SP-4312 Dreams, Hopes, Realities

 

[197-203] Appendix B

Goddard Launches

 

Date

Mission

Launch Vehicle

Remarks

.

17 February 1959

Vanguard II

Vanguard SLV-4

120-inch sphere. First Earth photo from satellite.

13 April 1959

Vanguard

Vanguard SLV-6

Did Not Achieve Orbit

22 June 1959

Vanguard

Vanguard SLV-6

Did not achieve orbit

16 July 1959

Explorer (S-1)

Juno II

Did not achieve orbit

7 August 1959

Explorer 6

Thor-Able III

Particles and Meteorology

18 September 1959

Vanguard III

Vanguard SLV-71

Magnetic fields, radiation belts, micrometeorites

13 October 1959

Explorer 7

Juno II

Energetic particles, magnetic storms, micrometeorites

23 March 1960

Explorer (S-46)

Juno II

Did not achieve orbit

1 April 1960

TIROS I

Thor-Able II

First successful weather-study satellite

13 May 1960

Echo A-10

Thor-Delta

Did not achieve orbit

12 August 1960

Echo I

Thor-Delta

First passive communications satellite (100-ft sphere)

3 November 1960

Explorer 8

Juno II

Ionosphere research

23 November 1960

TIROS II

Thor-Delta

Weather satellite

4 December 1960

Explorer (S-56)

Scout

Did not achieve orbit

16 February 1961

Explorer 9

Scout

Atmospheric density research

24 February 1961

Explorer (S-45)

Juno II

Did not achieve orbit

25 March 1961

Explorer 10

Thor-Delta

Solar wind and flare research

27 April 1961

Explorer 11

Juno II

Cosmic gamma rays

24 May 1961

Explorer (S-45a)

Juno II

Did not achieve orbit

30 June 1961

Explorer (S-55)

Scout

Did not achieve orbit

12 July 1961

TIROS III

Thor-Delta

Weather satellite, discovered Hurricane Esther

16 August 1961

Explorer 12

Thor-Delta

Solar winds, magnetosphere

25 August 1961

Explorer 13

Scout

Micrometeorites (3rd stage failed to ignite)

19 October 1961

Probe A (P-21)

Scout

Electron density research

15 January 1962

Echo (AVT-1)

Thor

Suborbital test. 135-ft sphere ruptured.

8 February 1962

TIROS IV

Thor-Delta

Weather satellite

7 March 1962

OSO-1

Thor-Delta S

olar phenomena

26 April 1962

Ariel I

Thor-Delta

First international satellite

19 June 1962

TIROS V

Thor-Delta

Weather satellite

10 July 1962

Telstar I

Thor-Delta.

First privately built communications satellite

18 July 1962

Echo (AVT-2)

Thor-Delta

Passive communication satellite

18 September 1962

TIROS VI

Thor-Delta

Weather satellite

29 September 1962

Alouette I

Thor-Agena

Designed and built by Canada

2 October 1962

Explorer 14

Thor-Delta

Solar wind and radiation

27 October 1962

Explorer 15

Thor-Delta

Study effects of high-altitude nuclear blast

13 December 1962

Relay I

Thor-Delta

Communications satellite

16 December 1962

Explorer 16

Scout

Micrometeoroid research

14 February 1963

Syncom I

Thor-Delta

Contact lost 20 seconds into orbit

3 April 1963

Explorer 17

Thor-Delta

Atmospheric research

7 May 1963

Telstar II

Thor-Delta

Communications satellite

19 June 1963

TIROS VII

Thor-Delta

Weather satellite

26 July 1963

Syncom II

Thor-Delta

Geosynchronous communications test satellite

27 November 1963

Explorer 18/IMP 1

Thor-Delta

First in IMP series

19 December 1963

Explorer 19

Scout

Atmospheric density research

21 December 1963

TIROS VIII

Delta

Weather, test of automatic picture transmission

21 January 1964

Relay II

Delta

Communications satellite

25 January

Echo II

Thor-Agena 4

135-ft. inflatable sphere - communications satellite

19 March 1964

Beacon Explorer A

Delta

Did not achieve orbit

27 March 1964

Ariel 2

Scout

Cooperative with U.K.

19 August 1964

Syncom III

Delta

Geosynchronous communications satellite

25 August 1964

Explorer 20

Scout

Ionosphere topside sounder

28 August 1964

Nimbus I

Thor-Agena

Weather research satellite

4 September 1964

OGO I

Atlas-Agena

20 instruments; geophysical research

4 October 1964

Explorer 21/IMP 2

Delta

Magnetic field, radiation, solar wind research

10 October 1964

Explorer 22

Scout

Beacon explorer; ionosphere

6 November 1964

Explorer 23

Scout

Meteoroid research

21 November 1964

Explorer 24/Explorer 25

Scout

First dual payload; upper atmospheric research

15 December 1964

San Marco 1

Scout

Cooperative with Italy; air density, ionosphere

21 December 1964

Explorer 26

Delta

Energetic Particles Explorer

22 January 1965

TIROS IX

Delta 1

First "cartwheel" configuration weather satellite

3 February 1965

OSO B-2

Delta

Solar phenomena; UV, X-ray, gamma ray

6 April 1965

Intelsat 1

Delta

First operational satellite for Comsat Corp

29 April 1965

Explorer 27

Scout

Beacon Explorer; Earth's magnetic field

29 May 1965

Explorer 28/IMP 3

Delta

Third in IMP series

1 July 1965

TIROS X

Delta

First US Weather Bureau-funded TIROS

25 August 1965

OSO-C

Delta

Did not achieve orbit

14 October 1965

OGO II

Thor-Agena

Near-Earth space phenomena

6 November 1965

Explorer 29

Delta

GEOS-A; geodetic research

18 November 1965

Explorer 30

Scout

Solar UV and X-rays

29 November 1965

Explorer 31/Alouette II

Thor-Agena

Cooperative with Canada; ionospheric research

3 February 1966

ESSA I

Delta

Sun-synchronous orbit; weather

28 February 1966

ESSA II

Delta 1

Paired with ESSA I, initial global weather system

8 April 1966

OAO I

Atlas-Agena

Astronomy observatory; battery malfunctioned

14 May 1966

Nimbus II

Thor-Agena

Weather research satellite

25 May 1966

Explorer 32

Delta

Atmosphere Explorer

7 June 1966

OGO III

Atlas-Agena

Geophysical and solar phenomena

23 June 1966

Pageos I

Thor-Agena

Geodetic research

1 July 1966

Explorer 33/IMP 4

Delta

-IMP - Earth's magnetosphere and magnetic tail

2 October 1966

ESSA III

Delta

Operational weather satellite

7 December 1966

ATS I

Atlas-Agena

Applications technology satellite

26 January 1967

ESSA IV

Delta

Operational weather satellite

8 March 1967

OSO III

Delta

Solar phenomena

6 April 1967

ATS II

Atlas-Agena

Tested gravity gradient control system

20 April 1967

ESSA V

Delta

Operational weather satellite

26 April 1967

San Marco II

Scout

Cooperative with Italy; from sea-based platform

5 May 1967

Ariel 3

Scout.

UK-built; atmospheric and ionospheric research

24 May 1967

Explorer 34/IMP 5

Delta

Fifth IMP; Sun-Earth relationships

19 July 1967

Explorer 35/IMP 6

Delta

IMP; lunar orbit

28 July 1967

OGO IV

Thor-Agena

Sun-Earth relationships

18 October 1967

OSO IV

Delta

Solar phenomena; 1st extreme UV pictures of Sun

5 November 1967

ATS III

Atlas-Agena

Applications Technology Satellite

10 November 1967

ESSA VI

Delta

Operational weather satellite

11 January 1968

Explorer 36

Delta

GEOS; geodetic research

4 March 1968

OGO V

Atlas-Agena

Radiation belt, bow shock research

5 March 1968

Explorer 37

Scout

Solar Explorer - UV and X-ray emissions

18 May 1968

Nimbus B

Thor-Agena

Did not achieve orbit

4 July 1968

Explorer 38

Delta

Radio Astronomy Explorer

8 August 1968

Explorer 39/Explorer 40

Scout

Dual payload; upper atmosphere research

10 August 1968

ATS IV

Atlas Centaur

Centaur 2nd burn failed; remained in parking orbit

16 August 1968

ESSA VII

Delta

Operational weather satellite

7 December 1968

OAO II

Atlas-Centaur

Astronomy observatory

15 December 1968

ESSA VIII

Delta

Operational weather satellite

22 January 1969

OSO V

Delta

Solar phenomena - X-rays, gamma rays and radio

30 January 1969

ISIS-A

Delta

Cooperative with Canada; ionosphere

26 February 1969

ESSA IX

Delta

9th and last in TOS series

14 April 1969

Nimbus III

Thor-Agena

Research weather satellite

5 June 1969

OGO VI

Thor-Agena

Last in the OGO series

21 June 1969

Explorer 41/IMP 7

Delta

7th in IMP series

9 August 1969

OSO VI

Delta

Solar phenomena; X-ray, gamma ray and radio emissions

12 August 1969

ATS V

Atlas-Centaur

Applications Technology Satellite

23 January 1970

ITOS A

Delta

2nd generation meteorological satellite

8 April 1970

Nimbus IV

Thor-Agena

Stabilized, Earth-oriented research weather satellite

30 November 1970

OAO B

Atlas-Centaur

Did not achieve orbit

11 December 1970

ITOS A

Delta

Operational weather satellite

12 December 1970

Explorer 42

Scout

Small Astronomy Satellite; 1st X-ray satellite

13 March 1971

Explorer 43/IMP 8

Delta

2nd generation IMP; solar-lunar relationships

31 March 1971

ISIS B

Delta

Cooperative with Canada; ionosphere research

24 April 1971

San Marco C

Scout

Atmospheric research, with Italy

8 July 1971

Explorer 44

Scout

Solar radiation; X-ray and UV emissions

29 September 1971

OSO H

Delta

Solar phenomena and effect on Earth

21 October 1971

ITOS B

Delta

Operational Weather Satellite; 2nd stage failed

15 November 1971

Explorer 45

Scout

Magnetosphere research

11 December 1971

Ariel 4

Scout

Ionosphere research

23 July 1972

ERTS-A

Delta

Earth Resources Technology Satellite

13 August 1972

Explorer 46

Scout

Meteoroid technology satellite

21 August 1972

OAO 3

Atlas-Centaur

"Copernicus" Astronomy observatory

22 September 1972

Explorer 47/IMP 9

Delta

Interplanetary Monitoring Platform

15 October 1972

ITOS D

Delta

Operational weather satellite

15 November 1972

Explorer 48

Scout

Small Astronomy Satellite; gamma ray research

11 December 1972

Nimbus V

Delta

Research weather satellite

16 December 1972

AEROS-A

Scout

Upper Atmosphere & Ionosphere research

10 June 1973

Explorer 49

Delta

Radio Astronomy Explorer

16 June 1973

ITOS E

Delta

Did not achieve orbit

25 October 1973

Explorer 50/IMP 10

Delta

Last Interplanetary Monitoring Platform

6 November 1973

ITOS F

Delta

Operational weather satellite

16 December 1973

Explorer 51

Delta

Atmosphere Explorer

18 February 1974

San Marco C-2

Scout

Atmospheric research with Italy

17 May 1974

SMS A

Delta

Geostationary weather research satellite

30 May 1974

ATS F

Titan II

Applications Technology Satellite

3 June 1974

Explorer 52

Scout

Hawkeye" spacecraft; solar wind

16 July 1974

AEROS-B

Scout

Upper Atmosphere & Ionosphere research

15 October1974

Ariel 5

Scout

Cosmic X-ray research

15 November 1974

ITOS-G

Delta

Operational weather satellite

10 December 1974

Helios A

Titan III

Cooperative with W. Germany; solar research

22 January 1975

Landsat 2

Delta

(2nd Earth Resources Technology Satellite

6 February 1975

SMS-B

Delta

Geostationary weather satellite

9 April 1975

GEOS C

Delta

Geodetic research

7 May 1975

Explorer 53

Scout

Small Astronomy Satellite; X-ray astronomy

12 June 1975

Nimbus VI

Delta

Research weather satellite

21 June 1975

OSO I

Delta

Solar phenomena

6 October 1975

Explorer 54

Delta

Atmosphere Explorer

16 October 1975

SMS-C/GOES-A

Delta

First operational geostationary weather satellite

20 November 1975

Explorer 55

Delta

Atmosphere Explorer

15 January 1976

Helios B

Titan III

Solar research; cooperative with Germany

4 May 1976

LAGEOS

Delta

Geodetic laser ranging research

29 July 1976

ITOS H

Delta

Operational weather satellite

20 April 1977

GEOS

Delta

Malfunction placed in unusable orbit

16 June 1977

GOES B

Delta

Operational geostationary weather satellite

12 August 1977

HEAO A

Atlas-Centaur

High Energy Astronomy Observatory

22 October 1977

ISEE A/B

Delta

Dual payload; Internat'l Sun/Earth Explorer

26 January 1978

IUE

Delta 9

International Ultraviolet Explorer; cooperative with U.K.

5 March 1978

Landsat 3

Delta

Third Earth Resources remote sensing satellite

26 April 1978

AEM-A/Explorer 58

Scout

Heat Capacity Mapping Mission (HCMM)

16 June 1978

GOES-C

Delta

Operational geostationary weather satellite

26 June 1978

Seasat-A

Atlas

Lost contact after 106 days

12 August 1978

ISEE-C

Delta

Renamed ICE in 1985 for cometary research

13 October 1978

TIROS-N

Atlas

3rd generation polar orbiting weather satellite (research)

24 October 1978

Nimbus VII

Delta

Research environmental/weather satellite

13 November 1978

HEAO-B

Atlas-Centaur

2nd High Energy Astronomical Satellite - X-rays

18 February 1979

SAGE/AEM-2

Scout

Stratospheric Aerosol & Gas Experiment Applications Explorer

27 June 1979

NOAA-6

Atlas

Operational weather satellite

20 September 1979

HEAO 3

Atlas-Centaur

High-energy astronomy/gamma ray research

30 October 1979

Magsat

Scout

Measure near-Earth magnetic fields

14 February 1980

SMM

Delta

Solar Maximum Mission

29 May 1980

NOAA-7

Atlas

Weather satellite - launch vehicle malfunctioned

9 September 1980

GOES D

Delta

Operational geostationary weather satellite

22 May 1981

GOES E

Delta

Operational geostationary weather satellite

23 June 1981

NOAA-C

Atlas

Operational weather satellite

3 August 1981

Dynamic Explorer A&B

Delta

Dual payload; Earth's magnetic field research

6 October 1981

SME

Delta

Solar Mesosphere Explorer; atmospheric research

22 March 1982

OSS-1

Shuttle Columbia/STS-3

Plasma & Solar physics, Shuttle capabilities

27 June 1982

GAS

Shuttle Columbia/STS-4

Carried first Get Away Special (GAS) experiment

16 July 1982

Landsat 4

Delta

Earth resources remote sensing satellite

28 March 1983

NOAA-8

Atlas

Operational weather satellite

4 April 1983

TDRS -A

Shuttle Challenger/STS-60

Deployed first Tracking and Data Relay Satellite

28 April 1983

GOES F

Delta

Operational geostationary weather satellite

1 March 1984

Landsat 5

Delta

Earth resources remote sensing satellite

6 April 1984

SMM Repair

Shuttle Challenger/STS-41C

Shuttle crew retrieved & repaired SMM satellite

16 August 1984

AMPTE

Delta

Three magnetospheric particle tracer explorers

5 October 1984

ERBS

Shuttle Challenger/STS-41G

Earth Radiation Budget Satellite

12 December 1984

NOAA-9

Atlas

Operational weather satellite

17 June 1985

Spartan 1

Shuttle Discovery/STS-51G

Deployed and retrieved Spartan 1

28 January 1986

TDRS-B

Shuttle Challenger/STS-51L

Did not achieve orbit

5 May 1986 G

OES-G

Delta

Did not achieve orbit

17 September 1986

NOAA-10

Atlas

Operational weather satellite; included ERBE

26 February 1987

GOES-H

Delta 1

Operational geostationary weather satellite

25 March 1987

San Marco D/L

Scout

Solar-meteorological activity relationship

24 September 1987

NOAA-11

Atlas

Operational weather satellite

29 September 1988

TDRS-C

Shuttle Discovery/STS-26

2nd Tracking and Data Relay Satellite

13 March 1989

TDRS-D

Shuttle Discovery/STS-29

3rd Tracking and Data Relay Satellite

18 November 1989

COBE

Delta 2

Cosmic Background Explorer

24 April 1990

HST

Shuttle Discovery/STS-31

Hubble Space Telescope deployed

1 June 1990

ROSAT

Delta 25

Roentgen Satellite X-ray telescope with Germany, UK

2 December 1990

BBXRT

Shuttle Columbia/STS-35

X-ray telescope

5 April 1990

CGRO

Shuttle Atlantis/STS-37

Compton Gamma Ray Observatory

14 May 1990

NOAA-12

Atlas

3rd generation operational weather satellite

2 August 1991

TDRS-E

Shuttle Atlantis/STS-43

Tracking and Data Relay Satellite

12 September 1991

UARS

Shuttle Discovery/STS-48

Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite

7 June 1992

EUVE

Delta 2

Extreme Ultraviolet Explorer

3 July 1992

SAMPEX

Scout3

First in Small Explorer series; cosmic ray research

24 July 1992

GEOTAIL

Delta 2

Joint NASA/Japan; geomagnetic tail research

22 October 1992

LAGEOS

Shuttle Columbia/STS-52

Geodetic research

13 January 1993

TDRS-F

Shuttle Endeavor/STS-54

Tracking and Data Relay Satellite

20 February 1993

Astro-D

M-3 SII (Japanese)

ASCA - X-ray astronomy

8 April 1993

Spartan 201

Shuttle Discovery/STS-56

Solar corona research

2 December 1993

HST-1st Servicing mission

Shuttle Endeavor/STS-61

Repair/servicing of Hubble Space Telescope

9 April 1994

GOES-I (GOES 8)

Atlas-Centaur

Next generation operational geostationary weather satellite

9 September 1994

Spartan 1

Shuttle Discovery/STS64

Solar wind and corona research

1 November 1994

WIND

Delta 2

Solar wind research

30 December 1994

NOAA-14

Atlas E

Operational weather satellite

23 May 1995

GOES-J

Atlas II

Operational geostationary weather satellite

13 July 1995

TDRS-G

Shuttle Discovery/STS-70

Tracking and Data Relay Satellite

2 December 1995

SOHO

Atlas II

Joint ESA/NASA; Solar Heliospheric Observatory

30 December 1995

RXTE

Delta 2

Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer

24 February 1996

Polar

Delta 2

Polar orbiting satellite; magnetospheric phenomena

4 June 1996

Cluster

Ariane-5

Did not achieve orbit

2 July 1996

TOMS-EP

Pegasus XL

Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer Earth Probe

17 August 1996

ADEOS

H-2 (Japanese)

Japanese mission; satellite failed after 90 days

21 August 1996

FAST

Pegasus XL

Fast Auroral Snapshot Explorer

4 November 1996

SAC-B/HETE

Pegasus XL

Did not separate from rocket

11 February 1997

HST 2nd Servicing Mission

Shuttle Discovery/STS-82

Hubble Space Telescope 2nd Servicing mission

25 April 1997

GOES-K

Atlas II

Operational geostationary weather satellite

25 August 1997

ACE

Delta 2

Advanced Composition Explorer

27 November 1997

TRMM

H-2 (Japanese)

Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission

26 February 1998

SNOE

Pegasus XL

Student Nitric Oxide Explorer

1 April 1998

TRACE

Pegasus XL

Transition Region and Coronal Explorer

13 May 1998

NOAA-K

Titan IV

Operational Weather Satellite


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