Vol. 18, No. 3

August 2001



Effective 24 August 2001 Dr. J.D. Hunley, known to all as Dill, retired as the historian at the Dryden Flight Research Center, a position he has held since 1995. He has led a stellar effort to document the history of the Center, overseeing the publication during his tenure of seven monographs and five full-size books. Dill also edited both The Birth of NASA: The Diary of T. Keith Glennan (NASA SP-4105, 1993) and The Problem of Space Travel: The Rocket Motor (NASA SP-4026, 1995). Dill will be accepting the Ramsey Fellowship at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum where he will be writing a history of rocketry during the 1930s-1950s.

Dr. Michael H. Gorn succeeds Dill as historian at Dryden. Many of you already know Mike and his superb qualifications for the job. Mike is a well-known historian who has written several pathbreaking books, including Prophecy Fulfilled: "Toward New Horizons" and its Legacy (Air Force History and Museums Program, 1994), The Universal Man: Theodore von Kármán’s Life in Aeronautics (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1992), Expanding the Envelope: Flight Research at NACA and NASA (University Press of Kentucky, 2001), and the forthcoming On the Frontier: Flight Research at Dryden, 1946-2000 (NASA SP-2001-4315).

Good luck Dill and welcome aboard Mike!


As of 1 September 2001 one of our longtime contract historians in the NASA History Office, Mark Kahn, is departing for new opportunities as a civil service archivist with the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum. Mark has been with our office for the last six years, and many have benefited from both his helpful nature and his expertise in the NASA Historical Reference Collection. Our congratulations to Mark in his new position.


With Mark Kahn’s departure from NASA, NCI Information Systems, Inc. is seeking to fill a contract archivist position in the NASA History Office. This archivist position is for an existing contract at NASA Headquarters History Office in Washington, DC. Responsibilities include entering and updating records in the archive database, describing files in the collection, answering information requests, evaluating and adding materials to the archive, applying basic preservation techniques, scanning materials, and preparing materials for transfer to the National Archives. Qualifications should include a B.A. in History or Master in Library Science, two years experience in an archive. Applicant should have strong customer service attitude, good oral and written communication skills, strong computer skills, and knowledge of archival methods. Background in aerospace history preferred. The starting salary is $13.99-$15.04/hr, plus benefits. See http://www. nciinc.com/index_fs.cfm. To apply, please send a resume and cover letter to Andrew Pedrick, NASA Headquarters Library, 300 E St. SW, Mail Code CO-2, Washington, DC 20546, 202-358-0171, fax: 202-358-3469, e-mail library@ hq.nasa.gov. This position is available as of 4 September 2001.


The Kennedy Space Center (FSC), Cape Canaveral, Florida, has recently approved funding for a three-year fixed-price contract to write its history since Apollo. The history would serve as an addition and sequel to Moonport, a history of the Center that deals with the 1960s. Moonport is available on-line at: http://www.hq.nasa.gov/office/pao/History/SP-4204/cover.html. The Center will want the individual(s) working on this project to reside at the Cape and will provide office space, telephone, computer, etc., for the contractor on-site. The salary and fringe benefits will be in the assistant professor range.

Anyone who might have an interest should prepare a proposal for the history, including a vita, and send to Dr. Shannon Roberts at KSC. Her telephone number is 321-867-0867 and her e-mail address is Shannon.Roberts-1@ksc.nasa.gov.


NASA is assisting in the organization and promotion of a major international symposium on aerospace history taking place at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, on 22-25 October 2001. It promises to be an outstanding experience. Sponsored by the First Flight Centennial Commission and the First Flight Centennial Foundation of North Carolina, this exciting international symposium has more than 200 participants speaking on all manner of aerospace historical topics. Check out the web site at www.firstflightnc.com for information on the program and how to register.

Some of the featured speakers include:

This promises to be an excellent symposium. Please review the program and make plans to attend.


If you are not already aware of it, please note that Congress has chartered a U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission charged with playing a leading role in coordinating and publicizing public activities celebrating the achievements of Wilbur and Orville Wright and commemorating a century of powered flight. Made up of six senior government officials and state leaders, the Commission is chaired by Gen. John R. Dailey (USMC-Ret.), director of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum. Other members represent the First Flight Centennial Foundation of North Carolina, the Inventing Flight: Dayton 2003 Committee of Ohio, the Experimental Aircraft Association, the Federal Aviation Administration, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

The First Flight Centennial Federal Advisory Board will advise the Commission and offer counsel in developing support for activities involving the public in the celebration of the 100th anniversary of powered flight, 17 December 2003. The Board is composed of 19 members, 5 positions are included by statute and 14 other U.S. citizens meeting various statutory criteria, 6 of them appointed by the President of the United States, 4 by the Majority Leader of the U.S. Senate, and 4 by the Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives. Board membership is available on the web site. Dr. Tom D. Crouch of the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and Space Museum serves as Board chair. The first meeting of the Advisory Board took place on 10 August 2001.

The Commission encourages the broadest national and international support for participation in the commemoration, publicizing and encouraging programs, projects, and events that will involve, educate, enrich, and inspire the maximum number of people. One of the primary goals of the Commission is to increase the overall awareness of the centennial and of related centennial events. To assist in achieving that goal, the Commission’s legislation enables it to develop and maintain a public web page that includes activities related to the centennial of flight celebration and the history of aviation. The Commission’s first generation web page "went live" at http://www.centennialofflight.gov in July 2000.

One of the special features of this web site is the calendar. It will track all events related to the centennial of flight, the history of aviation, and aviation in general. Visitors to the site can propose events for inclusion on the calendar via the "submit an event" button. Additional educational, historical, sights and sound, and Commission information is being incorporated into the site on an ongoing basis. The site itself is intended to be the single point-of-entry for activities and information related to the Commission, and contains information for everyone from aviation novices to educators to industry experts. Ultimately, the site will include links to other educational and historical resources on aviation and aerospace subjects.

The U.S. Centennial of Flight Commission has also selected Carter Ryley Thomas (CRT) Public Relations and Marketing Counsel of Richmond, Virginia, to support the Commission in encouraging and promoting national and international commemoration of the centennial of powered flight. CRT will develop and implement a detailed and wide-ranging plan to increase awareness of centennial events and the centennial itself. CRT’s Outreach plan will focus particularly on reaching school children in all 50 states and serve as a resource for organizations promoting the centennial.

There are many exciting activities being planned for the centennial of flight commemoration. A wealth of information is available on the Centennial of Flight Commission web site, including links to many other centennial organizations. Please visit the web site to learn more.


We are delighted to report that NASA has appointed Tony Springer of the NASA Headquarters Office of Aerospace Technology as the point of contact for all NASA centennial of flight activities. Tony is responsible for the overall organization and coordination of NASA’s activities in support of the 17 December 2003, centennial celebration. NASA is currently defining what activities it will be involved in during the next three years. All requests for NASA participation in centennial activities should be made through the normal channels and Mr. Springer copied. In the next few months NASA will announce initial activities in which it will be involved. NASA is planning significant historical, educational, and informational activities and publications. These will honor accomplishments made during the last century of flight, look at what the future of flight might bring, and define steps being taken to make that vision a reality. If you have any questions, please contact Tony at tony.springer@hq.nasa.gov or 202-358-0848.


Each year since the creation of the Agency in 1958 the NASA History Office has held a meeting with our center history points of contact and with a group of outside scholars and aerospace professionals to assess the state of the NASA. We will hold a joint program review with the NASA Records Manager at the Stennis Space Center, Mississippi, on 5-6 November 2001. This activity is open to all with interest and we welcome participation in any or all of the review. For additional information about this meeting, contact roger.launius@hq.nasa.gov.


Exploring the Unknown: Selected Documents in the History of the U.S. Civil Space Program, Volume V, Exploring the Cosmos (NASA SP-2001-4407, 2001), is produced under the general editorship of John M. Logsdon. The volume contains documentary materials on the origins, evolution, and organization of the space science enterprise at NASA, the history of planetary exploration, and solar-terrestrial physics. A future volume will contain documentary materials on astronomy and astrophysics, microgravity and life sciences, solar science, and Earth science. This book is available for purchase from the U.S. Superintendent of Documents. You may order on-line by accessing the Government Printing Office homepage at http://bookstore.gpo.gov/index.html on the Web. Order publication number: 033-000-01238-1.

A recent addition to the "New Series in NASA History" is Taking Science to the Moon: Lunar Experiments and the Apollo Program, by Donald A. Beattie (Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001), Hardcover - 336 pages, ISBN: 0-8018-6599-9, Price $42.50. The advertising copy for this work states: "This is a well written, clearly argued book on a topic of very considerable interest to working earth and planetary scientists, historians of science, and spaceflight ‘buffs,’ as well as an informed public. The science performed during and in preparation for the Apollo missions has drawn relatively little attention given its scope, the number of people involved, and the importance of the results secured. Hence this work helps to fill a surprising gap in the literature, as well as adding a very interesting voice to the existing material on the workings of NASA in the 1960s and early 1970s."—Robert Smith, University of Alberta, Canada. This book may be ordered from http://www.press.jhu.edu/press/ books/ordering/index.htm on-line or by calling 1-800-537-5487.

We are delighted to report that the University Press of Kentucky has just released Expanding the Envelope: Flight Research at NACA and NASA by Michael H. Gorn. Flight research is one of three legs supporting the development of aerospace technology in the United States, the other two being theoretical studies and wind tunnel and computer modeling. NACA and NASA have played a leading role in flight research for nearly a century. Expanding the Envelope tells the story of this effort from its origins following the First World War. Written by the well-respected aerospace historian, Michael H. Gorn, it provides the only serious study of this subject to appear in more than twenty years. It offers analysis and insight, as well as an exciting and well-told story. The NASA History Program is honored to have been able to assist in bringing this work to the aerospace historical community. This hardcover book is for sale for $35 by visiting the University of Kentucky site at http://www.uky.edu/UniversityPress/books/expanding.htm on the Web.


Forthcoming is Uplink/Downlink: A History of the Deep Space Network (NASA SP-2001-4225, 2001), by Douglas J. Mudgway. The book will describe and analyze the complex history of the Deep Space Network (DSN) from its origins, as a result of the early years of the planetary science program in the late 1950s, through its current role as the most capable communications system in the world. It will assess the role of this critical communications method for both providing control to planetary probes and a means of obtaining the scientific data collected. This book should be available in late 2001. Stay tuned for more information about this work.

Forthcoming in October 2001 is Howard E. McCurdy’s latest study appearing in the "New Series in NASA History," Faster, Cheaper, Better: Low-Cost Innovation in the U.S. Space Program (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001). This short historical study analyzes the efforts within NASA to change its method of doing business in the 1990s. It is coming to a bookstore near you so stay tuned for more information about this work.

Also forthcoming in October 2001 is Imagining Space: Achievements, Predictions, Possibilities, 1950-2050 (Chronicle Books, 2001). Written by Roger D. Launius and Howard E. McCurdy, this book uses the last fifty years in spaceflight to explore future possibilities. In 1949 Willy Ley wrote the classic work, The Conquest of Space, describing what he thought would happen in the next fifty years in space exploration, based upon what had already taken place up to that time. This book, in many respects, is a continuation of that earlier effort. The first part of it focuses on the predictions made about space exploration over the last fifty years and will analyze what was predicted and achieved, what was achieved but not predicted, and what was predicted but not achieved. The remainder of the book discusses the prospects for the future, looking out fifty years. It is coming to a bookstore near you so stay tuned for more information about this work.

Also appearing in the fall is Shuttle-Mir: The U.S. and Russia Share History’s Highest Stage (NASA SP-2001-4225, 2001), written by Clay Morgan. This is a popularly written illustrated history of the Shuttle-Mir project, produced at the Johnson Space Center.

Appearing near the end of the year will be On the Frontier: Flight Research at Dryden, 1946-2000 (NASA SP-2001-4315, 2001), by Richard P. Hallion and Michael H. Gorn. This work is a revision of a 1984 NASA History Series publication about the Dryden Flight Research Center. It includes additional chapters and revisions to earlier material.

Finally, in early 2002, we will publish Asif A. Siddiqi’s Deep Space Chronicle: Robotic Exploration Missions to the Planets (NASA SP-2002-4524) as one of our "Monographs in Aerospace History." This monograph provides an overview of the missions, conducted by the United States, the Soviet Union/Russia, and the other spacefaring nations of the world, to the planets of the Solar System.

Also in the first part of 2002, the NASA History Program will produce The Space Shuttle Mission Transcripts: A CD/ROM Data Archive (NASA SP-2002-4602, January 2002), which is being put together by Glen E. Swanson at the Johnson Space Center. This CD/ROM will capture in .pdf format all of the voice transmission recordings between Mission Control and the Space Shuttle, press kits from the Shuttle missions, and other reference material about the Space Shuttle program.

Finally, the program will also be publishing Peter W. Merlin’s monograph, Mach 3+: NASA/USAF YF-12 Flight Research, 1969-1979 (NASA SP-2002-4525, 2002). This is a study of the use of the YF-12/SR-71 in flight research at the Dryden Flight Research Center.


The GReat Images in NASA (GRIN) photo database is now on-line at http://grin.hq.nasa.gov. The database contains more than 1,000 searchable images. Available in four formats, the images are suitable for everything from quick reference to publishable 300 dpi high-resolution photos. Everything is available electronically and free of charge. To get started, we suggest reading the information at http://grin.hq.nasa.gov/howtouse.html. Please note that we intend to add images, but feel free to let us know, at histinfo@hq.nasa.gov, if you find errors or have suggestions. Special thanks to a variety of folks, but especially Michael Hahn, Dwayne Day, Erin Needham, and John Betts for getting this system up and running.

Skylab: Our First Space Station (NASA SP-400, 1977), edited by Leland F. Belew, and Skylab: A Guidebook (NASA EP-107, 1973), by Leland F. Belew and Ernst Stuhlinger are now on-line at http://history.nasa.gov/SP-400/sp400.htm and http:// history.nasa.gov/EP-107/ep107.htm on the web, respectively. A very special thanks to Chris Gamble, who scanned and set up these attractive and informative books for the web.

We are pleased to offer several useful NASA and contractor documents that cover the evolution of space suits from Project Mercury to the Space Shuttle. These documents about space suits were assembled into a single PDF file at http://history.nasa. gov/spacesuits.pdf on the web.

The 1973 report of the NASA Investigation Board Report on the Initial Flight Anomalies of Skylab 1 covers the loss of the meteoroid shield and a solar array that caused other problems on the first Skylab mission. It is available at http://history.nasa. gov/skylabrep/SRcover.htm on the web. Special thanks to Dirk Stoffels for his work formatting the report for the web. Please note that the site includes TIF images so you may need to check the configuration of your browser software.

Although not yet on the NASA web site, the Kennedy Presidential Library released in late August 2001 a tape of a meeting between John F. Kennedy and NASA Administrator James E. Webb in White House held in late 1962. In this meeting the two debated the relative priorities of Apollo versus the other aspects of NASA’s program. There is a story on this tape on www.space.com, as well as a version of the tape, located at http://www.space.com/news/ kennedy_tapes_010822.html on the Web.

The release of this tape should not surprise historians of the space program. We have been commenting on the political realities of the Kennedy administration and how it affected his decision making process for quite a while. This tape confirms what space historians have known for some time, that Kennedy was not a space visionary. He explicitly said on the tape, "I’m not that interested in space." For additional information on this issue, we would call attention to the "Washington Goes to the Moon" radio documentary that is available on-line at http://www.wamu.org/special/moon.html, which is also available on our site about the Apollo decision http://history.nasa.gov/moondec.html on the Web.


We are sorry to report that longtime NASA historian Frank W. Anderson, Jr., died of throat cancer on 8 June 2001 in Birmingham, Alabama, after a prolonged illness. He had moved to Birmingham in 1998 so his sister could care for him. Frank was many years in the NASA Headquarters History Office. His book, Orders of Magnitude: A History of NACA and NASA, 1915-1980 (NASA SP-4403, 1981), was widely distributed throughout the 1980s. He retired in the early 1980s and owned and operated a book store in Tucker, Geogia (an Atlanta bedroom community). His wife, Helen, who also worked in the Headquarters history office for a time, died of cancer in 1986. Our condolences to his family.


The Glenn Research Center has several important historical projects just getting underway. One of these is about the Plum Brook Nuclear Reactor Facility (PBRF), situated at Plum Brook Station, approximately 60 miles from Cleveland. The research reactor operated between the late 1950s and the early 1970s and has been in a standby/safe mode since that time. This facility was used to determine the feasibility of nuclear-powered aircraft and rockets. It is currently being decommissioned and dismantled. A full-size history project, including audiovisual products, archival accessioning, oral histories, and a written history of the reactor, History Enterprises, Inc. has been selected by the joint decommissioning team to prepare the historical products required for the facility. Information about the decommissioning of the Plum Brook Reactor Facility is available at http://www.grc.nasa.gov/ WWW/pbrf/ on the web.

Glenn Research Center has also been working with the city of Cleveland to make available acres of government land, abutting Hopkins International Airport, for runway expansion. Sitting on a portion of this land is the Rocket Engine Test Facility (RETF) which carries the designation of a National Historical Landmark. The RETF will be demolished to make way for runway expansion. Historical documentation under the HABS/HAER program is underway and will include collecting and cataloguing all documentary materials associated with the RETF, preparing written history, developing audiovisual materials, conducting oral histories, and completing associated efforts.

A history of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory is underway for the period since the late 1970s. The early history of the center has been ably told by Clayton Koppes’ JPL and the American Space Program: A History of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (Yale University Press, 1982). This new history will bring the story to the present. Peter Westwick at Caltech is writing it.

There are several historical efforts underway at the Johnson Space Center. The center employed on the Summer Faculty Fellowship program Dr. Lori Walters from Florida State University. Dr. Walters was involved in the effort to document the history the Mission Control Center and other facilities at JSC. Additionally, the JSC Oral History Project has been involved in an effort we are calling her-stories, as opposed to his-stories, with several women involved in the evolution of the NACA/NASA. Thus far nine interviews have been completed, with another three scheduled for this fall. In all, we hope to complete about 25 oral histories for this specific over the next twelve months.

The Kennedy Space Center history effort is also yielding excellent results. This past summer two Summer Faculty Fellows worked at the center on historical projects. Dr. Henry C. Dethloff and Dr. Lee Snaples of Texas A&M University, conducted oral histories, prepared a short history of the center for publication, began an historical study of the flight safety program at KSC, and prepared an outline for a history of the center.

The Langley Research Center has two important historical studies underway. The first is by Erik M. Conway, who is on staff at Langley to write a history of the American effort to build a supersonic transport. The purpose of this project is to have a professional science and technology historian research and write a comprehensive, peer-reviewed history of NASA’s supersonic commercial aircraft program. The history will document the programmatic, institutional and technology history of NASA’s research related to commercial high speed research which has been done over the past four decades. Additionally, T.A. Heppenheimer has a book project underway for Langley on hypersonic flight. This book will bring together the history of the efforts to fly higher and faster from the beginning of aviation to the present.

Both of these Langley efforts are major stories at NASA and present dramatic case studies for historians of technology. They may also appeal to outside historians if cast as a study of the military-industrial-university complex during the Cold War. While such efforts as Apollo and the Manhattan Project clearly represent "Big Science/Big Technology," second echelon efforts such as the American SST and hypersonics research are largely unknown even though they are much more representative of the range of R&D efforts funded by the U.S. government. These books may go far toward both "mapping the landscape" of this important technology—in the process telling an important story and counteracting misperceptions—and setting a standard for future research in the history of aerospace technology.


The NASA History Office is looking for permanent volunteers. We would like to find a suitable retiree to work approximately 20 hours per week in our office on an ongoing basis. This volunteer need not have specific experience working at NASA, but should exhibit strong interest in aerospace history and be willing to learn. Volunteers would have the opportunity to take on significant responsibilities in editing, researching, answering information requests, and preparing documents for the World Wide Web. For more information, please contact Steve Garber at 202-358-0385 or steve.garber@hq.nasa.gov.

In an ongoing effort to digitize select historical documents chronicling the U.S. human spaceflight program, the history office of the NASA Johnson Space Center is seeking volunteers willing to aid in reviewing and indexing pages of scanned text. Based on the success of the Mission Transcript Collection CD Project¾ volunteers from across the globe successfully reviewed, via the Internet, tens of thousands of pages of scanned transcripts from the Mercury through Apollo programs to create a two-CD-ROM¾ JSC plans to digitize its remaining mission transcript collection and other select historical documents. Documents are being scanned in Adobe Acrobat PDF format and additional volunteers are needed to review pages for correct page count, order, and quality of scans. Requirements for volunteers include reliable Internet access (high speed DSL connection preferred), familiarity in the use of Adobe Acrobat and MS Excel software, and a genuine interest in the history of spaceflight. Volunteers wishing to participate in this project are asked to contact: Glen E. Swanson, Historian; NASA Johnson Space Center; Mail Stop GP2 Bldg. 45 Rm 306; 2101 NASA Road 1; Houston, TX 77058-3696; 281/483-6924; Email: glen.e.swanson1@jsc.nasa. gov.


The National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, wishes to announce the following fellowship opportunities for the academic year 2002-2003. Application deadline is 15 January 2002, and successful applicants will be notified by April. The National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, provides three residential fellowships to support research in aerospace history: the Guggenheim Fellowship for predoctoral and recent postdoctoral scholars, the A. Verville Fellowship, open to academic and nonacademic historians, and the Ramsey Fellowship in Naval Aviation History, which is similarly open. Stipends range from $20,000 to $45,000 a year, plus money for travel and miscellaneous expenses. The application deadline for academic year 2002-2003 is 15 January 2002, and successful applicants will be notified in mid-April. Further information can be found at:http://www.nasm.edu/nasm/joinnasm/fellow/fellow.htm on the web. Requests for fellowship application packages should be sent to: Ms. Collette Williams, Fellowship Coordinator, Rm. 3313, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.20560-0312; e-mail collette.williams@nasm.si. edu. Application packages will be mailed around 15 November and will also be made available at the above web address. Potential applicants are also encouraged to investigate the Smithsonian Institution’s Office of Fellowships and Grants program. Information can be found at: http://web1.si.edu/ofg/.

In addition, the Museum offers the Charles A. Lindbergh Chair in Aerospace History. Senior scholars with distinguished records of publication who are working on, or anticipate working on, books in aerospace history are invited to write letters of interest for academic year 2003-2004 or later. The Lindbergh Chair is a one-year appointed position; support is available for replacement of salary and benefits up to a maximum of $100,000 a year. Please contact, for topics in aviation, Dr. Peter L. Jakab, Aeronautics Division, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560-0312, peter.jakab@nasm.si.edu; for space history topics, Dr. Michael J. Neufeld, Space History Division, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560-0311, mike.neufeld@nasm.si. edu.

In addition, The National Air and Space Museum is offering a grant of $5,000, to be awarded every other year, to support research toward publication on aerospace topics. Funds may be used to support research travel and expenses, or research publications. Applicants for NASM or Smithsonian Fellowships are encouraged to apply for the Aviation/Space Writers Award. Recipients of the award need not be in residence at the National Air and Space Museum. Candidates should submit a letter proposal stating the subject of their research and publication goals, not exceeding five pages, by January 15, 2002. Proposals should be sent to: Ms. Collette Williams, Fellowship Coordinator, Rm. 3313, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 20560-0312, collette.williams@nasm.si.edu. For more information, please contact: Dr. Peter L. Jakab, Aeronautics Division, National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20560-0312, peter.jakab@nasm.si.edu


The Rockefeller Archive Center will award grants of up to $2500 for U.S. and Canadian residents and $3000 for residents of other nations for travel to the Center, to do research in its Cold War archival collection. Established scholars and doctoral candidates are encouraged to apply. The deadline for grant applications is 30 November 2001, and grant awardees will be notified in March 2002. For more information, please contact Darwin Stapleton, Director, Rockefeller Archive Center, 15 Dayton Avenue, Pocantico Hills, Sleepy Hollow, NY 10591-1598, 814-631-4506, archive@rockvax.rockefeller.edu.


The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has a new monthly lecture series called "Dialogue on Science, Ethics, and Religion." The lectures are free, open to the public, and held at the AAAS building near Metro Center in Washington, DC. Speakers will address such topics as robotics and artificial intelligence, biodiversity, and the Human Genome Project. For more information, please see http://www.aaas.org/ spp/dser/ on the web.

Boston University’s Center for Philosophy and History of Science is sponsoring a series of colloquia in 2001-2002. For more information, please check out its web site at http://www.bu.edu/philo/centers/CPHS. html or contact the Center Director Alfred Tauber at atauber@bu.edu.


The Smithsonian Institution Press is expanding its publishing program in aviation, space, and military history. In addition, the SIP/National Air & Space Museum’s aviation history series has been expanded to include space history. Now called the Smithsonian History of Aviation and Spaceflight Series, the inaugural book in the refocused series is Beyond the Moon: A Golden Age of Planetary Exploration, 1971-1978 by Robert S. Kraemer. SIP is seeking substantive scholarly works and monographs, plus well-researched, well-written histories, biographies, and memoirs. Send complete or partial manuscripts, proposals, and queries to Mark Gatlin, Smithsonian Institution Press, e-mail: mgatlin@ sipress.si.edu.



With the appointment of Prof. Joan Irene Gabrynowicz, as Director, the National Remote Sensing and Space Law Center has been officially established at the University of Mississippi Law School. The Center will conduct research toward understanding the law of remote sensing and related technologies. The Center will also publish the Journal of Space Law and conduct professional development and educational outreach activities including international conferences and seminars. The Center is hosting The First International Conference on the State of Remote Sensing Law 18-19 April 2002. For more information, contact Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz at jgabryno@olemiss.edu.


The 116th annual meeting of the American Historical Association will be held in San Francisco, 3-6 January 2002. The Program Committee invites proposals from all members of the Association (academic and nonacademic), from affiliated societies, and from scholars in foreign countries in related disciplines. In planning the program, the committee seeks presentations that address the entire community of historians and provide opportunities to examine the larger concerns of the profession. Continuing the practice of previous years, the committee encourages the participation of established scholars and also requests, in particular, panels on time periods, regions, topics, and approaches that have been underrepresented in recent AHA meetings. Information on proposing may be obtained from the AHA office at 2002 Materials, AHA, 400 A St., SE, Washington, DC 20003-3889. (202) 544-2422, ext. 104. Fax (202) 544-8307. E-mail: aha@theaha.org. Information may also be found on the AHA’s web site. Go to http://www.theaha.org and then click on "Annual Meeting."

The Cold War Museum is looking for articles for its magazine, Cold War Times. To submit an article, contact Bryan Dickerson at editor@coldwartimes.com. Additional information on the Cold War Times can be found at http://www.coldwar.org/education/coldwar_magazine.html on the web.

History Matters: The U.S. Survey on the Web is a resource for teachers of U.S. history. Contributions from educators are sought in several areas in exchange for a modest honorarium. For more information, see the web site at http://historymatter.gmu.edu or contact Ellen Noonan at enoonan@gc.cuny.edu.

History and Technology is an international journal which encourages submissions from both graduate students and more established scholars interested in the mutual shaping of technology and society in an historical perspective. The journal is published four times a year and usually includes three articles and a small book review section, with considerable emphasis given to work of the twentieth century. Guest editors sometimes take responsibility for a single number dealing with a coherent theme. The time to publication is relatively brief as the journal works on a flow system; i.e. when there is enough material available they will proceed with publication. Interested authors should submit articles to: Dr. John Krige, School of History, Technology and Society, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA 30332-0345, 404-894-7765, fax 404-894-0535.

The Chemical Heritage Foundation and the American Society for Information Science and Technology are pleased to announce "The Second Conference on the History and Heritage of Scientific and Technical Information Systems." The conference will take place 15-17 November 2002. The deadline for abstracts is 15 October 2001. In preparation for this deadline, two Preliminary Conference Workshops are planned for 8-9 June 2001, and 15-16 September 2001, respectively. For more information, please see: www.chemheritage.org on the web.


The Joint European and National Astronomical Meeting for 2001, 10-14 September, 2001, will hold a Special Colloquium on the History of Astronomy titled "European Astronomy in the 20th Century." The conference will be held in Munich, Germany. For more information contact Dr. Helmut Steinle at hcs@mpe.mpg.de/hcs/ or visit the conference webpage at http://www.MPA-Garching.MPG.DE/ english/conferences/jenam01/.

The Air Force Research Laboratory and the Space Technology Alliance will cosponsor, 28-30 August 2001, the AIAA Space 2001 Conference and Exposition at the Albuquerque Convention Center in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Contact: American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 1801 Alexander Bell Drive, Suite 500, Reston, VA 20191-4344, (703) 264-7500, (800) NEW AIAA, web site: http://www.aiaa.org.

COMS 2001 will sponsor 6th International Conference on the Commercialization of Microsystems, 2-6 September 2001, in Oxford, UK. Microsystems combine fluidic, optical, mechanical and electronic functions in devices with micron-sized features. For more information contact Isobel Climas, Conference Secretariat, at isobel@coms2001.org.

The Defense Acquisition History Project, sponsored by the Office of the Secretary of Defense and the armed services, will host a symposium on "Providing the Means of War: Acquisition in the Department of Defense, 1945 to the Present." The three-day conference, scheduled for 10-12 September 2001, will bring together current and former top-level DoD acquisition officials and distinguished scholars to examine this critical and often controversial defense undertaking. The program will consist of five panels that will address various aspects of DoD acquisition since the end of World War II and a roundtable discussion of contemporary acquisition issues in historical context. The symposium will take place at the SAIC conference center in McLean, Virginia.There is no fee to attend the symposium. To reserve your place, seating is limited, please complete and return the attached registration form as soon as possible. The deadline for registration is 31 August 2001.For additional information about the symposium, please call Dr. Shannon Brown at 202-685-2759, email: shannon.brown@hqda.army.mil, or visit http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/acquisition/ acqhome.htm on the web.

The 41st Annual Western History Association Conference will be held in San Diego, California. 4-7 October 2001. The them this year is "The American West as Living Space." Contact: Western History Association, 1080 Mesa Vista Hall, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131-1181, (505) 277-5234, e-mail wha@unm.edu.

The Society for the History of Technology will hold its annual meeting at the Fairmont Hotel in San Jose, California, 4-7 October 2001. Contact: SHOT, Dept. of the History of Science, Medicine & Technology, 216B Ames Hall, Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD 21218, 410-516-8349, http://shot. press.jhu.edu/associations/shot/.

As part of the upcoming SHOT conference, Roger Launius, NASA Historian, will chair a session titled "Faster, Better, Not Cheaper: The American Quest for the Ultimate Weapon." The panel, scheduled for 5 October 2001, will discuss and hear papers on reverse salients at the Air Force Satellite Control Facility during the first half of the 1960s, the need for ever increasing speed in U.S. Military Aviation following World War II, and the development of precision guided munitions and their effects on National Security.

The Oral History Association will hold its annual meeting in St. Louis, Missouri, 16-21 October 2001. The theme this year is "Bearing Public Witness: Documenting Memories of Struggle and Resistance." Contact: Leslie Brown, Washington University, 314-935-7279, e-mail: lbrownb@artsci. wustl.edu.

The Tenth Biennial Conference of Historic Aviation Writers (CHAW) will be held 19-20 October 2001, in Dallas, Texas. Interested parties are asked to submit a one-page proposal for a 25-minute presentation. The conference has no specific theme and anyone interested in aviation history is invited to participate. For more information, contact Erik D. Carlson, Ph.D. at carlson@utdallas.edu.

The Society for the Study of Science and Technology (4S) will hold its next meeting in Boston, 1-4 November 2001. For more information, see http://www.rpi.edu/dept/sts/technoscience/about.html.

The History of Science Society will hold its annual meeting in Denver, Colorado, 8-11 November 2001. Contact: History of Science Society Executive Office, University of Washington, Box 351330, Seattle WA 98195-1330, 206-543-9366, e-mail: hssexec@u.washington.edu.

On 12-14 November 2001 the American Astronautical Society will hold its National Conference and 48th Annual Meeting in Los Angeles, California. Contact: The American Astronautical Society, 6352 Rolling Mill Place, Suite 102, Springfield, VA 22152-2354, 703-866-0020, e-mail: info@astronautical.org.

The National Remote Sensing and Space Law Center is hosting The First International Conference on the State of Remote Sensing Law 18-19 April 2002. For more information, contact Prof. Joanne Irene Gabrynowicz at jgabryno@olemiss.edu.


Aharonian, F.A. Very High Energy Cosmic Gamma Radiation: A Crucial Window on the Extreme Universe. New York: World Scientific Pub. Co., 2001.

Allday, Jonathan. Apollo in Perspective: Spaceflight Then & Now. Bristol, UK: Institute of Physics Publications, 2000.

Allen, Thomas B. America from Space. Toronto, Canada: Firefly Books, 2001.

Baker, David. Inventions from Outer Space: Everyday Uses for NASA Technology. New York: Random House, 2000.

Bergreen, Laurence. Voyage to Mars: NASA’s Search for Life Beyond Earth. New York: Riverhead Books, 2000.

Burrows, William E. The Infinite Journey: Eyewitness Accounts of NASA and the Age of Space. New York: Discovery Books, 2000.

Canup, R.M., and K. Righter. Editors. Origin of the Earth and Moon. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 2000.

Caprara, Giovanni. Living in Space: From Science Fiction to the International Space Station. Toronto, Canada: Firefly Books, 2000.

Catchpole, John. Project Mercury: NASA’s First Manned Space Programme. Chicester, England: Springer-Praxis, 2001.

Christianson, John Robert. On Tycho’s Island: Tycho Brahe and His Assistants, 1570-1601. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Cooper, Gordan, with Bruce Henderson. Leap of Faith: An Astronaut’s Journey into the Unknown. New York: Harper Collins, 2000.

Damohn, Mark. Back Down to Earth: The Development of Space Policy for NASA during the Jimmy Carter Administration. San Jose, CA: Authors Choice Press, 2001.

Damon, Thomas D. Introduction to Space: The Science of Spaceflight. Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Co., 2001, third edition.

Danielson, Dennis Richard. Editor. The Book of the Cosmos: Imagining the Universe from Heraclitus to Hawking. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing, 2000.

Darling, David. Life Everywhere: The Maverick Science of Astrobiology. New York: Basic Books, 2001.

Day, Dwayne A. Lightning Rod: A History of the Air Force Chief Scientis’st Office. Washington, DC: JSAF Chief Scientist’s Office, 2000.

Denzler, Brenda. The Lure of the Edge: Scientific Passions, Religious Beliefs, and the Pursuit of UFOs. Berkeley: University of California, 2001.

DeVorkin, David H. Henry Norris Russell: Dean of American Astronomers. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Eisendrath, Craig, Gerald E. Marsh, and Melvin A. Goodman. The Phantom Defense: America’s Pursuit of the Star Wars Illusion. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001.

Elder, Donald C. and Christophe Rothmund. Editors. History of Rocketry and Astronautics: Proceedings of the Twenty-Eighth and Twenty-Ninth History Symposia of the International Academy of Astronautics. San Diego: Univelt, Inc., 2001. Volume 23, AAS History Series.

Ellis. Lee A. Who’s Who of NASA Astronauts. New York: Americana Group Publishing, 2001.

Fitzgerald, Frances. Way Out There in the Blue: Reagan, Star Wars, and the End of the Cold War. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2000.

Friedman, Norman. Seapower and Space: From the Dawn of the Missile Age to Net-Centric Warfare. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2000.

Freeman, Marsha. Challenges of Human Space Exploration. Chicester, England: Springer-Praxis, 2000.

Furniss, Tim, and Alexa Stace. Atlas of Space Exploration. New York: Gareth Stevens, 2000.

Gedney, Richard T., Ronald Schertler, and Frank Gargione. The Advanced Communications Technology Satellite: An Insider’s Account of the Emergence of Interactive Broadband Technology in Space. Mendham, NJ: Scitech Publishing, Inc., 2000.

Godwin, Robert. Editor. Apollo 13: The NASA Mission Reports. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books, 2000.

Godwin, Robert. Editor. Apollo 14: The NASA Mission Reports. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books, 2000.

Godwin, Robert. Editor. Freedom 7: The NASA Mission Reports. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books, 2001.

Godwin, Robert. Editor. Gemini 6: The NASA Mission Reports. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books, 2000.

Godwin, Robert. Editor. Mars: The NASA Mission Reports. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books, 2000.

Godwin, Robert. Editor. X-15: The NASA Mission Reports. Burlington, Ontario: Apogee Books, 2001.

Goldsmith, Donald. The Runaway Universe: The Race to Find the Future of the Cosmos. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Publishing, 2000.

Hall, Rex, and David J. Shayler. Leaving the Planet: The Flights of the First Cosmonauts. Chicester, England: Springer-Praxis, 2001. "Springer-Praxis Books in Astronomy and Space Sciences."

Handberg, Roger. Seeking New World Vistas: The Militarization of Space. Westport: Praeger Publishers, 2000.

Harrison, Albert A. Spacefaring: The Human Dimension. Berkeley: University of California Press 2001.

Harvey, Brian. Russia in Space: The Failed Frontier? New York: Springer Verlag, 2001.

Harland, David M. Jupiter Odyssey: The Story of NASA’s Galileo Mission. Chicester, England: Springer-Praxis, 2000.

Heppenheimer, T.A. A Brief History of Flight: From Balloons to Mach 3 and Beyond. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 2001.

Jenkins, Dennis R. Space Shuttle: The History of the National Space Transportation System, the First 100 Missions. Cape Canaveral, FL: Dennis R. Jenkins, 2001, 3rd Edition.

Kelly, Thomas J. Moon Lander: How We Developed the Lunar Module. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2001.

Kendall, Henry W. A Distant Light: Scientists and Public Policy. New York: Springer Verlag and the American Institute of Physics, 2000.

Koerner, David, and Simon LeVay. Here There Be Dragons: The Scientific Quest for Extraterrestrial Life. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Kraemer, Robert S. Beyond the Moon: A Golden Age of Planetary Exploration, 1971-1978. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2000.

Kranz, Gene. Failure is not an Option: Mission Control from Mercury to Apollo 13 and Beyond. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.

Krige, John, and Arturo Russo. A History of the European Space Agency, 1958-1987. Volume I: The Story of ESRO and ELDO, 1958-1973. The Netherlands: ESTEC, ESA Publications Division, SP-1235, 2000.

Krige, John, Arturo Russo, and Lorenza Sebesta. A History of the European Space Agency, 1958-1987. Volume II: The Story of ESA, 1973-1987. The Netherlands: ESTEC, ESA Publications Division, SP-1235, 2000.

Launius, Roger D., John M. Logsdon, and Robert W. Smith. Editors. Reconsidering Sputnik: Forty Years Since the Soviet Satellite. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Harwood Academic Publishers, 2000.

Leverington, David. New Cosmic Horizons: Space Astronomy from the V-2 to the Hubble Space Telescope. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Levy, David H. Shoemaker by Levy: The Man Who Made an Impact. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2000.

Lindgren, David T. Trust but Verify: Imagery Analysis in the Cold War. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 2000.

Linenger, Jerry M. Off the Planet: Surviving Five Perilous Months Aboard the Space Station Mir. New York: McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing, 2000.

Meech, K., and G. LeMarchand. Editors. Bioastronomy: A New Era in the Search for Life in the Universe. San Francisco, CA: Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 2000.

Miller, Ron, and Frederick C. Durant III. The Art of Chesley Bonestell. London, England: Paper Tiger, 2001.

Needell, Allan A. Science, Cold War and the American State: Lloyd V. Berkner and the Balance of Professional Ideals. Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Harwood Academic Publishers, 2000.

Ordway, Frederick I., III. Visions of Spaceflight: Images from the Ordway Collection. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 2001.

Owen, David. Into Outer Space: An Exploration of Man’s Obsession and Interaction with the Cosmos-Fact and Fiction. New York: Lowell House, 2000.

Peebles, Curtis. Asteroids: A History. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press, 2000.

Redfield, Peter. Space in the Tropics: From Convicts to Rockets in French Guiana. Berkeley: University of California, 2000.

Redmond, Kent C., and Thomas M. Smith. From Whirlwind to Mitre: The R&D Story of the SAGE Air Defense Computer. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000.

Reeves-Stevens, Judith, Garfield Reeves-Stevens, and Brian Muirhead. Going to Mars: The Untold Story of Mars Pathfinder and NASA’s Bold New Missions for the 21st Century. New York: Pocket Books, 2000.

Reuter, Claus. The V2, and the Russian and American Rocket Program. New York: S.R. Research & Publishing, 2000.

Shayler, David J. Disasters and Accidents in Manned Spaceflight. Chicester, England: Springer-Praxis, 2000.

Sheehan, William, and Stephen James O’Meara. Mars: The Lure of the Red Planet. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books, 2001.

Stiernstedt, Jan. Sweden in Space: Swedish Space Activities, 1959-1972. The Netherlands: ESA Publications Division, ESA SP-1248, March 2001.

Stumpf, David K. Titan II: A History of a Cold War Missile Program. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2000.

Swerlow, N.M. Editor. Ancient Astronomy and Celestial Divination. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2000.

Tucker, Wallace H., and Karen Tucker. Revealing the Universe: The Making of the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. New York: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Wachhorst, Wyn. The Dream of Spaceflight: Essays on the Near Edge of Infinity. New York: Basic Books, 2000.

Wagner, Richard, and Howard Cook. Designs on Space: Blueprints for 21st Century Space Exploration. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2000.




















Zimmerman, Robert. The Chronological Encyclopedia of Discoveries in Space. New York: Oryx Press, 2000.

Zukowsky, John. Editor. 2001: Building for Space Travel. New York: Harry N Abrams, 2001.

NASA History News and Notes is published quarterly by the NASA History Division, Office of Policy and Plans, Code IQ, NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC 20546.

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