SP-4312 Dreams, Hopes, Realities

 

[209-214] Index

 

[Chapter 1: pp1-11; Chapter 2: pp12-51; Chapter 3: pp52-79; Chapter 4: pp80-129; Chapter 5: pp130-163; Chapter 6: pp164-174]

 

 

A

 

Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE): 91-92
Advanced Earth Observing System (ADEOS):153, 157, 162
Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA): 138
Advanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility (AXAF): 124
Aerobee, rocket: 16, 17, 66
Air Force, U.S.: 42, 67, 127, 147
Alouette I, satellite: 26
Alouette, spacecraft: 87
American Astronomical Society (AAS): 105
American Science and Engineering: 118
American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T): 132, 134, 135-137
Announcements of flight Opportunities (AOs): 21
Antarctica: 152, 153
Apollo Program: 5, 24, 32, 33, 37, 38, 72, 73, 86, 172, 173
Apollo 1: 31, 42
Apollo 13: 42
Apollo 17:32
Telescope Mount, Skylab: 34
Applications Technology Satellites (ATS): 73, 74, 137, 141-142
ATS 111: 142
ATS-1: 141
ATS-6: 137
Applied Engineering and Technology (AET): 47
Arctic: 153
Ariane-5, booster rocket: 90
Ariel I, satellite: 25, 26
Aristotle: 13
Armstrong, Neil: 71, 173
Army, U.S.: 15, 17, 19, 27, 138, 145
Ballistics Missile Agency: 17
Corps of Engineers: 145
Signal Corps Research and Development Laboratory: 19, 27
Signal Engineering Laboratories: 138
Arrhenius, Svante: 159
Atlantic Ocean: 65, 69, 94, 144-145
Atlantis, spacecraft: 126
Atlas, rocket: 70
Atlas-Centaur, rocket: 42
Australia: 8, 72
Automatic Picture Transmission (APT): 140
 
 
B
 
 
Baltimore, Maryland: 108
Beall, J. Glenn: 18
Bell Telephone: 102
Bell, Alexander Graham: 163
Beltsville Agricultural Research Center: 18
Beltsville Space Center: 19, 172
Bendix Corporation: 114
BeppoSAX, Italian-Dutch satellite: 127
Berg, Otto: 132
Big Bang: 44, 102-103, 106, 128
Black Brant: 66
Brahe, Tycho: 129
British Science Research Council: 114
Brownsville, Texas: 131

 

C

 

Cape Canaveral: 64, 69, 70, 172
Carnarvon Station: 72
Central America: 158, 159
Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (CNES): 157
Ceppolina, Frank: 33
Challenger, spacecraft: 39, 40, 42, 44, 45, 46, 66, 68, 75, 95, 105, 108, 152
Chin Tarters: 14
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs): 150, 152, 153,154
Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES): 149
Cluster, spacecraft: 89, 90 Cluster II, spacecraft: 90
Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS): 156
Cobalt 57: 128
Cold War: 16, 166, 170
Collier Trophy: 45, 112
Columbus, Christopher (explorer): 128
Comet Shoemaker-Levy: 112
Communications Satellite (COMSAT): 137
Compton Gamma Ray Observatory (CGRO): 40, 44, 45, 76, 124, 126-128, 167
Compton, Arthur H.: 126
Congress, U.S.: 6, 16, 28, 30, 31, 37, 46, 136,150
Copernicus Observatory: 107
Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs): 89, 93
Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement (COSTAR): 110
Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE): 44, 79, 102-106, 123
Cosmos Club: 19
Crab Nebula: 101, 118- 120, 124
Cygnus X-1: 120
 
 
D
 
 
Deep Space Network (DSN): 74-75
Delta, rocket: 42, 44, 67, 88, 94, 105
Department of Agriculture, U.S. (DOA): 18, 145
Forest Service, (USFS): 145
Department of Commerce (DOC): 145
Department of Defense (DOD): 16, 27, 40, 42, 134, 135, 147
Department of the Interior (DOI): 145, 146
Geological Survey (USGS): 146, 147
Differential Microwave Radiometer (DMR): 104, 106
Diffuse Infrared Background Experiment (DIRBE): 104, 106
Distributed Active Archive Centers (DAAC): 78
Dolly Madison House: 19
Douglas Aircraft Company: 67
Dryden, Hugh L.: 18
 
 
E
 
 
Eagle Nebula: 112
Earth: 2, 4, 9, 10, 11, 13, 26, 27, 33, 35, 36, 37, 38, 41, 45, 51, 53, 54, 55, 56, 58, 66, 68, 73, 76, 77, 78, 84, 85, 87, 88, 89, 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95, 96, 97, 98, 100, 101,107, 112, 113, 114, 119, 124, 128, 131,132, 133, 134, 135, 139, 140, 141, 142, 144, 145, 146, 147, 149, 150, 154, 158, 159, 160, 161, 162, 163, 168, 169, 170, 173
Earth Observing System (EOS): 76, 162, 168
EOS AM-1: 76, 156, 162
EOS CHEM- 1: 162
EOS PM-1: 162
Earth Observing System Data and Information System (EOSDIS): 78
Earth Probe: 153
Earth Radiation Budget: 148
Earth Radiation Budget Experiment (ERBE):148, 149
Earth Radiation Budget Satellite (ERBS): 148, 153
Earth Resources Observation System (EROS): 76
Earth Resources Observation System (EROS) Data Center: 146, 147
Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS): 35, 144-145
Earth Science: 9, 10, 161, 167
Earth Science Enterprise: 46, 76, 78, 161,162
Earth-Sun Libration: 90
Echo "Project": 27, 134-135, 173
Echo 1: 134-135
Echo II: 135
Einstein Observatory: 122
Einstein, Albert: 82, 122
Eisenhower, Dwight D.: 15, 16, 69, 134, 166
El Nino: 10, 46, 132, 141, 156, 157, 158-159, 161, 163, 170
Empire State Building: 102
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): 145,151
Environmental Science Services Administration (ESSA): 140-141, 142, 148
ESSA 1: 140
EOSAT Company: 146, 147
Eratosthenes: 132
ERS-1: 157
Eurasia: 72
European Space Agency (ESA): 88, 90, 96, 109, 114
Explorer: 8, 43, 63, 64, 79, 86-87, 117, 120, 138, 166, 167
Atmosphere Explorers: 148
Explorer 11: 125- 126
Explorer 17: 148
Explorer 19: 148
Explorer 32: 148
Explorer 38: 101
Explorer 42: 120
Explorer 48: 126
Explorer 49: 102
Explorer 51: 148
Explorer 54: 148
Explorer I: 17, 84
Explorer III: 84
Explorer VI: 138
Explorer VII: 148
Small Explorer: 167
Extra-Vehicular Activity (EVA): 111
Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer (EUVE): 117-118
 
 
F
 
 
Fairbanks, Alaska: 76, 79
Far Infrared Absolute Spectrophotometer (FIRAS): 104, 105
Farquhar, Robert: 88
Fast Auroral Snapshot Explorer (FAST): 91
Fletcher, James C.: 147
Ft. Monmouth, New Jersey: 138
 
G
 
Galileo: 94
Gemini: 5, 24, 70
Gemini 8: 71
Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (GOES): 142
GOES 4: 143
GOES 5: 143
GOES 6: 143
GOES 7: 143
GOES 8: 142-143, 144
GOES G: 143
Geotail, spacecraft: 89
Get Away Special (GAS): 41, 68
Giacconi, Riccardo: 118
Giacobini-Zinner: 88
Gide, Andre: 11
Gilruth, Robert: 20
Global Positioning System (GPS): 133-134
Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS): 24-25, 161
Goddard Space Flight Center: 13-14, 23, 41, 46, 50
Goddard, Robert H.: 14, 19,
Goett, Harry J.: 6, 28, 30, 59
Guaymas (tracking station): 8
Guyamas, Mexico: 69, 70
 
 
H
 
 
Halley's comet: 88, 117
Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE): 153
Hawking, Stephen: 44
Helium: 93, 117
High Energy Astronomical Observatory
(HEAO): 34-35, 121-122, 124, 126
HEAO 3: 126
HEAO A: 121, 123
HEAO B: 121-122, 123
High Energy Astrophysics Science Archival Research Center: 77
Holmberg, New Jersey: 102
Houston, Texas: 20, 28, 70, 79
Hubble Space Telescope (HST): 8-9, 28, 33, 34, 35, 43, 44-45, 58, 68, 76, 96, 107-114, 124, 173
Hubble, Edwin P.: 107
Hubble's Law: 108
Huber, Tony: 43
Hughes Corporation: 132, 135-137
Huntsville, Alabama: 17
Hydrogen: 93, 117
 
I
 
 
Improved TIROS Operational System (ITOS): 141
ITOS 1:141
Indian Ocean: 69, 147
Institute for Space Studies (see also Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS)): 5
intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM): 17
International Cometary Explorer: 88
International Council of Scientific Unions: 15
International Geophysical Year (IGY): 15, 17, 25, 68
International Polar Year (IPY): 15
International Solar-Terrestrial Physics (ISTP): 88-91, 96
International Sun-Earth Explorer (ISEE): 88
ISEE 3: 88, 95
ISEE A: 88
ISEE B: 88
International Telecommunications Satellite (Intelsat): 137
International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE): 33, 107, 114-117
Interplanetary Monitoring Platform (IMP): 55, 85, 86, 92
IRAS -Araki-Alcock comet: 117
 
 
J
 

 

 
Japanese Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS): 89
Jastrow, Robert: 19, 24
Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL): 4, 16, 134, 157
Johnson Space Center: 45, 50, 111, 172
Jupiter: 97, 112, 116
Jupiter C, rocket: 17, 167
Jupiter, missile: 17
 
 
K
 
 
Kai-feng-fu: 14
Kelvin: 97, 102, 103, 104
Kennedy Space Center: 55
Kennedy, John F.: 22, 87
Kenya, Africa: 120
Kraft, Christopher: 70
 
 
L
 
 
Lagrangian: 90, 91, 96
Land Remote Sensing Policy Act: 147
Landsat: 35, 76, 145-147, 155, 156, 160
Landsat 1: 144
Landsat 2: 145
Landsat 4: 146, 147
Landsat 5: 146, 147
Landsat 6: 146, 147
Landsat 7: 76, 147, 162
Langley Research Center: 19, 134, 149
Large Magellanic Cloud: 116, 124, 128
Large Space Telescope: 107
Laser GEOdynamics (LAGEOS): 133
Lewis and Clark (explorers): 81, 128
Lewis Research Center: 19, 67, 138
Life magazine: 132
Little green men (LGMs): 119
Lockheed: 109
 
 
M
 
 
Magellan, Ferdinand (explorer): 128
Manned Space Flight Network (MSFN): 72, 73, 74
Manned Spacecraft Center: 28, 70
Mars: 37
Marshall Space Flight Center: 34, 50, 67, 108, 109, 121
Massachusetts Institute of Technology: 118
Mather, John C.: 103, 104
McDonald, Frank: 86
McDonnell Aircraft Corporation: 67
McMurdo, Antarctica: 76
Mercury: 5, 19, 20, 24, 69, 70
Mercury Space Flight Network (MSFN): 69
Meteor 3, satellite: 153
Microwave Anisotropy Probe (MAP): 106
Milky Way: 122, 123
Minimum Trackable Satellite (Minitrack): 68, 69, 72
Mission and Data Operations Directorate: 73
Mission Control: 70, 71, 79, 172
Mission to Planet Earth (MTPE): 45-46, 161
Mississippi River: 133
Mongol: 14
Moon: 1, 3, 24, 28, 31, 71, 86, 88, 118, 133, 173
Mt. Pinatubo: 154, 161
Multi-mission Modular Spacecraft (MMS): 8, 33, 88, 95
 
 
N
 
 
NASA Communications network (NASCOM): 73
National Academy of Sciences (NAS): 16, 21
Langley Aeronautical Laboratory: 40
Space Science Board: 21
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA): 2, 6, 16, 18, 28, 40
Ames Research Center: 28
National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958: 7, 16, 18
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA): 2, 16
Headquarters: 21, 28-29, 30, 34, 37, 41
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA): 141, 142-143, 146, 147, 155, 156
NOAA 1, 2, 3: 141
NOAA 10: 148
NOAA 9: 148
National Science Foundation (NSF): 16, 40, 66
Naval Gun Factory: 107
Naval Receiving Station: 19
Naval Research Laboratory (NRL): 9, 16, 18, 19, 67, 68, 107, 118, 131
Near-lnfrared Camera and Multi-Object Spectrometer (NICMOS): 113
Newton, Issac: 129
Next Generation Space Telescope (NGST): 113
Nike-Cajun: 66
Nike-Orion: 66
Nimbus: 35, 140, 144, 150, 156
Nimbus 1: 153
Nimbus 2: 148
Nimbus 3: 148
Nimbus 4: 150
Nimbus 5: 148
Nimbus 6: 148
Nimbus 7: 35, 150, 151, 155, 156-157
North America: 151, 153, 159
 
 
O
 
 
Orbital Sciences Corporation: 51
Orbiting Astronomical Observatory (OAO): 28, 63, l 07, 114
OAO-2: 107
OAO-3: 107
Orbiting Geophysical Observatory (OGO): 8, 33, 57, 73, 87-88
Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO): 42, 64, 72, 94
OSO V: 94
OSO VI: 94
OSO VII: 94
Ozone: 150-154
 
 
P
 
 
Pacific Ocean: 81, 156, 157, 158-159
Pasadena, California: 4
Pegasus: 50-51, 91, 153
Perkin-Elmer Company: 109
Pioneer probe: 28
Polar, spacecraft: 89, 90-91
 
 
Q
 
 
QuickSCAT: 157
 
 
R
 
 
RAND: 132
Ranger probe: 28
Rapid Spacecraft Procurement Initiative (RSPI): 157
RCA: 135-137
Redstone Arsenal: 17
Reductions in Force (RlFs): 32
Relay, satellite: 136
Reno, Nevada: 144
Richmond, California: 110
Rossi, Bruno: 118, 123
 
 
S
 
 
Sagittarius: 123
Satellite Communications Act: 136
Satellite Tracking And Data Acquisition Network (STADAN): 72, 73
Saturn: 34
Saturn, rocket: 67, 72
Science Advisory Committee: 16
Sco X- 1: 118
Scorpio: 118
Scott, David: 71
Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS): 51, 156, 160, 162
Second TDRSS Ground Terminal (STGT): 39
Secret Service, U.S.: 22
Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SSBW): 150
Sioux Falls, South Dakota (see also Earth Resources Observation System (EROS) Data Center): 76, 146, 147
Skylab: 74, 121
Small Astronomy Satellite (SAS): 33-34, 120, 126
SAS 2: 126
SAS-3: 121
Small Explorer (SMEX): 43, 44, 102
Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory (SAO):107
Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO): 89, 90, 96-98
Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet (SBUV): 150
SBUV-2: 150
Solar Maximum Mission (SMM): 8, 33, 45, 94, 95
Solar, Anomalous, and Magnetospheric Particle Explorer (SAMPEX): 91
South America: 8
Soyuz, Russian spacecraft: 90
Space Infrared Telescope Facility (SIRTF): 124
Space Science Directorate: 77
Space Shuttle: 5, 8, 9, 32-33, 38-40, 41, 42-43, 45, 68, 73, 74, 76, 95, 96, 105, 108,111, 126, 150, 151, 162, 163, 167, 172
Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS): 113
Space Telescope Science Institute (STSI): 35, 108, 109, 112
Spaceflight Tracking and Data Network (STDN): 73, 74-75, 79
Spartan: 41, 68
Spartan 201: 97
Sputnik, Russian spacecraft: 1, 16, 17, 20, 166
Sputnik I: 1, 16
Starfish, high-altitude nuclear bomb test: 86
Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE 11): 153, 154
Submillimeter Wave Astronomy Satellite (SWAS): 102
Sun: 10, 22, 56, 57, 60, 62, 83, 84-85, 86, 88-94, 94-95, 96-98, 99, 116, 117, 118-119, 120, 127, 148, 150, 159, 160, 168, 169
Sun-Earth: 87, 88
Supernova 1987A: 116
Supersonic Transport (SST): 150
Svalbard, Norway: 76
Synchronous Meteorological Satellite (SMS): 142
SMS- 1: 142
SMS-2: 142
Syncom: 135 - 137
Syncom I: 136
Syncom II: 136
Systems, Technology, and Advanced Concepts (STAAC): 47
 
 
T
 
 
Tananarive, Madagascar: 73
Taurus-Nike-Tomahawk: 66
Television and Infrared Observation Satellite (TIROS): 19, 27, 35, 138-140, 141, 148
TIROS I: 138
TIROS III: 139
TIROS IX: 139, 140
TIROS-N: 141, 156
Telstar: 87, 136
Telstar 1: 136
Telstar 2: 136
Thor (booster): 67
Thor-Delta, rocket (see also Delta): 67
Tinsley Optical Laboratories: 110
TOPEX/Poseidon: 157, 162
Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS): 150-153, 162
Townsend, Jr., John W.: 18, 59
Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS): 9, 39, 74, 75, 76, 137
Transition Region And Coronal Explorer (TRACE): 96
Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM): 149, 161, 162
 
 
U
 
 
Uhuru: 120-121
Ulysses: 96-98
United Kingdom: 25, 26, 127
United Nations: 154
United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP): 152
United States: 8, 15, 16, 17, 56, 76, 138, 147
University of California, Berkeley: 1
University of California, Irvine: 150
University of Cambridge: 127
University of lowa: 84
University of Rome, Italy: 120
Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite (UARS): 153, 154, 161, 162
 

 

V
 
 
 
V-2, rocket: 81, 131
Vaccaro, Mike: 22, 23
Van Allen Radiation Belts: 84-85
Van Allen, James A.: 84
Vandenberg Air Force Base: 55
Vanguard Program: 16-17, 18, 30, 67
Viking: 16, 17
 
 
W
 
 
Wallops Flight Facility: 5, 40-41, 50, 65-66, 76, 157
Weather Bureau: 139, 140
Webb, James E.: 6
Western Test Range: 55
White Sands Ground Terminal (WSGT): 39
White Sands Missile Range: 5, 39
White Sands Proving Ground: 15, 75
Wide Field/Planetary Camera: 109, 110
Wilson, Alexander: 14
Wind, spacecraft: 89-91
Woomera, Australia: 69
World War II: 14, 15, 64
 
 
X
 
 
X-Ray Timing Explorer (XTE): 123-124
 
 
Y
 
 
Young, Tom: 48

 


previousindexnext