National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Office of Policy and Plans


Vol. 14, No. 4 Fall 1997



Many people associated with NASA history over the years have been assisted by the invaluable expertise of Lee D. Saegesser, who has been the NASA Chief Archivist, NASA Office of Policy and Plans. Lee retired on 31 October 1997, from NASA but not from activity as he has a number of things on his personal "to do" list. Since 1967 Lee has been NASA's Chief Archivist, working in the History Office to build a significant collection of reference documents for use by both NASA personnel and the public, providing historical perspective and documentary support for agency executives and staff, and preparing articles, staff studies and reports for the agency's senior leadership. Lee has performed the critical function of collecting, preserving, and making available documentary materials needed to answer a myriad of questions from the NASA staff as well as a wide range of outside researchers.

Beginning with two filing cabinets of material in 1967, Lee's "NASA Historical Reference Collection" has grown to more than 2,000 linear feet of primary and secondary historical materials relating to all aspects of NASA's development. Included are periodical clippings, press releases, reports, correspondence, and oral history interview transcripts. Lee has been an institution in the NASA History Office and a critical component of its effort to collect, preserve, and disseminate to the widest possible audience the history of NASA. We will miss him and wish him the best in his future activities.


The Office of Policy and Plans' History Office, in cooperation with the National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution, the Space Policy Institute of George Washington University, the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies of the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars, and the D.C. Space Grant Consortium co-sponsored a well-received conference that attracted much media attention, Reconsidering Sputnik: 40 Years Since the Soviet Satellite, on 30 September and 1 October 1997.

The symposium involved more than 150 participants, and some thirty media who were present for portions of the meeting. Among those present were electronic media representing ABC News, the News Hour with Jim Lehrer, CNN, C-SPAN, Fox, the McLaughlin Group, and German TV. Print journalists included representatives by the usual aerospace periodicals but also the New York Times, Washington Post, Baltimore Sun, and Chicago Tribune.

Featured speakers included Walter A. McDougall, professor of history at the University of Pennsylvania and author of the Pulitzer Prize winning book, …the Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age (Basic Books, 1986); Sergei Khrushchev, son of the former Soviet premier, aerospace engineer in his own right, and now professor at Brown University; Roald Sagdeev, former Soviet space scientist and present Director of the East-West Center at the University of Maryland; John A. Simpson, University of Chicago space scientist who was involved in the early space program; and Eilene Galloway, one of the authors of the National Aeronautics and Space Act of 1958. An additional 26 presenters were involved in the symposium. The reactions of the attendees at the symposium was overwhelmingly enthusiastic.

Roger D. Launius of NASA, John M. Logsdon of George Washington University, and Robert W. Smith of the National Air and Space Museum are now in the process of completing a book on Sputnik and its meaning in the period since 1957 with essay contributions by participants in the symposium. Stay tuned for more information on this subject.

Following the successful symposium, the History Office remained busy analyzing the launch of Sputnik and the dawn of the Space Age as Chief Historian Roger D. Launius appeared on CNN Early Prime, participated in the "Science Friday" Talk of the Nation NPR radio show, and presented a paper, "Eisenhower, Sputnik, and the Founding of NASA," at the International Conference on the Public Understanding of Science, Chicago Academy of Sciences, Chicago, IL.


Space and the American Imagination, by Howard E. McCurdy with support from the NASA History Office, has just appeared from Smithsoniam Institution Press. This important book examines popular images that have helped motivate the U.S. civil space program, arguing that the spacefaring dream tapped into several of America's most deeply rooted cultural ideals. McCurdy also explains how advocates of aggressive space exploration played on fears of the Cold War and convinced politicians that control of space meant control of the Earth. He also contends that the gap between expectations and reality has shaped in fundamental ways the public policy debate concerning space exploration. The book is available for $29.95 from the Smithsonian Institution Press, ISBN: 1560987642.

The NASA History Office is pleased to announce that Astronautics and Aeronautics, 1986­1990: Chronology of Science, Technology, and Policy, ompiled by Ihor Y. Gawdiak, Ramon J. Miro, and Sam Stueland (Washington, D.C.: NASA SP-4027), pp. 370, softcover, is now available for sale from the U.S. Government Printing Office. Arranged chronologically by individual day, this is the latest in a series of handy reference works that cover a wide variety of important aerospace events. Each entry contains a one-paragraph summary of the key happening plus specific citations to newspaper articles or NASA press releases for further information. In addition, this book is cross-referenced with a keyword index. Appendix A contains useful information about satellites, space probes, and human space flights during this time period. Appendix B contains a comprehensive list of abbreviations. Researchers have found previous volumes in this series to be invaluable for fact checking.

This book is for sale for $21.00 (domestic postpaid), $26.25 (non-U.S.) from the U.S. Superintendent of Documents. To order by Mail: Superintendent of Documents, P.O. Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954. To FAX: (202) 512-2250. To phone: (202) 512-1800 (7:30 a.m. - 4:30 p.m. Eastern time). Order stock number 033-000-01180-6. This book also may be purchased from the NASA Information Center, Code CMI-1, NASA Headquarters, 300 E Street SW, Room 1H23, Washington, DC 20546-0001, (202) 358-0000. Order NASA SP-4027.

The Aeronautics and Space Report of the President, Fiscal Year 1996 Activities (NASA Annual Report, 1997) will be available free of charge very shortly. In addition to narrative summaries of thirteen executive branch agencies' aerospace activities for the past fiscal year, this report also contains useful appendices that cover historical budget information, space launches, and human space flights. This report is also available on-line at:

The NASA Office of Policy and Plans has just published the 1998 edition of the NASA Strategic Plan, NPD-1000.1. A copy of this plan is being sent to each NASA Field Center, and they were delivered inside Headquarters at the end of October. This is the first edition of the plan submitted under requirements of the Government Performance Requirements Act (GPRA), and represents a major step forward in aligning NASA's plans with national policies and budget availability. It also presents a comprehensive perspective on how the NASA mission, enterprises, programs and projects, and individual employee contributions are linked to achieve NASA goals. The latest edition of the NASA Strategic Plan is now on-line at: NASA has just also placed the report on-line in portable document format (PDF) format on the World Wide Web at URL:


Before the end of 1997 two new Center histories will be appearing in the NASA History Series. Way Station to Space: A History of the John C. Stennis Space Center (NASA SP-4310, 1997) has been written by Mack R. Herring, one of the Center's first employees. It tells the interesting and important story of the Mississippi facility created to test the Saturn Moon rocket in the 1960s and its evolution thereafter.

Wallops Station and the Creation of the American Space Program (NASA SP-4311, 1997), by Harold D. Wallace, Jr., is a short history that stresses the early history of the Mid-Atlantic facility and its relationship to the larger aerospace exploration initiatives of NACA/NASA.

Pamela E. Mack is the editor of a collected work on the nineteen NACA/NASA research projects that have received the prestigious Collier Trophy. This award was first received by the agency in 1929 for advances by NACA in engine cowling design, and most recently in 1993 for the Hubble Servicing Mission. From Engineering Science to Space Science: The NACA/NASA Winners of the Robert J. Collier Trophy for Aerospace Research and Development (NASA SP­4219) is slated for publication in late 1997.

Also set to appear late in the year is Exploring the Unknown: Selected Documents in the History of the U.S. Civil Space Program, Volume III, Using Space (NASA SP­4407, 1997), edited by John M. Logsdon, with Stephen J. Garber, Roger D. Launius, and David K. Onkst. This work will consist of about 150 key documents relating to the space age grouped by topic and arranged chronologically. The major sections of this volume include the evolution of satellite communications, the development of remote sensing, and the shift in the United States from government monopoly to space commerce.

Additionally, we will be publishing before the end of the year a new monograph, Walking Over Olympus: A Chronology of Extravehicular Activity (EVA) (Monographs in Aerospace History, No. 7, 1997), compiled by David S.F. Portree. This chronology is the first part of a larger effort to document the history of EVA at the time of the first launch and assembly of the International Space Station, where massive numbers of hours of EVA will be required. As with all of our Monographs in Aerospace History, this one will be available free of charge. When requesting one please send a self-addressed, stamped (for 1 pound) 9x12 envelope so we may mail you your copy.

In 1998 we also anticipate publishing At the Center: A History of the Marshall Space Flight Center (NASA SP­4312), by Andrew J. Dunar and Stephen P. Waring. This history analyzes the development of Marshall from its origins as an army center through the Wernher von Braun era to the present.


The American Historical Association has announced the competition for its annual Fellowship in Aerospace History, supported by the NASA History Office. This fellowship funds one or more research projects for six months to one year. Proposals of advanced research in history related to all aspects of aerospace, from the earliest human interest in flight to the present, are eligible, including cultural and intellectual history, economic history, history of law and public policy, and history of science, engineering, and management. The fellowship is open to any U.S. citizen who holds a doctoral degree in history or a closely related field, or who is enrolled in and has completed all course work for a doctoral degree-granting program. The maximum stipend is $30,000 ($26,000 for graduate students), adjustable to the length of the fellowship term. The deadline for application is February 2, 1998.

Further information and an application form may be obtained from the American Historical Association, 400 A Street, South East, Washington, DC 20003-3889, phone: (202) 544-2422, fax: (202) 544-8307, e-mail:


The NASA History Office is sponsoring a research project leading to a book with the tentative title, "Grand Tour: A History of Project Voyager." This project will lead to a comprehensive, academically sound, well-documented, peer reviewed book-length manuscript acceptable for publication by a scholarly press. The solicitation for this project closed in early November and a team of reviewers is now analyzing the proposals. We anticipate being able to make an award for the contract early in 1998.

Pending funding, the NASA History Office would very much like to award a contract in 1998 for a history of the Centaur upper stage rocket developed by NASA during the 1960s and 1970s. Stay tuned for further information on this possibility.


The National Space Club has announced the opening of the Robert H. Goddard Historical Essay Award competition for 1997. The winner of the competition will receive a $1,000 prize. Essays may explore any significant aspect of the history development of rocketry and astronautics, and will be judged on originality and scholarship. Entries must be submitted by 5 December 1997. To obtain additional instructions, write to the Goddard Historical Essay Contest, c/o National Space Club, 2000 L Street NW, Suite 710, Washington, DC 20036.


Congratulations are in order to Asif A. Siddiqi, author of "The Early Years of Space Exploration in the Soviet Union," a book project sponsored by the NASA History Office. The American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics announced in October 1997 that it is the 1998 recipient of the AIAA History Manuscript Award. The award will be presented on January 13, 1998, during the 36th Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit at the Reno, NV. The award is presented annually for the best historical manuscript dealing with the science, technology, and/or impact of aeronautics and astronautics.

Kudos also to David Woods, a volunteer who helped the NASA History Office format many of its histories for the World Wide Web. He received the NASA Special Service Award on 22 October 1997. Without his assistance, the office would have been unable to create such an extensive presence on the Web, with many publications and documents on-line. Our thanks again to David for his excellent work.

Michael J. Neufeld of the National Air and Space Museum will share this year's Dexter Prize of the Society for the History of Technology for his book The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era. The Dexter Prize is awarded for "an outstanding book in the history of technology published during any of the three years preceding the award." The Rocket and the Reich previously won the 1995 AIAA History Manuscript Award. It recently appeared in German translation as well with Brandenburgisches Verlagshaus of Berlin.


Scott Friedman, a summer intern in the NASA History Office, created new "overlay" pages for our World Wide Web site, dividing our many pages into four categories: Current Events, Publications, Historical Reference, and External Resources. Also, the NASA History Office Web site should now be significantly easier to navigate due to the new keyword search engine specifically for our site.

Another new History Office World Wide Web feature is the NASA history "hot topics" page. This page provides responses for some frequently asked questions and points to the latest historical materials available on the web. Check it out at

We have also placed on-line several new items in the last three months:

The Partnership: A History of the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project (NASA SP-4209), by Linda and Edward Ezell is now on the Web at

On the occasion of the fortieth anniversary of Sputnik and the fiftieth anniversary of the first supersonic (X-1) flight, we created two new well-received NASA History web sites. Because of the fortieth anniversary of Sputnik, we assembled images, documents, biographical information, analyses, and technical data on the International Geophysical Year, the Sputnik satellite of the Soviet Union, and the American Vanguard and Explorer programs as a means of encouraging study on this critical twentieth century event. This on-line exhibit is located at: History/sputnik/.

Also, in response to the interest generated by the fiftieth anniversary of the first X-1 supersonic flight which took place on 14 October 1997 we placed on-line an exhibit at:

We also placed on-line a long out of print publication that might interest students of NASA history. Unmanned Space Project Management: Surveyor and Lunar Orbiter is a short book that was first published in 1972 as NASA SP-4901. It is now available at: Special thanks to our summer intern, Scott Friedman, who did the html work for this publication.

To help researchers find their way through National Archives and Records Administration holdings of NASA/NACA documents, the NASA History Office established an on-line site containing information on documents available at the various Federal Records Centers. These are available at: Our thanks to Kent Carter of the National Archives for providing this information and to Chris Gamble for formatting it in html.

Finally, the first part of a Space Station history is now available on-line at reference/history/.


The issue of how to regulate the outer space environment is receiving international attention, but existing legal principles are woefully inadequate to address them. Enter the Archimedes Institute, formed to facilitate the development of sensible and efficient legal standards for aerospace policy issues and implementation of private policy initiatives. The Archimedes Institute, through its website ( provides an extensive library of space law and policy documents, including international agreements, domestic legislation, reports, academic monographs, and a substantial bibliography of aerospace resources.

Boston National Space Society (NSS) Vice President Larry Klaes has created a page on the World Wide Web for information on Project Gemini, the U.S. human spaceflight project that operated from 1964 to 1966 between Projects Mercury and Apollo. This includes information on the Titan 2 and Atlas-Agena rockets. Klaes is asking anyone with information on Gemini, be it personal anecdotes or reference materials in their libraries, to contact him for adding this data to the Web collection. The URL for the Project Gemini Web site is:


The NASA History Office has started an internship program for undergraduates. We are looking for future interns, beginning with the winter 1998 semester. The unpaid internship would be at least 20 hours per week. College juniors and seniors are preferred. The intern will have the opportunity to take on significant responsibility in editing, doing research, answering information requests, and preparing documents for the World Wide Web. For more information, please contact Steve Garber at

The Lemelson Center for the Study of Invention and Innovation, Smithsonian Institution, has announced a call for proposals for the 1998-1999 fellowship program. Based on the theme "Inventing for the Environment," proposals should present creative approaches to documenting, interpreting, and disseminating information about invention and innovation. Fellowships are awarded for a minimum of two months to a maximum of six months and carry an award of $3,000 per month, which includes all research and travel allowances. Approximately four Fellowships will be awarded annually. For further information and application packets, contact Eva Fischer, Fellows Program Coordinator, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History, the Lemelson Center Senior Fellows Program, MRC 604, Washington, DC 20560; 202-357-1593; 202-357-4517. Applications must be postmarked by 15 January 1998.

The James S. McDonnell Foundation will award up to ten $1,000,000 research fellowships to early career scientists and scholars. The fellowships will be awarded across five areas: Astrophysics and Cosmology, Human Cognition, Global and Complex Systems, Human Genetics, History and Philosophy of Science. Applications are due December 15, 1997. All information and guidelines are available at or can be obtained via e-mail by contacting centennial@, or by writing: Centennial Fellowship Program, James S. McDonnell Foundation, 1034 South Brentwood Blvd., Suite 1850, Saint Louis, MO 63117.

The American Philosophical Society invites applications for the John Clarke Slater Fellowship to support doctoral dissertation research in the history of the twentieth-century physical sciences. Deadline for applications is December 1, 1997. Application forms may be obtained writing to the American Philosophical Society, 104 S. 5th St., Philadelphia, PA 19106-3387.

Postdoctoral fellowships in history of science and philosophy of science are available for one year beginning fall 1998. Send complete dossier, including statement of proposed research, to David L. Hull, Department of Philosophy, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208. Deadline for application is 15 December 1997.


The Florida Historical Quarterly is planning to publish a special 1998 issue to commemorate the fortieth anniversary of the founding of NASA. Papers on any aspect of the space industry, particularly its effect on Florida, are welcome. Queries and manuscripts should be addressed to: Dr. Kari Frederickson, Assistant Professor and Editor, Florida Historical Quarterly, Department of History, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816-1350; 407-823-6421; fax 407-823-5156. The deadline for consideration is 1 December 1997.

The Oral History Association invites proposals for papers and presentations for its 1998 annual meeting, to be held 15-18 October in Buffalo, New York. The theme of the meeting is "Crossing the Boundary, Crossing the Line: Oral History on the Border." For further information or to submit proposals, contact: Debra Bernhardt, Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, 70 Washington Square South, New York, NY 10012, 212-998-2640, Fax: 212-995-4070, e-mail: bernhrdt@elmer1.bobst.nyu. edu. The proposal deadline is 15 December 1997.

The History of Philosophy of Science Working Group will hold its second conference on 12-15 March 1998. This meeting is organized in cooperation with the Reilly Center for Science, Technology, and Values at the University of Notre Dame. The conference will be open to work from all approaches in science studies that focus upon the history of philosophy of science. For further information contact HOPOS '98 Conference, Harriet Baldwin,, Center for Continuing Education, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, e-mail

The Society for History in the Federal Government has issued its call for papers for its 1998 annual meeting, 19-20 March 1998, at Archives II, National Archives and Records Administration, College Park, Maryland. The theme of the meeting will be "Interpreting Federal History: Documents, Artifacts, and Structures." Proposals should be sent to: SHFG 1998 Program Committee, Society for History in the Federal Government, Box 14139 Ben Franklin Station, Washington, DC 20044-4139. Parenthetically, the NASA History Office would like to organize at least one session on aerospace history for the conference. If you would like to propose a paper for the meeting relating to this topic please send it to Roger D. Launius at the HASA History Office address.

The Economic and Business Historical Society annual meeting will take place in Milwaukee, WI, from 23-25 April 1998. The EBHS welcomes proposals for panels and papers on all aspects of North American, European, and non-Western economic and business history for all time periods. Please send abstracts of the proposed papers (a maximum of two pages) to: Gene Smiley, EBHS President and Program Chair, Department of Economics, Marquette University, P.O. Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI 53201-1881; e-mail: smiley@mail. The deadline for proposals is 16 January 1998.

The Los Alamos Historical Society and the University of New Mexico/Los Alamos, is sponsoring the Second Los Alamos International History Conference on the Cold War, 9-12 August 1998, at the University of New Mexico/Los Alamos Campus. Papers will be accepted from the fields of political, economic, social, military, scientific and international history. Deadline for abstracts is 30 January 1998. Send papers to: Marjorie Bell Chambers, Conference Chair, 336 Andanada, Los Alamos, NM 87544, For inquiries e-mail:

The organizers of "Art and Technology: In the Age of Information," has issued a call for papers for its meeting in Liverpool, UK, 1-3 July 1998. This conference is aimed at a wide range of participants. Deadline for proposals is 31 January 1998. Contact: Toby Jackson, Tate Gallery Liverpool, Albert Dock Liverpool L3 4BB, U.K.

The journal Business History Review invites contributions to a special issue on "Business and the Environment." Junior or senior scholars are welcome to propose papers on the historical relations between commerce or the corporation, and nature or environment. Proposals are due by 1 February 1998. Contact:; Haas School of Business #1900, University of California at Berkeley; Berkeley, CA 94720-1900; or Christopher Sellers,

The Society for the History of Technology (SHOT) has issued a call for papers for its 1998 annual meeting. The meeting will take place in Baltimore, MD, on 15-18 October 1998. The program committee welcomes proposals for individual papers and sessions on topics related to all facets of the history of technology, including pre-modern themes. Send proposals by 10 April 1997, to: Brett D. Steele, SHOT Program Chair, Department of History, 6265 Bunche Hall, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095-1473, e-mail:

The History and Philosophy of Science Association, Sixteenth-Biennial Meeting will be held in Kansas City, MO, 21-25 October 1998. For more information, contact: Don Howard, Chair, PSA 1998 Program Committee History and Philosophy of Science, 346 O'Shaughnessy, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556, e-mail: Don.A.

Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences is a new journal whose first issue will be published in 1998. The journal will be devoted to historical, sociological, philosophical and ethical aspects of the life and environmental sciences, of the sciences of mind and behavior, and of the medical and biomedical sciences and technologies. Contributions should be sent to Marina Frasca-Spada, Associate Editor, Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Cambridge, Free School Lane, Cambridge CB2 3RH, U.K., e-mail:


On 2-4 December 1997, the American Astronautical Society will hold its annual meeting in Pasadena, California. Contact: AAS, 6352 Rolling Mill Place, Suite 102, Springfield, VA 22152; 703-866-0020; fax 703-866-3526.

A conference on "The Future Location of Research: A Triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations," will take place in New York City, 7-10 January 1998. For more information, contact: Henry Etzkowitz, Science Policy Institute, State University of New York, Purchase, NY 10577; e-mail:

The American Historican Association will meet in Seattle, WA, on 8-11 January 1998. Contact: American Historical Association, 400 A Street, S.E., Washington, D.C. 20003, e-mail:,

On 12-14 March 1998, the 9th annual Women in Aviation Conference will be held at the Adamís Mark Denver Hotel in Denver, CO. Contact: Women in Aviation International, Morningstar Airport, 3647 State Route 503 South, West Alexandria, OH 45381; e-mail

On 13-15 March 1998 the annual meeting of the Business History Conference will be "First Class: The Business of Government and the Government of Business." The meeting will be held in College Park, Maryland. Contact: Jeremy Atack, Dept. of Economics, P.O. Box 1819, Stn. B, Vanderbilt University, Nashville TN 37235, e-mail: atackJ@

On 18-19 March 1998 the American Astronautical Society will hold its 36th Annual Goddard Memorial Symposium in Greenbelt, MD. Contact: AAS, 6352 Rolling Mill Place, Suite #102, Springfield, VA 22152.

On 19-20 March 1998 the Society for History in the Federal Government will hold its annual meeting in College Park, MD. Contact: Society for History in the Federal Government, Box 14139 Ben Franklin Station, Washington, DC 20044-4139.

On 25-28 March 1998, the 31st annual National Congress on Aviation and Space Education will be held in St. Louis, MO. Contact: Civil Air Patrol National Headquarters/ETA, 105 South Hansell Street, Building 714, Maxwell AFB, AL 36112-6332; 334-953-5095; fax 334-953-4235; e-mail

On 2-5 April 1998, the Organization of American Historians will hold its annual meeting in Indianapolis, IN. For additional information contact: Organization of American Historians, 112 North Bryan Street, Bloomington, IN 47408-4199.

On 8-11 April 1998, the Popular Culture Association will host a multidisciplinary symposium entitled "The Vietnam War and Its Era" in Orlando, Florida. Contact: Tony Edmonds, History Department, Ball State University, Muncie, IN 47306; 765-285-2779.

On 16-19 April 1998 the annual meeting of the National Council on Public History will be held in Austin, Texas. Contact: Kris C. Mitchell, Batelle-Pantex, P.O. Box 30020, Bldg. 12-2B, Amarillo TX 79120-0010, e-mail:

On 23-25 April 1998 the annual meeting of the Economic and Business Historical Society will be held in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Contact: Gene Smiley, Dept. of Economics, Marquette University, P. O. Box 1881, Milwaukee WI 53201-1881, 414-288-5664.

On 23-26 April 1998 the Society for Military History will hold its annual meeting in Lisle/ Napierville, IL. Contact: Charles R. Shrader, Executive Director, Society for Military History, 910 Forbes Road, Carlisle, PA 17013.

On 27-30 April 1998 the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics will hold its 8th Annual International Space Planes and Hypersonic Systems and Technologies Conference at the Waterside Marriott Hotel in Norfolk, Virginia. Contact: AIAA, 1801 Alexander Bell Dr., Suite 500, Reston VA 20191-4333,

On 20-22 May 1998 The American Helicopter Society will hold its 54th Annual Forum and Technology Display at the Washington Sheraton in Washington, D.C. The theme will be "Realizing the V/STOL Vision." Contact: American Helicopter Society, 217 N. Washington St., Alexandria, VA 22314, 703-684-6777, fax 739-9279.

On 18-22 August 1998 the 25th Symposium of the International Committee for the History of Technology (ICOHTEC) will be held in Lisbon, Portugal. Contact: Prof. Carroll Pursell, History Dept., Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland OH 44106, e-mail:

"The World Takes Flight" is a major conference on aviation/aerospace history scheduled for 1-3 October 1998, at Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio. Focusing on the first century of powered flight, the conference will include presentations on three thematic areas: Flight and Society; Flight and Public Policy; and Flight Technology. Contact: Aviation History Conference, Conferences and Events, Rm E180 Student Union, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45434-0001.

NASA History News and Notes is published quarterly by the NASA History Office, Office of Policy and Plans, Code ZH, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546.

You can now receive NASA History: News and Notes via e-mail. To subscribe, send a message to Leave the subject line blank. In the text portion simply type "subscribe history" without the quotation marks. You will receive confirmation that your account has been added to the list for the newsletter and to receive other announcements that may interest you. We also post the latest issue of this newsletter on the World Wide Web at nltrc.html.

More questions about NASA History in general? Please check out our NASA History Office Home Page at The general public is also invited to come to our office in person to do research. For further information, please contact our office at 202-358-0384, fax 202-358-2866. Send e-mail to Roger D. Launius at or Steve Garber at We also welcome comments about the content and format of this newsletter.