Vol. 19, No. 2 May 2002
The NASA History Office is pleased to
host three interns this summer. Welcome aboard! Jennifer Davis is a recent
Charles A. Brooks is a first time
intern. He is an undergraduate student
Kathy Keltner is a first year Ph.D.
After nearly twelve years of service
as the NASA Chief Historian, Dr. Roger D. Launius will be leaving the agency on
26 July 2002. He is moving to the Smithsonian Institution’s National Air and
NEW FELLOW IN AEROSPACE HISTORY
American Historical Association has announced the winner of the competition for
the 2002-2003 Fellowship in Aerospace History, funded by NASA. The fellow for
the next academic year will be Yasushi Sato, a graduate student in the science
and technology studies program at the
CALL FOR NOMINATIONS: AIAA HISTORY BOOK AND MANUSCRIPT PRIZES
The AIAA is accepting nominations for the Gardner-Lasser Aerospace Literature Award. This award is presented annually for the best original contribution to the field of aeronautical or astronautical historical non-fiction literature published in the last five years. The AIAA is also accepting nominations for the annual History Manuscript Award, presented for the best historical manuscript dealing with the science, technology, and impact of aeronautics and astronautics on society.
To enter either of these competitions, send five copies of the manuscript
to the Aimee Munyan, AIAA Honors and Awards Liaison, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics,
urge everyone interested in the history of NASA to review Faster, Better,
Cheaper: Low-Cost Innovation in the
The NASA Dryden
Flight Research Center History Program recently published Mach 3+: NASA/USAF
YF-12 Flight Research, 1969-1979 (NASA SP-2001-4525), by Peter W. Merlin.
This concise volume is the latest in the “Monographs in Aerospace History”
published as part of the NASA History Series. Merlin, historical archivist at
NASA Dryden, tells the story of a unique flight research program involving
variants of the Lockheed Blackbird supersonic reconnaissance airplanes
conducted by NASA and the Air Force throughout the 1970s. Individuals
interested in obtaining a copy of this monograph should send a self-addressed
8”x11” flat-rate Priority Mail envelope to the NASA Dryden Flight Research
Center History Office, Mail Stop 1613,
an effort to ensure availability of significant works in NASA history we have
reprinted in paperback On the Shoulders of Titans: A History of Project Gemini
by Barton C. Hacker and James M. Grimwood (Washington, DC: NASA SP-4203, 1977,
reprinted 2002). A detailed, yet highly readable book, itshould be the starting
point for all who are interested in the basic history of the Gemini program.
NASA’s second human spaceflight program, Gemini laid the groundwork for the
more ambitious Apollo program which put astronauts on the Moon. Printed in
1977, this informative and entertaining book had long been out of print It is now for sale for $47.00 (domestic
postpaid) and $58.75 (internationally), from the
FORTHCOMING NASA HISTORY PUBLICATIONS
early summer 2002, the NASA History Office will publish Asif A. Siddiqi’s Deep Space Chronicle: Robotic Exploration Missions to the Planets (NASA SP-2002-4524) as one of our “Monographs in
Aerospace History.” This monograph will provide an overview of the missions,
conducted by the
We Freeze to Please: A History of NASA’s Icing Research Tunnel by William Leary (NASA SP-2002-4226) is the story of a unique facility that has made unparalleled contributions to a specialized area of aeronautics research that affects virtually all who fly. Operating for over half a century, the work done at the IRT continues to push the edge of the envelope and researchers there continue to make major contributions toward a problem that plagues aircraft around the world. “We Freeze to Please” brings this record forward clearly for the attention of specialists, policymakers, students, and general readers. This book should be available in mid summer 2002.
Backward, Looking Forward: Forty Years
Smithsonian Institution Press has
agreed to publish the second edition of On
the Frontier: Flight Research at Dryden, 1946-1981. Originally published in
1984 as NASA SP-4303, this well-regarded book was written by Richard P.
Hallion. An on-line version of the original book is available at http://www.dfrc.
nasa.gov/History/Publications/SP-4303/. Michael H. Gorn, Dryden’s historian,
co-authored the revised version. Extensively expanded and updated from the
original, it will be released early in 2003, the first
NASA HISTORY BOOKS PUBLISHED BY OUTSIDE PUBLISHERS
We are pleased to announce the publication of Development of the Space Shuttle, 1972-1981 (History of the Space Shuttle, Volume 2), which was sponsored by the NASA History Office. Written by T.A. Heppenheimer, this work was published by Smithsonian Institution Press in May 2002. It traces the development of the Space Shuttle through a decade of engineering design and development between the political decision to proceed with it in 1972 and its first orbital flight in 1981. In the process it documents program breakthroughs and challenges, the evolution of program management structures, and the advancing state of the technology of reusable space vehicles. It focuses on the engineering challenges NASA faced in propulsion, thermal protection, aerodynamics, electronics, and onboard systems for the shuttle. The author also covers in depth the alternative concepts proposed by the U.S. Air Force and various European countries. This work is available from Smithsonian Institution Press in hardcover for $36.95. Copies of the book may be ordered on-line at http://www.sipress. si.edu/books/titles_books/1-58834-009-0.html.
Accompanying the publication of Development of the Space Shuttle, 1972-1981 is a softcover reprint of The Space Shuttle Decision, 1965-1972 (History of the Space Shuttle: Volume One). Also written by T.A. Heppenheimer, this work was originally published in hardcover as NASA SP-4221 in the NASA History Series in 1999. It may be purchased for $22.95 from the Smithsonian Institution Press on-line at http://www.sipress.si.edu/books/titles_books/1-58834-014-7.html.
Now available in paperback from the University Press of Florida is “Before This Decade is Out…”: Personal Reflections on the Apollo Program, edited by Glen W. Swanson. Originally appearing in 1999 as NASA SP-4223, this work received the Pendleton Prize from the Society for History in the Federal Government. This significant collection of oral histories of the Saturn/Apollo program recounts the unique adventure of the lunar landing program as witnessed by some of the political leaders, engineers, scientists, and astronauts who made it a success. It includes recollections from James Webb, the NASA administrator whose political connections in Washington extended back to the New Deal of the 1930s; rocket pioneer and architect of the Saturn V rocket Wernher von Braun; the resolute Robert Gilruth, director of the Houston center; the engineering iconoclast Maxime Faget, whose designs of spacecraft made flights to the Moon possible; and astronauts such as Harrison Schmitt and Charles Duke. This work may be ordered on-line for $24.95 at http://www.upf.com/Spring2002/swanson.html on the Web.
Finally, we are pleased
to announce the reprint of Wingless
Flight: The Lifting Body Story, by
Dale R. Reed with Darlene Lister.
Originally published in the NASA History Series in 1997 as NASA SP-4220,
it has been reissued in softcover by the University Press of Kentucky. A review
in Technology and Culture said of this book that it “Provides a
human and insightful story of an unusual and very important aerospace
technology that has shaped and will continue to shape our future in space.”
Dale Reed led a team of engineers at the
best-value competitive procurement, Kennedy Space Center (KSC) has awarded a
two-year contract to two prominent historians and authors, Dr. Kenneth
Lipartito and Dr. Orville Butler, to write the history of
The authors will look at KSC’s history from three distinct
perspectives. The first will be a local perspective, focusing on the ways KSC
created a favorable culture for its resident workforce and impacted the local
economy and community relations. The second will be an organizational
perspective, recognizing KSC’s unique role in the larger NASA structure, its
specific contributions to the
NEW NASA HISTORICAL INFORMATION
The Space Shuttle at Work (NASA SP-432/ EP-156, 1979) by Howard Allaway and National Space Transportation System: Overview (NASA, September 1988). These two short publications provide some excellent basic information on the shuttle. Thanks to volunteer Chris Gamble for scanning and formatting these documents for the Web. The Space Shuttle at Work is available at http://history.nasa.gov/SP-432/sp432.htm and National Space Transportation System: Overview can be accessed at http://history.nasa.gov/shuttleoverview1988/overview88.htm.
Magellan: The Unveiling of Venus (JPL-400-345, March 1989) is now accessible at http://history.nasa.gov/JPL-400-345/magellan.htm. This brief but richly illustrated booklet covers an important planetary science topic. Thanks to volunteer Chris Gamble for scanning and formatting this publication for the Web.
NASA Historical Databooks, volumes III - VI (NASA SP-4012). Covering the time period 1969-1988, these books are valuable reference works. Some of these files are available in text-searchable pdf format and some are in html format. Thanks to volunteer Chris Gamble and to Joel Vendette of the Printing and Design Office for setting these files up for the Web. We hope to add volumes I and II to the Web eventually. Volumes III-VI are available at http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4012/cover.html on the World Wide Web.
Planetary Geology in the 1980s (NASA SP-467, 1985) by Joseph Veverka. A very solid narrative with some images, this work is a useful glimpse into the science of planetary geology. Thanks to volunteer Chris Gamble for formatting this book for the Web. The site is http://history.nasa.gov/SP467/ sp467.htm on the Web.
Managing NASA in the Apollo Era. (NASA SP-4102,
The Star Splitters: The High Energy Astronomy Observatories (SP-466, 1984) by Wallace H. Tucker. Our special thanks go to Chris Gamble, who formatted the text and scanned all the photos for this attractive Web version. This book is accessible at http://history.nasa.gov/SP-466/sp466.htm on the Web.
Aerospace Safety Advisory Panel (ASAP) information and historical annual reports. Special thanks to David Lengyel and Susan Burch of the ASAP and to John Hargenrader of the History Office for preparing these materials for the Web. The information is available at http://history.nasa.gov/ asap/asap.html on the Web.
Stages to Saturn: A Technological History of the Apollo/Saturn Launch Vehicle (NASA SP-4206) by Roger E. Bilstein. This landmark book is now available on-line at http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4206/sp4206.htm, and in a softcover printed version. Special thanks to Chris Gamble for formatting the text and images of this book for the Web.
On the Moon with Apollo 16: A Guidebook to the Descartes Region (NASA EP-95, 1972) by Gene Simmons. This is another useful and interesting volume on human lunar exploration. Special thanks to volunteer Chris Gamble for formatting this book for the Web. The URL is http://history.nasa.gov/ EP-95/ep95.htm on the Web.
Pioneer Odyssey (NASA SP-349/396, revised edition, 1977) by Richard Fimmel, William Swindell, and Eric Burgess. This richly illustrated book covers some of the important discoveries made by the Pioneer 10 and 11 spacecraft. Special thanks to volunteer Chris Gamble for formatting this book. It is now available at http://history.nasa.gov/ SP349/sp349.htm on the Web.
The 40th Anniversary of the Mercury-Atlas 6 (Friendship 7) mission. This historic mission on 20 February 1962 made John H. Glenn, Jr., the first American to orbit the Earth. Check out biographies, photos, links to many other relevant sites, and more. The special anniversary site is now available from http://history.nasa.gov/friendship7/index.html on the Web.
NON-NASA HISTORY RELATED
Now available is a searchable online bibliography of the history and philosophy of chemistry that combines numerous thematic bibliographies. The database presently includes some 5,800 titles and is rapidly growing as further thematic bibliographies are being added. Access is free at http://www.hyle.org/service/ biblio.htm on the Web.
A new guide on the use of oral history, "Making Sense of Oral History” is now available on the Internet to show how to "read" oral history as evidence of the past. This guide was created through the efforts of *History Matters* and the Visible Knowledge Project. It presents an overview of these sources, including how historians use it. The guide then uses explanatory text and interactive examples to consider what critical questions to ask when working with these materials. This guide is available on-line at http://historymatters.gmu.edu/mse/oral/ on the Web.
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology ha an innovative new Web site devoted to the History of Recent Science and Technology. In particular, one of several sections deals with the Apollo Guidance Computer at http://hrst.mit.edu/hrs/apollo/public/ on the Web. In addition, there is an informative section on computing in the Soviet space program at http://hrst.mit.edu/hrs/apollo/soviet/ on the Web.
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES AND FELLOWSHIPS
The Center for History of Physics,
The Domestic Public Policy Program of the Smith Richardson Foundation is interested in supporting the work of the next generation of public policy researchers and experts. The Foundation will award at least three research grants of $60,000 to individuals interested in conducting research and writing on domestic public policy issues. Grantees are expected to produce a book or an article suitable for publication in a peer-reviewed journal. The grant can be used to cover the salary costs of the researcher and to underwrite research costs, such as travel, research assistance, and data acquisition. Each grant will be paid directly to, and should be administered by, the institution at which the researcher works. The Foundation must receive all Public Policy Research Fellowship Program proposals by 14 June 2002. Applicants will be notified of the Foundation’s decision by 31 October 2002. For more information see http://www.apsanet.org/PS/grants/smith.cfm.
The National Science Foundation
invites applications for the position of Program Director. The position is a rotational one, to begin
preferably in August 2002, carrying an initial one-year appointment, normally
renewable for up to two years or more. The Program Director for Science and
Technology Studies (STS) represents STS to colleagues in the NSF and other
Federal science agencies and to the Administration. STS encompasses history,
philosophy, and social science studies of science, engineering and technology.
The Program Director provides intellectual leadership and is responsible for
all aspects of program administration and development. He or she administers
the review of research proposals submitted to NSF in this field and is
responsible for recommending and documenting actions on the proposals reviewed,
for dealing with administrative matters relating to active NSF grants, and for
maintaining regular contact with the relevant research communities and
providing advice and consultation to persons requesting them. Program Directors
are also expected to engage in NSF-wide initiatives and interagency
collaborations. Applicants must have a Ph.D. in a relevant discipline, and must
be active in research in some area covered by the program. They should show
evidence of initiative, administrative skill, and ability to work well with
others. Six or more years of research experience beyond the Ph.D. are required
for appointment as Program Director. Salary
is negotiable, and is comparable with academic salaries at major
CENTENNIAL OF FLIGHT ACTIVITIES
As momentum for the 100th
anniversary of powered flight continues to build, states across the nation from
down South to out West are making plans to celebrate in conjunction with the
national commemoration, Centennial of Flight: Born of Dreams–Inspired by
Centennial-themed events are currently being planned
in the state of
want to showcase
Enthusiasm for the
Centennial celebration is also growing in
Additionally, the National Archives, the
Utah State University (USU),
engineering students, with assistance from the university’s
The events being planned in
The Johnson Space Center (JSC) History
Collection has now moved to the University of Houston-Clear Lake (UHCL). As the
result of a cooperative effort between JSC,
A new JSC Web site is being developed which will complement the move of JSC’s history collections to the new UHCL archive. The backbone of the new site will be full Internet access to JSC’s complete history database of nearly 1.5 million documents. The database will allow anyone with Internet access the ability to conduct detailed online searches of materials in the JSC history collection. Researchers can then request copies be made and sent (for a fee) of materials or make arrangements with UHCL to visit the archives in person to review the documents. The new Web page will go public in late summer/early fall and, in addition to the JSC history database, will include links to additional JSC history website information/documents including the following: Shuttle/Mir Phase I History website, a complete 40-year run of scanned and searchable JSC News Releases, a complete 40-year run of scanned and searchable JSC Roundups (the JSC newspaper), online version of the JSC history Suddenly, Tomorrow Came, a complete set of scanned and searchable shuttle press kits, all of the air-to-ground mission transcripts from MR3 (Alan Shepard’s first Mercury flight) through Shuttle, searchable transcripts from the JSC Oral History Collection and copies of various JSC history monographs including histories of Ellington Field, the Space Environment Simulation Laboratory (SESL) and the Lunar Receiving Laboratory (LRL). The Web page will also include links to history Web sites and resources both within and outside of NASA.
In late summer or early fall, JSC will
release “To Create Space on Earth: The Space Environment Simulation Laboratory
and Project Apollo” by Lori Walters. Lori Walters served as JSC’s Summer
Faculty Fellow where she spent twelve weeks during the summer of 2001
researching the history this national historic landmark. This monograph will be
available both in paperback and on-line form as part of the JSC history
webpage. This summer, JSC will have Susan Mangus from
Dryden’s Historian, Michael H. Gorn,
became the Deputy for Public Affairs, Commercialization, and Education in April
2002. In conjunction with the change, he returned to civil service status. Mike
will continue to serve as the DFRC’s chief historian, with overall cognizance
of the program. To further the day-to-day operations of the Dryden history
program, the Center has hired Dr. Christian Gelzer of
Journal of Space Exploration publishes papers of an innovative yet
practical nature relating to the exploration and development of space. It
invites submissions in the following fields of study: astro/exobiology, small
bodies, atmospheric research, life support systems, analog studies, planetary
geology, astronomy and astrophysics, space law and policy, public outreach and
education, Canadian space history. Inquiries or completed submissions should be
sent to: Chandra Clarke, Canadian Journal of Space Exploration,
The AIAA History Committee is still
seeking papers for two sessions at the 41st Aerospace Sciences Meeting and
Exhibit, 6-9 January 2003,
The Business History Conference and the
European Business History Association is seeking papers for its joint meeting
on 26-29 June 2003 in
Books has created a prize for the best manuscript in the history of science and
technology. The Basic Prize is intended to encourage young scholars and to
communicate the importance and interest of the subject to an intelligent
general readership. The Prize is open to any new scholar in the fields of History
of Science, History of Technology, History of Medicine, and closely related
areas. Only first-time authors will be considered. To be eligible, manuscripts
must not be under contract with any publisher at the time the award is decided.
The Prize will be awarded for the best book-length manuscript submitted during
each year. Manuscripts must be unpublished and must either fall clearly within
the subject area or be closely relevant to it. Consistent with the goals of the
prize, manuscripts will be evaluated both for their scholarly contribution and
for quality of writing; the manuscript that best combines both attributes will
be awarded the prize. The Prize will consist of publication by Basic Books; a
$7,500 advance against royalties; and a $1,000 stipend for travel to the annual
convention of the History of Science Society. All manuscripts must be received
by 30 June 2002. Submit two (2) copies of the manuscript, one to Basic
Books—History of Science Prize
Wise: Department of History, UCLA,
Jo Nye: Department of History, Milan Hall 306,
· Robert J. Richards: Morris Fishbein Center for the History of Science, the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL 60637, USA.
· David Lindberg: Department of History of Science, 7143 Social Sciences Bldg., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706, USA.
Maxim Tarasenko, a leading Russian space
history scholar and a member of Space Policy’s editorial board, who
contributed greatly to the elucidation of the Russian space programme in the
journal and elsewhere, died in 1999. In order to commemorate his pioneering
work in space policy, Elsevier Science has decided to hold an annual
competition, open to all law school students and graduate students of space
policy, to find the best essay. The competition will be announced in each
February issue of Space Policy. The closing date will be 1 September of
the same year and the winning entry will be published the following year. This
year’s competition is thus now open, with a closing date of 1 September 2002;
the winner is to be announced and published in February 2003. The competition
is open to all law school students and graduate students of space policy. The
essay may be written on any topic of current debate in space law or policy,
should be typewritten in English and should be between 10 and 20 pages (or 2500
and 5000 words) in length. Essays should be submitted by 1 September 2002 to
Frances Brown, Editor, Space Policy. Where possible submit
electronically (in Word) to firstname.lastname@example.org. Students without access
to the Internet may post their essays (preferably including a disk version) to
Between 10-19 October 2002, the World Space Congress
2002 will be held, with the theme “The New Face of Space.” Contact: American
Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics,
October 2002, the Society for the History of Technology will hold its annual
meeting at the
November 2002, the History of Science Society will hold its annual meeting in
November 2002, the American Astronautical Society will hold its National
Conference and 49th Annual Meeting at the Four Points Sheraton in