The National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) founded.
Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, the NACA's first research establishment, founded at Langley Field, near Hampton, Virginia.
Oct. Special Committee on the Relation of the NACA to National Defense in Time of War recommended a second laboratory be built.
Dec. Successor committee on future research needs in the NACA repeated the recommendation for a second laboratory.
Aug. President signed bill providing for second laboratory.
Sept. Moffett Field site at Sunnyvale, California, approved for second laboratory.
Dec. Ground was broken for the new laboratory and first construction began.
Apr. The new laboratory named after Dr. Joseph Ames, the former chairman of the NACA.
June. Smith J. De France named engineer-in-charge at Ames, though remaining at Langley planning facilities for both Ames and the new engine-research laboratory to be built near Cleveland. Construction at Ames continued, and staff arrived from Langley. Additional aeronautical engineers hired from among recent university graduates.
 Aug. Construction of 7- by 10-foot and 16-foot wind tunnels started.
De France arrived at Ames with remainder of Langley transferees.
Oct. Additional appropriations of $6 million approved for Ames.
Dec. After U.S. entry into World War II, activity at Ames became almost entirely devoted to war-related aeronautical problems.
Mar. Construction of the 40- by 80-foot wind tunnel began.
Apr. The Navy took possession of Moffett Field, replacing the Army.
June. The 40- by 80-foot tunnel began operation.
Feb. Construction began on two 1- by 3-foot supersonic wind tunnels.
Mar. Sweptback vying, designed to overcome high-speed compressibility effects, tested in Langley wind tunnel.
May. Construction began on 6- by 6-foot supersonic wind tunnel at Ames.
July. High-Speed Research Division formed under H. Julian Allen.
George Lewis, director of aeronautical research for the NACA. retired. Hugh Dryden succeeded him.
Oct. Capt. Charles Yeager piloted the Bell X-1 to supersonic flight at Muroc.
"Unitary Plan" for national research facilities in aeronautics approved; Ames to build a complex linking one transonic and two supersonic tunnels at a cost of over $27 million.
Harvey Allen proposed blunt-body theory to solve problem of aerodynamic heating of reentry bodies, a major aeronautical research breakthrough.
The International Geophysical Year proclaimed for 1957-1958; it would feature international competition to orbit an artificial satellite.
Oct. Sputnik 1 orbited by U.S.S.R., beginning the space race.
Jan. U.S. Army launched Explorer 1, the first American satellite.
Feb. The Advanced Research Projects Agency established within DoD.
Apr. Legislation initiated to create NASA.
July. National Aeronautics and Space Act passed.
Oct. National Aeronautics and Space Administration established; Ames Aeronautical Laboratory became Ames Research Center.
July. Dr. Clark Randt appointed adviser for life sciences by NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan.
Nov. Ames named the life-sciences research facility location.
July. Dr. Webb Haymaker named head of the life-sciences research facility.
Oct. Ames gained Biosatellite Project; Carlton Bioletti named project manager.
Nov. Ames gained Pioneer project; Charles Hall named project manager.
Feb. Ames-U.S. Army agreement established Army Aeronautical Research Laboratory at Ames. Ames to furnish facilities and personnel support; Army to furnish personnel to operate one of the 7- by 10-foot wind tunnels.
Oct. Smith De France retired as director of Ames Research Center, succeeded by Harvey Allen.
Dec. Pioneer 6, the first of the Ames-managed Pioneers, launched.
June. Ames's civil service personnel peaked at 2310.
Dec. Biosatellite 1 launched.
July. Ames entered into first consortium agreement with the University of Santa Clara Law School.
Sept. Biosatellite 2 launched.
Oct. Harvey Allen announced his intention to retire.
Feb. Hans Mark named director of Ames.
June. Biosatellite 3 launched.
Mar. A C-141 Starlifter, to be fitted with a 91.5-cm telescope, acquired by Ames as a flying astronomical observatory.
Dec. Ames acquisition of ARPA's Illiac IV computer system approved.
Sept. Ames-FAA-DOT agreement provided for use of Ames simulators in qualifying checks of new commercial aircraft.
Jan. Pioneer Venus project transferred from Goddard Space Flight Center to Ames.
Mar. Pioneer 10 to Jupiter launched.
Feb. Ames became lead center for Earth-observation aircraft; Applications Aircraft and Future Planning Office established.
Ames-Air Force agreement for development of STOL aircraft.
Apr. Pioneer 11 to Jupiter launched.
July. Refurbishment of the 40- by 80-foot wind tunnel began.
Nov. Design plans for the Quiet Short Haul Research Aircraft completed.
June. Ames named lead center for helicopter research.