SP-4308 SPACEFLIGHT REVOLUTION

 

- [519-536] Index -

 

Chapter 1, pp1-26

Chapter 7, pp197-219

Chapter 2, pp27-50

Chapter 8, pp221-268

Chapter 3, pp51-80

Chapter 9, pp269-309

Chapter 4, pp81-119

Chapter 10, pp311-353

Chapter 5, pp121-152

Chapter 11, pp355-392

Chapter 6, pp153-196

Chapter 12, pp393-425

Epilogue, pp427-440

 

Abbott, Ira H., 19, 199, 251, 29 ill.

ABL.See Allegheny Ballistics Laboratory.
Adamson, David, 129, 130, 142-143, 223
Administration Directorate, 404
Advanced Man in Space (AMIS) project, 272-274
Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA), 51, 52, 55
Advanced Transport Operating System (ATOPS), 415
Advisory Group for Aeronautical Research and Development (AGARD), 267
aerobrake, 435
Aerojet Genera Corporation, 200
aeronautics,
decline at Langley, 96-102, 97 ill.
present-day at Langley, 438
the shift to space, 17-22, 451
Aeronautics Directorate, 403, 404
Aero-Physics Division, 89, 127
Aero-Space Mechanics Division, 89-90
Agena, 370
Agena-Class Lunar Orbiter Project (ACLOPS), 327
Agnew's Space Task Group, 430
Aircraft Configuration Branch, 177
Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory, 7. See also Lewis Research Center.
Aircraft Manufacturers' Conferences, 7, 6 ill.
air-density measurement, 156, 158-162, 166, 191
Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, 235, 236
Air Force Tactical Air Command, 60
Air Force, U.S., 20, 57, 165, 170, 199, 200, 214, 289, 327, 338, 453
Airlie House, 418, 422, 423, 424
Air Scoop, 11, 169
air traffic, improvement, 415
Aldrin, Edwin E., Jr., 355, 428
Alfven, Hannes, 123
Algol motor, 200, 207, 211
Allario, Frank, 151
Allegheny Ballistics Laboratory (ABL),
X248, 184, 187, 200, 201, 184 ill.
X254, 201
X259, 201
Allen, H. Julian, 53, 393
Altair motor, 201, 207
American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T), 176, 194
Ames Aeronautical Laboratory, 7
Ames, Joseph S., 7, 8 ill.
Ames Research Center, 7, 32, 232, 393
Ampere, Andre-Marie, 135
Analysis and Computation Division (ACD), 86, 111, 414
Antares motor, 201, 209
Apollo 11, 268, 346, 350, 391, 429, 495
Apollo 13, 238, 389
Apollo 204 fire, 373, 387-391, 455
Apollo Applications Program, 306-307
Apollo Configuration Control Board, 389
Apollo Extension System, 270, 305-306
Apollo Orbital Research Laboratory (AORL), 301
Apollo project, 77, 98, 100, 113, 141, 245, 253, 369, 370, 371, 423
command module, 237, 362-366, 364 ill.
flight plan, 237
funding, 358
Langley contributions, 366-369, 368 ill.
See also simulation research and Apollo 204 fire.
management of, 356
mission modes. See lunar landing mission modes.
reentry, 380-381, 385, 386
scope of effort, 355
Apollo Spacecraft Program Office, 366
Apollo Technical Liaison Plan, 233
Applied Materials and Physics Division, 89, 91, 367, 422
arc-jet, 133
Armstrong, Neil A., 41, 268, 346, 350, 355, 378-379, 428, 392 ill.
Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA), xxvii, 34, 42, 102
Army, U.S., 22
Arnold Engineering Development Center, 60, 133
Arnold, Henry, 7
astronauts, Mercury, 39-45, 77, 456
Atlas Agena, 293, 313, 321, 344
Atlas Centaur, 344
Atlas-Mercury vehicle, 47
Atlas rocket, 38, 46, 50, 53, 54, 59, 236, 367
atmospheric sciences, 404
atomic bomb, 113, 135, 147, 171
Atomic Energy Commission, 12, 132, 147, 289
AT&T, 176, 194
Augustine, Norman, 433
aurora borealis, 122, 145, 146
avionics, 415
A.V. Roe (AVRO), 248, 455

 

Back River, 45, 72, 94, 62 ill.
Bainbridge, William Sims, xxx-xxxi
Barium Cloud Experiment, 142-147
Bay of Pigs, 249
Becker, John V., 19, 31, 89, 98, 116, 127, 132, 150, 151, 232, 420 425, 434, 128 ill.
Bell aircraft,
P-59, 18 ill.
X-1, 7, 202
X-14A, 379
Bell Communications (BellComm), 108, 325, 350
Bell Telephone Laboratories, 65, 163, 176, 178, 186, 259
Bendix Corporation, 65
Bennett, Willard H., 148
Berglund, Rene A., 281, 283, 295, 297, 278 ill.
B-58, 20
Biermann, Ludwig, 143-144
Biggins, Virginia, 456
Big Joe, 46-47, 59, 77
Big Shot, 113, 193-194
Bikle, Paul F., 31
Billingsley, Henry E., 30
Bird, John D., 230, 232, 233, 242, 246, 257, 229 ill.
Bisplinghoff, Raymond L., 97, 90 ill.
black hole, 216
Boeing aircraft,
P-26A Peashooter , 6 ill.
737-100, 415, 416 ill.
757, 416
767, 416
Boeing Company, 294, 295-297, 302, 313-314, 327
Lunar Orbiter, 328-332, 334-336, 340-342, 344-346
Terminal Configured Vehicle and Avionics program (TCVA), 415-416, 416 ill.
Bomarc Missile program, 295, 327
Bond, Aleck C., 257
Bonney, Walter, 12, 31 ill.
Borman, Frank, 387
Bostick, Winston H., 149
Bower, Robert, 411
Boyer, William J., 57, 65, 67, 324, 332
Braun, Wernher von. See von Braun, Wernher.
Brayton cycle, 288
Brayton, George B., 288
Bressette, Walter E., 167, 169, 171, 174-175, 186, 191, 175 ill., 183 ill.
Brewer, Gerald, 323
Brissendon, Roy R., 371
British National Physical Laboratory, 17
Brockman, Philip, 134 ill.
Brookings institution, 10
Brooks, Overton, 285, 286
Brown, C. T., Jr., 202
Brown, Clinton E., 42, 86, 158, 222, 223-224, 228, 232, 233, 236 237, 241, 242, 246, 276, 320, 327, 88 ill., 227 ill.
Brummer, Edmund A., 323
Buckley, Edmond C., 57, 68, 69
"Buck Rogers", 17
budget,
Langley, 423
space program, 428
Buglia, James J., 53
Bulkeley, Rip, 447
Bullpup missile, 210
Bureau of the Budget, 10, 104
Burgess, George K., 8 ill.
Burlock, Joseph, 140
Burns and Roe, 65
Busemann, Adolf 129-130, 135, 139, 276
Bush, George, 433
Bush, Vannevar, 7, 9 ill.
Butler, Sherwood, 112, 325
Butler, T. Melvin, 404, 90 ill., 279 ill., 398 ill.

 

Cable News Network (CNN), 195
Cambridge Research Center, 164
Cape Canaveral, xxvii, xxix, 64, 66, 102,
170, 179, 187, 188, 189, 293, 367
Cape Kennedy, 356
Carpathian mountains, 348 ill.
Carpenter, Malcolm Scott, 40, 41, 42, 76, 40 ill.
Case institute of Technology, 11, 13
Castor, 201
Castro, Fidel, 249
Centaur rocket, 236, 283, 313, 351
Center Development Directorate, 404
Central intelligence Agency (CIA), 172, 249
centrifuge, 42, 45
Centro Italiano Ricerche Aerospaziali, 217
CF-105 Arrow, 455
Chaffee, Roger B., 387, 455, 390 ill.
Chamberlin, James, 235, 248, 257
Champine, Robert A., 41
Chance Vought Astronautics, 228, 276
Chance Vought Corporation, 201, 203, 228, 260
F8U-3, 27
Chapman, Sydney, 122
Cherokee, 198
CIA, 172, 249
Clarke, Arthur C., 162-163, 175, 176, 194,195, 271
Clear Lake, Texas, 74
Clemmons, Dewey L., Jr., 387
Clinton, Bill, 433
cockpit development, 415
Coffee, Claude W., Jr., 175
cold war, xxviii, 83, 172, 427, 433
Colliers, 271-272, 381-383
Colons, Michael, 370, 391, 428
comets, 143, 144, 145
command module (CM), 237, 362-366, 364 ill
committees on lunar exploration, table, 225
Communications Satellite Corporation (ComSatCorp), 194, 195, 200
communications satellites (comsats), 480, 481
communications system, global, 189
computers, 111, 413-416, 111 ill.
Congress, 51, 430
Apollo, 392
appropriations, 437
House Independent Offices Appropriations Committee, 74
House Select Committee on Science and Astronautics, 176, 285
House Space Committee, 74, 451
NACA, 2, 9, 10, 23
NASA confirmation hearings, 15
personnel authorizations, 104, 106, 109
space station, 306
supersonic transport (SST), 101, 416
contracting,
for Langley services, 108 112
Langley philosophy, 82-84
Lunar Orbiter, 325-326, 331 ill.
Manned Orbiting Research Laboratory
(MORL), 294-302, 307
Mercury, 59, 65
Scout, 203-205, 212-215
Convair aircraft, 93
B-58 delta-winged bomber, 20
SF2Y-1 Sea Dart, 93
Convair Astronautics, 170
Cooper, L. Gordon, Jr., 41, 42, 77, 194, 517, 40 ill.
Copernicus crater, 34S ill.
Coriolis effects, 277, 290
Cornelinssen, Sarah and Steve, 109
Cortright, Edgar M., Jr., 150, 335, 389, 434, 451, 398 ill., 399 ill., 409 ill.
Cortright, Edgar M., Jr. (continued ):
appointed Langley director, 393-397
critique of, 418-425
development of electronics, 413 418
Lunar Orbiter, 319, 320, 326, 326
1970 reorganization, 89, 90, 92, 162, 398 407, 421-422
public relations, 412-413
staff, 408 412
Crabill, Norman L., 163-166, 181, 186, 189, 196-196, 324, 334, 338, 339, 340-341, 349, 361, 183 ill.
Cronkite, Walter, 377, 378 ill.
Crossfield, Scott A., 41
Crowley, John W., 166, 176-177, 199
Curtiss-Wright Corporation, 81

 

Davies, Merton E., 328
Dawson, John R., 302
Deep Space Network, 328
DeFrance, Smith J., 31, 36-37
Department of Defense (DOD), 41, 200, 216, 266, 297-298, 301, 327, 328, 338, 437, 463
detente, 428
D-668, 7
diffusion inhibitor, 149
Diggs, Charlie, 137 ill.
Discoverer, 28
Dodgen, John A., 232
Dolan, Thomas E., 228, 237, 260
Donely, Philip, 89
Donlan, Charles J., 19, 62, 63, 86, 468, 264 ill., 361 ill., 398 ill.
Langley appointments, 99-100, 394-396, 397, 409, 421
Lunar Orbiter, 316, 317, 317 ill
Manned Spacecraft Center, 368, 369, 360, 363, 366
Mercury, 41
NACA transition to NASA, 2
1959 inspection, 34
rendezvous, 241, 256
space station, 294-296, 306
Space Task Group (STG), 66, 67-68, 73, 74, 76
Doolittle, James H., 8, 12, 461
Douglas aircraft,
D-558, 7
Douglas Aircraft Company, 108, 178, 231, 294, 295-302
Draley, Eugene C., 19, 89, 91, 118, 177, 223, 224, 327, 332, 367, 404, 408, 88 ill., 90 ill., 398 ill.
Dryden Flight Research Center, 7
Dryden, Hugh L., 10, 31, 52, 70, 71, 75, 76, 384, 400, 461, 462, 11 ill.
appointment to NASA, 12
Echo, 166, 176
NACA appropriations, 23
1969 inspection, 30, 34
Space Task Group, 73
Duberg, John E., 91, 367, 408, 398 ill., 409 ill.
Durand, William F., 7, 8 ill.
Dynamic Loads Division, 89, 91, 93
Dyna Soar project, 20, 132, 200, 273, 327, 463, 96 ill.

 

Eagle, 346, 360, 366, 496
earth,
first deep space photo, 344-346, 606-607, ii ill, 346 ill., 362 ill.
earth-orbit rendezvous (EOR). See lunar landing mission modes.
East Area, 46, 72, 94
Eastman Kodak, 328, 342, 606
Echo 1, 188 191, 192, 193, 277
Echo 1 Passive Communication Satellite Project, 164
Echo 2, 189, 193-194
Echo project, 278, 280, 321
air-density measurement, 166, 168 162, 166, 191
Beacon satellite, 170 176, 174 ill.
construction material, 160, 167-169
container, 180, 181 ill.
design, 168 162
folding the balloon, 187-188
Goddard, 177-179
inflation, 164, 160, 169, 180-184, 186,155 ill., 182 ill., 183 ill.
initial test, 153-156
management, 112-113
mapping, 190
micrometeorites, 188, 189
100-foot satelloon, 177-185
proposal for, 164-166
Sub Satellite, 166 170, 168 ill., 171 ill.
Task Group, 177, 178, 181, 186, 187, 188, 195, 183 ill.
telecommunications, global system, 162-164
tracking, 161
yo yo de-spin system, 184 186, 186
Edwards Air Force Base (AFB), 7, 63. See also Dryden Flight Research Center.
Edwards, Howard B., 233
Eggers, Alfred J., 63
Eggleston, John M., 232, 233
E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., 167, 292
Eisenhower, Dwight D., xxvi, xxvii, 173, 3 ill.
administration, 198
creation of NASA, 2, 12, 449
Echo 1, 188
Mercury astronauts, 41
NASA personnel, 104
Electronics Directorate, 403, 404
Ellis, Macon C., Jr., 116, 126, 126 129, 132, 140, 142, 160, 161, 162, 418 420, 422, 434, 129 ill.
engineer-in-charge, 10
English, Roland D., 198, 202, 210, 211, 213-214, 216
"Enos", 41
Environmental and Space Sciences Division, 404, 420, 422
Erectable Torus Manned Space Laboratory, 277-281, 279 ill., 280 ill.
European Space Agency, 217
European Space Research Organization (ESRO), 144, 146
Evans, John S., 140
Explorer, 123
Explorer 1, 173
Explorer 9, 191
Explorer 10, 126
Explorer 19, 191
Explorer 24, 191, 192 ill.
Explorer 39, 191

 

F8U-3, 27
F-101A, 17
F-104 Starfighter, 20
F-111A, 100 ill.
F-111B, 100 ill.
Faget, Maxime, 62, 226, 387, 461, 468, 617
Mattson, Axel T., 360
Mercury capsule, 43, 47, 63-64, 44 ill.
rendezvous, 236, 236 237, 241, 242, 266, 260, 261-262
Scout, 197
Fairburn, Robert, 323
Fechet, James E., 8 ill.
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), 416
Federal Ministry for Scientific Research,
West Germany, 146
Feix, Marc, 130, 131 ill.
Fields, Edison M., 37
Fire project, 91, 112, 216, 321, 322, 332, 367-369, 367 ill.
Fleming Committee, 260
Fleming, William A., 260
Fletcher, James, 430
Flexi-Kite, 381
Flight instrumentation Division, 91
Flight Mechanics and Technology Division, 90, 98
Flight Reentry Programs Office, 91
Flight Research Center, Edwards Air Force
Base, 232, 378-379, 386, 386
flying boats, 94
Foelsche, Trutz, 330
France, 217
Friendship 7, 260
Fuhrmeister, Paul F., 86, 91
Full-Scale Research Division, 90, 93, 94, 98, 380

 

Gagarin, Yuri, 249
Gapcynski, John P., 230
Gardner, William N., 294, 303-306, 308, 300 ill., 308 ill.
Garland, Benjamin J., 63
Garrick, Isadore E., 89, 267
Gas Dynamics Laboratory, 122, 126, 129
Geer, E. Barton, 387
Geggie, Jean, 24
Gemini project, 232, 267, 293, 301, 369, 370, 371, 386
reentry, 380-381, 386
General Dynamics aircraft,
F-111A, 100 ill.
F-111B, 100 ill.
General Dynamics Corporation, 306
General Electric (G.E.), 108, 176
General Mills, 181, 184
General Motors, 259
Geophysics and Astronomy Division, 193
Germany, 217
Gibbons, Howard, 155
Gilkey, John E., 37
Gillis, Clarence L., 177
Gilmore, William E., 8 ill.
Gilruth, Robert R., 19, 31, 37, 43, 50, 202, 222, 379, 451, 38 ill., 79 ill., 361 ill.
Echo, 165
lunar-orbit rendezvouz, 248, 265
Marshall Space Flight Center, 360, 366
Mercury planning, 51-55
rendezvous, 242-245, 257, 260, 261, 262, 263
Space Task Group's move to Texas, 76-77, 80, 79 ill.
Space Task Group staffing, 55-57, 59, 60-63, 65, 69, 72, 73-74
Sputnik, 172
Girouard, Robert, 323
Glenn, Annie Castor, 46 ill., 79 ill.
Glenn, John H., Jr., 40, 42, 43, 76, 77, 222, 260, 40 ill., 45 ill., 46 ill., 79 ill.
Glennan, T. Keith, 31, 81, 118, 236, 452, 13 ill., 14 ill., 29 ill., 31 ill.
appointment to NASA, 11-15
"Message to Employees", 12-15
NASA personnel, 104-106 1959
inspection, 30
Space Task Group, 55
global telecommunication system, 175-177
Goddard Space Flight Center, 65, 194, 232, 395
Echo, 177-179
1959 inspection, 32, 34-37, 36 ill.
Scout, 217
Space Task Group, 72-74
Goett Committee, 226, 232, 272-274
Goett, Harry J., 31, 74, 179, 226
Gold, Thomas, 311
Goldin, Daniel, 433, 438
Golovin Committee, 255-257
Golovin, Nicholas E., 255
Goodyear Aerospace Corporation, 191
Goodyear Aircraft Corporation, 276, 277, 278, 285, 385
Graham, John B., 323, 324
Graves, G. Barry, Jr., 66, 67, 67 ill
gravity, artificial, 281, 295, 297
Green, Milt, 203, 215
Griffith,
Leigh M., 394
Grissom, Virgil 1., 42, 222, 385, 387, 455, 40 ill., 390 ill.
Grosse, Aristid V., 140
Group 1, 86, 91, 367, 369
Group 2, 86, 89, 367
Group 3, 86, 89, 367
G. T. Schjeldahl Company, 184, 187
Guggenheim, Harry F., 7
Guy-Lussac Promontory, 348 ill.

 

Hall, Edwin H., 138
Hall, Eldon W., 255
Hall, Harvey, 255
Hall, James R., 198, 202, 203, 205, 206-207, 209, 210, 212, 215, 219, 203 ill.
Hall, R. Cargill, 317-319
Hallion, Richard, 378-379, 385-386
"Ham", 41
Hammack, Jerome, 37
Harbridge House, 118
Harrison, Albertis S., 77
Harvard College Observatory, 164
Hasel, Lowell E., 233
Hearth, Donald P., 417, 435, 437
Heaton Committee, 253, 255, 258
Heaton, Donald H., 253
heat shield, 53, 362, 369
Helberg, Robert J., 335, 340, 342, 344, 345, 351
Heldenfels, Richard R., 89, 233, 414
Heos 1, 146
Hercules Powder Company, 201
Hess, Robert V., 129, 131, 138, 139 140, 144, 151, 139 ill.
Hewes, Donald, 373, 374, 375, 377, 361 ill., 374 ill.
High-Speed Flight Station, 7. See also Dryden Flight Research Center.
High-Speed Hydrodynamics Tank, 93
Hilburn, Earl D., 81, 104, 106
Hill, Paul R., 223, 233, 275, 277, 294, 275 ill.
HL-20, 435
Hodge, John D., 37, 455
Hoffer, Eric, xxix
Holloway, 517
Holmes, Brainerd, 258-259, 260, 263
Honest John, 198
Hook, W. Ray, 307
Hoover, Herbert, 23
Horrocks, Edith R., 202
Horton, Elmer A., 37
Houbolt, John C., 86, 222, 224, 230 231, 275, 356, 361-362, 391-392, 495-496, 244 ill., 247 ill., 266 ill.
Ietters to Robert Seamans, 249-251, 258-260
lunar landing mode decision, 262-263, 265-268
lunar-orbit rendezvous (LOR), 233-237, 238, 239-247, 252, 253-255, 257
rendezvous committees, 231-233
Hubbard, Harvey, 17
Huber, Paul W., 129, 140, 152, 131 ill.
Hughes Aircraft Company, 194, 319, 327, 328, 330, 331, 335
Hunsaker, Jerome C., 7, 9
Huss, Carl R., 37, 57
Hydrodynamics Division, 60, 93
Hypersonic Ramjet Experiment, 112
hypersonics, 158, 432, 435 436. See also Dyna Soar project.
boost glider, xxviii, 20, 54, 273
tunnels, 133
Hypersonic Vehicles Division, 420

 

ICBM. See intercontinental ballistic missiles.
incinerator, Hampton, 413
Inspection, 1959, 51, 52
exhibits, 27-28, 32-33, 35-38, 39-40, 42, 46 47, 126, 135, 29 ill., 31 ill., 32 ill., 36 ill.
guests, 31-32
planning, 30, 33-37
space station, 274
Space Task Group, 37-38, 40 45
Inspections, NACA, 28-30, 33-37
Institute for Computer Applications in Science and Engineering (ICASE), 414
Institute of Aeronautical Sciences (IAS), 383, 94
Instrument Research Division (IRD), 86, 91
Integrated Program for Aerospace-Vehicle Design (IPAD), 414-415
Integrative Life Support System (ILSS), 305, 304 ill.
intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM), 132, 140, 200
International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation, 65
International Geophysical Year (IGY), 157, 163, 198
International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium (Intelsat), 195
inventor's award, 384, 495
ion rockets, 132, 150
Italy, 217

 

Jacobs, Eastman N., 149
Jacobs, Ken, 203, 214
Jaffe, Leonard, 177, 178
Jalufka, Nelson, 148
James, Robert, 185
Jastrow, Robert, 224
Javelin rocket, 145
Jet Propulsion, 163
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), 178, 224, 232, 255, 312-313, 315, 316, 319, 321, 334, 335, 351
1959 inspection, 32, 34, 35 -37
Johnson, Caldwell,
lunar-orbit rendezvous, 235
NACA, 22-23, 24
Space Task Group, 52, 53, 75, 458
Johnson, E. Townsend, Jr., 411
Johnson, Lyndon B., 10, 15, 74, 172, 249
Johnson, Roy, 51, 55
Jones, Robert T., 139
Journal of the American Rocket Society, 163
Juno II, 173
Jupiter C, xxvi, xxvii, 173, 198, 199
Jupiter Senior, 198, 200

 

Kantrowitz, Arthur, 149
Karth, Joseph E., 286
Katzoff, Samuel, 224, 327
Kavanau, Lawrence L., 255
Kennedy, John F., assassination, 194
lunar landing commitment, xxviii, xxix, 77, 106, 221-222, 249, 286, 355, 427, 428
lunar-orbit rendezvous, 265
management of NASA, 106
New Frontier, 83
Kennedy Space Center, 102, 356, 389
Kepler crater, 318 ill.
Kilgore, Edwin, 169, 187-188, 183 ill.
Killian, James R., Jr., 51, 193, 449
Kimpton, Lawrence, 118
King, Paul, 16 ill.
Kinzler, Jack, 47, 57
Kistiakowsky, George, 51
Kloman, Erasmus H., 350 351
Koelle, Hermann, 265
Kondratyuk, Yuri, 227
Kotanchik, Joseph N., 363, 365-366
Kraft, Christopher C., Jr., 17, 63, 455
Krieger, Robert L., 32
Kubrick, Stanley, 271
Kuhn, Thomas S., xxx
Kurbjun, Max C., 232, 246, 257, 371
Kyle, Howard C., 57, 65

 

Land, Emory S., 8 ill.
Landing Loads Track, 93
Langley,
budget, 107-108
competition among divisions, 91-93
organization, 1962, 85-91, 87 ill.
policy of obscurantism, 91-93, 401 402
public relations, 22-25, 412 425
relationship with headquarters, 104-109, 398 407
reorganization, 1970, 393 394, 403-418, 405 ill.
"shadow" and ad hoc groups, 85, 92
Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory, 4
Langley Researcher, 396 ill., 410 ill.
Langley, Samuel P., 4
Lansing, Donald, 17
Large Launch Vehicle Planning Group, 255
Large Orbiting Research Laboratory
(LORL), 301
lasers, 138, 149, 151
Launch Operations Center, 102
Leiss, Abrabam, 202
Levine, Arnold S., 118
Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory, 7, 13, 395
Lewis, George W., 10, 23, 91, 401, 404, 8 ill., 9 ill., 11 ill.
Lewis Research Center, 7, 32, 202, 232, 246, 261
Ley, Willy, 383
Lidar In-Space Technology (LITE), 438
Life magazine, 266 ill.
Iife support system, 287, 289-292, 297, 302-305
lifting-body research, 435, 511, 517
Lina, Lindsay J., 245
Lindbergh, Charles A., 7, 38, 58, 91, 97, 384, 6 ill.
Ling-Temco Vought (LTV), 112, 203-205, 213, 214-215, 216, 217, 204 ill.
Little Joe, 28, 47, 50, 59, 77, 48 ill., 49 ill.
Lockheed aircraft,
F-104 Starfighter, 20
Lockheed Missiles and Space Company, 277, 327, 331
Loftin, Laurence K., Jr., 71, 89, 92, 99, 116, 118, 226, 251, 252, 276, 367, 414, 421, 422, 88 ill., 90 ill., 398 ill.
AMIS, 272-274
Cortright reorganization, 409 411
space station, 285-286
Los Alamos National Laboratory, 149
Love, Eugene S., 233, 275, 421
Low Committee, 243, 245
Low, George M., 226, 241, 243, 245, 249, 250, 258-259, 262-263, 268, 283-284, 389, 451, 259 ill., 409 ill.
lunar excursion module (LEM), 230, 237, 238, 242, 316-317, 373 375, 377-378, 243 ill., 266 ill., 376 ill., 377 ill.
Iunar exploration committees, table, 225
Lunar Exploration Working Group, 223 224, 226
lunar landing mission modes,
compared, 234-241, 255-257, 261-262, 247 ill., 254 ill., 256 ill.
direct ascent, 237, 239 241, 242, 246, 250, 255, 261-262
earth-orbit rendezvous (EOR), xxix, 231-232, 235, 237, 239, 241, 246, 247, 253, 255, 263
lunar-orbit rendezvous (LOR), xr.ix, 233-239, 241-247, 250, 252, 253, 255, 257, 258, 259, 260 270, 356, 361-362, 495-496
lunar-surface rendezvous, 252, 255
Lunar Landing Research Facility, 371, 373 379, 375 ill., 376 ill., 377 ill., 392 ill.
Lunar Landing Training Vehicle, 378-379
Lunar Mission Steering Group, 232-233
Lunar Orbit and Letdown Approach Simulator, 371, 379, 380 ill.
Lunar Orbiter, 112, 196, 295, 297, 356, 400, 314 ill.
assignment to Langley, 319-321
basic research vs. project objectives, 315-319, 320
budget, 313, 330
camera, 324-325, 328-329, 333, 336, 342, 329 ill.
concurrent development, 322
contract, 325 332, 334-336, 340-342, 344-346, 331 ill.
earth photos, 344-346, ii ill, 345 ill., 352 ill.
Iunar gravity data, 346
mission objective, 313, 315, 319, 346
NASA headquarters, 335-336
photographic targets, 336-342, 346-350, 337 ill.
photometry data, 349-350
project management, 350-353
project start-up, 322-326
solar radiation, 330 331, 348
typical flight sequence, 340 ill.
Lunar Orbiter 1, 342, 344, 345, 346, 506, 343 ill., 344 ill.
Lunar Orbiter 11, 346, 348
Lunar Orbiter 111, 318, 346
Lunar Orbiter I V, 346
Lunar Orbiter V, 346, 347, 349, 352
Lunar Orbiter Project Office (LOPO), 91, 323-324, 328, 332-334
lunar-orbit rendezvous (LOR). See lunar landing mission modes.
lunar surface, 311-312, 316-317, 314 ill.
Carpathian Mountains, 348 ill.
Copernicus crater, 348 ill.
dark side, 347 ill.
Guy-Lussac Promontory, 348 ill.
Kepler crater, 318 ill.
Ianding dynamics test, 318 ill.
Sea of Tranquility, 346, 356, 428
Tycho crater, 349 ill.
Iunar vacation, 428
Lundin, Bruce T., 202, 250
Lundin Committee, 250-253, 255
Lunik, 125
Lunney, Glynn, 57, 64
Lust, Riemar, 143 144

 

Mace, William, 232
Maggin, Bernard, 92, 245
Maglieri, Domenic, 17
Magnetic Compression Experiment, 148
Magnetohydrodynamics Section, 129, 147-149
magmetoplasmadynamics (MPD), conferences, 130
definition, 121-122
early theories, 122-126
Inspection 1959 exhibits, 126, 135
wane of, 150 152
Magmetoplasmadynamics (MPD) Branch, 85, 191
creation, 126
dissolution, 150 152, 421
facilities, 133 141
goals, 132
organization, 129 130 staff, 129, 130 131
Thompson, Floyd L., 126 127
magnetosphere, 123 124, 142, 144, 145, 146, 217
Mailer, Norman, 429
Main Committee, NACA, 7
Malley, George, 387
Manhattan Project, 113, 147, 149
Man-ln-Space Soonest project (MISS), 57
Manned Lunar Landing and Return (MALLAR), 228
Manned Lunar Landing Involving Rendezvous (MALLIR), 247-248, 257, 243 ill.
Manned Lunar Landing Task Group, 243
Manned Orbital Rendezvous and Docking (MORAD), 247-248, 257
Manned Orbiting Research Laboratory (MORL), 91, 293-302, 307-308, 296 ill., 298 ill., 300 ill., 302 ill.
contract bidding, 294-302, 307
lunar exploration, 299-300
Studies Office, 294, 297, 303, 308
Manned Spacecraft Center, 102, 107, 261, 262, 263, 264, 316-317, 356
Mattson, Axel T., 357-366
Manned Space Flight Management Council, 263, 265
Manned Space Laboratory Research Group, 231-232, 233, 274 276, 289
Marcus, Greil, 429
Marine Corps, U.S., 210
Mariner C, 328
Mark, Hans, 393
Mars, 132, 151, 306, 353, 383, 404, 408, 413, 423, 429, 432, 434, 151 ill., 407 ill.
Marshall Space Flight Center, 102, 108, 232, 233, 246, 252, 255, 263, 264-265, 303, 356, 394
Martin aircraft,
YP6M-1 Seamaster, 93, 95
Martin Company, 276, 327
Martin, James V., 331, 332-333, 406, 333 ill.
Martin Marietta Corporation, 433
Marvin, Charles F., 8 ill.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), 108
Millstone Hill Radar Observatory, 170, 173
Masursky, Harold, 339
Mather, G. R., 149
Mathews, Charles W., 52, 54, 63, 65, 263, 387
Mattson, Axel T., 33-37, 107, 35 ill.
Iunar-orbit rendezvous, 263
Manned Spacecraft Center, 357-366, 379, 361 ill.
Visitors' Center, 413
Max Planck Institut, 143, 145, 146
Mayer, John P., 57
Maynard, Owen E., 235, 241, 262
Mayo, Robert, 429
Mayo, Wilbur L., 230
McCauley, John F., 339
McCurdy, Howard, 432 433
McDonnell aircraft, F-101A, 17
McDonnell Aircraft Corporation, 45
McDonnell Douglas, 307
McDougall, Walter A., xxvii, 171, 431-432
McHatton, Austin, 188
McKinsey & Co., 118
McNamara, Robert S., 273, 301
Meintel, Alfred J., Jr., 371
Mercury-Atlas 6, 76
Mercury-Atlas 7, 76
Mercury-Atlas 8, 77
Mercury-Atlas 9, 77
Mercury Mark II, 385
Mercury project,
astronauts, 39 45, 77, 456
capsule, 45, 46, 52, 53, 60, 247, 458, 29 ill., 31 ill., 44 ill., 45 ill., 46 ill. See also Big Joe.
contract requirements, 59, 65
control center, 64, 66
early skepticism, 58 59
flight concept, 38, 51, 52-55, 39 ill.
impact tests, 60, 65, 96, 362, 61 ill., 62 ill.
Langley support of, 59 63, 65 66, 77
orbital flights, 76, 77
tracking range, 63-69, 68 ill.
Meyer, Andre, 53
Michael, William H., Jr., 152, 223, 224, 226 230, 237, 246, 227 ill.
micrometeorites, 188, 189, 216, 278-280, 281
microwave cavity resonance, 138
Military Test Space Station (MTSS), 298
Miller, James, 184 ill.
Millstone H ill Radar Observatory, 170, 173
Minitrack Network, 65, 161
Minzer, Raymond, 164, 165
MIR, 307-308
Mission Control, 63 64, 268, 356, 391
Mitchell, Jesse L., 167, 170 171, 181, 193,171 ill.
Moffett Field, 7. See also Ames Research Center.
Moffett, William A., 7, 8 ill.
Moonball experiment, 316
Moore, William M., 202
Morrison Planetarium, 172
Moulton, Forrest R., 223
Mrazek, William A., 234
Mueller, George E., 397, 337 ill.
Mumford, Lewis, 429
Muroc Dry Lake, 202
Muroc Field, 7
Mutual Weapons Defense Program (MWDP), 453
Mylar, 167

 

NACA, xxviii,
aeronautical research, 15-17
appropriations, 9, 10, 23
charter, 3-7
committee system, 7-10, 449, 8 ill.
conferences. See Inspections, NACA. creation of, 2
director of research, 10
headquarters, 400, 401
Lewis, 451
Nuts, 24, 80
public relations, 22-25
research management, 23 24
transition to NASA, 1-3, 14-15
young Turks, 11, 451
NACA Conference on High-Speed Aerodynamics, 53
NASA, after Apollo, 308, 392
creation of, xxviii, 1-2, 3, 10-11
First Anniversary Inspection. See Inspection, 1959.
intercenter relationships, 35 37, 178-179, 194, 357
inventions and contributions board, 384, 495
logo, 438
NASA Flight Research Center, 32
NASA headquarters, 91, 92, 100, 108, 395-397
center management, 224, 319, 322, 400-401, 424
Lunar Orbiter, 335-336
personnel, 107
NASA/lndustry Apollo Technical Conference, 233, 253
NASA Structural Analysis (NASTRAN), 414
National Academy of Public Administration, 336, 350
National Academy of Sciences, 130, 158
National Aeronautics and Space Act, 11, 14, 15, 16, 22
National Aeronautics and Space Council, 12
National Aero Space Plane (NASP), 432, 436
National Orbiting Space Station (NOSS), 298
National Science Foundation, 12, 41
National Transonic Facility (NTF), 418, 436 437, 417 ill.
NATO, 267, 453
Naugle, John E., 474
Naval Aviation Medical Acceleration Laboratory, 42, 45
Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), 32, 34-37, 166, 169, 178, 395
Navy, U.S., 16, 95
Polaris, 198, 200
R6L biplane amphibian, 16
Transit system, 216
Nelson, Clifford H., 323, 324, 326, 332-334, 334-335, 342, 351, 323 ill., 333 ill., 345 ill., 398 ill.
Netherlands, 217
Newcomb, John F., 324
Newell, Homer E., 144, 319, 325, 395, 401, 474
Newport News Daily Press, 74-75, 155
Nichols, Mark R., 90, 99, 231, 274, 275
Nicks, Oran W., 319, 320, 325, 326, 395, 408-409, 411, 345 ill.
Nike-Cajun (CAN), 164
Nike-Deacon (DAN), 164
Nike-Tomahawk, 145
Nixon, Richard M., xxviii, xxix, 148, 151, 249, 306, 307, 429 431
North American aircraft, 283, 295, 297, 384, 385, 391
X-15, 20, 28, 32, 54, 98, 131, 158, 371, 435, 456, 21 ill., 32 ill.
XB-70 Valkyrie, 17, 115
XLR-99, 32
North American Aviation, 281, 290, 362, 363, 365
North American Rockwell, 146, 307
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), 267, 453
Nova rocket, 237, 239 241, 244, 246, 250, 252, 258, 261-262
nuclear power, 288-289
nuclear weapons, 200

 

Oberth, Hermann, 223, 271
oblique photography, 345
O'Brien-Joyner, Kitty, 105 ill.
Oertel, Goetz K. H., 130, 148
Office for Flight Projects, 91, 367
Office of Advanced Research and Technology (OART), 94, 106, 322
Office of Aeronautical and Space Research, 92
Office of Engineering and Technical Services, 369
Office of International Programs, 30
Office of Launch Vehicle Programs, 202, 239, 255
Office of Manned Space Flight, 301, 319, 325, 356, 397
Office of Space Flight Development, 30, 55, 72, 178-179, 202
Office of Space Flight Programs, 246, 251
Office of Space Sciences, 177, 178, 315, 316, 317, 319, 320
Office of Space Sciences and Applications (OSSA), 144, 146, 148, 322, 324, 325, 326, 327
Olstad, Walter B., 150
O'Neal, Robert L., 241
One-Man Propulsion Research Apparatus, 371
"One O-Wonder", 17
Operation Paperclip, 130
Osborne, Robert S., 294, 303 305, 275 ill.
Ostrander, Donald R., 202, 251
O'Sullivan, William J., Jr., 92, 156, 157-162, 163, 164-166, 169, 170-171, 176 177, 178, 180-181, 185, 186, 191, 192-193, 476 477, 157 ill., 174 ill., 175 ill., 183 ill.

 

P-26A Peashooter , 18 ill.
P-59, 6 ill.
Pageos, 193, 193 ill.
Pageos 1, 191-192
Paine, Thomas O., 395, 424, 428, 429, 388 ill.
Pan American World Airways, 428
panto-base airplane, 93
Parasev, 385-387, 386 ill.
Parasev 1, 386
parawing, 381-387, 382 ill.
Parawing Project Office, 387
Parker, Eugene N., 125, 143
Parkinson, John B., 93 94
Passive Geodetic Earth-Orbiting Satellite
(Pageos), 191
Pearson, E. O., Jr., 245
Pearson, Henry, 42
penetrometer, 316 317
penetrometer feasibility study group, 316
Peninsula Chamber of Commerce (PCC), 461
Pennington, Jack E., 371
Perry, Tom, 211, 217
personnel,
agency ceilings, 104-106
congressional authorization, 109
distribution among NASA centers, 104, 106, 103 ill.
growth at Langley, 102, 103 ill.
NASA headquarters, 107
recruitment policy, 411 412
Petersen, Richard H., 391, 517, 417 ill.
Phillips, W. Hewitt, 42, 232, 275, 373, 374 ill.
Picasso, Pablo, 429
Pierce, John R., 163, 175, 176, 177, 178
Piland, Robert O., 197, 234, 235
Pilotless Aircraft Research Division
(PARD), 56 57, 89, 115-116, 167, 197, 198, 205
Pilotless Aircraft Research Station, 7. See also Wallops Station.
Pioneer 4, 172
Pioneer 10, 431
plasma accelerators, 133 141
Plasma Applications Section, 129, 140
Plasma Physics Section, 129, 130, 151
plasma sheath, 132-133
Plott, Anna, 323
Pope Paul Vl, 217
Porter, Richard W., 165, 166
Powers, John A., 80, 78 ill.
President's Science Advisory Committee (PSAC), 51, 176, 449
primate pilots, 41, 47
Pritchard, E. Brian, 150
Projection Planetarium, 371
project work, 108-109, 112-119
predominance of, 315-319, 320, 406 408, 418-420, 422 425, 434. See also research culture deterioration.
public relations, 412-413
Langley, 357
NACA, 22-25
Purser, Paul, 47, 52, 235, 360

 

Queijo, Manuel J., 241

 

Radio Attenuation Measurements (RAM), 112, 141, 216
radio blackout, 133, 140
Radio Corporation of America (RCA), 176, 178, 328-330
radio-transmission attenuation, 140
Rand Corporation, 231, 325, 328
Ranger, 113, 312, 315-316, 317, 319, 332, 504
Reagan, Ronald, xxix, 219, 428, 429, 435
Recant, Isadore G., 345 ill.
Redstone Arsenal, 34
Redstone rockets, 50, 59
Reduced Gravity Walking Simulator, 371,
reentry experiments, 132-141, 150, 216
Reid, Henry J. E., 10, 36-37, 55, 58, 81, 91, 96, 394, 409, 9 ill., 14 ill., 29 ill.
relativity theory, 216
Relay 1, 194
Relay 2, 194
rendezvous,
earth-orbit. See lunar landing mission modes.
importance of, 230, 232, 233, 235, 248, 249 250, 251, 253
launch window, 231
lunar-orbit. See Lunar landing mission modes.
Michael's parking orbit, 226-230
simulators, 281-283
space station, 286
Rendezvous and Docking Simulator, 371-373, 372 ill.
Republic Aviation, 98, 332
Research Airplane Project (RAP), 17
research culture deterioration, 59, 70-72, 76, 116, 152, 315-319, 320, 406 408, 418 420, 422 425, 434, 439
research management, 23 24
Research Steering Committee on Manned
Space Flight, 226
Resident Research Associates (RRAs), 130
retreats, staff, 418, 422
Reynolds Metals Company, 167-169
Rickenbacker, Edward V., 7
Roberts, Leonard, 224, 311
Rogallo, Francis M., 380-384, 387, 382 ill.
Rogallo, Gertrude, 381, 384, 387, 382 ill.
Roosevelt, Franklin D., 23
Rosen, Milton W., 255
Ross, H. E., 227
rotating hexagon, 273 ill.
Rotating Vehicle Simulator, 371
Rowan, Lawrence, 339, 345 ill.
Royal Aircraft Establishment, 130
R6L biplane amphibian, 16
Rupp, George, 210
Ryan Company, 384, 385

 

Saint project, 235
Salinger, Pierre, 249
Salyuts, 307, 308
"Sam", 47
San Marco, 217, 218 ill.
satellites,
communication (comsats), 163, 175-177
geosynchronous, 162-164
global telecommunication network, 194-196
mapping, 189, 192, 216
passive, 176
passive vs. active, 163, 179, 190-191, 194
weather monitoring, 173
Saturn C-1, 252, 229 ill.
Saturn C-3, 252
Saturn 1, 293, 297
Saturn rocket, 98, 236, 239, 245, 246, 249, 263, 283, 286, 293, 297, 306, 307, 356
Saturn V, 237, 429
Savage, Melvyn, 239
Scherer, Lee R., 325, 326, 328, 345, 330 ill.
Schirra, Walter M., Jr., 40, 42, 77, 40 ill., 78 ill.
Schnitzer, Emanuel, 277-278
Schult, Eugene D., 202, 210, 213, 215, 211 ill.
Schy, Albert A., 224
science fiction, 162, 163
Scopinski, Ted, 57
Scout project, 28, 112, 144, 145, 236, 247, 283, 321, 322, 400, 406, 204 ill., 208 ill., 214 ill.
approval, 199-200
Blue Scout, 200, 209
contractors, 203-205, 212-215
cost, 217
Cub Scout, 205-206
design, 198, 200 202
failures, 210-214
Goddard, 217
Project Office, 91, 202-203, 219
recertification, 212, 214-216
tests, 206-209, 201 ill., 207 ill., 212 ill., 213 ill., 214 ill.
scramjets, 152, 436
Seamans, Robert C., Jr., 235, 236, 239, 249-251, 253, 255, 258, 260, 262, 295, 327, 387, 388-389, 391
Sea of Tranquility, 346, 356, 428
Sergeant, 198, 201
X248, 154
XM-33, 184
service module (SM), 237
737-100, 415, 416 ill.
757, 416
767, 416
SF2Y-1 Sea Dart, 93
Shea, Joseph F., 259-260, 262, 264, 366
Shepard, Alan B., Jr., 40, 42, 222, 249, 40 ill.
Sherwood project, 113, 147
shop conditions,
Langley, 513
Shortal, Joseph A., 89, 167, 176, 177
Shotput, 113, 179, 184-187, 188, 184 ill.
Shotput 1, 153-156, 160, 185-186
Siegel, Gerald, 172
Sikorsky aircraft,
twin-float Amphibian, 94
Silverstein, Abe, 30, 55, 72-74, 178-179, 202, 246, 251, 258, 395, 411, 451
Silvertson, Wilford E., Jr., 233
Simpkinson, Scott, 47
simulation research, 369 371
simulators,
closed-loop analog, 43
Gemini and Apollo, 371-380
lunar gravity, 282 ill.
rendezvous, 281-283
Sinclair, A. Wythe, Jr., 275
Skylab, 270-271, 306, 307, 308, 430
Slayton, Donald K., 40, 42, 40 ill.
Smith, Francis B., 86, 91, 367
Smith, Norman F., 37
Smithsonian Astrophysical Laboratory, 164
Society of Automotive Engineers, 232, 233
solar corona, 147, 148
solar cycle, 123
solar flares, 125, 146, 148
solar physics, 147
solar power, 277, 288, 289
solar wind, 125, 142, 143
solid-fuel rockets, 198
Soule, Hartley A., 17, 22, 66, 86
sound barrier, 41
Source Evaluation Board, 326-329
Soviet Union, 10, 157, 189, 198, 307 - 308, 433, 440
Spaatz, Carl, 7
Space Applications Branch, 85
Space Base, 306-307
Space Defense Initiative (SDI), 432
Space Directorate, 403, 404, 422
Space Exploration Program Council (SEPC), 238-241
spaceflight revolution, xxx xxxi, 355, 381, 393, 395, 400, 439 440
changes at Langley, 418 420
present-day, 431 434, 439 440
Space Mechanics Division (SMD), 369-380
Space Physics Section, 129, 130, 142
space program, NASA,
budget, 428, 433
declining interest in, 428 429
present-day goals, 433 434
space race, 76, 82, 83, 108, 202, 223, 269, 427-428
space research,
present-day at Langley, 437-438
Space Sciences and Technology Steering Committee, 419-420
 
Space Sciences Division, 152
Space Sciences Steering Committee, 144
Space Shuttle, xxviii, xxix, 54, 141, 158, 307, 421, 434-435, 517
Challenger, 219, 388, 389, 391, 432, 448, 517
Columbia, 517
Nixon, Richard M., 430
space sickness, 216
space station, xxix, 189, 421. See also Manned Orbiting Research Labo ratory (MORL).
air lock, 281, 299 ill.
Apollo's influence, 292-293, 305
Apollo X, 301
artificial gravity, 281, 287, 295, 297
budget constraints, 306
competing concepts, 301, 306-307
construction material, 291-292
dynamic control, 280 281, 286 287
early budgets, 283-285
early concepts, 223, 226, 271-272
early proposals, 277, 278 ill.
inflatable torus, 277-281, 292, 279 ill., 280 ill., 282 ill.
Iife support system, 287, 289-292, 297, 302-305
Nixon, Richard M., 430
opposition to, 276
power source, 287-289, 297
rotating hexagon, 281-283, 292, 295, 297, 284 ill.
skipped step, 307-309
testimony before congress, 285-286
Space Station Alpha, 308, 435
Space Station Freedom, 303, 432
Space Station Research Group, 294
Space Station Task Force, 309
Space Systems Research Division, 421, 422
Space Task Group (STG), 178, 202, 222, 321, 455
facilities, 72
Goddard, 72-75
Hampton parade, 77-80, 78 ill., 79 ill.
Iunar-orbit rendezvous, 234, 235, 236, 241-245
move to Texas, 74, 76 80, 461
1959 inspection, 37-38, 40-45
promotions, 71
Space Task Group (STG) (continued): rendezvous, 245, 246, 248, 255, 257, 260, 261-263
staffing, 55-59, 60 62, 69, 72, 73-74
Space Technologies Laboratories (STL), 321, 325, 326, 327, 328, 330, 331
Space Transportation System (STS), 219, 307, 434, 517
Space Vehicle Group, 167, 173, 177, 178
Special Committee on Space and Astronautics, 10
Spirit of St. Louis, 384
Spitzer, Lyman, Jr., 158
Sputnik, 76, 97, 199, 381, 384, 439, 440
crisis, xxvi-xxix, 10, 99, 156, 171-172, 369, 449-450
Sputnik 1, xxxi, 19, 171, 172, 249, 383, 447
Sputnik; 2, xxvii, 249, 447
Stack, John, 20, 22, 89, 98-100, 116, 135, 451, 453, 35 ill., 99 ill.
"Star Wars", 432. See also Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI).
State Department, 172
Stevens Institute of Technology, 149
Stokes, Charles S., 140
Stone, Ralph W., Jr., 236, 241
Stoney, William E., Jr., 197, 199, 200, 202, 210
Strang, Charles F., 387
Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI), 149
Stratton, Samuel W., 8 ill.
Strauss, H. Kurt, 241
Structures Directorate, 403, 404, 414
Structures Research Division, 89, 91, 92
Stubbs, Sandy M., 363, 365, 366
Stuhlinger, Ernst, 394
Sunflower Auxiliary Power Plant Project, 277
Supersonic Commercial Air Transport (SCAT), 101 ill.
supersonic transport (SST), xxix, 20, 27, 98, 100, 101, 404, 415, 416-418
Surveyor Lander, 319
Surveyor Orbiter, 319
Surveyor project, 113, 252, 312-313, 315, 327, 334, 335, 350-351
Swallow aircraft, 20, 453, 21 ill.
sweptwing theory, 20, 139
Swift, Calvin T., 140
Syncom S, 195
Systems Engineering and Operations Directorate, 404

 

Taback, Israel, 93, 323, 324, 328, 332, 334, 336, 349, 323 ill.
Tank No. 1, 45, 60, 94, 95 ill.
Tank No. 2, 94, 95, 96 ill.
Tant, Larry, 204
Taub, W ill, 184 ill.
Taylor, David W., 8 ill.
Teague, Olin E., 74
technical report, 114, 116
telecommunications satellite (comsat), 194-196
Telstar, 65
Telstar 1, 194
Telstar 2, 194
Temple University Research Institute, 139-140
Terminal Configured Vehicle and Avionics (TCVA), 415 416
Theoretical Mechanics Division, 86, 223, 369, 371
thermonuclear fusion, 132, 147-149, 150
Thibodaux, Joseph G., Jr., 197
Thiokol Company, Redstone Division, 201
Thom, Karlheinz, 130, 148
Thomas, Albert H., 74
Thompson, Floyd L., 16, 81-85, 86, 94, 96, 104, 342, 345, 6 ill., 29 ill., 84 ill., 90 ill., 264 ill., 279 ill., 337 ill., 345 ill., 358 ill., 388 ill.
Apollo, 357, 360, 366
Apollo 204 fire, 387-389
associate director, 394-395
Echo, 165, 167, 176
Hampton community, 24
Lunar Orbiter, 319-321, 323, 326, 333
lunar-orbit rendezvous, 246
magnetoplasmadynamics, 126-127
management style, 91-93, 99 100, 421
NACA charter, 4
personnel, 106-107
rendezvous, 232
replacement of, 395, 397, 396 ill.
Scout, 202, 205
space station, 274-276, 294
Space Task Group, 55 56, 59-63, 65 66, 69 72, 75, 76, 77, 80
Thompson-Ramo-Wooldridge (TRW), 108, 277, 321
Thor-Able, 28, 199
Thor-Agena, 191
Thor-Delta, 154, 177, 184, 187, 188
Tidewater Virginia, 4, s ill.
tiger team, 214 215
Time-Life, 39, 456
Titan, 259, 293
Tolson, Robert H., 230
Tracking and Ground Instrumentation Unit (TAGIU), 66-69
Trout, Otto, 303 ill.
Truscott, Starr, 94
Tsiolkovskii, Konstantin, 223, 226, 271
Tycho crater, 349 ill.

 

UFOs, 146, 171
United Kingdom, 217
Upper Atmosphere Rocket Research Panel, 156-157, 161, 164, 165
Urey, Harold C., 224, 315
U.S. Army Map Service, 192
U.S. Coastal and Geodetic Survey, 192
U.S. Geological Survey, 338, 339
U.S. National Committee/lnternational Geophysical Year (USNC/IGY),
technical panel on rocketry, 164
technical panel on the earth satellite projects, 164, 165, 166, 172-173
U.S. Post Office Department, 192
USS Hornet, 429
U-2 "spy plane", 20

 

Van Allen, James, 123, 158
Van Allen radiation belts, 123-125, 145,173, 216, 331, 124 ill.
Van Cleve, Jon, 204
Vandenberg Air Force Base (AFB), 210, 213, 215, 216
Vandenberg, Hoyt, 7
Van Dolah, Robert W., 387
Vanguard 1, 173
Vanguard rocket, 166, 170, 173
Vanguard satellite, xxvii, 157-158, 164, 170, 198
Variable Density Tunnel (VDT), 305, 436
variable wing sweep, 100
Vavra, Paul H., 66
Vega, 32, 36
Verne, Jules, 226
Vertol 76, 27
VE-7, 16 ill.
Victory, John F., 12, 31, 34, 8 ill., 84 ill.
Vietnam War, 269, 305
Viking Lander, 406 ill.
Viking Lander 2, 407 ill.
Viking project, 70, 196, 353, 404-408, 413, 423, 431, 434
Viking Project Office, 353, 404
Viking rocket, xxvii, 198
Virginia Air and Space Center, 413
Virtual Image Rendezvous Simulator, 371
Visitors' Center, 412-413
Voas, Robert T., 42, 456
Vogeley, Arthur W., 232, 245, 246, 257, 261, 369, 371, 373, 227 ill.
von Braun, Wernher, xxvi, 34, 50, 198, 223, 239, 246, 356, 383, 429, 494, 495, 264 ill.
rendezvous, 236, 241, 262, 263-265, 268
space station, 271-272
von Pirquet, Guido, 223, 271
von Puttkamer, Jesco, 270
"Voodoo", 17. See also McDonnell aircraft.
Vortok 1, 241
Vought aircraft,
VE-7, 16 ill.
XFSU, 58
Voyager, 431
VTOL tests, 95
V-2 Panel, 156 157, 474
V-2 rockets, 28, 156, 157

 

Walker, Joseph A., 41
Waller, Marvin C., 371
Wallops Station, 7, 27, 28, 47, 60, 89, 107, 144, 146, 153, 154, 179, 198, 201, 202, 203, 205, 207, 210, 211, 213, 215, 367, 383, 206 ill., 208 ill.
Walter Kidde and Company, 200
Ward, Donald H., 322
Water Immersion Simulator, 371
Watson, William 1., 323, 324
Weapons System (WS)-110A, 115, 116, 276, 117 ill.
weather, controlling, 146
Webb, James E., 81-82, 84-85, 92, 106, 118-119, 194, 249, 265, 315, 322, 331, 357, 397, 421, 84 ill., 279 ill., 331 ill., 358 ill.
West Area, 72
Western Electric Company, 65, 69
Whipple, Fred L., 164, 170, 172
White, Edward H., 373, 387, 455
White, George C., Jr., 387
Wiesner, Jerome, 265
Wilford, John Noble, xxvi, xxvii
Williams, John J., 387
Williams, Walter C., 63
Wilson, Herbert A., Jr., 367, 420
wind tunnels,
Anechoic Antenna Test Facility, 416 ill.
Continuous-Flow Hypersonic Tunnel, 128 ill.
crossed-field plasma accelerator, 135 138
cyanogen flame apparatus, 138 140, 141 ill.
8-Foot Transonic Tunnel, 302 ill.
Electro-Magmetic Hypersonic Accelera-
tor Pilot Model Including Arc-Jet
lon Source, 133
4-Foot Supersonic Pressure Tunnel, 383
Full-Scale Tunnel, 74, 384, 6 ill., 18 ill., 61 ill., 95 ill., 386 ill.
Hall-current plasma accelerator, 137 ill.
hotshot, 133-134
impulse, 133, 134
linear Hall-current accelerator, 138
MPD-arc plasma accelerator, 138, 134 ill.
One-megajoule theta-pinch, 147-148
plasma focus research facility, 148-149
7 x 10 Foot High-Speed Tunnel, 21 ill., 61 ill., 117 ill.
shock tube, 134 135
16-Foot Transonic Tunnel, 21 ill.
20-megawatt plasma accelerator, 135, 136 ill.
Unitary Plan Wind Tunnel, 62 ill., 101 ill.
Variable-Density Tunnel (VDT), 18 ill.
Wind Tunnel No. 1, 17
Windler, Milton B., 37
Wireless World, 162
Wolfe, Elmer J., 202
women scientists, 105 ill.
Wood, George P., 129, 131, 135, 138, 136 ill.
Working Group on Lunar and Planetary
Surfaces Exploration, 224
World War I, 2, 4
World War II, 7, 12, 24, 94, 113, 119, 130, 1S6, 369
Wright, Orville, 7, 6 ill., 8 ill.

 

X-1, 7, 202
X-14A, 379
X-I5, 20, 28, 32, 54, 98, 131, 132, 158, 371, 435, 456, 21 ill., 32 ill.
X-20, 20, 132, 200, 273, 327, 453, 96 ill.
X-30, 436
XB-70 Valkyrie, 17, 115
XFSU, 58
XLR-99, 32
X-rays, 217

 

Yeager, Charles E., 41
York, Herbert, 51, 55
Young, Tom, 339, 341, 349
YP6M-1 Seamaster, 93, 95

 

Zimmerman, Charles H., 52, 58, 59, 158, 458
Zond III, 346


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