar Atlas Supplement. North American Aviation (545Z-1), 1966.

Alter, Dinsmore, Pictorial Guide to the Moon. (Updated and Expanded Edition) New York: T. Y. Crowell Company, 1967.

Baldwin, R. B., "The Crater Diameter-Depth Relationship from Ranger VII Photographs." Astronomical Journal, Vol. 70, October 1965, pp. 545-547.

Barricelli, N. A., and Metcalfe, R., "Measurements of the Depth of Loose and Loosely Bonded Material on the Lunar Surface Based on Ranger VII, VIII, and IX Photographs." Planetary Space Sciences, Vol. 15, Northern Ireland: Pergamon Press Ltd., 1967, pp. 49-51.

Berg, Charles A., "Lunar Erosion and Brownian Motion." Nature, Vol. 204, October 31, 1964, p. 461.

Billingsley, F. C., "Processing the Ranger and Mariner Photographs and Other Digital Video Data." SPIE 10th Technical Symposium, San Francisco, August 1965: Published in SPIE Journal, Vol. 4, April-May, 1966, pp. 147-155.

Bouska, B., "Crater Diameter-Depth Relationship from Ranger Lunar Photographs." Nature, Vol. 213, January 14, 1967, p. 166.

Brinkmann, R. T., "Lunar Crater Distribution from the Ranger 7 Photographs." Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 71, January 1, 1966, pp. 340-342.

Choate, R., " Lunar Slope Angles and Surface Roughness from Ranger Photographs. " Fourth Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, University of Michigan, 1966.

Conel, J. E., "What the Rangers Revealed About Lunar Geology." Astronautics and Aeronautics, January 1969, pp. 64-69.

Cross, C. A., "The Size Distribution of Lunar Craters." Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 134, No. 3, 1966, pp. 245-252.

DeWeiss, F. A., "Structure of the Lunar Lithosphere." New York Academy of Sciences, Conference on Planetology and Space Mission Planning New York, November 3 and 4, 1965, paper. New York Academy of Sciences. Annals. Vol. 140 December 16, 1966, pp. 114-128.

Fielder, G., " Crater Alignments on the Moon." Submitted to Planetary and Space Sciences for publication.

Fielder, G., and Marcus, A., "Further Tests for Randomness of Lunar Craters," Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 136, 1967, pp. 1-10.

Fielder, G., " Vulcanism and Faulting on the Moon." Mantles of the Earth and Planets, Chapter 5, Runcorn, S. K., Ed., London: J. Wiley, 1967.

Firsoff, V. A., "A Preliminary Selenological Analysis of the Ranger Photographs." British Astronomical Association, Journal, Vol. 77, February 1967, pp. 106-111.

Gault, E. E., Quaide, W. L, and Oberbeck, V. R., "Interpreting Ranger Photographs from Impact Cratering Studies." The Nature of the Lunar Surface: Proceedings of the 1965 (IAU-NASA) Symposium, Hess, W. N., Menzel, D. H., and O'Keefe, J. A., Eds., Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1966, pp. 125-140.

Gold, T., "Ranger Moon Pictures-Implications." Science, Vol. 145, September 4,1964, pp. 1046-1048.

Green, J., "Interpretation of Ranger VII Photographs." New York Academy of Sciences, Conference on Geological Problems in Lunar Research, New York, May 16-19, 1964, paper. New York Academy of Sciences, Annals, Vol. 123, July 15, 1965, pp. 999-1002.

Green, J., " The Lunar Prospect. "Apollo-A Program Review. Society of Automotive Engineers, National Aeronautic and Space Engineering and Manufacturing Meeting, Los Angeles, October 5-9, 1964; Proceedings, SP-257. New York: Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc., 1964, pp. 113-124.

Jaffe, L. D., "Lunar Surface Strength." Icarus, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 75-91, January, 1967.

Jaffe, L. D., "Strength of the Lunar Dust." Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 70, 1965a, pp. 6139-6146.

Jaffe, L. D., "Depth of the Lunar Dust." Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 70, 1965b, pp. 6129-6139.

Jaffe, L. D., "Lunar Dust Depth in Mare Cogniturn." Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 70, 1966a, pp. 1095-1103.

Jaffe, L. D., "Lunar Overlay Depth in Mare Tranquillitatis and Alphonsus." Icarus Vol. 5, 1966b, pp. 545-550.

Kirhofer, W. E., and Willingham, D. E., Ranger IX Photographic Parameters. Technical Report No. 32-966, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, September 15, 1966.

Kirhofer, W. E., and Willingham, D. E., Ranger V11I Photographic Parameters. Technical Report No. 32-965, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, November 1, 1966.

Kirhofer, W. E., and Willingham, D. E., Ranger P11I Photographic Parameters. Technical Report No. 32-964, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, November 1, 1966.

Kopal, Zdenek, "The Nature of Secondary Craters Photographed by Ranger VII. Icarus, Vol. 5, March, 1966, pp. 201-213.

MacCauley, John F. "Geologic Results from the Lunar Precursor Probes. Anaheim 4th Annual Meeting of the AIAA, October 23-27, AIAA Paper No. 67-862.

Larink, Johannes, "New Data on the Structure of the Lunar Surface." Symposium Uber die Erforschung des Mondes und des interplanetdren Raumes, Munich, West Germany, April 22, 1966, paper, p. 3. In German.

Mesner, M. H., and Gravel, A. J., "The TV-Camera System for Ranger," IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting, Vol. BC-11, July, 1965, pp. 1-5.

Miller, B. P., "Distribution of Small Lunar Craters Based on Ranger VII Photographs." Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 70, May 1, 1965, pp. 2265-2266.

Miller, B. P., " Ranger TV Subsystem." Electro Optics, Camden, New Jersey: Radio Corporation of America, 1964, pp. 42-45.

Miyamoto, S., "Maria Surface of the Moon." International Lunar Society Journal, Vol. 2, December 1964, pp. 132-136.

Newell, H. E., Ranger VII Preliminary Results Conference, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. Scientific and Technical Information Division, July 31, 1964, p. 26.

Nicks,O. W., " The Ranger Lunar Missions." COSPAR, International Space Science Symposium, 6th, Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 13-19, 1965, paper, P. 54.

O'Keefe, J. A., "Interpretation of Ranger Photographs." Science, Vol. 146, October 23, 1964, pp. 514-515.

Parker, P. J., "The Ranger Programme." Spaceflight, Vol. II, No. 1, January 1969, pp.24-26.

Pickering, W. H., "Ranger-On the Upward Trail." Astronautics and Aeronautics, Vol. 3, January 196 5, pp. 18-21.

Porter, R. W., "Space Research in the United States-1964." COSPAR, Planetary Meeting, 8th, Buenos Aires, Argentina, May 10-12, 19-21, 1965, paper, p.12.

Quaide, W. L., and Gault, D., "Interpretation of Ranger 7 Photographs in the Light of Impact Experiments." Transaction of American Geophysical Union, Vol. 45, 1964, p. 628.

Rackham, T. W., "A Comparison of Lunar Photography from Space Probes and Ground-Based Observatories." Icarus, Vol. 6, 1967, pp. 440-444.

Rackham, T. W., "A Note on Lunar Ray Systems." Icarus, Vol. 4, December 1965,pp. 544-546.

Rifhat, A., "Isodensitometric Measurements of Lunar Slopes from the Ranger Photographs." Measure of the Moon: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Selenodesy and Lunar Topography held in the University of Manchester, England, May 30-June 4, 1966, Kopal, Z., and Goudas, C. L., Eds., New York: Gordon and Breach, Science Publishers, Inc., 1967, pp. 455-462.

Rindfleisch, T. C., Lunar Topography from Photometry Considerations. Technical Report No. 32-786, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, September 15, 1965.

Rindfleisch, T. C., "Getting More Out of Ranger Pictures By Computer." Astronautics and Aeronautics, January 1969, pp. 70-74.

Schurmeier, H. M., "Lunar Exploration." Lunar Missions and Exploration, Leondes, C. T., and Vance, R. W., Eds., New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1964, pp. 498-531.

Schurmeier, H. M., Heacock, R. L., Miller, B. P., "The Ranger VII Mission." Transactions of the International Astronomical Union; Vol. XIIB, Proceedings of the Twelfth General Assembly, Hamburg, 1964, London and New York: Academic Press, 1966, pp. 656-657.

Schurmeier, H. M., Heacock, R. L., Wolf, A. E., "The Ranger Missions to the Moon." Scientific American, January 1966.

Sjogren, W. L., "Estimate of Four Topocentric Lunar Radii." Measure of the Moon: Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Selenodesy and Lunar Topography held in the University of Manchester, England, May 30 June 4, 1966, Kopal, Z., and Goudas, C. L., Eds., New York: Gordon and Breach, Science Publishers, Inc., 1967, pp. 341-343.

Sjogren, W. L., Trask, D. W., Vegos, C. J., and Wollenhaupt, W. R., "Physical Constants as Determined from Radio Tracking of the Ranger Lunar 9 Probes." American Astronautical Society, Space Flight Mechanics Specialist Conference, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado, July 6-8, 1966, Paper 66-105.

Smith, G. M., Willingham, D. E., Kirhofer, W. E., "Ranger VII Camera Calibration and Performance." Transactions of the International Astronomical Union; Vol. XIIB, Proceedings of the Twelfth General Assembly, Hamburg, 1964, London and New York: Academic Press, 1966, p. 657.

Smith, G. M., Vrebalovich, T., and Willingham, D. E., "Eyes on the Moon." Astronautics and, Aeronautics, March 1966.

Trask, D. W., "Distribution of Lunar Craters According to Morphology from Ranger VIII and IX Photographs." Icarus, Vol. 6, No. 2, March 1967, pp. 270-276. Communicated by E. M. Shoemaker.

Walker, E. H., "Comments on the Photographs Obtained by Ranger 7," Astronautyka, Vol. 8, No. 1, 1965, p. 306.

Willingham, D. E., The Lunar Reflectivity Model for Ranger Block III Analysis. Technical Report No. 32-664, Pasadena, California: Jet Propulsion Laboratory, November 2, 1964.


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