NAME: Shannon W. Lucid (Ph.D.) NASA Astronaut
PERSONAL DATA: Born January 14, 1943, in Shanghai, China, but
considers Bethany, Oklahoma, to be her hometown. Married to Michael
F. Lucid of Indianapolis, Indiana. They have two daughters and one son.
She enjoys flying, camping, hiking, and reading. Her parents, Mr. and
Mrs. Joseph O. Wells, are deceased.
EDUCATION: Graduated from Bethany High School, Bethany, Oklahoma,
in 1960; received a bachelor of science degree in chemistry from the
University of Oklahoma in 1963, and master of science and doctor of
philosophy degrees in biochemistry from the University of Oklahoma in
1970 and 1973, respectively.
SPECIAL HONORS: The recipient of numerous awards, Dr. Lucid
most recently was awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor by
the President of the United States. She is the first and only woman
to have earned this prestigious award. Dr. Lucid was also awarded the
Order of Friendship Medal by Russian President Boris Yeltsin. This is
one of the highest Russian civilian awards and the highest award that
can be presented to a non-citizen.
EXPERIENCE: Dr. Lucid’s experience includes a variety of academic
assignments, such as teaching assistant at the University of Oklahoma’s
Department of Chemistry from 1963 to 1964; senior laboratory technician
at the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation from 1964 to 1966; chemist
at Kerr-McGee, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 1966 to 1968; graduate assistant
at the University of Oklahoma Health Science Center’s Department of
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology from 1969 to 1973; and research associate
with the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma,
from 1974 until her selection to the astronaut candidate training program.
Dr. Lucid is a commercial, instrument, and multi-engine rated pilot.
NASA EXPERIENCE: Selected by NASA in January 1978, Dr. Lucid
became an astronaut in August 1979. She is qualified for assignment
as a mission specialist on Space Shuttle flight crews. Some of her technical
assignments have included: the Shuttle Avionics Integration Laboratory
(SAIL); the Flight Software Laboratory, in Downey, California, working
with the rendezvous and proximity operations group; Astronaut Office
interface at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, participating in payload
testing, Shuttle testing, and launch countdowns; spacecraft communicator
(CAPCOM) in the JSC Mission Control Center during numerous Space Shuttle
missions; Chief of Mission Support; Chief of Astronaut Appearances.
A veteran of five space flights, Dr. Lucid has logged 5,354 hours (223
days) in space. She served as a mission specialist on STS-51G (June
17-24, 1985), STS-34 (October 18-23, 1989), STS-43 (August 2-11, 1991),
STS-58 (October 18 to November 1, 1993), and most recently served as
a Board Engineer 2 on Russia’s Space Station Mir (launching March 22,
1996 aboard STS-76 and returning September 26, 1996 aboard STS-79).
Dr. Lucid holds an international record for the most flight hours in
orbit by any non-Russian, and holds the record for the most flight hours
in orbit by any woman in the world.
STS-51G Discovery (June 17-24, 1985) was a 7-day mission during which
crew deployed communications satellites for Mexico (Morelos), the Arab
League (Arabsat), and the United States (AT&T Telstar). They used the
Remote Manipulator System (RMS) to deploy and later retrieve the SPARTAN
satellite which performed 17 hours of x-ray astronomy experiments while
separated from the Space Shuttle. In addition, the crew activated the
Automated Directional Solidification Furnace (ADSF), six Getaway Specials,
and participated in biomedical experiments. The mission was accomplished
in 112 orbits of the Earth, traveling 2.5 million miles in 169 hours
and 39 minutes. Landing was at Edwards Air Force Base (EAFB), California.
STS-34 Atlantis (October 18-23, 1989) was a 5-day mission during which
the deployed the Galileo spacecraft on its journey to explore Jupiter,
operated the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet Instrument (SSBUV)
to map atmospheric ozone, and performed numerous secondary experiments
involving radiation measurements, polymer morphology, lightning research,
microgravity effects on plants, and a student experiment on ice crystal
growth in space. The mission was accomplished in 79 orbits of the Earth,
traveling 1.8 million miles in 119 hours and 41 minutes. Landing was
at Edwards Air Force Base, California.
STS-43 Atlantis (August 2-11, 1991) was a nine-day mission during which
the crew deployed the fifth Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS-E).
The crew also conducted 32 physical, material, and life science experiments,
mostly relating to the Extended Duration Orbiter and Space Station Freedom.
The mission was accomplished in 142 orbits of the Earth, traveling 3.7
million miles in 213 hours, 21 minutes, 25 seconds. STS-43 Atlantis
was the eighth Space Shuttle to land at KSC).
STS-58 Columbia (October 18 to November 1, 1993). This record duration
fourteen-day mission was recognized by NASA management as the most successful
and efficient Spacelab flight flown by NASA. The STS-58 crew performed
neurovestibular, cardiovascular, cardiopulmonary, metabolic, and musculoskeletal
medical experiments on themselves and 48 rats, expanding our knowledge
of human and animal physiology both on Earth and in space flight. In
addition, they performed 16 engineering tests aboard the Orbiter Columbia
and 20 Extended Duration Orbiter Medical Project experiments. The mission
was accomplished in 225 orbits of the Earth, traveling 5.8 million miles
in 336 hours, 13 minutes, 01 seconds. Landing was at Edwards Air Force
In completing this flight Dr. Lucid logged 838 hours, 54 minutes in
space making her America’s female space traveler with the most hours
in space. Dr. Lucid currently holds the United States single mission
space flight endurance record on the Russian Space Station Mir.
Following a year of training in Star City, Russia, her journey started
with liftoff at Kennedy Space Center, Florida, on March 22, 1996 aboard
STS-76 Atlantis. Following docking, she transferred to the Mir Space
Station. Assigned as a Board Engineer 2, she performed numerous life
science and physical science experiments during the course of her stay
aboard Mir. Her return journey to KSC was made aboard STS-79 Atlantis
on September 26, 1996. In completing this mission Dr. Lucid traveled
75.2 million miles in 188 days, 04 hours, 00 minutes, 14 seconds.